Article Title: Induced retinal pigment epithelial cells with anti-epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition ability delay retinal degeneration
Figure Lengend Snippet: iRPE cells have similar phenotype and functions as iPSC-RPE cells (A) Schematic for the transforming process. A cocktail of TF-expressing retroviruses was used to transfect De-iPSC-RPE cells. After seven days, iRPE clone was observed in the culture and picked out for subculturing. (B and C) RPE-specific and EMT-associated markers detected by (B) immunostaining and (C) western blotting after cells were cultured for 8 days. The expression pattern of these markers in iRPE cells is more similar to that in iPSC-RPE cells. Scale bar = 50 μm. (D) Electron micrographs of iPSC-RPE cells, De-iPSC-RPE cells, and iRPE cells demonstrated that quite a few microvilli were on the surface of iRPE and iPSC-RPE cells. Scale bar = 0.5 μm. (E and F) The bound and phagocyted POSs (pointed by arrows) in iPSC-RPE, De-iPSC-RPE, and iRPE cells (E) and quantification of phagocytosis (F) as determined by the number of bound and phagocyted POS per field. Scale bar = 50 μm. Data are mean ± SD, one-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test, n ≥ 5. (G and H) TER analysis (G) and HRP permeability assay (H) showed that iRPE cells maintained the same epithelial integrity as iPSC-RPE cells. Data are mean ± SD, one-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test, n = 6. (I) Expression levels of PEDF and VEGF from upper and lower chambers were determined by ELISA. iRPE cells and iPSC-RPE cells demonstrated similar secretion patterns. Data are mean ± SD, one-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test, n = 3.
Article Snippet: PEDF and VEGF were quantified by PEDF ELISA kit (Elabscience, Wuhan, China) and VEGF ELISA kit (Proteintech).
Techniques: Expressing, Subculturing Assay, Immunostaining, Western Blot, Cell Culture, Permeability, Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay