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  • 99
    ATCC s mutans ua159
    (a) Representative three-dimensional images of biofilms formed by S. <t>mutans</t> <t>UA159</t> and gtf mutant strains in the presence of 1% (wt/vol) sucrose. (b) COMSTAT analysis of the distribution of bacteria and EPS from the disk surface to the fluid phase
    S Mutans Ua159, supplied by ATCC, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 197 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    91
    Thermo Fisher s mutans ua159 microarray slides
    Relative expression of gtfB, comD and atpH in wild-type, knock-out (SMΔcomC1) and complemented (SMΔcomC1C) comC strains of S. <t>mutans</t> <t>UA159</t> in the presence of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01 and 0.1 mM) at pH 5.5. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc analyses were performed to determine the differences in gene expression between individual BisHPPP concentration and the no-BisHPPP control (P
    S Mutans Ua159 Microarray Slides, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    80
    Millipore s mutans ua159 n 3
    Relative expression of gtfB, comD and atpH in wild-type, knock-out (SMΔcomC1) and complemented (SMΔcomC1C) comC strains of S. <t>mutans</t> <t>UA159</t> in the presence of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01 and 0.1 mM) at pH 5.5. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc analyses were performed to determine the differences in gene expression between individual BisHPPP concentration and the no-BisHPPP control (P
    S Mutans Ua159 N 3, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 80/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    85
    Corning Life Sciences s mutans ua159 cells
    Proposed physiological effects of EGCg on S. <t>mutans</t> <t>UA159</t> cells. Dashed arrows represent the inhibitory effect of EGCg. The portion inside the dashed box represents the interaction among individual virulence factors.
    S Mutans Ua159 Cells, supplied by Corning Life Sciences, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    89
    Agilent technologies s mutans ua159 whole genome arrays
    Sucrose-dependent initial attachment and biofilm architecture of S. <t>mutans</t> during heat shock. ( a ). Representative images of S. mutans (live: green; dead: red) grown on the glass surface after 2 h and 4 h incubation at 37 °C and 42 °C, respectively. ( b ). Quantitative analyses of coverage area (μm 2 ) of S. mutans grown on the glass surface. ( c ). Representative SEM images from 6 h S. mutans biofilms at 37 °C versus 42 °C. ( d ). Representative confocal laser scanning microscopy images of EPS (red) produced by S. mutans <t>UA159</t> and its gtf- mutants (green) under heat stress. ( e ). Quantitative analyses of normalized EPS (EPS/bacteria) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants. Data were obtained from an average of three independent experiments and shown as mean ± standard deviation. *P
    S Mutans Ua159 Whole Genome Arrays, supplied by Agilent technologies, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 7 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    93
    Becton Dickinson s mutans
    Sucrose-dependent initial attachment and biofilm architecture of S. <t>mutans</t> during heat shock. ( a ). Representative images of S. mutans (live: green; dead: red) grown on the glass surface after 2 h and 4 h incubation at 37 °C and 42 °C, respectively. ( b ). Quantitative analyses of coverage area (μm 2 ) of S. mutans grown on the glass surface. ( c ). Representative SEM images from 6 h S. mutans biofilms at 37 °C versus 42 °C. ( d ). Representative confocal laser scanning microscopy images of EPS (red) produced by S. mutans <t>UA159</t> and its gtf- mutants (green) under heat stress. ( e ). Quantitative analyses of normalized EPS (EPS/bacteria) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants. Data were obtained from an average of three independent experiments and shown as mean ± standard deviation. *P
    S Mutans, supplied by Becton Dickinson, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 71 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    ATCC streptococcus mutans
    Antibacterial effect of the <t>SBG-QAPMs</t> (SBG-PA, SBG-NA, SBG-HA, and SBG-OA) and three commercial endodontic products (Endomethasone C, AH Plus, and ProRoot MTA) against the E. faecalis, S. <t>mutans,</t> and S. sanguis. (+), bacterial suspension only; (−), culture medium only.
    Streptococcus Mutans, supplied by ATCC, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 11 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    93
    Difco s mutans
    Antibacterial effect of the <t>SBG-QAPMs</t> (SBG-PA, SBG-NA, SBG-HA, and SBG-OA) and three commercial endodontic products (Endomethasone C, AH Plus, and ProRoot MTA) against the E. faecalis, S. <t>mutans,</t> and S. sanguis. (+), bacterial suspension only; (−), culture medium only.
    S Mutans, supplied by Difco, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 159 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    (a) Representative three-dimensional images of biofilms formed by S. mutans UA159 and gtf mutant strains in the presence of 1% (wt/vol) sucrose. (b) COMSTAT analysis of the distribution of bacteria and EPS from the disk surface to the fluid phase

    Journal: Journal of Bacteriology

    Article Title: Exopolysaccharides Produced by Streptococcus mutans Glucosyltransferases Modulate the Establishment of Microcolonies within Multispecies Biofilms ▿

    doi: 10.1128/JB.01649-09

    Figure Lengend Snippet: (a) Representative three-dimensional images of biofilms formed by S. mutans UA159 and gtf mutant strains in the presence of 1% (wt/vol) sucrose. (b) COMSTAT analysis of the distribution of bacteria and EPS from the disk surface to the fluid phase

    Article Snippet: S. mutans UA159 (ATCC 700610; serotype c), a proven virulent cariogenic dental pathogen selected for genomic sequencing , and gtf mutants of this strain were used for single-species biofilm assays.

    Techniques: Mutagenesis

    Effects of αMG on acid production by S. mutans UA159. Vehicle is represented by (▪), while 150 µM αMG is represented by (▴). Data are expressed as the mean ± one standard deviation for experiments run in triplicates in at least three separate experiments.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: α-Mangostin Disrupts the Development of Streptococcus mutans Biofilms and Facilitates Its Mechanical Removal

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111312

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of αMG on acid production by S. mutans UA159. Vehicle is represented by (▪), while 150 µM αMG is represented by (▴). Data are expressed as the mean ± one standard deviation for experiments run in triplicates in at least three separate experiments.

    Article Snippet: Preparation and treatment of the biofilm S. mutans UA159 (ATCC 700610), a proven virulent-cariogenic strain selected for genomic sequencing, was used in this study.

    Techniques: Standard Deviation

    Effects of αMG on ATPase and PTS activities of S. mutans UA159. The percentage of inhibition was calculated setting the vehicle control to 100% enzymatic activity. Data are expressed as the mean ± one standard deviation. Values are significantly different from that for the vehicle control (n = 9; P

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: α-Mangostin Disrupts the Development of Streptococcus mutans Biofilms and Facilitates Its Mechanical Removal

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111312

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of αMG on ATPase and PTS activities of S. mutans UA159. The percentage of inhibition was calculated setting the vehicle control to 100% enzymatic activity. Data are expressed as the mean ± one standard deviation. Values are significantly different from that for the vehicle control (n = 9; P

    Article Snippet: Preparation and treatment of the biofilm S. mutans UA159 (ATCC 700610), a proven virulent-cariogenic strain selected for genomic sequencing, was used in this study.

    Techniques: Inhibition, Activity Assay, Standard Deviation

    2D confocal imaging: a qualitative analysis. Confocal image stacks of 72-h S. mutans UA 159 biofilms following topical treatment with (a) A. gratissima : fraction Ag 4 ; (b) B. dracunculifolia : fraction Bd 2 ; (c) C. sativum : fraction Cs 4 ; (d) L. sidoides : fraction Ls 3 ; and (e) vehicle (propylene glycol, 6.25% v/v). The structures depicted in red (Dextran, Alexa Fluor 6) represent the extracellular polysaccharides that constitute the biofilm matrix, while the structures depicted in green (Syto 9) are metabolically active bacterial cells (optical magnitude 63x). It can be noted that all bioactive fractions ((a)–(d)) affected the EPS matrix making it less intimately interspersed between and over the cells than did the vehicle alone (e).

