taq enzyme New England Biolabs Search Results


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  • 94
    New England Biolabs taq α
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq α, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 82 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    Thermo Fisher taq dna polymerase
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq Dna Polymerase, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 33236 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    88
    New England Biolabs restriction enzyme taq i
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Restriction Enzyme Taq I, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 88/100, based on 58 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    New England Biolabs taq dna ligase enzyme
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq Dna Ligase Enzyme, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    New England Biolabs taq α i restriction endonuclease
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq α I Restriction Endonuclease, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 6 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    95
    New England Biolabs longamp taq pcr kit
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Longamp Taq Pcr Kit, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 95/100, based on 140 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    New England Biolabs taq dna polymerase enzyme
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq Dna Polymerase Enzyme, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 7 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    New England Biolabs dna polymerases
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Dna Polymerases, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 607 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    84
    New England Biolabs high fidelity phusion taq polymerase enzyme
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    High Fidelity Phusion Taq Polymerase Enzyme, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 84/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    97
    New England Biolabs taq dna polymerase with thermopol buffer
    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved <t>Taq</t> <t>α</t> I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .
    Taq Dna Polymerase With Thermopol Buffer, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 97/100, based on 252 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved Taq α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved Taq α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .

    Article Snippet: One µg of Taq α I digested DNA was made blunt using the NEBNext End Repair Module (NEB) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing

    Manhattan plot of la1-mu1 Taq α I sequencing. ( A ) Manhattan plot showing the distribution of reads from la1-mu1 genomic DNA mapped throughout the B73 genome. Alternating colors represent each of the ten maize chromosomes. Each x-axis pixel represents a bin of 1 Mb and the logarithmic y-axis denotes the number of reads mapping to each bin. The red line represents the known genetic map position for the la1 reference mutation. Each triangle below the plot represents the approximate location of mapped MFS. ( B ) Expanded Manhattan plot of a 1 Mb interval corresponding to the approximate map position of la1 . Same as top with each x-axis pixel representing a bin of 1 kb. Filtered genes in the 1 Mb interval are shown as black rectangles. MFS mapping to this interval are shown as inverted red triangles.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Manhattan plot of la1-mu1 Taq α I sequencing. ( A ) Manhattan plot showing the distribution of reads from la1-mu1 genomic DNA mapped throughout the B73 genome. Alternating colors represent each of the ten maize chromosomes. Each x-axis pixel represents a bin of 1 Mb and the logarithmic y-axis denotes the number of reads mapping to each bin. The red line represents the known genetic map position for the la1 reference mutation. Each triangle below the plot represents the approximate location of mapped MFS. ( B ) Expanded Manhattan plot of a 1 Mb interval corresponding to the approximate map position of la1 . Same as top with each x-axis pixel representing a bin of 1 kb. Filtered genes in the 1 Mb interval are shown as black rectangles. MFS mapping to this interval are shown as inverted red triangles.

    Article Snippet: One µg of Taq α I digested DNA was made blunt using the NEBNext End Repair Module (NEB) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing, Mutagenesis

    Mu - Taq α I Library Construction. Digesting genomic DNA with Taq α I creates a library of fragments. Fragments containing a Mu -MFS junction will all contain a degenerate 39 nt Mu TIR tag along with 31–35 nt of flanking genomic sequence at one end of the 2×75 nt paired-end read. These fragments are computationally identified and the Mu flanking sequence (MFS) is mapped to the maize reference genome.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Mu - Taq α I Library Construction. Digesting genomic DNA with Taq α I creates a library of fragments. Fragments containing a Mu -MFS junction will all contain a degenerate 39 nt Mu TIR tag along with 31–35 nt of flanking genomic sequence at one end of the 2×75 nt paired-end read. These fragments are computationally identified and the Mu flanking sequence (MFS) is mapped to the maize reference genome.

