monoterpenoids Search Results


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  • 99
    Millipore monoterpenes carvacrol
    Monoterpenes Carvacrol, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 5 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    89
    Millipore monoterpenes
    Quantitative expression of the CYP51 gene (mean ± SE) in L. qinlingensis grown on YNB (yeast nitrogen base without amino acids) + Ma (mannose) and MT <t>(monoterpenes)</t> and OA (oleic acid) with different carbon sources. CYP expression was normalized with respect to EF1. The 2 −ΔΔ C t and SE values were transformed at log 2 for plotting.
    Monoterpenes, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 47 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    93
    Agilent technologies monoterpenoids
    Quantitative expression of the CYP51 gene (mean ± SE) in L. qinlingensis grown on YNB (yeast nitrogen base without amino acids) + Ma (mannose) and MT <t>(monoterpenes)</t> and OA (oleic acid) with different carbon sources. CYP expression was normalized with respect to EF1. The 2 −ΔΔ C t and SE values were transformed at log 2 for plotting.
    Monoterpenoids, supplied by Agilent technologies, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    89
    Philips Healthcare monoterpenes
    ESEM of Arabidopsis leaves exposed to camphor and menthol in comparison to de-waxed and control leaves. (A) control; (B and C) platelet like structures appear on the epidermal cell surface after exposure to the <t>monoterpenes</t> (arrows point to the characteristic
    Monoterpenes, supplied by Philips Healthcare, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    85
    Thermo Fisher monoterpenes α pinene
    ESEM of Arabidopsis leaves exposed to camphor and menthol in comparison to de-waxed and control leaves. (A) control; (B and C) platelet like structures appear on the epidermal cell surface after exposure to the <t>monoterpenes</t> (arrows point to the characteristic
    Monoterpenes α Pinene, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 6 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    92
    IONICON monoterpenes
    Diurnal cycles of the emission rates of isoprene ( a ), <t>monoterpenes</t> ( b ) and sesquiterpenes ( c ) by seven individuals of H . halimifolium . The thick line represents the high emitter group and the dashed line the low emitter group. Error bars indicate one standard deviation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. The top bar indicates the light (yellow) and dark (grey) periods.
    Monoterpenes, supplied by IONICON, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    89
    Great Basin Corp monoterpenes
    Diurnal cycles of the emission rates of isoprene ( a ), <t>monoterpenes</t> ( b ) and sesquiterpenes ( c ) by seven individuals of H . halimifolium . The thick line represents the high emitter group and the dashed line the low emitter group. Error bars indicate one standard deviation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. The top bar indicates the light (yellow) and dark (grey) periods.
    Monoterpenes, supplied by Great Basin Corp, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 3 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    94
    Restek Corporation monoterpenes
    Time series plot showing the response of photosynthesis and the emission rate of the sum of seven <t>monoterpenes</t> to PAR in a banana leaf.
    Monoterpenes, supplied by Restek Corporation, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    88
    Carl Roth GmbH compounds monoterpenes
    Pretreatment of cells. Antiviral activity of selected <t>monoterpenes</t> against herpes simplex virus type 1 after pretreatment of cells with drugs. Prior to viral infection, cells were incubated with maximum noncytotoxic concentrations of drugs for 1h at 37°C. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.
    Compounds Monoterpenes, supplied by Carl Roth GmbH, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 88/100, based on 20 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    85
    Thermo Fisher seventeen monoterpenes
    Effect of selected <t>monoterpenes</t> on the cell length of P. mirabilis L68. The concentration of monoterpenes added were 0.3 mg/L for citronellol and geraniol, and 0.5 mg/L for citral, pulegone and α-terpineol. Data represent the average of three independent experiments.
    Seventeen Monoterpenes, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 2 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    95
    Millipore essential oil monoterpenes
    Schematic illustration of the preparation of <t>monoterpenes</t> incorporated into wax for mosquito control.
    Essential Oil Monoterpenes, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 95/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    94
    Millipore monoterpenoids linalool
    Chemical structure of host plant-related volatiles used to test the responses of uniglomerular PNs associated with the latLFG. Three classes of odorants were used: <t>monoterpenoids</t> ( top panel ), an aliphatic aldehyde ( middle panel ), and an aromatic ester ( bottom panel ). Note the structural relatedness of the monoterpenoids.
    Monoterpenoids Linalool, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    92
    Amazon reactive light dependent monoterpenes
    for further information). NE, non-emitters; MTP, monoterpene emitters only; ISP, isoprene emitters only; TWO, emitters of both <t>monoterpenes</t> and isoprene. MTPs and TWOs are the emission types that store monoterpenes.
    Reactive Light Dependent Monoterpenes, supplied by Amazon, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    91
    Millipore monoterpenoid enantiomers
    for further information). NE, non-emitters; MTP, monoterpene emitters only; ISP, isoprene emitters only; TWO, emitters of both <t>monoterpenes</t> and isoprene. MTPs and TWOs are the emission types that store monoterpenes.
    Monoterpenoid Enantiomers, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 3 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    93
    Millipore monoterpene
    Outline of the dynamic model of foliar <t>monoterpene</t> emission. The leaf internal monoterpene content is divided between liquid and gas pools, and a mass balance approach is used to determine the dynamics of the pools. The rate of monoterpenoid synthesis, I ). The diffusion flux density from the site of synthesis to outer surface of cell walls, F m , and the diffusion flux density through the stomata, F .
    Monoterpene, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 18 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    91
    Tokyo Chemical Industry monoterpenoid isolates
    The generalized structure of the <t>monoterpenoid</t> family. Notes: In those compounds which we tested for significant FGF5 inhibitory activity: R 1 is hydrogen, hydroxyl or oxygen; R 2 is absent or hydrogen or hydroxyl; X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and X and Y together form a single bond within a 6-membered ring; Y is CH 2 when X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or Y is CH or COH when X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and Z is a saturated or unsaturated C 2 –C 5 alkyl or alkyl ester. Abbreviation: FGF, fibroblast growth factor.
    Monoterpenoid Isolates, supplied by Tokyo Chemical Industry, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 2 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    92
    Merck KGaA monoterpens standards
    The generalized structure of the <t>monoterpenoid</t> family. Notes: In those compounds which we tested for significant FGF5 inhibitory activity: R 1 is hydrogen, hydroxyl or oxygen; R 2 is absent or hydrogen or hydroxyl; X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and X and Y together form a single bond within a 6-membered ring; Y is CH 2 when X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or Y is CH or COH when X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and Z is a saturated or unsaturated C 2 –C 5 alkyl or alkyl ester. Abbreviation: FGF, fibroblast growth factor.
    Monoterpens Standards, supplied by Merck KGaA, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    85
    Agilent technologies monoterpenes gas chromatography mass spectrometry gc ms analysis
    Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce oxygenated <t>monoterpenes</t> as their main product. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, myrcene; 2, (−)-sabinene; 3, (−)-limonene; 4, terpinolene; 5 1,8-cineole; 6, terpin-4-ol; 7, (−)-α-terpineol; 8, (+)-α-terpineol; 9, geraniol.
    Monoterpenes Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Gc Ms Analysis, supplied by Agilent technologies, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    90
    Fisher Scientific monoterpene alcohol thymol
    Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce oxygenated <t>monoterpenes</t> as their main product. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, myrcene; 2, (−)-sabinene; 3, (−)-limonene; 4, terpinolene; 5 1,8-cineole; 6, terpin-4-ol; 7, (−)-α-terpineol; 8, (+)-α-terpineol; 9, geraniol.
    Monoterpene Alcohol Thymol, supplied by Fisher Scientific, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 5 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    88
    Chromadex monoterpene standards
    Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce oxygenated <t>monoterpenes</t> as their main product. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, myrcene; 2, (−)-sabinene; 3, (−)-limonene; 4, terpinolene; 5 1,8-cineole; 6, terpin-4-ol; 7, (−)-α-terpineol; 8, (+)-α-terpineol; 9, geraniol.
    Monoterpene Standards, supplied by Chromadex, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 88/100, based on 2 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    93
    Sartorius AG monoterpene concentrations
    <t>Monoterpene</t> concentrations in necrotic lesions in the phloem of Pinus yunnanensis following fungal inoculation or mechanical wounding ( A , α-pinene; B , camphene; C , β-pinene; D , myrcene; E , β-phellandrene; F , α-terpinolene) (black bars: Leptographium wushanense , gray bars: L. sinense , light gray bars: Ophiostoma canum , white bars: agar control inoculation). The data are expressed as mean ± SE ( n ≤ 10). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments at each time point (capital letters) or between time points for each treatment (lowercase letters), following Bonferroni or Dunnett’s T3 test at P = 0.05.
    Monoterpene Concentrations, supplied by Sartorius AG, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 12 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    Quantitative expression of the CYP51 gene (mean ± SE) in L. qinlingensis grown on YNB (yeast nitrogen base without amino acids) + Ma (mannose) and MT (monoterpenes) and OA (oleic acid) with different carbon sources. CYP expression was normalized with respect to EF1. The 2 −ΔΔ C t and SE values were transformed at log 2 for plotting.

    Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    Article Title: The CYP51F1 Gene of Leptographium qinlingensis: Sequence Characteristic, Phylogeny and Transcript Levels

    doi: 10.3390/ijms160612014

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Quantitative expression of the CYP51 gene (mean ± SE) in L. qinlingensis grown on YNB (yeast nitrogen base without amino acids) + Ma (mannose) and MT (monoterpenes) and OA (oleic acid) with different carbon sources. CYP expression was normalized with respect to EF1. The 2 −ΔΔ C t and SE values were transformed at log 2 for plotting.

    Article Snippet: Monoterpenes were from Sigma Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA), and other chemicals were analytically pure and made in China.

    Techniques: Expressing, Transformation Assay

    ESEM of Arabidopsis leaves exposed to camphor and menthol in comparison to de-waxed and control leaves. (A) control; (B and C) platelet like structures appear on the epidermal cell surface after exposure to the monoterpenes (arrows point to the characteristic

    Journal:

    Article Title: Allelopathic Monoterpenes Interfere with Arabidopsis thaliana Cuticular Waxes and Enhance Transpiration

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: ESEM of Arabidopsis leaves exposed to camphor and menthol in comparison to de-waxed and control leaves. (A) control; (B and C) platelet like structures appear on the epidermal cell surface after exposure to the monoterpenes (arrows point to the characteristic

    Article Snippet: Rosette leaf surfaces were studied by environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) after removal of wax layers and after exposure to the monoterpenes in comparison to the controls (XL 30 ESEM TMP, FEI Philips, Germany) using a gaseous secondary electron detector (GSED).

    Techniques:

    GC-chromatogram of dichlormethane extracts from (yrl + orl) control leaves (B) and (yrl + orl) leaves exposed to the monoterpenes (A). Camphor and menthol were only present in samples obtained from leaves after the exposure.

    Journal:

    Article Title: Allelopathic Monoterpenes Interfere with Arabidopsis thaliana Cuticular Waxes and Enhance Transpiration

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: GC-chromatogram of dichlormethane extracts from (yrl + orl) control leaves (B) and (yrl + orl) leaves exposed to the monoterpenes (A). Camphor and menthol were only present in samples obtained from leaves after the exposure.

    Article Snippet: Rosette leaf surfaces were studied by environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) after removal of wax layers and after exposure to the monoterpenes in comparison to the controls (XL 30 ESEM TMP, FEI Philips, Germany) using a gaseous secondary electron detector (GSED).

    Techniques:

    Diurnal cycles of the emission rates of isoprene ( a ), monoterpenes ( b ) and sesquiterpenes ( c ) by seven individuals of H . halimifolium . The thick line represents the high emitter group and the dashed line the low emitter group. Error bars indicate one standard deviation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. The top bar indicates the light (yellow) and dark (grey) periods.

    Journal: Scientific Reports

    Article Title: Volatile diterpene emission by two Mediterranean Cistaceae shrubs

    doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25056-w

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Diurnal cycles of the emission rates of isoprene ( a ), monoterpenes ( b ) and sesquiterpenes ( c ) by seven individuals of H . halimifolium . The thick line represents the high emitter group and the dashed line the low emitter group. Error bars indicate one standard deviation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. The top bar indicates the light (yellow) and dark (grey) periods.

    Article Snippet: The theoretical natural abundance of the first isotopologue ( i . e . abundance of the molecule containing one 13 C-atom relative to the light molecule exclusively containing 12 C) is: 5.2% for isoprene, 9.7% for monoterpenes, 13.8% for sesquiterpenes and 17.5% for diterpenes ( sensu Isotope library, PTR-MS Viewer, Ionicon Analytic, Austria).

    Techniques: Standard Deviation

    Linear correlations of CO 2 assimilation rate (upper part) and stomatal conductance (bottom part) with kaurene ( a , d ), monoterpenes ( b , e ) and sesquiterpenes ( c , f ) emission rates for the diurnal cycles measurements of seven individuals of H . halimifolium . Red dots represent the high emitter group and blue dots the low emitter group. Thick lines represent a correlation and dashed lines represent a lack of correlation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. R 2 are shown in the legend, all correlations were statistically significant (p

    Journal: Scientific Reports

    Article Title: Volatile diterpene emission by two Mediterranean Cistaceae shrubs

    doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25056-w

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Linear correlations of CO 2 assimilation rate (upper part) and stomatal conductance (bottom part) with kaurene ( a , d ), monoterpenes ( b , e ) and sesquiterpenes ( c , f ) emission rates for the diurnal cycles measurements of seven individuals of H . halimifolium . Red dots represent the high emitter group and blue dots the low emitter group. Thick lines represent a correlation and dashed lines represent a lack of correlation. Note that for sesquiterpenes only one plant represents the high emitter group. R 2 are shown in the legend, all correlations were statistically significant (p

    Article Snippet: The theoretical natural abundance of the first isotopologue ( i . e . abundance of the molecule containing one 13 C-atom relative to the light molecule exclusively containing 12 C) is: 5.2% for isoprene, 9.7% for monoterpenes, 13.8% for sesquiterpenes and 17.5% for diterpenes ( sensu Isotope library, PTR-MS Viewer, Ionicon Analytic, Austria).

