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    New England Biolabs phusion dna polymerase new england biolabs
    Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) electrophoresis of the polymerase–endonuclease amplification reaction (PEAR) products. Lowercase letters (agct) represents unmodified dNTPs; uppercase letters (AGCT) represent modified dNTPs (2′-F-dNTPs or dNTPαSs). (A) PEAR by <t>Phusion</t> <t>DNA</t> polymerase using unmodified dNTPs, 2′-F-modified dATP and dGTP, respectively. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: normal dNTPs; lane 3: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 6: control without dATP; lane 7: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 8: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 9: control without PspGI; lane 10 : control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 11: control without dGTP. (B) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (C) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: using 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: using 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as seeds for PEAR. (D) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase ; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (E) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP modified products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (F) PEAR amplification of dTTPαS modified and 2′-F-dATP+dGTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: dTTPαS modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dTTPαS; lane 5: 20 bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder. (G) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified and 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP and dCTPαS; lane 5: 20-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP and dTTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder.
    Phusion Dna Polymerase New England Biolabs, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 4156 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    New England Biolabs hf buffer new england biolabs
    Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) electrophoresis of the polymerase–endonuclease amplification reaction (PEAR) products. Lowercase letters (agct) represents unmodified dNTPs; uppercase letters (AGCT) represent modified dNTPs (2′-F-dNTPs or dNTPαSs). (A) PEAR by <t>Phusion</t> <t>DNA</t> polymerase using unmodified dNTPs, 2′-F-modified dATP and dGTP, respectively. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: normal dNTPs; lane 3: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 6: control without dATP; lane 7: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 8: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 9: control without PspGI; lane 10 : control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 11: control without dGTP. (B) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (C) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: using 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: using 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as seeds for PEAR. (D) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase ; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (E) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP modified products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (F) PEAR amplification of dTTPαS modified and 2′-F-dATP+dGTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: dTTPαS modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dTTPαS; lane 5: 20 bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder. (G) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified and 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP and dCTPαS; lane 5: 20-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP and dTTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder.
    Hf Buffer New England Biolabs, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 14 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    New England Biolabs dna polymerase
    Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) electrophoresis of the polymerase–endonuclease amplification reaction (PEAR) products. Lowercase letters (agct) represents unmodified dNTPs; uppercase letters (AGCT) represent modified dNTPs (2′-F-dNTPs or dNTPαSs). (A) PEAR by <t>Phusion</t> <t>DNA</t> polymerase using unmodified dNTPs, 2′-F-modified dATP and dGTP, respectively. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: normal dNTPs; lane 3: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 6: control without dATP; lane 7: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 8: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 9: control without PspGI; lane 10 : control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 11: control without dGTP. (B) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (C) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: using 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: using 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as seeds for PEAR. (D) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase ; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (E) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP modified products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (F) PEAR amplification of dTTPαS modified and 2′-F-dATP+dGTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: dTTPαS modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dTTPαS; lane 5: 20 bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder. (G) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified and 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP and dCTPαS; lane 5: 20-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP and dTTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder.
    Dna Polymerase, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 4972 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) electrophoresis of the polymerase–endonuclease amplification reaction (PEAR) products. Lowercase letters (agct) represents unmodified dNTPs; uppercase letters (AGCT) represent modified dNTPs (2′-F-dNTPs or dNTPαSs). (A) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using unmodified dNTPs, 2′-F-modified dATP and dGTP, respectively. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: normal dNTPs; lane 3: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 6: control without dATP; lane 7: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 8: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 9: control without PspGI; lane 10 : control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 11: control without dGTP. (B) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (C) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: using 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: using 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as seeds for PEAR. (D) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase ; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (E) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP modified products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (F) PEAR amplification of dTTPαS modified and 2′-F-dATP+dGTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: dTTPαS modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dTTPαS; lane 5: 20 bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder. (G) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified and 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP and dCTPαS; lane 5: 20-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP and dTTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder.

    Journal: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics

    Article Title: Enzymatic Synthesis of Modified Oligonucleotides by PEAR Using Phusion and KOD DNA Polymerases

    doi: 10.1089/nat.2014.0513

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) electrophoresis of the polymerase–endonuclease amplification reaction (PEAR) products. Lowercase letters (agct) represents unmodified dNTPs; uppercase letters (AGCT) represent modified dNTPs (2′-F-dNTPs or dNTPαSs). (A) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using unmodified dNTPs, 2′-F-modified dATP and dGTP, respectively. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: normal dNTPs; lane 3: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 6: control without dATP; lane 7: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 8: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 9: control without PspGI; lane 10 : control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 11: control without dGTP. (B) PEAR by Phusion DNA polymerase using 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without Phusion DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (C) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR. Lane 1: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: using 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products as “seeds” for PEAR; lane 4: control without PspGI; lane 5: using 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products as seeds for PEAR. (D) 2′-F-dATP and 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dGTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase ; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (E) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dCTP and 2′-F-dUTP modified products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dCTP modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dCTP; lane 5: 10-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dUTP modified PEAR products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without dUTP; lane 10: 10-bp DNA ladder. (F) PEAR amplification of dTTPαS modified and 2′-F-dATP+dGTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: dTTPαS modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without dTTPαS; lane 5: 20 bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dATP and dGTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder. (G) PEAR amplification of 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified and 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR products using KOD DNA polymerase. Lane 1: 2′-F-dATP+dCTPαS double modified PEAR products; lane 2: control without PspGI; lane 3: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 4: control without 2′-F-dATP and dCTPαS; lane 5: 20-bp DNA ladder; lane 6: 2′-F-dATP+dTTPαS double modified PEAR amplified products; lane 7: control without PspGI; lane 8: control without KOD DNA polymerase; lane 9: control without 2′-F-dGTP and dTTPαS; lane 10: 20-bp DNA ladder.

    Article Snippet: Four 2′-fluoro-2′-deoxyribinucleoside-5′-triphosphates (2′-F-dNTPs), including 2′-F-dATP, 2′-F-dCTP, 2′-F-dGTP, 2′-F-dUTP and four 2′-deoxyribonucleotides-5′-O-(1-thiotriphosphate) (dNTPαSs), including dATPαS, dGTPαS, dCTPαS, and dTTPαS, whose structural formula are shown in , were purchased from Trilink BioTechnologies, Inc. KOD DNA polymerase was purchased from TOYOBO (Shanghai) Biotech Co., Ltd. Phusion DNA polymerase, highly thermostable restriction enzyme PspGI, and dNTPs were purchased from New England Biolabs, Inc. UNIQ-10 Spin Column Oligo DNA Purification Kit was purchased from Sangon Biotech (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

    Techniques: Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Electrophoresis, Amplification, Modification

    Cas9-mediated indel formation and DNA sequencing. ( A ) T7E1 mismatch detection assays demonstrating frequency of indel formation (%indel) for each gRNA targeting VEGF-A, expressed in mean ± standard deviation. Lentiviral vectors expressing SpCas9 without VEGF-targeted gRNAs were used as controls. Representative results are shown from four total independent experiments. ( B ) Sanger sequencing chromatograms showing indel formation at the predicted cut site for each target site. ( C ) Representative deep sequencing results for V-1 confirming indel formation at the predicted cut site ( red arrowhead ), including insertions ( bases in red ) and deletions ( dashes ).

    Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

    Article Title: Genomic Disruption of VEGF-A Expression in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells Using CRISPR-Cas9 Endonuclease

    doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20296

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Cas9-mediated indel formation and DNA sequencing. ( A ) T7E1 mismatch detection assays demonstrating frequency of indel formation (%indel) for each gRNA targeting VEGF-A, expressed in mean ± standard deviation. Lentiviral vectors expressing SpCas9 without VEGF-targeted gRNAs were used as controls. Representative results are shown from four total independent experiments. ( B ) Sanger sequencing chromatograms showing indel formation at the predicted cut site for each target site. ( C ) Representative deep sequencing results for V-1 confirming indel formation at the predicted cut site ( red arrowhead ), including insertions ( bases in red ) and deletions ( dashes ).

    Article Snippet: The targeted regions in exon 1 of the VEGF-A gene were PCR-amplifed with high-fidelity DNA polymerase (Phusion; New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA, USA) using primers flanking the target sites ( ) and purified with a PCR purification kit (QIAquick; Qiagen).

    Techniques: DNA Sequencing, Standard Deviation, Expressing, Sequencing

    The median CEL intensities for each amplicon obtained by using Stoffel DNA polymerase and Phusion DNA polymerase in the gap-fill reaction are plotted against each other. The CEL intensities that were

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: A comprehensive assay for targeted multiplex amplification of human DNA sequences

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.0803240105

    Figure Lengend Snippet: The median CEL intensities for each amplicon obtained by using Stoffel DNA polymerase and Phusion DNA polymerase in the gap-fill reaction are plotted against each other. The CEL intensities that were

    Article Snippet: The extension was performed by addition of 0.4 units of Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (New England Biolabs), 3 μl 1.0 mM dNTP, 5 units Ampligase (Epicenter Biotechnologies) in a 15-μl volume at 60°C for 15 min followed by 72°C for 15 min.

    Techniques: Amplification

    essp5 Results in Ectopic Expression of a Seed Marker Gene and Is Allelic to ARGONAUTE1 . (A and B) Comparison of essp5 with wild type (wt) plants at two weeks. (C and D) GUS expression of the essp5 mutant (C) and wild type ( wt , βCG:GUS ) grown on agar at two weeks. Scale bars, 2 mm in (C) and 5 mm in (D). (E) Alignment of partial amino acid sequences (residues 707 to 755) of PIWI domains in AGO proteins from Arabidopsis (At), Rice (Os), Pea (Ps), Tobacco (Nb), Drosophila (Dm), Brassica (Bn). The essp5 mutation site (L740) is in orange. The asterisks indicate absolutely conserved residues, colons indicate high similarity, and dots indicate low similarity. (F) Structure of the AGO1 gene showing the location of the essp5 mutation and the T-DNA insertion sites of other ago1 alleles. Boxes and lines represent exons and introns, respectively. The colored boxes represent the conserved protein domains: light blue (PAZ), magenta (MID), and blue (PIWI). (G–J) GUS expression in four T-DNA insertion alleles of AGO1 . Shown here is a representative F 2 progeny from each of the crosses of the corresponding T-DNA allele with the βCG:GUS line. Scale bar, 500 µm.