    Article Snippet: One µg of Taq α I digested DNA was made blunt using the NEBNext End Repair Module (NEB) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing

    The electrophoresis of PCR- Taq I-RFLP for NR1H3 exon 5-A201C in pigs. Note: The individual with 348 and 113 bp fragments had genotype AA (lanes 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14), the individual with 348, 290, 113, and 58 bp fragments had genotype AC (lanes 4, 5, 8, 11, 12), and the individual with 290, 113, and 58 bp fragments had genotype CC (lanes 15, 16)

    Journal: Lipids in Health and Disease

    Article Title: The association of NR1H3 gene with lipid deposition in the pig

    doi: 10.1186/s12944-016-0269-5

    Figure Lengend Snippet: The electrophoresis of PCR- Taq I-RFLP for NR1H3 exon 5-A201C in pigs. Note: The individual with 348 and 113 bp fragments had genotype AA (lanes 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14), the individual with 348, 290, 113, and 58 bp fragments had genotype AC (lanes 4, 5, 8, 11, 12), and the individual with 290, 113, and 58 bp fragments had genotype CC (lanes 15, 16)

    Article Snippet: The primers for NR1H3 exon 5 were forward-AAG AAA CTG AAG CGG CAA GAG and reverse-ATC GCA GAG GTC TTT AGG AGG, and the restriction enzyme was Taq I (New England Biolabs, USA).

    Techniques: Electrophoresis, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    A chromatogram screenshot of the DNA sequence (partial) of MdACS3a encompassing SNPs G 866 /T 866 and C 870 /T 870 in six apple cultivars—‘Florina’, ’Fuji red sport’, ‘Gala’, ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Granny Smith’. The oval circles in brown and red indicate the homozygous or heterozygous status at the 866th and 870th nucleotides in the coding sequence of MdACS3a , respectively. The recognition sites of restriction enzymes Bst NI and Taq α I are provided to show that the mutation from G 866 to T 866 abolishes the restriction site of Bst NI while the mutation from C 870 to T 870 gives rise to a restriction site for Taq α I. The right panel shows allelotypes of MdACS3a as represented by the SNP alleles, where G 866 stands for allele MdACS3a (wild type), T 866 for MdACS3a-G289V (functional null allele), C 870 also for allele MdACS3a and T 870 for Mdacs3a (transcriptional null allele).

    Journal: Horticulture Research

    Article Title: Assessing the allelotypic effect of two aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid synthase-encoding genes MdACS1 and MdACS3a on fruit ethylene production and softening in Malus

    doi: 10.1038/hortres.2016.24

    Figure Lengend Snippet: A chromatogram screenshot of the DNA sequence (partial) of MdACS3a encompassing SNPs G 866 /T 866 and C 870 /T 870 in six apple cultivars—‘Florina’, ’Fuji red sport’, ‘Gala’, ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Granny Smith’. The oval circles in brown and red indicate the homozygous or heterozygous status at the 866th and 870th nucleotides in the coding sequence of MdACS3a , respectively. The recognition sites of restriction enzymes Bst NI and Taq α I are provided to show that the mutation from G 866 to T 866 abolishes the restriction site of Bst NI while the mutation from C 870 to T 870 gives rise to a restriction site for Taq α I. The right panel shows allelotypes of MdACS3a as represented by the SNP alleles, where G 866 stands for allele MdACS3a (wild type), T 866 for MdACS3a-G289V (functional null allele), C 870 also for allele MdACS3a and T 870 for Mdacs3a (transcriptional null allele).

    Article Snippet: To detect alleles MdACS3a-G289V and Mdacs3a , the PCR products were restricted with enzymes Bst NI and Taq α I (New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA, USA) following the manufacturer’s instruction, respectively.

    Techniques: Sequencing, Mutagenesis, Functional Assay

    Agarose gel analyses of markers ACS1 ( a ), CAPS 866 ( b ) and CAPS 870 ( c ). For marker ACS1, the PCR products amplified by primers ACS1–5F/R were directly analyzed. Allelotypes MdACS1-1/1 , MdACS1–2/2 and MdACS1-1/2 are denoted with ‘1/1’, ‘2/2’ and ‘1/2’, respectively. For marker CAPS 866 , the PCR products were first amplified by primers ACS3a-289F/R and then digested with enzyme Bst NI, which restricts the MdACS3a (G 866 ) allele into the two lower bands. Allelotypes MdACS3a / MdACS3a (G 866 /G 866 ), MdACS3a / MdACS3a-G289V (G 866 /T 866 ) and MdACS3a-G289V/G289V (T 866 /T 866 ) are noted with ‘G/G’, ‘G/T’ and ‘T/T’, respectively. For marker CAPS 870 , enzyme Taq α I restricts the Mdacs3a (T 870 ) allele into the two lower bands. Allelotypes MdACS3a / MdACS3a (C 870 /C 870 ), MdACS3a / mdacs3a (C 870 /T 870 ) and mdacs3a/mdacs3a (T 870 /T 870 ) are noted with ‘C/C’, ‘C/T’ and ‘T/T’, respectively.

    Journal: Horticulture Research

    Article Title: Assessing the allelotypic effect of two aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid synthase-encoding genes MdACS1 and MdACS3a on fruit ethylene production and softening in Malus

    doi: 10.1038/hortres.2016.24

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Agarose gel analyses of markers ACS1 ( a ), CAPS 866 ( b ) and CAPS 870 ( c ). For marker ACS1, the PCR products amplified by primers ACS1–5F/R were directly analyzed. Allelotypes MdACS1-1/1 , MdACS1–2/2 and MdACS1-1/2 are denoted with ‘1/1’, ‘2/2’ and ‘1/2’, respectively. For marker CAPS 866 , the PCR products were first amplified by primers ACS3a-289F/R and then digested with enzyme Bst NI, which restricts the MdACS3a (G 866 ) allele into the two lower bands. Allelotypes MdACS3a / MdACS3a (G 866 /G 866 ), MdACS3a / MdACS3a-G289V (G 866 /T 866 ) and MdACS3a-G289V/G289V (T 866 /T 866 ) are noted with ‘G/G’, ‘G/T’ and ‘T/T’, respectively. For marker CAPS 870 , enzyme Taq α I restricts the Mdacs3a (T 870 ) allele into the two lower bands. Allelotypes MdACS3a / MdACS3a (C 870 /C 870 ), MdACS3a / mdacs3a (C 870 /T 870 ) and mdacs3a/mdacs3a (T 870 /T 870 ) are noted with ‘C/C’, ‘C/T’ and ‘T/T’, respectively.

    Article Snippet: To detect alleles MdACS3a-G289V and Mdacs3a , the PCR products were restricted with enzymes Bst NI and Taq α I (New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA, USA) following the manufacturer’s instruction, respectively.

    Techniques: Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Marker, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Amplification

    Methylation analysis of the CpG island in the DACH1 promoter. (A) : Schematic depiction of the CpG islands located respectively 5’ upstream from the DACH1 transcription start site (CpG I) and in the first intron of the DACH1 gene (CpG II). (B) : Examples of CpG I COBRA analysis in colorectal cancers with intense (red), patchy (green), or no (blue) DACH1 protein immunostaining and in 4 colon cancer cell lines characterized by low (HT29 and Caco2) or very low (HCT116 and CO115) DACH1 expression (based on microarray-documented DACH1 mRNA expression levels - see also Additional file 9 ). Asterisks indicate Taq α I -digested DNA fragments representing methylated alleles; slower-migrating fragments correspond to undigested, unmethylated DNA. MW, molecular weight; bp, base pair.

    Journal: BMC Cancer

    Article Title: A comprehensive look at transcription factor gene expression changes in colorectal adenomas

    doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-46

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Methylation analysis of the CpG island in the DACH1 promoter. (A) : Schematic depiction of the CpG islands located respectively 5’ upstream from the DACH1 transcription start site (CpG I) and in the first intron of the DACH1 gene (CpG II). (B) : Examples of CpG I COBRA analysis in colorectal cancers with intense (red), patchy (green), or no (blue) DACH1 protein immunostaining and in 4 colon cancer cell lines characterized by low (HT29 and Caco2) or very low (HCT116 and CO115) DACH1 expression (based on microarray-documented DACH1 mRNA expression levels - see also Additional file 9 ). Asterisks indicate Taq α I -digested DNA fragments representing methylated alleles; slower-migrating fragments correspond to undigested, unmethylated DNA. MW, molecular weight; bp, base pair.

    Article Snippet: The amplified products were digested with the Taq α I restriction enzyme (New England Biolabs, Beverly, MA, USA) and subjected to 2% agarose gel electrophoresis and ethidium bromide staining.

    Techniques: Methylation, Combined Bisulfite Restriction Analysis Assay, Immunostaining, Expressing, Microarray, Molecular Weight

    Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved Taq α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Alignment of Mu Terminal Inverted Repeats (TIRs). ClustalW was used to align all known active and potentially active Mu elements. Strings of four or more consecutive bases that are entirely conserved among all elements are shaded in red. The conserved Taq α I site is shaded in blue. Mu4, 5, and 6 are inactive and are not included [reviewed in [5] ]. Mu9 is MuDR. Only the first 39 bp of the Mu10, 11, and 12 TIRs have been sequenced [62] . However, the primer used to amplify the TIR ended in a 3′ GTC, allowing for the assumption that the sequence continues as GAC (shown as small case) and that the Taq α I site remains intact. Of the most recently discovered Mu elements (13–19), only Mu13 has been confirmed to actively move and create new mutations [58] . TIR sequences obtained from [3] , [58] , [62] – [68] .

    Article Snippet: Approximately 5 µg of DNA was digested by 30 units Taq α I restriction endonuclease (New England BioLabs, Inc.) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing

    Manhattan plot of la1-mu1 Taq α I sequencing. ( A ) Manhattan plot showing the distribution of reads from la1-mu1 genomic DNA mapped throughout the B73 genome. Alternating colors represent each of the ten maize chromosomes. Each x-axis pixel represents a bin of 1 Mb and the logarithmic y-axis denotes the number of reads mapping to each bin. The red line represents the known genetic map position for the la1 reference mutation. Each triangle below the plot represents the approximate location of mapped MFS. ( B ) Expanded Manhattan plot of a 1 Mb interval corresponding to the approximate map position of la1 . Same as top with each x-axis pixel representing a bin of 1 kb. Filtered genes in the 1 Mb interval are shown as black rectangles. MFS mapping to this interval are shown as inverted red triangles.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Manhattan plot of la1-mu1 Taq α I sequencing. ( A ) Manhattan plot showing the distribution of reads from la1-mu1 genomic DNA mapped throughout the B73 genome. Alternating colors represent each of the ten maize chromosomes. Each x-axis pixel represents a bin of 1 Mb and the logarithmic y-axis denotes the number of reads mapping to each bin. The red line represents the known genetic map position for the la1 reference mutation. Each triangle below the plot represents the approximate location of mapped MFS. ( B ) Expanded Manhattan plot of a 1 Mb interval corresponding to the approximate map position of la1 . Same as top with each x-axis pixel representing a bin of 1 kb. Filtered genes in the 1 Mb interval are shown as black rectangles. MFS mapping to this interval are shown as inverted red triangles.

    Article Snippet: Approximately 5 µg of DNA was digested by 30 units Taq α I restriction endonuclease (New England BioLabs, Inc.) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing, Mutagenesis

    Mu - Taq α I Library Construction. Digesting genomic DNA with Taq α I creates a library of fragments. Fragments containing a Mu -MFS junction will all contain a degenerate 39 nt Mu TIR tag along with 31–35 nt of flanking genomic sequence at one end of the 2×75 nt paired-end read. These fragments are computationally identified and the Mu flanking sequence (MFS) is mapped to the maize reference genome.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Identification of the Maize Gravitropism Gene lazy plant1 by a Transposon-Tagging Genome Resequencing Strategy

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087053

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Mu - Taq α I Library Construction. Digesting genomic DNA with Taq α I creates a library of fragments. Fragments containing a Mu -MFS junction will all contain a degenerate 39 nt Mu TIR tag along with 31–35 nt of flanking genomic sequence at one end of the 2×75 nt paired-end read. These fragments are computationally identified and the Mu flanking sequence (MFS) is mapped to the maize reference genome.

    Article Snippet: Approximately 5 µg of DNA was digested by 30 units Taq α I restriction endonuclease (New England BioLabs, Inc.) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Techniques: Sequencing