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    New England Biolabs phi29 dna polymerase
    Plasmid <t>DNA</t> from the cecal sample after amplification with <t>phi29</t> polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.
    Phi29 Dna Polymerase, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 640 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/phi29 dna polymerase/product/New England Biolabs
    Average 99 stars, based on 640 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    phi29 dna polymerase - by Bioz Stars, 2020-05
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    95
    New England Biolabs deoxynucleotide solution set
    Plasmid <t>DNA</t> from the cecal sample after amplification with <t>phi29</t> polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.
    Deoxynucleotide Solution Set, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 95/100, based on 137 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/deoxynucleotide solution set/product/New England Biolabs
    Average 95 stars, based on 137 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    deoxynucleotide solution set - by Bioz Stars, 2020-05
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    Image Search Results


    Plasmid DNA from the cecal sample after amplification with phi29 polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: A Comparison of Methods for the Extraction of Plasmids Capable of Conferring Antibiotic Resistance in a Human Pathogen From Complex Broiler Cecal Samples

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01731

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Plasmid DNA from the cecal sample after amplification with phi29 polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.

    Article Snippet: Samples were incubated at 95°C for 5 min and immediately chilled on ice for 5 min. 1.6 μL phi29 DNA polymerase (New England Biolabs), 0.02 μL of inorganic pyrophosphatase (from yeast) (New England Biolabs) and 2 μL of dNTPs (10 mM) (Thermo Scientific) were added and incubated at 30°C for 16 h. Amplified plasmid DNA (5 μL) was electroporated at 1.8 kV into 15 μL of E. coli DH5α cells.

    Techniques: Plasmid Preparation, Amplification

    Digested plasmid DNA extracted from E. coli transformants after electroporation with the phi29 polymerase amplified DNA. 1 , 1 kb ladder; Plasmid DNA extracted from transformants selected on agar plates containing; 2 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_BC); 3 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_SC); 4 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_BC); 5 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_SC); 6 , kanamycin 25 mg/L (M_Kan); 7 , ciprofloxacin 16 mg/L (M_Cip). BC and SC refer to the two different colony morphology types, big or small colonies, on the same antibiotic plate.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: A Comparison of Methods for the Extraction of Plasmids Capable of Conferring Antibiotic Resistance in a Human Pathogen From Complex Broiler Cecal Samples

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01731

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Digested plasmid DNA extracted from E. coli transformants after electroporation with the phi29 polymerase amplified DNA. 1 , 1 kb ladder; Plasmid DNA extracted from transformants selected on agar plates containing; 2 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_BC); 3 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_SC); 4 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_BC); 5 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_SC); 6 , kanamycin 25 mg/L (M_Kan); 7 , ciprofloxacin 16 mg/L (M_Cip). BC and SC refer to the two different colony morphology types, big or small colonies, on the same antibiotic plate.

    Article Snippet: Samples were incubated at 95°C for 5 min and immediately chilled on ice for 5 min. 1.6 μL phi29 DNA polymerase (New England Biolabs), 0.02 μL of inorganic pyrophosphatase (from yeast) (New England Biolabs) and 2 μL of dNTPs (10 mM) (Thermo Scientific) were added and incubated at 30°C for 16 h. Amplified plasmid DNA (5 μL) was electroporated at 1.8 kV into 15 μL of E. coli DH5α cells.

    Techniques: Plasmid Preparation, Electroporation, Amplification

    Selective whole-genome amplification (SWGA) of Plasmodium vivax genomic DNA (gDNA) from human blood samples. (A) SWGA primers bind frequently to Plasmodium vivax gDNA and infrequently to human gDNA. (B) When phi29 encounters double-stranded gDNA, it displaces the newly synthesized strand, opening new primer binding sites on the synthesized gDNA, leading to selective amplification of templates with frequent primer binding sites. (C) Post-SWGA, the percentage of P. vivax DNA has increased relative to the percentage of host DNA.

    Journal: mBio

    Article Title: Selective Whole-Genome Amplification Is a Robust Method That Enables Scalable Whole-Genome Sequencing of Plasmodium vivax from Unprocessed Clinical Samples

    doi: 10.1128/mBio.02257-16

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Selective whole-genome amplification (SWGA) of Plasmodium vivax genomic DNA (gDNA) from human blood samples. (A) SWGA primers bind frequently to Plasmodium vivax gDNA and infrequently to human gDNA. (B) When phi29 encounters double-stranded gDNA, it displaces the newly synthesized strand, opening new primer binding sites on the synthesized gDNA, leading to selective amplification of templates with frequent primer binding sites. (C) Post-SWGA, the percentage of P. vivax DNA has increased relative to the percentage of host DNA.