    Techniques:

    Time series plot showing the response of photosynthesis and the emission rate of the sum of seven monoterpenes to PAR in a banana leaf.

    Journal: MethodsX

    Article Title: Development of a portable leaf photosynthesis and volatile organic compounds emission system

    doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2020.100880

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Time series plot showing the response of photosynthesis and the emission rate of the sum of seven monoterpenes to PAR in a banana leaf.

    Article Snippet: This includes uncertainty of the primary liquid standard of monoterpenes in methanol reported by the commercial supplier (Restek, Corp., USA), and uncertainty associated with the evaporative dilution of the primary liquid standard into the gas phase.

    Techniques:

    Pretreatment of cells. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 after pretreatment of cells with drugs. Prior to viral infection, cells were incubated with maximum noncytotoxic concentrations of drugs for 1h at 37°C. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Journal: Iranian Journal of Microbiology

    Article Title: Antiviral activity of monoterpenes beta-pinene and limonene against herpes simplex virus in vitro

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Pretreatment of cells. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 after pretreatment of cells with drugs. Prior to viral infection, cells were incubated with maximum noncytotoxic concentrations of drugs for 1h at 37°C. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Article Snippet: Compounds Monoterpenes β–pinene and limonene were purchased from Roth (Karlsruhe, Germany).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Infection, Incubation

    Pretreatment of virus. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 after incubation of HSV with drugs. HSV was incubated for 1 h at roomtemperature with maximum noncytotoxic concentrations of drugs. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Journal: Iranian Journal of Microbiology

    Article Title: Antiviral activity of monoterpenes beta-pinene and limonene against herpes simplex virus in vitro

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Pretreatment of virus. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 after incubation of HSV with drugs. HSV was incubated for 1 h at roomtemperature with maximum noncytotoxic concentrations of drugs. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Article Snippet: Compounds Monoterpenes β–pinene and limonene were purchased from Roth (Karlsruhe, Germany).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Incubation, Infection

    Replication. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 during intracellular virus replication. Drugs were applied to HSV-1 infected cells after penetration of the viruses into cells for 3 d. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Journal: Iranian Journal of Microbiology

    Article Title: Antiviral activity of monoterpenes beta-pinene and limonene against herpes simplex virus in vitro

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Replication. Antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes against herpes simplex virus type 1 during intracellular virus replication. Drugs were applied to HSV-1 infected cells after penetration of the viruses into cells for 3 d. Number of virus plaques was determined 3 d after infection and compared to untreated control. Results are expressed as percentage of plaque reduction. These experiments were repeated independently and data presented are the mean of three experiments.

    Article Snippet: Compounds Monoterpenes β–pinene and limonene were purchased from Roth (Karlsruhe, Germany).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Infection

    Effect of selected monoterpenes on the cell length of P. mirabilis L68. The concentration of monoterpenes added were 0.3 mg/L for citronellol and geraniol, and 0.5 mg/L for citral, pulegone and α-terpineol. Data represent the average of three independent experiments.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: The Effect of Monoterpenes on Swarming Differentiation and Haemolysin Activity in Proteus mirabilis

    doi: 10.3390/molecules13123107

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of selected monoterpenes on the cell length of P. mirabilis L68. The concentration of monoterpenes added were 0.3 mg/L for citronellol and geraniol, and 0.5 mg/L for citral, pulegone and α-terpineol. Data represent the average of three independent experiments.

    Article Snippet: Terpenes and terpenoids The seventeen monoterpenes ( ) used were purchased from Acros Organics, New Jersey, USA.

    Techniques: Concentration Assay

    Effect of selected monoterpenes on the haemolysin activity of P. mirabilis L68. The concentration of monoterpenes added were 0.3 mg/L for citronellol and geraniol, and 0.5 mg/L for citral, pulegone and α-terpineol. Data represent the average of three independent experiments. Vegetative cells (white bars), Swarming cells (gray bars).

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: The Effect of Monoterpenes on Swarming Differentiation and Haemolysin Activity in Proteus mirabilis

    doi: 10.3390/molecules13123107

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of selected monoterpenes on the haemolysin activity of P. mirabilis L68. The concentration of monoterpenes added were 0.3 mg/L for citronellol and geraniol, and 0.5 mg/L for citral, pulegone and α-terpineol. Data represent the average of three independent experiments. Vegetative cells (white bars), Swarming cells (gray bars).

    Article Snippet: Terpenes and terpenoids The seventeen monoterpenes ( ) used were purchased from Acros Organics, New Jersey, USA.

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Concentration Assay

    Chemical structures of monoterpenes with pronounced effect on swarming differentiation.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: The Effect of Monoterpenes on Swarming Differentiation and Haemolysin Activity in Proteus mirabilis

    doi: 10.3390/molecules13123107

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chemical structures of monoterpenes with pronounced effect on swarming differentiation.

    Article Snippet: Terpenes and terpenoids The seventeen monoterpenes ( ) used were purchased from Acros Organics, New Jersey, USA.

    Techniques:

    Effect of selected monoterpenes on the swarming behavior of Proteus mirabilis (L68 wild strain): ● control (no terpenes), ○ pulegone (0.5 mg/L), ▲ citral (0.5 mg/L), geraniol (0.3 mg/L), ■ citronellol (0.3 mg/L), □ α-terpineol (0.5mg/L). The data represent the averages of colony diameter of three independent experiments with standard deviations.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: The Effect of Monoterpenes on Swarming Differentiation and Haemolysin Activity in Proteus mirabilis

    doi: 10.3390/molecules13123107

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of selected monoterpenes on the swarming behavior of Proteus mirabilis (L68 wild strain): ● control (no terpenes), ○ pulegone (0.5 mg/L), ▲ citral (0.5 mg/L), geraniol (0.3 mg/L), ■ citronellol (0.3 mg/L), □ α-terpineol (0.5mg/L). The data represent the averages of colony diameter of three independent experiments with standard deviations.

    Article Snippet: Terpenes and terpenoids The seventeen monoterpenes ( ) used were purchased from Acros Organics, New Jersey, USA.

    Techniques:

    Histogram showing the swarming migration of P. mirabilis in the presence of different concentrations of glycerol and selected monoterpenes. Data represent the average of three independent experiments: Control; 0.06 mg/L; 0.12 mg/L; 0.25 mg/L; 0.50 mg/L and 0.75 mg/L.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: The Effect of Monoterpenes on Swarming Differentiation and Haemolysin Activity in Proteus mirabilis

    doi: 10.3390/molecules13123107

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Histogram showing the swarming migration of P. mirabilis in the presence of different concentrations of glycerol and selected monoterpenes. Data represent the average of three independent experiments: Control; 0.06 mg/L; 0.12 mg/L; 0.25 mg/L; 0.50 mg/L and 0.75 mg/L.

    Article Snippet: Terpenes and terpenoids The seventeen monoterpenes ( ) used were purchased from Acros Organics, New Jersey, USA.

    Techniques: Migration

    Schematic illustration of the preparation of monoterpenes incorporated into wax for mosquito control.

    Journal: Journal of Tropical Medicine

    Article Title: Preparation of Ecofriendly Formulations Containing Biologically Active Monoterpenes with Their Fumigant and Residual Toxicities against Adults of Culex pipiens

    doi: 10.1155/2016/8540830

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Schematic illustration of the preparation of monoterpenes incorporated into wax for mosquito control.

    Article Snippet: Chemicals, Monoterpenes, and Essential Oil Monoterpenes include (R )-camphor (98%), (L )-menthone (97%), (S )-fenchone (98%), (R )-carvone (98%), geraniol (98%), thymol (98%), (1R, 2S, 5R )-menthol (98%), (S )-limonene (96%), and camphene (95%) which were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Fumigant assay of paper discs against mosquito adults (a) and knockdown assay of monoterpenes incorporated on wax (b).

    Journal: Journal of Tropical Medicine

    Article Title: Preparation of Ecofriendly Formulations Containing Biologically Active Monoterpenes with Their Fumigant and Residual Toxicities against Adults of Culex pipiens

    doi: 10.1155/2016/8540830

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Fumigant assay of paper discs against mosquito adults (a) and knockdown assay of monoterpenes incorporated on wax (b).

    Article Snippet: Chemicals, Monoterpenes, and Essential Oil Monoterpenes include (R )-camphor (98%), (L )-menthone (97%), (S )-fenchone (98%), (R )-carvone (98%), geraniol (98%), thymol (98%), (1R, 2S, 5R )-menthol (98%), (S )-limonene (96%), and camphene (95%) which were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Chemical structures of pure tested monoterpenes.

    Journal: Journal of Tropical Medicine

    Article Title: Preparation of Ecofriendly Formulations Containing Biologically Active Monoterpenes with Their Fumigant and Residual Toxicities against Adults of Culex pipiens

    doi: 10.1155/2016/8540830

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chemical structures of pure tested monoterpenes.

    Article Snippet: Chemicals, Monoterpenes, and Essential Oil Monoterpenes include (R )-camphor (98%), (L )-menthone (97%), (S )-fenchone (98%), (R )-carvone (98%), geraniol (98%), thymol (98%), (1R, 2S, 5R )-menthol (98%), (S )-limonene (96%), and camphene (95%) which were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Chemical structure of host plant-related volatiles used to test the responses of uniglomerular PNs associated with the latLFG. Three classes of odorants were used: monoterpenoids ( top panel ), an aliphatic aldehyde ( middle panel ), and an aromatic ester ( bottom panel ). Note the structural relatedness of the monoterpenoids.

    Journal: The Journal of Neuroscience

    Article Title: Response Characteristics of an Identified, Sexually Dimorphic Olfactory Glomerulus

    doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.20-06-02391.2000

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chemical structure of host plant-related volatiles used to test the responses of uniglomerular PNs associated with the latLFG. Three classes of odorants were used: monoterpenoids ( top panel ), an aliphatic aldehyde ( middle panel ), and an aromatic ester ( bottom panel ). Note the structural relatedness of the monoterpenoids.

    Article Snippet: The odorants used for characterization of neuronal response profiles represent three chemical classes: the monoterpenoids linalool ([±]3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol, catalog no. L-5255; Sigma, St. Louis, MO), nerol ( cis -3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, catalog no. 26,890-9; Aldrich, Milwaukee, WI), β-ocimene (3,7-dimethyl-1,3,6-octatriene, catalog no. 74730; Fluka, Buchs, Switzerland), and β-myrcene (3-methylene-7-methylocta-1,6-octadiene, catalog no. M 0382; Sigma); an aliphatic aldehyde, trans -2-hexenal [(t-2-h) catalog no. H 6765, Sigma]; and an aromatic ester, methyl salicylate [(ms) methyl-2-hydroxybenzoate, catalog no. M 6752, Sigma].

    Techniques:

    for further information). NE, non-emitters; MTP, monoterpene emitters only; ISP, isoprene emitters only; TWO, emitters of both monoterpenes and isoprene. MTPs and TWOs are the emission types that store monoterpenes.

    Journal: The New phytologist

    Article Title: Nutrient-rich plants emit a less intense blend of volatile isoprenoids

    doi: 10.1111/nph.14889

    Figure Lengend Snippet: for further information). NE, non-emitters; MTP, monoterpene emitters only; ISP, isoprene emitters only; TWO, emitters of both monoterpenes and isoprene. MTPs and TWOs are the emission types that store monoterpenes.

    Article Snippet: Highly reactive light-dependent monoterpenes in the Amazon.

    Techniques:

    Outline of the dynamic model of foliar monoterpene emission. The leaf internal monoterpene content is divided between liquid and gas pools, and a mass balance approach is used to determine the dynamics of the pools. The rate of monoterpenoid synthesis, I ). The diffusion flux density from the site of synthesis to outer surface of cell walls, F m , and the diffusion flux density through the stomata, F .

    Journal: Plant Physiology

    Article Title: Stomatal Constraints May Affect Emission of Oxygenated Monoterpenoids from the Foliage of Pinus pinea 1 1 [w]

    doi: 10.1104/pp.009670

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Outline of the dynamic model of foliar monoterpene emission. The leaf internal monoterpene content is divided between liquid and gas pools, and a mass balance approach is used to determine the dynamics of the pools. The rate of monoterpenoid synthesis, I ). The diffusion flux density from the site of synthesis to outer surface of cell walls, F m , and the diffusion flux density through the stomata, F .

    Article Snippet: Purified monoterpene standards (Aldrich Chemie, Steinheim, Germany) were used for monoterpenoid identification and calibration ( ).

    Techniques: Diffusion-based Assay

    Chemical constituents of lodgepole and whitebark pine phloem affecting the behavior of mountain pine beetle. ( A–C ) Monoterpenes, with each expressed as percentage of total monoterpene fraction. (−)-α-pinene and myrcene enhance

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Temperature-driven range expansion of an irruptive insect heightened by weakly coevolved plant defenses

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1216666110

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chemical constituents of lodgepole and whitebark pine phloem affecting the behavior of mountain pine beetle. ( A–C ) Monoterpenes, with each expressed as percentage of total monoterpene fraction. (−)-α-pinene and myrcene enhance

    Article Snippet: Thirty monoterpene standards of those commonly found in pines were acquired from Sigma-Aldrich and analyzed as described above.

    Techniques:

    Total monoterpene contents of constitutive and induced phloem tissue in lodgepole and whitebark pines. Mature, apparently healthy, unattacked trees were in stands containing both species in Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Induction was performed by simulating

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Temperature-driven range expansion of an irruptive insect heightened by weakly coevolved plant defenses

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1216666110

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Total monoterpene contents of constitutive and induced phloem tissue in lodgepole and whitebark pines. Mature, apparently healthy, unattacked trees were in stands containing both species in Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Induction was performed by simulating

    Article Snippet: Thirty monoterpene standards of those commonly found in pines were acquired from Sigma-Aldrich and analyzed as described above.

    Techniques:

    Plot showing the relative abundance (% total) of seven individual monoterpene emissions from a banana leaf as a function of PAR intensity. Note that despite the strong light stimulation of their absolute emission rates, the consistency of the composition of monoterpene emission patterns across PAR levels.

    Journal: MethodsX

    Article Title: Development of a portable leaf photosynthesis and volatile organic compounds emission system

    doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2020.100880

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Plot showing the relative abundance (% total) of seven individual monoterpene emissions from a banana leaf as a function of PAR intensity. Note that despite the strong light stimulation of their absolute emission rates, the consistency of the composition of monoterpene emission patterns across PAR levels.

    Article Snippet: The GC–MS was calibrated to authentic monoterpene standards (99%, Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) in methanol using the dynamic solution injection (DSI) technique by dynamic dilution with a hydrocarbon free air flow of 1.0 L min−1 .

    Techniques:

    Dependence of the four most abundant monoterpene emissions (trans-β-ocimene, α-pinene, D-limonene and β-pinene) on PAR intensity from a banana leaf.

    Journal: MethodsX

    Article Title: Development of a portable leaf photosynthesis and volatile organic compounds emission system

    doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2020.100880

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Dependence of the four most abundant monoterpene emissions (trans-β-ocimene, α-pinene, D-limonene and β-pinene) on PAR intensity from a banana leaf.

    Article Snippet: The GC–MS was calibrated to authentic monoterpene standards (99%, Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) in methanol using the dynamic solution injection (DSI) technique by dynamic dilution with a hydrocarbon free air flow of 1.0 L min−1 .

    Techniques:

    The generalized structure of the monoterpenoid family. Notes: In those compounds which we tested for significant FGF5 inhibitory activity: R 1 is hydrogen, hydroxyl or oxygen; R 2 is absent or hydrogen or hydroxyl; X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and X and Y together form a single bond within a 6-membered ring; Y is CH 2 when X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or Y is CH or COH when X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and Z is a saturated or unsaturated C 2 –C 5 alkyl or alkyl ester. Abbreviation: FGF, fibroblast growth factor.

    Journal: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology

    Article Title: Promotion of anagen, increased hair density and reduction of hair fall in a clinical setting following identification of FGF5-inhibiting compounds via a novel 2-stage process

    doi: 10.2147/CCID.S123401

    Figure Lengend Snippet: The generalized structure of the monoterpenoid family. Notes: In those compounds which we tested for significant FGF5 inhibitory activity: R 1 is hydrogen, hydroxyl or oxygen; R 2 is absent or hydrogen or hydroxyl; X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and X and Y together form a single bond within a 6-membered ring; Y is CH 2 when X is CH 3 or CH 2 OH or Y is CH or COH when X is CH 2 CH 2 or CHOHCH 2 and Z is a saturated or unsaturated C 2 –C 5 alkyl or alkyl ester. Abbreviation: FGF, fibroblast growth factor.

    Article Snippet: The monoterpenoid isolates were sourced from Tokyo Chemical Industries (Tokyo, Japan) except for 3-carene, l -carveol and dl -rose oxide, which were kindly provided by Nippon Terpene Chemicals, Inc. (Kobe, Japan).

    Techniques: Activity Assay

    Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce oxygenated monoterpenes as their main product. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, myrcene; 2, (−)-sabinene; 3, (−)-limonene; 4, terpinolene; 5 1,8-cineole; 6, terpin-4-ol; 7, (−)-α-terpineol; 8, (+)-α-terpineol; 9, geraniol.

    Journal: BMC Plant Biology

    Article Title: Transcriptome resources and functional characterization of monoterpene synthases for two host species of the mountain pine beetle, lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

    doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-80

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce oxygenated monoterpenes as their main product. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, myrcene; 2, (−)-sabinene; 3, (−)-limonene; 4, terpinolene; 5 1,8-cineole; 6, terpin-4-ol; 7, (−)-α-terpineol; 8, (+)-α-terpineol; 9, geraniol.

    Article Snippet: GC/MS analysis of monoterpenes Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis was performed on an Agilent 6890A Series GC system coupled to an Agilent 5975 Inert XL mass spectrometer (70 eV), with an Agilent 7683 autosampler (Agilent Technologies, http://www.agilent.com ) as described in the supplemental material of a previous publication [ ].

    Techniques: Recombinant, Labeling

    Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from select recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce non-oxygenated monoterpenes as their main products. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, (−)-α-pinene; 2, (+)-α-pinene; 3, tricyclene; 4, (−)-camphene; 5, myrcene; 6, (−)-β-pinene; 7, (+)-3-carene; 8, (−)-α-phellandrene; 9, (−)-β-phellandrene; 10, terpinolene. *GC/MS traces for PcTPS-(+)3car1, PbTPS-(+)3car1 and PbTPS-(+)3car2 also showed 5%, 12% and 7% α-terpineol respectively, which elutes later than the scale shown, but are detailed in Additional file 5 : Table S5.

    Journal: BMC Plant Biology

    Article Title: Transcriptome resources and functional characterization of monoterpene synthases for two host species of the mountain pine beetle, lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

    doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-80

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Representative chiral gas chromatographic separation of enzymatic products from select recombinant lodgepole pine and jack pine monoterpene synthases that produce non-oxygenated monoterpenes as their main products. Products representing greater than 5% of the total amount are labeled. 1, (−)-α-pinene; 2, (+)-α-pinene; 3, tricyclene; 4, (−)-camphene; 5, myrcene; 6, (−)-β-pinene; 7, (+)-3-carene; 8, (−)-α-phellandrene; 9, (−)-β-phellandrene; 10, terpinolene. *GC/MS traces for PcTPS-(+)3car1, PbTPS-(+)3car1 and PbTPS-(+)3car2 also showed 5%, 12% and 7% α-terpineol respectively, which elutes later than the scale shown, but are detailed in Additional file 5 : Table S5.

    Article Snippet: GC/MS analysis of monoterpenes Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis was performed on an Agilent 6890A Series GC system coupled to an Agilent 5975 Inert XL mass spectrometer (70 eV), with an Agilent 7683 autosampler (Agilent Technologies, http://www.agilent.com ) as described in the supplemental material of a previous publication [ ].

    Techniques: Recombinant, Labeling, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    Monoterpene profiles of six tissue/organ types from three-year old lodgepole pine and jack pine saplings. The top left and right panels show total monoterpene contents for each tissue/organ type. All other panels show qualitative and quantitative details of individual monoterpenes for individual tissue/or organ types. Each bar represents the average ± standard error of 5 biological replicates with at least 2 technical replicates per sample. AB – apical buds, LS – leader stem, YN –needles from leader; IS – 1st interwhorl stem; MN – mature needles from 1st interwhorl; RO – roots.

    Journal: BMC Plant Biology

    Article Title: Transcriptome resources and functional characterization of monoterpene synthases for two host species of the mountain pine beetle, lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

    doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-80

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Monoterpene profiles of six tissue/organ types from three-year old lodgepole pine and jack pine saplings. The top left and right panels show total monoterpene contents for each tissue/organ type. All other panels show qualitative and quantitative details of individual monoterpenes for individual tissue/or organ types. Each bar represents the average ± standard error of 5 biological replicates with at least 2 technical replicates per sample. AB – apical buds, LS – leader stem, YN –needles from leader; IS – 1st interwhorl stem; MN – mature needles from 1st interwhorl; RO – roots.

    Article Snippet: GC/MS analysis of monoterpenes Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis was performed on an Agilent 6890A Series GC system coupled to an Agilent 5975 Inert XL mass spectrometer (70 eV), with an Agilent 7683 autosampler (Agilent Technologies, http://www.agilent.com ) as described in the supplemental material of a previous publication [ ].

    Techniques:

    Monoterpene concentrations in necrotic lesions in the phloem of Pinus yunnanensis following fungal inoculation or mechanical wounding ( A , α-pinene; B , camphene; C , β-pinene; D , myrcene; E , β-phellandrene; F , α-terpinolene) (black bars: Leptographium wushanense , gray bars: L. sinense , light gray bars: Ophiostoma canum , white bars: agar control inoculation). The data are expressed as mean ± SE ( n ≤ 10). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments at each time point (capital letters) or between time points for each treatment (lowercase letters), following Bonferroni or Dunnett’s T3 test at P = 0.05.

    Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science

    Article Title: Bark Beetle-Associated Blue-Stain Fungi Increase Antioxidant Enzyme Activities and Monoterpene Concentrations in Pinus yunnanensis

    doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01731

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Monoterpene concentrations in necrotic lesions in the phloem of Pinus yunnanensis following fungal inoculation or mechanical wounding ( A , α-pinene; B , camphene; C , β-pinene; D , myrcene; E , β-phellandrene; F , α-terpinolene) (black bars: Leptographium wushanense , gray bars: L. sinense , light gray bars: Ophiostoma canum , white bars: agar control inoculation). The data are expressed as mean ± SE ( n ≤ 10). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments at each time point (capital letters) or between time points for each treatment (lowercase letters), following Bonferroni or Dunnett’s T3 test at P = 0.05.

    Article Snippet: The remaining phloem was dried at 80°C for 6 h and weighted on an electronic balance (Sartorius) to calculate monoterpene concentrations per unit dry weight.

    Techniques: