Journal: BMC Biotechnology
Article Title: Overview of methodologies for T-cell receptor repertoire analysis
Figure Lengend Snippet: Exemplary workflow of three principal methodologies for TCR library preparation. The figure depicts a simplified workflow of the library preparation procedure using multiplex PCR, targeted in-solution enrichment and 5’RACE-switch-oligo nested PCR. Multiplex PCR is suitable for both RNA and gDNA sequencing. Samples undergo cDNA synthesis and 1 or more PCR steps followed by adaptor ligation and sequencing. While the forward primers for cDNA synthesis are designed to cover all known V genes for both starting materials, the location and number of the reverse primers differs, due to introns in DNA. Target enrichment, also applicable to both gDNA and RNA, is preceded by a standard library preparation including fragmentation for gDNA or mRNA purification for RNA, followed by end-repairing, A-tailing and finally adaptor ligation. The enrichment of target sequences is then performed using RNA baits complementary to the sequence of interest. The RNA baits hybridize with molecules in the library, which are then retrieved using magnetic beads and can undergo further amplification before sequencing. Nested PCR based on the 5’RACE and switch-oligo approach (only for RNA) makes use of the incorporation of an adaptor molecule at the 5′ end of the cDNA during cDNA synthesis. The forward primer for a subsequent PCR is designed to bind to the 5′ adaptor sequence, while the reverse primer is designed to bind to the C-region of the transcript. Hence, only one primer pair is required to cover the complete spectrum of possible V genes. Subsequent nested PCRs performed in the same fashion may increase outcome specificity. Finally, adaptor ligation is performed. The procedures showed in this picture constitute only an example of the different available methods
Article Snippet: For starting material, gDNA or RNA is first processed with a standard sequencing library preparation kit (i.e. Illumina TruSeq or SureSelectXT from Agilent), followed by incubation of the samples with custom designed RNA baits.
Techniques: Multiplex Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Nested PCR, Sequencing, Ligation, Purification, Magnetic Beads, Amplification