    Article Snippet: Thirty to 70 ng of input DNA was added to a 50-µl reaction mixture containing 3.5 µM SWGA primers, 30 U phi29 DNA polymerase enzyme (New England Biolabs), 1× phi29 buffer (New England Biolabs), 4 mM dNTPs (Roche), 1% bovine serum albumin, and water.

    Techniques: Whole Genome Amplification, Synthesized, Binding Assay, Amplification

    Effect of RNA substitutions in circular templates on rolling circle amplification with phi29 DNA polymerase. ( A ) Total amount of RCA products (y-axis) generated for padlock probes with/without a terminal 3′ RNA and in the absence of synthetic RNA ligation template (template -). ( B ) Circles with 0–7 RNA substitutions in the backbone were amplified and digitally counted. The y-axis shows the number of rolling circle products (RCPs); error bars ± S.D.; n = 2. The same RCA reactions with chimeric circles were also monitored in real-time by measuring SYBR Gold incorporation on qPCR instrument ( C and E ). (C) RCA reaction curves of circles with 0, 1 and 2 RNA substitutions. ( D ) RCPs from C were imaged on microscope slides and size and intensity of individual RCPs were quantified. Black line, median; upper whisker, highest value that is within 1.5 the interquartile range of the hinge; lower whisker, lowest value within 1.5 the interquartile range of the hinge. (E) Real-time data of the same RCA reactions as in B with 0–7 RNA substitutes are displayed. Representative samples are presented from a duplicated experiment. To highlight the initial stages of RCA and to show the difference between the samples with low RCA efficiency, fluorescence intensity readout between 3000 and 6000 is presented.

    Journal: Nucleic Acids Research

    Article Title: Limited reverse transcriptase activity of phi29 DNA polymerase

    doi: 10.1093/nar/gky190

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of RNA substitutions in circular templates on rolling circle amplification with phi29 DNA polymerase. ( A ) Total amount of RCA products (y-axis) generated for padlock probes with/without a terminal 3′ RNA and in the absence of synthetic RNA ligation template (template -). ( B ) Circles with 0–7 RNA substitutions in the backbone were amplified and digitally counted. The y-axis shows the number of rolling circle products (RCPs); error bars ± S.D.; n = 2. The same RCA reactions with chimeric circles were also monitored in real-time by measuring SYBR Gold incorporation on qPCR instrument ( C and E ). (C) RCA reaction curves of circles with 0, 1 and 2 RNA substitutions. ( D ) RCPs from C were imaged on microscope slides and size and intensity of individual RCPs were quantified. Black line, median; upper whisker, highest value that is within 1.5 the interquartile range of the hinge; lower whisker, lowest value within 1.5 the interquartile range of the hinge. (E) Real-time data of the same RCA reactions as in B with 0–7 RNA substitutes are displayed. Representative samples are presented from a duplicated experiment. To highlight the initial stages of RCA and to show the difference between the samples with low RCA efficiency, fluorescence intensity readout between 3000 and 6000 is presented.

    Article Snippet: Next, RCA products were digested with AluI restriction enzyme in a reaction mixture containing 1 × phi29 DNA polymerase buffer, 0.2 μg/μl BSA, 100 nM restriction oligonucleotide , 120 mU/μl AluI (NEB) and RCA products at a final concentration of 10 pM during 10 min incubation at 37°C.

    Techniques: Amplification, Generated, Ligation, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Microscopy, Whisker Assay, Fluorescence

    Phi29 DNA polymerase exhibits higher RCA rate with circles containing pyrimidine RNA substitutions. ( A ) Real-time RCA curves of circles containing 1, 2, 3 or 4 consecutive RNA substations of rG, rU, rA, rC RNA bases are displayed (number of consecutive substitutions is indicated above plots). Rate of RCA was monitored by measuring fluorescence build-up (y-axis) resulted from SYBR Gold incorporation into RCPs. Averaged fluorescence intensity for each RCA time point was calculated from a duplicated experiment. RCA was conducted in the presence of Mg 2+ and Mn 2+ (solid and dashed lines respectively). ( B ) Linear, early stage RCA velocity (y-axis) is presented for PLPs from (A) in the presence of Mg 2+ (solid lines) and Mn 2+ (dashed lines). ( C ) RCA for the control PLP (non-chimeric DNA circle, with Mg 2+ (solid) and Mn 2+ (dashed line) are displayed.

    Journal: Nucleic Acids Research

    Article Title: Limited reverse transcriptase activity of phi29 DNA polymerase

    doi: 10.1093/nar/gky190

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Phi29 DNA polymerase exhibits higher RCA rate with circles containing pyrimidine RNA substitutions. ( A ) Real-time RCA curves of circles containing 1, 2, 3 or 4 consecutive RNA substations of rG, rU, rA, rC RNA bases are displayed (number of consecutive substitutions is indicated above plots). Rate of RCA was monitored by measuring fluorescence build-up (y-axis) resulted from SYBR Gold incorporation into RCPs. Averaged fluorescence intensity for each RCA time point was calculated from a duplicated experiment. RCA was conducted in the presence of Mg 2+ and Mn 2+ (solid and dashed lines respectively). ( B ) Linear, early stage RCA velocity (y-axis) is presented for PLPs from (A) in the presence of Mg 2+ (solid lines) and Mn 2+ (dashed lines). ( C ) RCA for the control PLP (non-chimeric DNA circle, with Mg 2+ (solid) and Mn 2+ (dashed line) are displayed.

    Article Snippet: Next, RCA products were digested with AluI restriction enzyme in a reaction mixture containing 1 × phi29 DNA polymerase buffer, 0.2 μg/μl BSA, 100 nM restriction oligonucleotide , 120 mU/μl AluI (NEB) and RCA products at a final concentration of 10 pM during 10 min incubation at 37°C.

    Techniques: Fluorescence, Plasmid Purification

    DNA sequencing-based analysis of rolling circle products reveals reverse transcription activity of phi29 DNA polymerase. ( A ) After RCA, short DNA oligonucleotides were hybridized to an AluI restriction site in the RCA products and RCPs were digested with AluI restriction enzyme, resulting in RCA monomers. Following digestion, monomers were PCR-amplified using primers containing Ilumina adapter sequences. PCR products were extended using IIlumina indexed primers. Finally, sequencing library was prepared using indexed primers-specific P5/7 PCR primers. The region of interest containing RNA substitutions in the original padlock probe sequence is indicated with green boxes. ( B ) Logos showing sequencing frequencies for each position within RCA monomers generated from the control DNA circle (P1 = dG), and circles containing single rG, rU, rA and rC substitutions at the RNA position (P1). Positions P1 and P2 are indicated and position P1 was additionally highlighted with the red box. ( C ) Incorporation of incorrect nucleotides for every position in the sequenced monomers from (B). Error rates, calculated as Incorporation error [%] = 1 – number of reads with expected nucleotide/total number of reads, is presented for padlock probes with single- (upper plot) and double-RNA substitutions (lower plots). P1 position for the first RNA substitution is indicated with the box.

    Journal: Nucleic Acids Research

    Article Title: Limited reverse transcriptase activity of phi29 DNA polymerase

    doi: 10.1093/nar/gky190

    Figure Lengend Snippet: DNA sequencing-based analysis of rolling circle products reveals reverse transcription activity of phi29 DNA polymerase. ( A ) After RCA, short DNA oligonucleotides were hybridized to an AluI restriction site in the RCA products and RCPs were digested with AluI restriction enzyme, resulting in RCA monomers. Following digestion, monomers were PCR-amplified using primers containing Ilumina adapter sequences. PCR products were extended using IIlumina indexed primers. Finally, sequencing library was prepared using indexed primers-specific P5/7 PCR primers. The region of interest containing RNA substitutions in the original padlock probe sequence is indicated with green boxes. ( B ) Logos showing sequencing frequencies for each position within RCA monomers generated from the control DNA circle (P1 = dG), and circles containing single rG, rU, rA and rC substitutions at the RNA position (P1). Positions P1 and P2 are indicated and position P1 was additionally highlighted with the red box. ( C ) Incorporation of incorrect nucleotides for every position in the sequenced monomers from (B). Error rates, calculated as Incorporation error [%] = 1 – number of reads with expected nucleotide/total number of reads, is presented for padlock probes with single- (upper plot) and double-RNA substitutions (lower plots). P1 position for the first RNA substitution is indicated with the box.

    Article Snippet: Next, RCA products were digested with AluI restriction enzyme in a reaction mixture containing 1 × phi29 DNA polymerase buffer, 0.2 μg/μl BSA, 100 nM restriction oligonucleotide , 120 mU/μl AluI (NEB) and RCA products at a final concentration of 10 pM during 10 min incubation at 37°C.

    Techniques: DNA Sequencing, Activity Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Amplification, Sequencing, Generated

    DNA replication reaction in acetaldehyde-treated plasmids. a In the absence of DNA damage, phi29 DNA polymerase and random primers generate new DNA synthesis products from the template. If acetaldehyde damages DNA, the resulting lesions inhibit DNA synthesis, as phi29 DNA polymerase cannot synthesize new DNA products from damaged templates, and products will not be detected. b Agarose gel (1%) demonstrating the presence of an acetaldehyde-induced lesion. The phi29 DNA polymerase and non-acetaldehyde treated DNA template/random primer complexes (lane 1) or acetaldehyde treated DNA template/random primer complexes (lane 5) were incubated for the indicated times (0,1, 2, and 4 h: lanes 1–4 or lanes 5–8). Rp is random primers and triangles are incubation time. c Quantification of DNA synthesis products via 1% agarose gel analysis (b)

    Journal: Genes and Environment

    Article Title: Effects of acetaldehyde-induced DNA lesions on DNA metabolism

    doi: 10.1186/s41021-019-0142-7

    Figure Lengend Snippet: DNA replication reaction in acetaldehyde-treated plasmids. a In the absence of DNA damage, phi29 DNA polymerase and random primers generate new DNA synthesis products from the template. If acetaldehyde damages DNA, the resulting lesions inhibit DNA synthesis, as phi29 DNA polymerase cannot synthesize new DNA products from damaged templates, and products will not be detected. b Agarose gel (1%) demonstrating the presence of an acetaldehyde-induced lesion. The phi29 DNA polymerase and non-acetaldehyde treated DNA template/random primer complexes (lane 1) or acetaldehyde treated DNA template/random primer complexes (lane 5) were incubated for the indicated times (0,1, 2, and 4 h: lanes 1–4 or lanes 5–8). Rp is random primers and triangles are incubation time. c Quantification of DNA synthesis products via 1% agarose gel analysis (b)

    Article Snippet: Enzymes and chemicals Phi29 DNA polymerase, restriction enzymes (Mlu CI, Hae III, Msp I, Hha I) and 6x Gel loading Dye were purchased from New England Biolabs (NEB: Ipswich, MA, USA).

    Techniques: DNA Synthesis, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Incubation

    Plasmid DNA from the cecal sample after amplification with phi29 polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: A Comparison of Methods for the Extraction of Plasmids Capable of Conferring Antibiotic Resistance in a Human Pathogen From Complex Broiler Cecal Samples

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01731

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Plasmid DNA from the cecal sample after amplification with phi29 polymerase. 1 , 1 kb ladder and 2 , Plasmid DNA amplified with Phi29 DNA polymerase.

    Article Snippet: Plasmid DNA was amplified by adding 1 μL of 10 μM Exo-Resistant Random Primer (Thermo Scientific), 2 μL phi29 DNA Polymerase Reaction Buffer (New England Biolabs) and 8.2 μL of MilliQ water to 5 μL of the purified treated DNA.

    Techniques: Plasmid Preparation, Amplification

    Digested plasmid DNA extracted from E. coli transformants after electroporation with the phi29 polymerase amplified DNA. 1 , 1 kb ladder; Plasmid DNA extracted from transformants selected on agar plates containing; 2 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_BC); 3 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_SC); 4 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_BC); 5 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_SC); 6 , kanamycin 25 mg/L (M_Kan); 7 , ciprofloxacin 16 mg/L (M_Cip). BC and SC refer to the two different colony morphology types, big or small colonies, on the same antibiotic plate.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: A Comparison of Methods for the Extraction of Plasmids Capable of Conferring Antibiotic Resistance in a Human Pathogen From Complex Broiler Cecal Samples

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01731

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Digested plasmid DNA extracted from E. coli transformants after electroporation with the phi29 polymerase amplified DNA. 1 , 1 kb ladder; Plasmid DNA extracted from transformants selected on agar plates containing; 2 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_BC); 3 , ampicillin 32 mg/L (M_Amp_SC); 4 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_BC); 5 , tetracycline 16 mg/L (M_Tet_SC); 6 , kanamycin 25 mg/L (M_Kan); 7 , ciprofloxacin 16 mg/L (M_Cip). BC and SC refer to the two different colony morphology types, big or small colonies, on the same antibiotic plate.

    Article Snippet: Plasmid DNA was amplified by adding 1 μL of 10 μM Exo-Resistant Random Primer (Thermo Scientific), 2 μL phi29 DNA Polymerase Reaction Buffer (New England Biolabs) and 8.2 μL of MilliQ water to 5 μL of the purified treated DNA.

    Techniques: Plasmid Preparation, Electroporation, Amplification

    (A) Optimization of T4 DNA ligase concentration and time. (B) Optimization of phi29 DNA polymerase concentration and time. (C) Optimization of Nb.Mva1269I concentration and time. The assays were carried out in the reaction buffer, containing 10 nM let-7a, and 200 nM MB.

    Journal: Chemical Science

    Article Title: Target-fueled DNA walker for highly selective miRNA detection DNA walker for highly selective miRNA detection †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: DNA strand structure and sequences, assembly of DNA strands as noted in the text. See DOI: 10.1039/c5sc02784eClick here for additional data file.

    doi: 10.1039/c5sc02784e

    Figure Lengend Snippet: (A) Optimization of T4 DNA ligase concentration and time. (B) Optimization of phi29 DNA polymerase concentration and time. (C) Optimization of Nb.Mva1269I concentration and time. The assays were carried out in the reaction buffer, containing 10 nM let-7a, and 200 nM MB.

    Article Snippet: Reagents and materials T4 DNA ligase and phi29 polymerase (10 units per μL) were obtained from New England Biolabs (Beijing, China).

    Techniques: Concentration Assay

    SNES method and WGA quality control. (a) Nuclear suspensions were prepared from tissues, stained with DAPI and flow-sorted. Single nuclei were isolated by gating the G1/0 or G2/M ploidy distributions and deposited nuclei singly into a 96-well plate. Multiple-displacement-amplification is performed using Φ29 to perform WGA. (b) Time-course of WGA showing total DNA yield from single nuclei. (c) Quality control assay using a panel of 22 chromosome-specific qPCR primers to determine the WGA amplification efficiency of each single nucleus.

    Journal: Genome Biology

    Article Title: SNES: single nucleus exome sequencing

    doi: 10.1186/s13059-015-0616-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: SNES method and WGA quality control. (a) Nuclear suspensions were prepared from tissues, stained with DAPI and flow-sorted. Single nuclei were isolated by gating the G1/0 or G2/M ploidy distributions and deposited nuclei singly into a 96-well plate. Multiple-displacement-amplification is performed using Φ29 to perform WGA. (b) Time-course of WGA showing total DNA yield from single nuclei. (c) Quality control assay using a panel of 22 chromosome-specific qPCR primers to determine the WGA amplification efficiency of each single nucleus.

    Article Snippet: Whole-genome amplification by time-limited multiple-displacement amplification Whole-genome amplification was performed on single flow-sorted nuclei using 10 units of Φ29 polymerase and 10× Φ29 buffer (NEB cat#M0269L), 1 mM dNTP (GE Healthcare, cat#28-4065-51), and 50 μM random hexamer (phosphorothioate modification on the two 3’-terminal nucleotide - NNNN*N*N - synthesized by Sigma Aldrich) to each well.

    Techniques: Whole Genome Amplification, Staining, Flow Cytometry, Isolation, Multiple Displacement Amplification, Control Assay, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Amplification

    Replication, recircularization, and compaction of a plasmid containing the T7 promoter. A) Time course of RCA‐based replication of pRepC plasmid containing the T7 promoter and loxP sites (depicted in Figure S1), measured as fluorescence of the DNA‐binding PicoGreen dye. Reaction mixtures contained, as indicated, Phi29 DNA polymerase, T7 DNA polymerase, and T7 RNA polymerase, as well as specific or random primers. For a control reaction with T7 DNA polymerase and T7 RNA polymerase, a pQE30 plasmid lacking the T7 promoter was used. B) Recircularization of the replicated plasmid, mediated by Cre recombinase. Where indicated, Cre recombinase was added after 16 h of replication, and the reaction mixture was incubated for another 30 min. Reaction mixtures were separated along with a DNA ladder (1 kb) on a Midori‐green stained agarose gel. The lower band migrating below 5 kb corresponds to the circularized DNA, whereas larger products apparently correspond to linear concatamers (Figure S2). C) DNA nanoparticles emerging upon prolonged ( > 12 h) T7 DNA replication reaction. Scale bar: 10 μm.

    Journal: Chembiochem

    Article Title: Reconstitution and Coupling of DNA Replication and Segregation in a Biomimetic System

    doi: 10.1002/cbic.201900299

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Replication, recircularization, and compaction of a plasmid containing the T7 promoter. A) Time course of RCA‐based replication of pRepC plasmid containing the T7 promoter and loxP sites (depicted in Figure S1), measured as fluorescence of the DNA‐binding PicoGreen dye. Reaction mixtures contained, as indicated, Phi29 DNA polymerase, T7 DNA polymerase, and T7 RNA polymerase, as well as specific or random primers. For a control reaction with T7 DNA polymerase and T7 RNA polymerase, a pQE30 plasmid lacking the T7 promoter was used. B) Recircularization of the replicated plasmid, mediated by Cre recombinase. Where indicated, Cre recombinase was added after 16 h of replication, and the reaction mixture was incubated for another 30 min. Reaction mixtures were separated along with a DNA ladder (1 kb) on a Midori‐green stained agarose gel. The lower band migrating below 5 kb corresponds to the circularized DNA, whereas larger products apparently correspond to linear concatamers (Figure S2). C) DNA nanoparticles emerging upon prolonged ( > 12 h) T7 DNA replication reaction. Scale bar: 10 μm.

    Article Snippet: For Phi29 DNA replication, Phi29 DNA polymerase (NEB, 1 U) was used with random primers (2.5 μm ) and dNTPs (1.25 mm ).

    Techniques: Plasmid Preparation, Fluorescence, Binding Assay, Incubation, Staining, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis

    Schematic overview of droplet Tn-Seq. a A microfluidic device encapsulates single bacterial cells into droplets containing growth medium. Bacteria are allowed to grow within droplets, genomic DNA (gDNA) is isolated at the start of the experiment (t1) and after growth (t2). Importantly, while growth for each transposon mutant takes place in isolation, gDNA is isolated from the pooled population, enabling screening of all mutants simultaneously. b gDNA is then amplified with DNA polymerase phi29, digested with MmeI, an adapter is ligated, a ~180 bp fragment is produced which contains ~16 nucleotides of bacterial gDNA, defining the transposon-insertion location, followed by Illumina sequencing. Reads are demultiplexed based on the barcode in the adapter and a potential second barcode in primer 1, mapped to the genome, and fitness is calculated for each defined region.

    Journal: Nature Communications

    Article Title: Droplet Tn-Seq combines microfluidics with Tn-Seq for identifying complex single-cell phenotypes

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13719-9

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Schematic overview of droplet Tn-Seq. a A microfluidic device encapsulates single bacterial cells into droplets containing growth medium. Bacteria are allowed to grow within droplets, genomic DNA (gDNA) is isolated at the start of the experiment (t1) and after growth (t2). Importantly, while growth for each transposon mutant takes place in isolation, gDNA is isolated from the pooled population, enabling screening of all mutants simultaneously. b gDNA is then amplified with DNA polymerase phi29, digested with MmeI, an adapter is ligated, a ~180 bp fragment is produced which contains ~16 nucleotides of bacterial gDNA, defining the transposon-insertion location, followed by Illumina sequencing. Reads are demultiplexed based on the barcode in the adapter and a potential second barcode in primer 1, mapped to the genome, and fitness is calculated for each defined region.

    Article Snippet: Beads were then dried for 3 min at room temperature, and DNA was eluted off the beads with 12.7 μl of dH2 O. (3) In all, 11.49 μl of phi29 amplified DNA was then added to a MmeI digestion mix (two units NEB MmeI enzyme, 50 μM SAM, 1× CutSmart Buffer) in a total volume of 20 μl, and incubated for 2.5 h at 37 °C followed by 20 min at 65 °C. (4) In all, 1 μl of alkaline phosphatase (NEB - M0290S Calf Intestinal, CIP) was added to the sample and incubated for 1 h at 37 °C. (5) In total, 10 μl of magnetic beads plus 20 μl PEG solution per sample were used to wash the sample followed by elution in 14.3 μl of dH2 O. (6) T4 DNA ligase (NEB M0202L) was used to ligate DNA adapter barcodes by adding 13.12 μl DNA to 1 μl of 1:5 diluted adapter, 1× T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer, and 400 units T4 DNA ligase, followed by incubation at 16 °C for 16 h, 65 °C for 10 min, and held at 10 °C. (7) In all, 10 μl magnetic beads plus 20 μl PEG solution were used to wash the sample followed by elution in 36 μl of dH2 O. (8) Adapter ligated DNA was then PCR amplified using Q5 high-fidelity DNA polymerase (NEB – M0491L) by adding 34 μl of DNA to 1X Q5 reaction buffer, 10 mM dNTPs, 0.45 μM of each primer (P1-M6-GAT-MmeI; P2-ADPT-Tnseq-primer; Supplementary Data ), one unit Q5 DNA polymerase, and incubated at 98 °C for 30 s, and 18–22 cycles of 98 °C for 10 s, 62 °C for 30 s, 72 °C for 15 s, followed by 72 °C for 2 min, and a 10 °C hold. (9) PCR products were gel purified and sequenced on an Illumina NextSeq 500 according to the manufacturer's protocol.

    Techniques: Isolation, Mutagenesis, Amplification, Produced, Sequencing

    Unbiased whole-genome amplification of low-quantity genomic DNA. a , b gDNA was prepared by two different methods for transposon sequencing. For the WGA sample, 10 ng of gDNA was amplified first with DNA polymerase phi29 before MmeI digestion and adapter ligation. For the standard sample, 1 μg of gDNA was digested with MmeI, followed by adapter ligation. There is a strong correlation between fitness values obtained from WGA preparation compared with standard Tn-Seq library preparation a , and WGA preparation is highly reproducible b .

    Journal: Nature Communications

    Article Title: Droplet Tn-Seq combines microfluidics with Tn-Seq for identifying complex single-cell phenotypes

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13719-9

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Unbiased whole-genome amplification of low-quantity genomic DNA. a , b gDNA was prepared by two different methods for transposon sequencing. For the WGA sample, 10 ng of gDNA was amplified first with DNA polymerase phi29 before MmeI digestion and adapter ligation. For the standard sample, 1 μg of gDNA was digested with MmeI, followed by adapter ligation. There is a strong correlation between fitness values obtained from WGA preparation compared with standard Tn-Seq library preparation a , and WGA preparation is highly reproducible b .

    Article Snippet: Beads were then dried for 3 min at room temperature, and DNA was eluted off the beads with 12.7 μl of dH2 O. (3) In all, 11.49 μl of phi29 amplified DNA was then added to a MmeI digestion mix (two units NEB MmeI enzyme, 50 μM SAM, 1× CutSmart Buffer) in a total volume of 20 μl, and incubated for 2.5 h at 37 °C followed by 20 min at 65 °C. (4) In all, 1 μl of alkaline phosphatase (NEB - M0290S Calf Intestinal, CIP) was added to the sample and incubated for 1 h at 37 °C. (5) In total, 10 μl of magnetic beads plus 20 μl PEG solution per sample were used to wash the sample followed by elution in 14.3 μl of dH2 O. (6) T4 DNA ligase (NEB M0202L) was used to ligate DNA adapter barcodes by adding 13.12 μl DNA to 1 μl of 1:5 diluted adapter, 1× T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer, and 400 units T4 DNA ligase, followed by incubation at 16 °C for 16 h, 65 °C for 10 min, and held at 10 °C. (7) In all, 10 μl magnetic beads plus 20 μl PEG solution were used to wash the sample followed by elution in 36 μl of dH2 O. (8) Adapter ligated DNA was then PCR amplified using Q5 high-fidelity DNA polymerase (NEB – M0491L) by adding 34 μl of DNA to 1X Q5 reaction buffer, 10 mM dNTPs, 0.45 μM of each primer (P1-M6-GAT-MmeI; P2-ADPT-Tnseq-primer; Supplementary Data ), one unit Q5 DNA polymerase, and incubated at 98 °C for 30 s, and 18–22 cycles of 98 °C for 10 s, 62 °C for 30 s, 72 °C for 15 s, followed by 72 °C for 2 min, and a 10 °C hold. (9) PCR products were gel purified and sequenced on an Illumina NextSeq 500 according to the manufacturer's protocol.

    Techniques: Whole Genome Amplification, Sequencing, Amplification, Ligation