    Journal: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM

    Article Title: The Effect of Essential Oils and Bioactive Fractions on Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans Biofilms: A Confocal Analysis

    doi: 10.1155/2015/871316

    Figure Lengend Snippet: 2D confocal imaging: a qualitative analysis. Confocal image stacks of 72-h S. mutans UA 159 biofilms following topical treatment with (a) A. gratissima : fraction Ag 4 ; (b) B. dracunculifolia : fraction Bd 2 ; (c) C. sativum : fraction Cs 4 ; (d) L. sidoides : fraction Ls 3 ; and (e) vehicle (propylene glycol, 6.25% v/v). The structures depicted in red (Dextran, Alexa Fluor 6) represent the extracellular polysaccharides that constitute the biofilm matrix, while the structures depicted in green (Syto 9) are metabolically active bacterial cells (optical magnitude 63x). It can be noted that all bioactive fractions ((a)–(d)) affected the EPS matrix making it less intimately interspersed between and over the cells than did the vehicle alone (e).

    Article Snippet: Preparation of S. mutans and C. albicans Suspensions Reference strains of S. mutans UA 159 (ATCC 700610, serotype c ) and C. albicans CBS 562 were used.

    Techniques: Imaging, Metabolic Labelling

    3D confocal imaging: a quantitative analysis. 3D reconstruction of confocal image stacks of 72-h S. mutans UA 159 biofilms following topical treatment with A. gratissima : fraction Ag 4 ; B. dracunculifolia : fraction Bd 2 ; C. sativum : fraction Cs 4 ; L. sidoides : fraction Ls 3 ; and vehicle (propylene glycol, 6.25% v/v). The structures depicted in red (Dextran, Alexa Fluor 6) represent the extracellular polysaccharides that constitute the biofilm matrix, while the structures depicted in green (Syto 9) are metabolically active bacterial cells (optical magnitude 63x). The mean (±SD) of biofilm thickness ( z ) in each group is indicated below the orthogonal images. There were no statistically significant differences in thickness between the groups and the vehicle ( P > 0.05, One-way ANOVA with Dunnett's posttest). Our coverage (EPS/bacteria) data demonstrate that in all groups the exopolysaccharide matrix was found interspersed between the bacterial cells. Coverage percent represents the percentage of area occupied by bacteria or EPS in each of the CLSM optical section [ 30 ].

    Journal: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM

    Article Title: The Effect of Essential Oils and Bioactive Fractions on Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans Biofilms: A Confocal Analysis

    doi: 10.1155/2015/871316

    Figure Lengend Snippet: 3D confocal imaging: a quantitative analysis. 3D reconstruction of confocal image stacks of 72-h S. mutans UA 159 biofilms following topical treatment with A. gratissima : fraction Ag 4 ; B. dracunculifolia : fraction Bd 2 ; C. sativum : fraction Cs 4 ; L. sidoides : fraction Ls 3 ; and vehicle (propylene glycol, 6.25% v/v). The structures depicted in red (Dextran, Alexa Fluor 6) represent the extracellular polysaccharides that constitute the biofilm matrix, while the structures depicted in green (Syto 9) are metabolically active bacterial cells (optical magnitude 63x). The mean (±SD) of biofilm thickness ( z ) in each group is indicated below the orthogonal images. There were no statistically significant differences in thickness between the groups and the vehicle ( P > 0.05, One-way ANOVA with Dunnett's posttest). Our coverage (EPS/bacteria) data demonstrate that in all groups the exopolysaccharide matrix was found interspersed between the bacterial cells. Coverage percent represents the percentage of area occupied by bacteria or EPS in each of the CLSM optical section [ 30 ].

    Article Snippet: Preparation of S. mutans and C. albicans Suspensions Reference strains of S. mutans UA 159 (ATCC 700610, serotype c ) and C. albicans CBS 562 were used.

    Techniques: Imaging, Metabolic Labelling, Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy

    Relative expression of gtfB, comD and atpH in wild-type, knock-out (SMΔcomC1) and complemented (SMΔcomC1C) comC strains of S. mutans UA159 in the presence of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01 and 0.1 mM) at pH 5.5. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc analyses were performed to determine the differences in gene expression between individual BisHPPP concentration and the no-BisHPPP control (P

    Journal: Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

    Article Title: Mechanistic, Genomic and Proteomic Study on the Effects of BisGMA-derived Biodegradation Product on Cariogenic Bacteria

    doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2016.11.007

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Relative expression of gtfB, comD and atpH in wild-type, knock-out (SMΔcomC1) and complemented (SMΔcomC1C) comC strains of S. mutans UA159 in the presence of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01 and 0.1 mM) at pH 5.5. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc analyses were performed to determine the differences in gene expression between individual BisHPPP concentration and the no-BisHPPP control (P

    Article Snippet: S. mutans UA159 microarray slides designed by Dr. Dragana Ajdic, were used (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA).