    Journal: PLoS Genetics

    Article Title: MicroRNA-Mediated Repression of the Seed Maturation Program during Vegetative Development in Arabidopsis

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003091

    Figure Lengend Snippet: essp5 Results in Ectopic Expression of a Seed Marker Gene and Is Allelic to ARGONAUTE1 . (A and B) Comparison of essp5 with wild type (wt) plants at two weeks. (C and D) GUS expression of the essp5 mutant (C) and wild type ( wt , βCG:GUS ) grown on agar at two weeks. Scale bars, 2 mm in (C) and 5 mm in (D). (E) Alignment of partial amino acid sequences (residues 707 to 755) of PIWI domains in AGO proteins from Arabidopsis (At), Rice (Os), Pea (Ps), Tobacco (Nb), Drosophila (Dm), Brassica (Bn). The essp5 mutation site (L740) is in orange. The asterisks indicate absolutely conserved residues, colons indicate high similarity, and dots indicate low similarity. (F) Structure of the AGO1 gene showing the location of the essp5 mutation and the T-DNA insertion sites of other ago1 alleles. Boxes and lines represent exons and introns, respectively. The colored boxes represent the conserved protein domains: light blue (PAZ), magenta (MID), and blue (PIWI). (G–J) GUS expression in four T-DNA insertion alleles of AGO1 . Shown here is a representative F 2 progeny from each of the crosses of the corresponding T-DNA allele with the βCG:GUS line. Scale bar, 500 µm.

    Article Snippet: ChIP For the construction of the PHB:PHB G202G-YFP transgene plasmid, the PHB promoter was PCR amplified from Arabidopsis (Col-0) genomic DNA by Fusion DNA Polymerase (NEB, M0530) using primers EcoRI-PHBpr and PHBpr-NcoI, and inserted into the pBluscript SK vector.

    Techniques: Expressing, Marker, Mutagenesis

    PAGE electrophoresis of PEAR products. For dNTPs, lowercase letters (agct) represents natural dNTPs, and uppercase letters (AGCT) represents dNTPαSs. (A) PEAR products incorporating natural or dATPαS, dGTPαS, dCTPαS, dTTPαS: Lane 1: natural dNTPs; Lane 2: dATPαSs; Lane 3: No PspGI control; Lane 4: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 5: No dATP control; Lane 6∶10bp DNA ladder; Lane 7: dGTPαS; Lane 8: No PspGI control; Lane 9: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 10: No dCTP control; Lane 11: dCTPαSs; Lane 12: No PspGI control; Lane 13: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 14: No dCTP control; Lane 15: dTTPαSs; Lane 16: No PspGI control; Lane 17: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 18: No dTTP control; Lane 19∶10bp DNA ladder. (B) PEAR products incorporating one or two kind of dNTPαSs: Lane 1: natural dNTPs; Lane 2–5: one kind of dNTPαSs; Lane 6–8: two kind of dNTPαSs; Lane 9: No dNTPs control; Lane 10∶10bp DNA ladder; (C) Full digestion of PEAR products incorporating different dNTPs or dNTPαSs.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Preparation of 5?-O-(1-Thiotriphosphate)-Modified Oligonucleotides Using Polymerase-Endonuclease Amplification Reaction (PEAR)

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067558

    Figure Lengend Snippet: PAGE electrophoresis of PEAR products. For dNTPs, lowercase letters (agct) represents natural dNTPs, and uppercase letters (AGCT) represents dNTPαSs. (A) PEAR products incorporating natural or dATPαS, dGTPαS, dCTPαS, dTTPαS: Lane 1: natural dNTPs; Lane 2: dATPαSs; Lane 3: No PspGI control; Lane 4: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 5: No dATP control; Lane 6∶10bp DNA ladder; Lane 7: dGTPαS; Lane 8: No PspGI control; Lane 9: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 10: No dCTP control; Lane 11: dCTPαSs; Lane 12: No PspGI control; Lane 13: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 14: No dCTP control; Lane 15: dTTPαSs; Lane 16: No PspGI control; Lane 17: No Phusion DNA polymerase control; Lane 18: No dTTP control; Lane 19∶10bp DNA ladder. (B) PEAR products incorporating one or two kind of dNTPαSs: Lane 1: natural dNTPs; Lane 2–5: one kind of dNTPαSs; Lane 6–8: two kind of dNTPαSs; Lane 9: No dNTPs control; Lane 10∶10bp DNA ladder; (C) Full digestion of PEAR products incorporating different dNTPs or dNTPαSs.

    Article Snippet: Materials Phusion high fidelity DNA polymerase, highly thermostable restriction enzyme PspGI and dNTPs are purchased from New England Biolabs , Inc .

    Techniques: Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Electrophoresis