    Techniques: Expressing, Knock-Out, Concentration Assay

    Number of genes in functional categories differentially expressed in the presence of BisHPPP. A total number of 115 genes showed altered expression after exposure of S. mutans UA159 biofilms to 1.0 mM BisHPPP of which 62 genes were up-regulated and 53 genes were down-regulated.

    Journal: Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

    Article Title: Mechanistic, Genomic and Proteomic Study on the Effects of BisGMA-derived Biodegradation Product on Cariogenic Bacteria

    doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2016.11.007

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Number of genes in functional categories differentially expressed in the presence of BisHPPP. A total number of 115 genes showed altered expression after exposure of S. mutans UA159 biofilms to 1.0 mM BisHPPP of which 62 genes were up-regulated and 53 genes were down-regulated.

    Article Snippet: S. mutans UA159 microarray slides designed by Dr. Dragana Ajdic, were used (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA).

    Techniques: Functional Assay, Expressing

    Effects of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01, 0.1 and 1.0 mM) on S. mutans UA159 glucosyltransferase activity. The total amount of insoluble glucan synthesized by biofilm cells grown in the presence of 0.1 and 1 mM BisHPPP was significantly increased compared to the no-BisHPPP control (P

    Journal: Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

    Article Title: Mechanistic, Genomic and Proteomic Study on the Effects of BisGMA-derived Biodegradation Product on Cariogenic Bacteria

    doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2016.11.007

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of different concentrations of BisHPPP (0.01, 0.1 and 1.0 mM) on S. mutans UA159 glucosyltransferase activity. The total amount of insoluble glucan synthesized by biofilm cells grown in the presence of 0.1 and 1 mM BisHPPP was significantly increased compared to the no-BisHPPP control (P

    Article Snippet: S. mutans UA159 microarray slides designed by Dr. Dragana Ajdic, were used (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Synthesized

    Proposed physiological effects of EGCg on S. mutans UA159 cells. Dashed arrows represent the inhibitory effect of EGCg. The portion inside the dashed box represents the interaction among individual virulence factors.

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Proposed physiological effects of EGCg on S. mutans UA159 cells. Dashed arrows represent the inhibitory effect of EGCg. The portion inside the dashed box represents the interaction among individual virulence factors.

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques:

    Effect of EGCg on glycolytic acid production and acid tolerance of S. mutans UA159 cells at sub-MIC levels. (A) Glycolytic acid production was determined by monitoring the pH decrease in sucrose solution (1%, wt/vol) over a period of 75 min. Values

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of EGCg on glycolytic acid production and acid tolerance of S. mutans UA159 cells at sub-MIC levels. (A) Glycolytic acid production was determined by monitoring the pH decrease in sucrose solution (1%, wt/vol) over a period of 75 min. Values

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques:

    Kinetic killing effect of EGCg on S. mutans UA159 planktonic cell cultures. The concentrations of EGCg ranged from 31.25 μg/ml to 125 μg/ml. The untreated control was S. mutans UA159 cells grown in chemically defined medium in the absence

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Kinetic killing effect of EGCg on S. mutans UA159 planktonic cell cultures. The concentrations of EGCg ranged from 31.25 μg/ml to 125 μg/ml. The untreated control was S. mutans UA159 cells grown in chemically defined medium in the absence

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques:

    Antimicrobial activity of EGCg against S. mutans UA159 planktonic culture and biofilm in vitro .

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Antimicrobial activity of EGCg against S. mutans UA159 planktonic culture and biofilm in vitro .

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, In Vitro

    Effect of increasing concentrations of EGCg on the activity of enzymes associated with the acidogenicity and acidurity of S. mutans UA159. Data are means ± SD ( n = 3). *, Significant difference compared with the untreated control

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of increasing concentrations of EGCg on the activity of enzymes associated with the acidogenicity and acidurity of S. mutans UA159. Data are means ± SD ( n = 3). *, Significant difference compared with the untreated control

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques: Activity Assay

    Effects of sub-MIC levels of EGCg on the gene expression of specific virulence factors associated with the acidogenicity and acidurity of S. mutans UA159 at sub-MIC levels. (A) Relative gene expression compared with untreated control in BHI medium supplemented

    Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

    Article Title: The Tea Catechin Epigallocatechin Gallate Suppresses Cariogenic Virulence Factors of Streptococcus mutans ▿

    doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-10

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of sub-MIC levels of EGCg on the gene expression of specific virulence factors associated with the acidogenicity and acidurity of S. mutans UA159 at sub-MIC levels. (A) Relative gene expression compared with untreated control in BHI medium supplemented

    Article Snippet: The decrease in pH, as a result of glycolytic activity of S. mutans UA159 cells, was monitored at 15-min intervals over a period of 75 min (Corning pH meter 240; Corning Inc., New York, NY).

    Techniques: Expressing

    Sucrose-dependent initial attachment and biofilm architecture of S. mutans during heat shock. ( a ). Representative images of S. mutans (live: green; dead: red) grown on the glass surface after 2 h and 4 h incubation at 37 °C and 42 °C, respectively. ( b ). Quantitative analyses of coverage area (μm 2 ) of S. mutans grown on the glass surface. ( c ). Representative SEM images from 6 h S. mutans biofilms at 37 °C versus 42 °C. ( d ). Representative confocal laser scanning microscopy images of EPS (red) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants (green) under heat stress. ( e ). Quantitative analyses of normalized EPS (EPS/bacteria) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants. Data were obtained from an average of three independent experiments and shown as mean ± standard deviation. *P

    Journal: Scientific Reports

    Article Title: Streptococcus mutans copes with heat stress by multiple transcriptional regulons modulating virulence and energy metabolism

    doi: 10.1038/srep12929

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Sucrose-dependent initial attachment and biofilm architecture of S. mutans during heat shock. ( a ). Representative images of S. mutans (live: green; dead: red) grown on the glass surface after 2 h and 4 h incubation at 37 °C and 42 °C, respectively. ( b ). Quantitative analyses of coverage area (μm 2 ) of S. mutans grown on the glass surface. ( c ). Representative SEM images from 6 h S. mutans biofilms at 37 °C versus 42 °C. ( d ). Representative confocal laser scanning microscopy images of EPS (red) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants (green) under heat stress. ( e ). Quantitative analyses of normalized EPS (EPS/bacteria) produced by S. mutans UA159 and its gtf- mutants. Data were obtained from an average of three independent experiments and shown as mean ± standard deviation. *P

    Article Snippet: S. mutans UA159 whole-genome arrays (8 × 15 K) were obtained from Agilent and included 1997 probes for S. mutans transcripts.

    Techniques: Incubation, Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy, Produced, Standard Deviation

    Antibacterial effect of the SBG-QAPMs (SBG-PA, SBG-NA, SBG-HA, and SBG-OA) and three commercial endodontic products (Endomethasone C, AH Plus, and ProRoot MTA) against the E. faecalis, S. mutans, and S. sanguis. (+), bacterial suspension only; (−), culture medium only.

    Journal: Journal of materials chemistry. B, Materials for biology and medicine

    Article Title: Bioactive mono-dispersed nanospheres with long-term antibacterial effects for endodontic sealing

    doi: 10.1039/C6TB02819E

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Antibacterial effect of the SBG-QAPMs (SBG-PA, SBG-NA, SBG-HA, and SBG-OA) and three commercial endodontic products (Endomethasone C, AH Plus, and ProRoot MTA) against the E. faecalis, S. mutans, and S. sanguis. (+), bacterial suspension only; (−), culture medium only.

    Article Snippet: The antibacterial effects of SBG-QAPMs against Enterococcus faecalis (E.faecalis, ATCC 29212), Streptococcus mutans ( S.mutans , UA 159), and Streptococcus sanguis ( S.sanguis , ATCC 10556) were determined using the DCT method.

    Techniques: