fetal bovine serum fbs Search Results


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  • 99
    ATCC fetal bovine serum fbs
    High glucose (HG) and diabetes increase TNF-α production and PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages (A–C). A: Rat BM-derived macrophages were cultured under control glucose (CG, 5.6 mM) or HG (25 mM) for 72 h. TNF-α production was measured in conditioned medium (n=17). B: PKC activity in rat BM-derived macrophages stimulated with HG for 72 h or PMA (100 nM) for 30 min (n=3). C: PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages isolated from control and diabetic mice at 12 weeks of diabetes (n=4, also indicates the number of mice studied individually). Diabetes was induced in 6-week-old male C57Bl6/J mice fasted for 12 h, with intraperitoneal injections of STZ in citrate buffer (90 mg/kg) for 2 consecutive days. D: β2AR agonists decreased LPS-induced TNF-α production in rat BM-derived macrophages. Cells were preincubated with metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for 1 h and then stimulated with LPS (50 ng/mL) for 6 or 48 h (n=3). E: β2AR agonists decreased diabetes-induced TNF-α production in rat PBMCs isolated from control and diabetic rats at 4 weeks of diabetes. Cells were incubated in <t>RPMI</t> medium with 10% <t>FBS</t> for 1 h, and then treated with 500 nM metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for an additional 16 h with or without 1 h pretreatment with ICI118551 (100 nM), a selective β2AR blocker (n=9~11, also indicates the number of rats studied individually). * p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by ATCC, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 1383 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Seradigm fetal bovine serum fbs
    High glucose (HG) and diabetes increase TNF-α production and PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages (A–C). A: Rat BM-derived macrophages were cultured under control glucose (CG, 5.6 mM) or HG (25 mM) for 72 h. TNF-α production was measured in conditioned medium (n=17). B: PKC activity in rat BM-derived macrophages stimulated with HG for 72 h or PMA (100 nM) for 30 min (n=3). C: PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages isolated from control and diabetic mice at 12 weeks of diabetes (n=4, also indicates the number of mice studied individually). Diabetes was induced in 6-week-old male C57Bl6/J mice fasted for 12 h, with intraperitoneal injections of STZ in citrate buffer (90 mg/kg) for 2 consecutive days. D: β2AR agonists decreased LPS-induced TNF-α production in rat BM-derived macrophages. Cells were preincubated with metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for 1 h and then stimulated with LPS (50 ng/mL) for 6 or 48 h (n=3). E: β2AR agonists decreased diabetes-induced TNF-α production in rat PBMCs isolated from control and diabetic rats at 4 weeks of diabetes. Cells were incubated in <t>RPMI</t> medium with 10% <t>FBS</t> for 1 h, and then treated with 500 nM metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for an additional 16 h with or without 1 h pretreatment with ICI118551 (100 nM), a selective β2AR blocker (n=9~11, also indicates the number of rats studied individually). * p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Seradigm, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 99 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Gemini Bio fetal bovine serum fbs
    Arhalofenate acid activated AMPK downstream targets involved in regulation of mitochondrial function and maintained mitochondrial cristae area. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid (100 μM) for 1 h before stimulation with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 1 h or 18 h in <t>RPMI</t> containing 1% <t>FBS.</t> Cell lysates prepared from 18-h treatment samples were subjected to Western blot analysis of phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α, expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and expression of thioredoxin (TRX)1, TRX2, and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) ( a ). Cells from 1-h treatment were then stained with MitoSOX Red and MitoTracker Green and visualized by fluorescence microscopy ( b , magnification 20×). TEM analysis was performed to examine mitochondrial cristae (the folds of inner mitochondrial membrane indicated by white arrows in c ), and the cristae volume density are presented ( d ). Data in a and b are representative of three individual experiments. Data in c are representative of 30 cells examined for each condition. Data in d are the mean ± SEM of 30 cells. The p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystals alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Gemini Bio, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 1461 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Biowest SAS fetal bovine serum fbs
    Crizotinib-induced apoptosis in Ba/F3 cells transformed by NPM-ALK. Ba/F3 cells were infected with an empty virus (-) and retrovirus expressing NPM-ALK or TEL-JAK2. (A) Whole cell lysates were immunoblotted with an anti-ALK antibody, anti-Flag antibody, anti-JAK2 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT3 antibody, anti-STAT3 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT5 antibody, anti-STAT5 antibody or anti-β-actin antibody. (B) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with <t>RPMI</t> containing 10% <t>FBS</t> in the absence of IL-3 for 2 days. Viable cell numbers at 24 hr and 48 hr were counted by the Trypan blue exclusion method. Values are the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. (C-F) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with RPMI containing 10% FBS in the presence of crizotinib (0.25, 0.5, 1 μM) and MMC (0.1, 1, 10 μg/mL) for 24 hr. (C) Cell viability was measured by the WST assay. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (D) Cells were fixed, treated with propidium iodide, and subjected to a flow cytometric analysis. The percentages of cells in the sub-G1 phase were graphed. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (E) To evaluate the apoptotic cell death, the chromatin DNA was isolated from cells and subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis. (F) Whole cell lysates were prepared and the phosphorylation of STAT3 and STAT5 was analyzed by immunoblotting. The relative phosphorylation level of STAT3 and STAT5 is shown in the graphs. Values are given as the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. *** P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Biowest SAS, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 953 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    GE Healthcare fetal bovine serum fbs
    Effects of masTF and hasTF in the scratch assay. bEnd.3 cells (A) and HRECs (B) were grown to confluence in six-well plates and serum-starved overnight in <t>DMEM</t> containing 2% <t>FBS.</t> Eight radial scratches per well were introduced (see Materials and Methods).
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by GE Healthcare, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 96/100, based on 17568 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Omega Scientific Inc fetal bovine serum fbs
    SGK3 promotes cell proliferation of AR-positive prostate cancer cells. A and B, LNCaP cells (A) or 22Rv1 cells (B) were transfected with the siRNA negative control (siNC) or 3 individual SGK3 siRNA duplexes (siSGK), respectively. Western blotting (insert) was performed to examine SGK3 level after the cells were transfected with siRNA for 72 hours. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time after siRNA transfection. Error bars represent SDs of 3 independent experiments. C, LNCaP/TetON/SGK3 cells cultured in phenol red–free RPMI <t>1640</t> medium with 2% CD-treated <t>FBS</t> were added with or without 100 ng/mL DOX. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time. D, LNCaP cells were transfected with the siRNA negative control or SGK3 siRNA and cultured in the phenol red–free RPMI 1640 medium with 5% CD-treated FBS in the presence or absence of DHT (1 nM). SGK3 protein levels were examined by Western blotting at 72 hours after siRNA transfection. The cell growth rate was measured by an MTT assay at the indicated time. **, P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Omega Scientific Inc, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 402 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    PAA Laboratories fetal bovine serum fbs
    Cytotoxic effect of Corexit 9500 on EPC and CHSE-214. EPC (a) or CHSE-214 (b) cells were exposed to 10-fold serial TCID 50 dilutions, up to 10 −6 , of Corexit 9500 (10%, initial concentration) in <t>L15</t> with 2% <t>FBS</t> before cell viability was determined
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by PAA Laboratories, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1248 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Biochrom fetal bovine serum fbs
    Physicochemical properties of Ptx-loaded SPIONs. Notes: ( A ) Hydrodynamic diameter of Ptx-loaded and unloaded particles in water and different cell culture media. ( B ) Dialysis-based release kinetics of SPION-adsorbed Ptx compared with free Ptx. ( C , D ) ζ potential as a function of pH in SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx during ( C ) forward titration and ( D ) backward titration. ( E ) Magnetization curves showing the M(H) data of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( F ) AC susceptibility spectra of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( G , H ) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of ( G ) SPION LA-HSA , SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , and ( H ) free Ptx. ( I ) Stability of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx in human blood. SPIONs coated with lauric acid and aminated human serum albumin (SPION LA-HSA-NH2 ) were used as a positive control for nonstable particles. Negative control = corresponding amount of H 2 O instead of water-based ferrofluid. Representative images were recorded using optical bright-field microscopy. Abbreviations: DMEM, <t>Dulbecco’s</t> Modified Eagle’s Medium; EDTA, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; <t>FBS,</t> fetal bovine serum; H, applied magnetic field; M φ, magnetization; Ptx, paclitaxel; RPMI, Roswell Park Memorial Institute; SPION, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles; SPION LA-HSA , lauric acid- and human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-NH2 , lauric acid- and aminated human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , SPION LA-HSA functionalized with Ptx; Xi, real part of the magnetic susceptibility; Xii, imaginary part of the magnetic susceptibility.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Biochrom, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1230 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Cellgro fetal bovine serum fbs
    GSP induces significantly less apoptosis in p53-deficient (p53 -/- ) cells compared to p53 wild-type (p53 +/+ ) cells. Both p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells were cultured under identical conditions as was done in JB6 C141 cells except that the cells were treated with 15% <t>FBS</t> in <t>DMEM.</t> Cells were starved in 0.5% FBS/DMEM overnight and thereafter treated with GSP in serum-containing media for another 24 hours. Morphologic changes in p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells undergoing apoptosis were observed under fluorescence microscopy. Cells in panels A and G were not treated with GSP (controls), whereas increasing concentrations of GSP were added to cultures for 24 hours after overnight serum starvation in panels B–E and H–K by 20, 40, 60, and 80 µg/ml, respectively. The percentage of apoptotic cells from panel A to panel E is summarized in panel F, and the percentage of apoptotic cells from panel G to panel K is summarized in panel L. The experiment was repeated at least two times and the average percentage of apoptotic cells ± SD for each treatment group is indicated. At least 200 cells were counted in a blinded manner to score the percentage of apoptosis in each treatment group. *P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Cellgro, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 721 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Equitech-Bio fetal bovine serum fbs
    Inhibition of Ras-dependent cell proliferation and survival by GATA-1. A , <t>Ba/F3/N-RasE12/G1ERT</t> cells were seeded at a density of 100/μl and cultured in RPMI supplemented with 1% <t>FBS</t> without IL-3 in the presence or absence of 1 μ m 4-HT.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Equitech-Bio, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 262 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    EuroClone fetal bovine serum fbs
    Stability of natural and modified siRNAs in 100% fetal bovine serum at <t>37°C.</t> After incubation, siRNAs were analyzed by PAGE and ethidium bromide staining. Gel images were captured by ChemiDoc XRS (Bio-Rad) and RNA bands were quantified by Image Lab software (Bio-Rad). Signal intensity values at t 0 were set at 1.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by EuroClone, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 605 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Irvine Scientific fetal bovine serum fbs
    Stability of natural and modified siRNAs in 100% fetal bovine serum at <t>37°C.</t> After incubation, siRNAs were analyzed by PAGE and ethidium bromide staining. Gel images were captured by ChemiDoc XRS (Bio-Rad) and RNA bands were quantified by Image Lab software (Bio-Rad). Signal intensity values at t 0 were set at 1.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Irvine Scientific, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 63 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Mediatech fetal bovine serum fbs
    Effect of cocaine on cell cycle after 24 h. The glial cells with starting density of 1.3 × 10 6 per dish in complete <t>RPMI</t> 1640 medium containing 10% <t>FBS</t> were treated with 0, 3, 4 and 5 mM of cocaine for 24 h. Cells were harvested and stained by propidium iodide staining solution for 1 h in dark and analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 5, * P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Mediatech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 1291 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Nichirei fetal bovine serum fbs
    Migration activity of EMT-induced cancer cells. (A and B) To measure cell migration activity, A549 (left panels) and Panc-1 (right panels) cells were subjected to the in vitro wound healing assay in the presence or absence (Control) of TGF-ß, as described in the text. Phase-contrast micrographs of the cultures were taken after 16-h incubation. Black broken lines indicate initial wound edges. Scale bar, 50 µm. B) Cell migration area was estimated by analyzing the pixel with Image J. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for the areas of migrated cells in 3 different fields (right panels). (C) Cells that had been pretreated without or with TGF-ß for 24 h were incubated in 1% <t>FBS-containing</t> medium without or with TGF-ß onto a 24-well plate for 6 h at <t>37°C.</t> The cell migration was monitored with a time-lapse video system for 12 h. Cell migration distance was measured for 15 randomly selected cells. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for cell migration velocity of 15 cells. Other experimental conditions are described in Materials and Methods .
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Nichirei, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 245 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Biological Industries Inc fetal bovine serum fbs
    Validation of exosome isolation Exosomes were isolated from Jurkat, <t>K562,</t> MCF7 and HCT116 cells growth medium depleted from <t>FBS</t> exosomes as described in the Methods section following 72 hours of growth. A . Exosomal markers from all cells lines analyzed by Western blotting; B. Capture imaging of Jurkat exosomes obtained by using the NanoSight device; C. amount of these exosomes obtained specified by the NanoSight device.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Biological Industries Inc, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1561 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Fisher Scientific fetal bovine serum fbs
    Validation of exosome isolation Exosomes were isolated from Jurkat, <t>K562,</t> MCF7 and HCT116 cells growth medium depleted from <t>FBS</t> exosomes as described in the Methods section following 72 hours of growth. A . Exosomal markers from all cells lines analyzed by Western blotting; B. Capture imaging of Jurkat exosomes obtained by using the NanoSight device; C. amount of these exosomes obtained specified by the NanoSight device.
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Fisher Scientific, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 469 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Lonza fetal bovine serum fbs
    Serum deprivation causes selective cytotoxicity, caspase 3/7 activation, and increased lactate formation in G93ASOD1 cells. a The viability of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines was evaluated with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after culture with or without 5 % fetal bovine serum <t>(FBS)</t> for 22 h. Percentages of the MTT conversion after culture with serum (100 %; n = 12) are shown. b Activation of caspase 3/7 of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured without 5 % serum for 17 h. Values are percentages of the NSC-34 activity (100 %; n = 15). c Levels of lactate in the medium (μmol/mg of protein; n = 8) of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured with or without 5 % serum for 22 h. All values are mean ± s.e.m. For each parameter, statistical significance of differences was assessed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test comparing the levels of the different cell lines with or without 5 % serum (respectively ### p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Lonza, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 2513 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Eurobio fetal bovine serum fbs
    Serum deprivation causes selective cytotoxicity, caspase 3/7 activation, and increased lactate formation in G93ASOD1 cells. a The viability of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines was evaluated with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after culture with or without 5 % fetal bovine serum <t>(FBS)</t> for 22 h. Percentages of the MTT conversion after culture with serum (100 %; n = 12) are shown. b Activation of caspase 3/7 of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured without 5 % serum for 17 h. Values are percentages of the NSC-34 activity (100 %; n = 15). c Levels of lactate in the medium (μmol/mg of protein; n = 8) of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured with or without 5 % serum for 22 h. All values are mean ± s.e.m. For each parameter, statistical significance of differences was assessed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test comparing the levels of the different cell lines with or without 5 % serum (respectively ### p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Eurobio, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 74 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    ScienCell fetal bovine serum fbs
    Puerarin inhibited TGF-β1-induced HUVECs migration rate . HUVECs were preincubated with different concentrations of puerarin (10, 25, and 50 μ M) for 30 min and then treated with TGF- β 1 (10 ng/ml) for 48 h until a monolayer was formed. Scratches were made straightly across the dishes. After rinsing twice, the medium was replaced by <t>RPMI1640</t> with no <t>FBS.</t> Photographs were taken at indicated times (scale bars: 50 μ m).
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by ScienCell, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 376 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Valley Biomedical Products fetal bovine serum fbs
    Puerarin inhibited TGF-β1-induced HUVECs migration rate . HUVECs were preincubated with different concentrations of puerarin (10, 25, and 50 μ M) for 30 min and then treated with TGF- β 1 (10 ng/ml) for 48 h until a monolayer was formed. Scratches were made straightly across the dishes. After rinsing twice, the medium was replaced by <t>RPMI1640</t> with no <t>FBS.</t> Photographs were taken at indicated times (scale bars: 50 μ m).
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Valley Biomedical Products, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 21 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Welgene inc fetal bovine serum fbs
    GW501516-activated PPARδ suppresses Ang II-induced ROS generation and [ 3 H]-leucine incorporation in a PI3K/Akt-dependent manner. (A) VSMCs were treated with Ang II for the indicated durations. (B and C) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min (B) or transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h (C) were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Levels of phosphorylated and total Akt were determined by western blotting. Representative blots from three independent experiments and densitometric measurements are shown. (D and E) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using CM-H 2 DCF-DA (D), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (E). Bars, 200 μm. (F) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h in <t>DMEM</t> containing 0.1% <t>FBS.</t> Thereafter, cells were exposed to Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 3 or 4). ** p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Welgene inc, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 780 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Avantor fetal bovine serum fbs
    GW501516-activated PPARδ suppresses Ang II-induced ROS generation and [ 3 H]-leucine incorporation in a PI3K/Akt-dependent manner. (A) VSMCs were treated with Ang II for the indicated durations. (B and C) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min (B) or transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h (C) were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Levels of phosphorylated and total Akt were determined by western blotting. Representative blots from three independent experiments and densitometric measurements are shown. (D and E) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using CM-H 2 DCF-DA (D), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (E). Bars, 200 μm. (F) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h in <t>DMEM</t> containing 0.1% <t>FBS.</t> Thereafter, cells were exposed to Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 3 or 4). ** p
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Avantor, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 323 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Cambrex fetal bovine serum fbs
    Effect of EEIO on HT-29 cell growth. HT-29 cells were plated in 24-well plates at a density of 50,000 cells/well in <t>DMEM/F12</t> supplemented with 10% <t>FBS.</t> One day later, the monolayers were serum-starved with serum-free DMEM/F12 supplemented with 5 mg/L transferrin, 0.1 g/L BSA, and 5 µg/mL selenium for 24 h. After serum starvation, cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the absence or presence of various concentrations of EEIO. Cell numbers were estimated by MTT assay. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM (n = 6). Bars with different letters are significantly different at P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Cambrex, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 268 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    SAFC Biosciences Inc fetal bovine serum fbs
    Effect of EEIO on HT-29 cell growth. HT-29 cells were plated in 24-well plates at a density of 50,000 cells/well in <t>DMEM/F12</t> supplemented with 10% <t>FBS.</t> One day later, the monolayers were serum-starved with serum-free DMEM/F12 supplemented with 5 mg/L transferrin, 0.1 g/L BSA, and 5 µg/mL selenium for 24 h. After serum starvation, cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the absence or presence of various concentrations of EEIO. Cell numbers were estimated by MTT assay. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM (n = 6). Bars with different letters are significantly different at P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by SAFC Biosciences Inc, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 17 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Cytogen fetal bovine serum fbs
    Effect of EEIO on HT-29 cell growth. HT-29 cells were plated in 24-well plates at a density of 50,000 cells/well in <t>DMEM/F12</t> supplemented with 10% <t>FBS.</t> One day later, the monolayers were serum-starved with serum-free DMEM/F12 supplemented with 5 mg/L transferrin, 0.1 g/L BSA, and 5 µg/mL selenium for 24 h. After serum starvation, cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the absence or presence of various concentrations of EEIO. Cell numbers were estimated by MTT assay. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM (n = 6). Bars with different letters are significantly different at P
    Fetal Bovine Serum Fbs, supplied by Cytogen, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 92/100, based on 27 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    High glucose (HG) and diabetes increase TNF-α production and PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages (A–C). A: Rat BM-derived macrophages were cultured under control glucose (CG, 5.6 mM) or HG (25 mM) for 72 h. TNF-α production was measured in conditioned medium (n=17). B: PKC activity in rat BM-derived macrophages stimulated with HG for 72 h or PMA (100 nM) for 30 min (n=3). C: PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages isolated from control and diabetic mice at 12 weeks of diabetes (n=4, also indicates the number of mice studied individually). Diabetes was induced in 6-week-old male C57Bl6/J mice fasted for 12 h, with intraperitoneal injections of STZ in citrate buffer (90 mg/kg) for 2 consecutive days. D: β2AR agonists decreased LPS-induced TNF-α production in rat BM-derived macrophages. Cells were preincubated with metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for 1 h and then stimulated with LPS (50 ng/mL) for 6 or 48 h (n=3). E: β2AR agonists decreased diabetes-induced TNF-α production in rat PBMCs isolated from control and diabetic rats at 4 weeks of diabetes. Cells were incubated in RPMI medium with 10% FBS for 1 h, and then treated with 500 nM metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for an additional 16 h with or without 1 h pretreatment with ICI118551 (100 nM), a selective β2AR blocker (n=9~11, also indicates the number of rats studied individually). * p

    Journal: Kidney international

    Article Title: Beta 2 adrenergic receptor agonists are novel regulators of macrophage activation in diabetic renal and cardiovascular complications

    doi: 10.1016/j.kint.2017.02.013

    Figure Lengend Snippet: High glucose (HG) and diabetes increase TNF-α production and PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages (A–C). A: Rat BM-derived macrophages were cultured under control glucose (CG, 5.6 mM) or HG (25 mM) for 72 h. TNF-α production was measured in conditioned medium (n=17). B: PKC activity in rat BM-derived macrophages stimulated with HG for 72 h or PMA (100 nM) for 30 min (n=3). C: PKC activity in BM-derived macrophages isolated from control and diabetic mice at 12 weeks of diabetes (n=4, also indicates the number of mice studied individually). Diabetes was induced in 6-week-old male C57Bl6/J mice fasted for 12 h, with intraperitoneal injections of STZ in citrate buffer (90 mg/kg) for 2 consecutive days. D: β2AR agonists decreased LPS-induced TNF-α production in rat BM-derived macrophages. Cells were preincubated with metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for 1 h and then stimulated with LPS (50 ng/mL) for 6 or 48 h (n=3). E: β2AR agonists decreased diabetes-induced TNF-α production in rat PBMCs isolated from control and diabetic rats at 4 weeks of diabetes. Cells were incubated in RPMI medium with 10% FBS for 1 h, and then treated with 500 nM metaproterenol or terbutaline hemisulfate for an additional 16 h with or without 1 h pretreatment with ICI118551 (100 nM), a selective β2AR blocker (n=9~11, also indicates the number of rats studied individually). * p

    Article Snippet: Cells were cultured in RPMI containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 20% L929 cell (American Type Culture Collection [ATCC], Manassas, VA) conditioned media as a source of macrophage colony stimulating factor .

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Derivative Assay, Cell Culture, Isolation, Mouse Assay, Incubation

    Arhalofenate acid activated AMPK downstream targets involved in regulation of mitochondrial function and maintained mitochondrial cristae area. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid (100 μM) for 1 h before stimulation with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 1 h or 18 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates prepared from 18-h treatment samples were subjected to Western blot analysis of phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α, expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and expression of thioredoxin (TRX)1, TRX2, and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) ( a ). Cells from 1-h treatment were then stained with MitoSOX Red and MitoTracker Green and visualized by fluorescence microscopy ( b , magnification 20×). TEM analysis was performed to examine mitochondrial cristae (the folds of inner mitochondrial membrane indicated by white arrows in c ), and the cristae volume density are presented ( d ). Data in a and b are representative of three individual experiments. Data in c are representative of 30 cells examined for each condition. Data in d are the mean ± SEM of 30 cells. The p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystals alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid

    Journal: Arthritis Research & Therapy

    Article Title: Arhalofenate acid inhibits monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory responses through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling

    doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1699-4

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Arhalofenate acid activated AMPK downstream targets involved in regulation of mitochondrial function and maintained mitochondrial cristae area. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid (100 μM) for 1 h before stimulation with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 1 h or 18 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates prepared from 18-h treatment samples were subjected to Western blot analysis of phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α, expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and expression of thioredoxin (TRX)1, TRX2, and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) ( a ). Cells from 1-h treatment were then stained with MitoSOX Red and MitoTracker Green and visualized by fluorescence microscopy ( b , magnification 20×). TEM analysis was performed to examine mitochondrial cristae (the folds of inner mitochondrial membrane indicated by white arrows in c ), and the cristae volume density are presented ( d ). Data in a and b are representative of three individual experiments. Data in c are representative of 30 cells examined for each condition. Data in d are the mean ± SEM of 30 cells. The p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystals alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid

    Article Snippet: Briefly, bone marrow cells were cultured in complete RPMI media containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 μg/mL) in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF; 20 ng/mL; Gemini Bio-products, West Sacramento, CA).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Expressing, Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography, Staining, Fluorescence, Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Arhalofenate acid prevented prolonged accumulation of p62 by promoting autophagy flux in response to MSU crystals. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid (100 μM) for 1 h before stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 2 h in the presence or absence of bafilomycin (Baf; 100 nM) and for 6 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis of LC3 and p62 ( a ). TEM was performed to examine autophagosomes (indicated by black arrows in b ), and the numbers of autophagosomes containing electron dense material per μm 2 are presented ( c ). Data in a and b are representative of three individual experiments. Data in c are the mean ± SEM of 30 cells. The p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystals alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid

    Journal: Arthritis Research & Therapy

    Article Title: Arhalofenate acid inhibits monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory responses through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling

    doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1699-4

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Arhalofenate acid prevented prolonged accumulation of p62 by promoting autophagy flux in response to MSU crystals. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid (100 μM) for 1 h before stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 2 h in the presence or absence of bafilomycin (Baf; 100 nM) and for 6 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis of LC3 and p62 ( a ). TEM was performed to examine autophagosomes (indicated by black arrows in b ), and the numbers of autophagosomes containing electron dense material per μm 2 are presented ( c ). Data in a and b are representative of three individual experiments. Data in c are the mean ± SEM of 30 cells. The p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystals alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid

    Article Snippet: Briefly, bone marrow cells were cultured in complete RPMI media containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 μg/mL) in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF; 20 ng/mL; Gemini Bio-products, West Sacramento, CA).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Arhalofenate acid attenuates MSU crystal-induced IL-1β release by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs were pretreated with arhalofenate acid at a concentration of 100 μM for 1 h before being stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) in RPMI containing 1% FBS for 18 h. The conditioned media was used for ELISA for interleukin (IL)-1β ( a ), and the cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis ( b ) for expression of NLRP3, pro-caspase 1, and cleaved caspase 1 (p10). Data in a are the mean ± SD of three individual experiments, and p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystal alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid. Data in b are representative of three individual experiments

    Journal: Arthritis Research & Therapy

    Article Title: Arhalofenate acid inhibits monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory responses through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling

    doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1699-4

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Arhalofenate acid attenuates MSU crystal-induced IL-1β release by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs were pretreated with arhalofenate acid at a concentration of 100 μM for 1 h before being stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) in RPMI containing 1% FBS for 18 h. The conditioned media was used for ELISA for interleukin (IL)-1β ( a ), and the cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis ( b ) for expression of NLRP3, pro-caspase 1, and cleaved caspase 1 (p10). Data in a are the mean ± SD of three individual experiments, and p values represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone, or between MSU crystal alone and MSU crystals plus arhalofenate acid. Data in b are representative of three individual experiments

    Article Snippet: Briefly, bone marrow cells were cultured in complete RPMI media containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 μg/mL) in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF; 20 ng/mL; Gemini Bio-products, West Sacramento, CA).

    Techniques: Activation Assay, In Vitro, Concentration Assay, Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay, Western Blot, Expressing

    Arhalofenate acid inhibited MSU crystal-induced IL-1β via AMPK in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid at 100 μM for 1 h before being stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 18 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis for phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α ( a ). The conditioned medium was used for ELISA analysis of interleukin (IL)-1β release ( b ). Data in a are representative of three individual experiments. Data in b are the mean ± SD of three individual experiments. The p values in b represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone in the presence or absence of arhalofenate acid in either wild-type (WT) or AMPKα1 knockout (KO) BMDMs. ns not significant

    Journal: Arthritis Research & Therapy

    Article Title: Arhalofenate acid inhibits monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory responses through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling

    doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1699-4

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Arhalofenate acid inhibited MSU crystal-induced IL-1β via AMPK in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs were treated with arhalofenate acid at 100 μM for 1 h before being stimulated with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals (0.2 mg/mL) for 18 h in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis for phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α ( a ). The conditioned medium was used for ELISA analysis of interleukin (IL)-1β release ( b ). Data in a are representative of three individual experiments. Data in b are the mean ± SD of three individual experiments. The p values in b represent comparisons between none and MSU crystals alone in the presence or absence of arhalofenate acid in either wild-type (WT) or AMPKα1 knockout (KO) BMDMs. ns not significant

    Article Snippet: Briefly, bone marrow cells were cultured in complete RPMI media containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 μg/mL) in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF; 20 ng/mL; Gemini Bio-products, West Sacramento, CA).

    Techniques: In Vitro, Western Blot, Expressing, Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay, Knock-Out

    Arhalofenate acid induced phosphorylation of AMPKα and expression of SIRT1 in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs prepared from wild-type (WT) and AMPKα1 knockout (KO) mice were pretreated with arhalofenate acid at the concentrations indicated for 18 h ( a ) or at 100 μM for 1 h ( b ) in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis for phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). Data in both a and b are representative of three individual experiments

    Journal: Arthritis Research & Therapy

    Article Title: Arhalofenate acid inhibits monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory responses through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling

    doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1699-4

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Arhalofenate acid induced phosphorylation of AMPKα and expression of SIRT1 in BMDMs in vitro. BMDMs prepared from wild-type (WT) and AMPKα1 knockout (KO) mice were pretreated with arhalofenate acid at the concentrations indicated for 18 h ( a ) or at 100 μM for 1 h ( b ) in RPMI containing 1% FBS. Cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analysis for phosphorylation (p) and expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). Data in both a and b are representative of three individual experiments

    Article Snippet: Briefly, bone marrow cells were cultured in complete RPMI media containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 μg/mL) in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF; 20 ng/mL; Gemini Bio-products, West Sacramento, CA).

    Techniques: Expressing, In Vitro, Knock-Out, Mouse Assay, Western Blot

    Crizotinib-induced apoptosis in Ba/F3 cells transformed by NPM-ALK. Ba/F3 cells were infected with an empty virus (-) and retrovirus expressing NPM-ALK or TEL-JAK2. (A) Whole cell lysates were immunoblotted with an anti-ALK antibody, anti-Flag antibody, anti-JAK2 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT3 antibody, anti-STAT3 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT5 antibody, anti-STAT5 antibody or anti-β-actin antibody. (B) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with RPMI containing 10% FBS in the absence of IL-3 for 2 days. Viable cell numbers at 24 hr and 48 hr were counted by the Trypan blue exclusion method. Values are the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. (C-F) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with RPMI containing 10% FBS in the presence of crizotinib (0.25, 0.5, 1 μM) and MMC (0.1, 1, 10 μg/mL) for 24 hr. (C) Cell viability was measured by the WST assay. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (D) Cells were fixed, treated with propidium iodide, and subjected to a flow cytometric analysis. The percentages of cells in the sub-G1 phase were graphed. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (E) To evaluate the apoptotic cell death, the chromatin DNA was isolated from cells and subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis. (F) Whole cell lysates were prepared and the phosphorylation of STAT3 and STAT5 was analyzed by immunoblotting. The relative phosphorylation level of STAT3 and STAT5 is shown in the graphs. Values are given as the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. *** P

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Alpha-tocopherol attenuates the anti-tumor activity of crizotinib against cells transformed by NPM-ALK

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183003

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Crizotinib-induced apoptosis in Ba/F3 cells transformed by NPM-ALK. Ba/F3 cells were infected with an empty virus (-) and retrovirus expressing NPM-ALK or TEL-JAK2. (A) Whole cell lysates were immunoblotted with an anti-ALK antibody, anti-Flag antibody, anti-JAK2 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT3 antibody, anti-STAT3 antibody, anti-phospho-STAT5 antibody, anti-STAT5 antibody or anti-β-actin antibody. (B) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with RPMI containing 10% FBS in the absence of IL-3 for 2 days. Viable cell numbers at 24 hr and 48 hr were counted by the Trypan blue exclusion method. Values are the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. (C-F) Transduced Ba/F3 cells were incubated with RPMI containing 10% FBS in the presence of crizotinib (0.25, 0.5, 1 μM) and MMC (0.1, 1, 10 μg/mL) for 24 hr. (C) Cell viability was measured by the WST assay. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (D) Cells were fixed, treated with propidium iodide, and subjected to a flow cytometric analysis. The percentages of cells in the sub-G1 phase were graphed. Values are the mean ± S.D. of four independent experiments. (E) To evaluate the apoptotic cell death, the chromatin DNA was isolated from cells and subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis. (F) Whole cell lysates were prepared and the phosphorylation of STAT3 and STAT5 was analyzed by immunoblotting. The relative phosphorylation level of STAT3 and STAT5 is shown in the graphs. Values are given as the mean ± SD of three independent experiments. *** P

    Article Snippet: These cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium (Nacalai Tesque, Tokyo, Japan) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (BioWest, Nuaillé, France), 100 units/ml penicillin (Nacalai Tesque), 100 μg/ml streptomycin (Nacalai Tesque), 2 ng/mL IL-3 (PEPROTECH), and 5 μg/mL puromycin (InVivoGen).

    Techniques: Transformation Assay, Infection, Expressing, Incubation, WST Assay, Flow Cytometry, Isolation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis

    Effects of masTF and hasTF in the scratch assay. bEnd.3 cells (A) and HRECs (B) were grown to confluence in six-well plates and serum-starved overnight in DMEM containing 2% FBS. Eight radial scratches per well were introduced (see Materials and Methods).

    Journal: Molecular Medicine

    Article Title: Nonproteolytic Properties of Murine Alternatively Spliced Tissue Factor: Implications for Integrin-Mediated Signaling in Murine Models

    doi: 10.2119/molmed.2011.00416

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of masTF and hasTF in the scratch assay. bEnd.3 cells (A) and HRECs (B) were grown to confluence in six-well plates and serum-starved overnight in DMEM containing 2% FBS. Eight radial scratches per well were introduced (see Materials and Methods).

    Article Snippet: Murine endothelial cells (ECs) (bEnd.3 from the American Type Culture Collection [ATCC], Manassas, VA, USA) and murine embryonic endothelial cells [MEECs], provided by MJ Goumans, Leiden University Medical Center [LUMC], Leiden, the Netherlands), primary human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs, Cell Systems) and murine monocytes/ macrophages (J774A.1, ATCC) were grown in filter-cap tissue culture flasks containing Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and penicillin/ streptomycin (all from Hyclone/ Thermo Scientific, Rockford, IL, USA).

    Techniques: Wound Healing Assay

    SGK3 promotes cell proliferation of AR-positive prostate cancer cells. A and B, LNCaP cells (A) or 22Rv1 cells (B) were transfected with the siRNA negative control (siNC) or 3 individual SGK3 siRNA duplexes (siSGK), respectively. Western blotting (insert) was performed to examine SGK3 level after the cells were transfected with siRNA for 72 hours. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time after siRNA transfection. Error bars represent SDs of 3 independent experiments. C, LNCaP/TetON/SGK3 cells cultured in phenol red–free RPMI 1640 medium with 2% CD-treated FBS were added with or without 100 ng/mL DOX. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time. D, LNCaP cells were transfected with the siRNA negative control or SGK3 siRNA and cultured in the phenol red–free RPMI 1640 medium with 5% CD-treated FBS in the presence or absence of DHT (1 nM). SGK3 protein levels were examined by Western blotting at 72 hours after siRNA transfection. The cell growth rate was measured by an MTT assay at the indicated time. **, P

    Journal: Molecular Endocrinology

    Article Title: SGK3 Is an Androgen-Inducible Kinase Promoting Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation Through Activation of p70 S6 Kinase and Up-Regulation of Cyclin D1

    doi: 10.1210/me.2013-1339

    Figure Lengend Snippet: SGK3 promotes cell proliferation of AR-positive prostate cancer cells. A and B, LNCaP cells (A) or 22Rv1 cells (B) were transfected with the siRNA negative control (siNC) or 3 individual SGK3 siRNA duplexes (siSGK), respectively. Western blotting (insert) was performed to examine SGK3 level after the cells were transfected with siRNA for 72 hours. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time after siRNA transfection. Error bars represent SDs of 3 independent experiments. C, LNCaP/TetON/SGK3 cells cultured in phenol red–free RPMI 1640 medium with 2% CD-treated FBS were added with or without 100 ng/mL DOX. An MTT assay was performed to measure cell proliferation at the indicated time. D, LNCaP cells were transfected with the siRNA negative control or SGK3 siRNA and cultured in the phenol red–free RPMI 1640 medium with 5% CD-treated FBS in the presence or absence of DHT (1 nM). SGK3 protein levels were examined by Western blotting at 72 hours after siRNA transfection. The cell growth rate was measured by an MTT assay at the indicated time. **, P

    Article Snippet: Human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP, 22Rv1, and PC3 and human benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) epithelial cell line BPH-1 were propagated in RPMI 1640 medium (HyClone Laboratories, Inc) supplemented with 2 mM l -glutamine, 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Omega Scientific), and 100 U/mL penicillin-streptomycin.

    Techniques: Transfection, Negative Control, Western Blot, MTT Assay, Cell Culture

    Cytotoxic effect of Corexit 9500 on EPC and CHSE-214. EPC (a) or CHSE-214 (b) cells were exposed to 10-fold serial TCID 50 dilutions, up to 10 −6 , of Corexit 9500 (10%, initial concentration) in L15 with 2% FBS before cell viability was determined

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    Article Title: Corexit 9500 Inactivates Two Enveloped Viruses of Aquatic Animals but Enhances the Infectivity of a Nonenveloped Fish Virus

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.03569-13

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Cytotoxic effect of Corexit 9500 on EPC and CHSE-214. EPC (a) or CHSE-214 (b) cells were exposed to 10-fold serial TCID 50 dilutions, up to 10 −6 , of Corexit 9500 (10%, initial concentration) in L15 with 2% FBS before cell viability was determined

    Article Snippet: Both cell lines were grown in 75-cm2 flasks (BD Biosciences, Fisher Scientific) using Leibovitz's L15 medium (HyClone; Fisher Scientific, Mississauga, ON, Canada) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (PAA Laboratories, VWR International, Mississauga, ON, Canada) and 1% penicillin-streptomycin (PS) (HyClone; Fisher Scientific, Mississauga, ON, Canada).

    Techniques: Concentration Assay

    Physicochemical properties of Ptx-loaded SPIONs. Notes: ( A ) Hydrodynamic diameter of Ptx-loaded and unloaded particles in water and different cell culture media. ( B ) Dialysis-based release kinetics of SPION-adsorbed Ptx compared with free Ptx. ( C , D ) ζ potential as a function of pH in SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx during ( C ) forward titration and ( D ) backward titration. ( E ) Magnetization curves showing the M(H) data of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( F ) AC susceptibility spectra of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( G , H ) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of ( G ) SPION LA-HSA , SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , and ( H ) free Ptx. ( I ) Stability of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx in human blood. SPIONs coated with lauric acid and aminated human serum albumin (SPION LA-HSA-NH2 ) were used as a positive control for nonstable particles. Negative control = corresponding amount of H 2 O instead of water-based ferrofluid. Representative images were recorded using optical bright-field microscopy. Abbreviations: DMEM, Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; EDTA, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; FBS, fetal bovine serum; H, applied magnetic field; M φ, magnetization; Ptx, paclitaxel; RPMI, Roswell Park Memorial Institute; SPION, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles; SPION LA-HSA , lauric acid- and human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-NH2 , lauric acid- and aminated human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , SPION LA-HSA functionalized with Ptx; Xi, real part of the magnetic susceptibility; Xii, imaginary part of the magnetic susceptibility.

    Journal: International Journal of Nanomedicine

    Article Title: Cellular effects of paclitaxel-loaded iron oxide nanoparticles on breast cancer using different 2D and 3D cell culture models

    doi: 10.2147/IJN.S187886

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Physicochemical properties of Ptx-loaded SPIONs. Notes: ( A ) Hydrodynamic diameter of Ptx-loaded and unloaded particles in water and different cell culture media. ( B ) Dialysis-based release kinetics of SPION-adsorbed Ptx compared with free Ptx. ( C , D ) ζ potential as a function of pH in SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx during ( C ) forward titration and ( D ) backward titration. ( E ) Magnetization curves showing the M(H) data of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( F ) AC susceptibility spectra of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx . ( G , H ) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of ( G ) SPION LA-HSA , SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , and ( H ) free Ptx. ( I ) Stability of SPION LA-HSA and SPION LA-HSA-Ptx in human blood. SPIONs coated with lauric acid and aminated human serum albumin (SPION LA-HSA-NH2 ) were used as a positive control for nonstable particles. Negative control = corresponding amount of H 2 O instead of water-based ferrofluid. Representative images were recorded using optical bright-field microscopy. Abbreviations: DMEM, Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; EDTA, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; FBS, fetal bovine serum; H, applied magnetic field; M φ, magnetization; Ptx, paclitaxel; RPMI, Roswell Park Memorial Institute; SPION, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles; SPION LA-HSA , lauric acid- and human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-NH2 , lauric acid- and aminated human serum albumin-coated SPIONs; SPION LA-HSA-Ptx , SPION LA-HSA functionalized with Ptx; Xi, real part of the magnetic susceptibility; Xii, imaginary part of the magnetic susceptibility.

    Article Snippet: Fetal bovine serum (FBS) and Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium (DMEM) were provided by Biochrom (Berlin, Germany).

    Techniques: Cell Culture, Titration, Spectroscopy, Positive Control, Negative Control, Microscopy, Modification

    GSP induces significantly less apoptosis in p53-deficient (p53 -/- ) cells compared to p53 wild-type (p53 +/+ ) cells. Both p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells were cultured under identical conditions as was done in JB6 C141 cells except that the cells were treated with 15% FBS in DMEM. Cells were starved in 0.5% FBS/DMEM overnight and thereafter treated with GSP in serum-containing media for another 24 hours. Morphologic changes in p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells undergoing apoptosis were observed under fluorescence microscopy. Cells in panels A and G were not treated with GSP (controls), whereas increasing concentrations of GSP were added to cultures for 24 hours after overnight serum starvation in panels B–E and H–K by 20, 40, 60, and 80 µg/ml, respectively. The percentage of apoptotic cells from panel A to panel E is summarized in panel F, and the percentage of apoptotic cells from panel G to panel K is summarized in panel L. The experiment was repeated at least two times and the average percentage of apoptotic cells ± SD for each treatment group is indicated. At least 200 cells were counted in a blinded manner to score the percentage of apoptosis in each treatment group. *P

    Journal: Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)

    Article Title: Grape Seed Proanthocyanidins Induce Apoptosis through p53, Bax, and Caspase 3 Pathways 1

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: GSP induces significantly less apoptosis in p53-deficient (p53 -/- ) cells compared to p53 wild-type (p53 +/+ ) cells. Both p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells were cultured under identical conditions as was done in JB6 C141 cells except that the cells were treated with 15% FBS in DMEM. Cells were starved in 0.5% FBS/DMEM overnight and thereafter treated with GSP in serum-containing media for another 24 hours. Morphologic changes in p53 +/+ and p53 -/- fibroblast cells undergoing apoptosis were observed under fluorescence microscopy. Cells in panels A and G were not treated with GSP (controls), whereas increasing concentrations of GSP were added to cultures for 24 hours after overnight serum starvation in panels B–E and H–K by 20, 40, 60, and 80 µg/ml, respectively. The percentage of apoptotic cells from panel A to panel E is summarized in panel F, and the percentage of apoptotic cells from panel G to panel K is summarized in panel L. The experiment was repeated at least two times and the average percentage of apoptotic cells ± SD for each treatment group is indicated. At least 200 cells were counted in a blinded manner to score the percentage of apoptosis in each treatment group. *P

    Article Snippet: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), penicillin, streptomycin, fetal bovine serum (FBS), and trypsin/EDTA were purchased from CellGro (Herndon, VA).

    Techniques: Cell Culture, Fluorescence, Microscopy

    Treatment of GSP decreases the expression of the antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, and increases the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, in JB6 C141 cells. JB6 C141 cells were starved in 0.5% FBS/DMEM overnight and then treated with GSP (20–80 µg/ml) in serum-containing media for another 24 hours. Cell lysates were prepared, and the expression of the proteins was determined by Western blot analysis using the corresponding antibodies, as detailed in the Materials and Methods section. Relative intensity of bands in each panel was determined. GSP treatment to JB6 C141 cells decreased the expressions of the antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 (panel A) and Bcl-xl (panel D), whereas the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, was increased (panel B). A representative blot is shown from three independent experiments with identical results. The ratio of Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression was determined from three separate experiments by comparing the relative intensities of protein bands and shown as a mean ± SD (panel C). β-Actin was used as an internal control to monitor equal protein loading and transfer of proteins from the gel to the membranes after stripping them and reprobing them with the actin antibody.

    Journal: Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)

    Article Title: Grape Seed Proanthocyanidins Induce Apoptosis through p53, Bax, and Caspase 3 Pathways 1

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Treatment of GSP decreases the expression of the antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, and increases the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, in JB6 C141 cells. JB6 C141 cells were starved in 0.5% FBS/DMEM overnight and then treated with GSP (20–80 µg/ml) in serum-containing media for another 24 hours. Cell lysates were prepared, and the expression of the proteins was determined by Western blot analysis using the corresponding antibodies, as detailed in the Materials and Methods section. Relative intensity of bands in each panel was determined. GSP treatment to JB6 C141 cells decreased the expressions of the antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 (panel A) and Bcl-xl (panel D), whereas the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, was increased (panel B). A representative blot is shown from three independent experiments with identical results. The ratio of Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression was determined from three separate experiments by comparing the relative intensities of protein bands and shown as a mean ± SD (panel C). β-Actin was used as an internal control to monitor equal protein loading and transfer of proteins from the gel to the membranes after stripping them and reprobing them with the actin antibody.

    Article Snippet: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), penicillin, streptomycin, fetal bovine serum (FBS), and trypsin/EDTA were purchased from CellGro (Herndon, VA).

    Techniques: Expressing, Western Blot, Stripping Membranes

    Inhibition of Ras-dependent cell proliferation and survival by GATA-1. A , Ba/F3/N-RasE12/G1ERT cells were seeded at a density of 100/μl and cultured in RPMI supplemented with 1% FBS without IL-3 in the presence or absence of 1 μ m 4-HT.

    Journal: The Journal of Biological Chemistry

    Article Title: BCR-ABL but Not JAK2 V617F Inhibits Erythropoiesis through the Ras Signal by Inducing p21CIP1/WAF1 *

    doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.118653

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Inhibition of Ras-dependent cell proliferation and survival by GATA-1. A , Ba/F3/N-RasE12/G1ERT cells were seeded at a density of 100/μl and cultured in RPMI supplemented with 1% FBS without IL-3 in the presence or absence of 1 μ m 4-HT.

    Article Snippet: A murine IL-3-dependent hematopoietic cell line, Ba/F3, was maintained in RPMI (nacalai tesque, Kyoto, Japan) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Equitech-Bio, Kerrville, TX) and 0.3 ng/ml rmIL-3.

    Techniques: Inhibition, Cell Culture

    Stability of natural and modified siRNAs in 100% fetal bovine serum at 37°C. After incubation, siRNAs were analyzed by PAGE and ethidium bromide staining. Gel images were captured by ChemiDoc XRS (Bio-Rad) and RNA bands were quantified by Image Lab software (Bio-Rad). Signal intensity values at t 0 were set at 1.

    Journal: BioMed Research International

    Article Title: Synthesis and Gene Silencing Properties of siRNAs Containing Terminal Amide Linkages

    doi: 10.1155/2014/901617

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Stability of natural and modified siRNAs in 100% fetal bovine serum at 37°C. After incubation, siRNAs were analyzed by PAGE and ethidium bromide staining. Gel images were captured by ChemiDoc XRS (Bio-Rad) and RNA bands were quantified by Image Lab software (Bio-Rad). Signal intensity values at t 0 were set at 1.

    Article Snippet: Therefore, the nuclease resistance of 2–19 was investigated through incubation in 100% fetal bovine serum (FBS) at 37°C using unmodified siRNA 1 as control ( ).

    Techniques: Modification, Incubation, Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Staining, Software

    Effect of cocaine on cell cycle after 24 h. The glial cells with starting density of 1.3 × 10 6 per dish in complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were treated with 0, 3, 4 and 5 mM of cocaine for 24 h. Cells were harvested and stained by propidium iodide staining solution for 1 h in dark and analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 5, * P

    Journal: Neurochemical research

    Article Title: Cocaine Induces Alterations in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Dual Cell Cycle Arrest in Rat C6 Astroglioma Cells

    doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-0053-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of cocaine on cell cycle after 24 h. The glial cells with starting density of 1.3 × 10 6 per dish in complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were treated with 0, 3, 4 and 5 mM of cocaine for 24 h. Cells were harvested and stained by propidium iodide staining solution for 1 h in dark and analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 5, * P

    Article Snippet: RPMI 1640 (modified), fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin/streptomycin sulfate, amphotericin B, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and l -glutamine were purchased from Media Tech (Herndon, VA, US).

    Techniques: Staining, Flow Cytometry, Cytometry

    Population doubling period of rat glial cells. Cells with starting density of 5 × 10 3 per well in 96-well plates ( n = 4, and each value is the average absorbance of eight wells, so final n at each time point = 32) with complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were incubated for designated time points. The cells were stained with crystal violet and the absorbance at 540 nm was read in a plate reader. The absorbance values at any time point were so close to each other that error bars were not seen on the plot

    Journal: Neurochemical research

    Article Title: Cocaine Induces Alterations in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Dual Cell Cycle Arrest in Rat C6 Astroglioma Cells

    doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-0053-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Population doubling period of rat glial cells. Cells with starting density of 5 × 10 3 per well in 96-well plates ( n = 4, and each value is the average absorbance of eight wells, so final n at each time point = 32) with complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were incubated for designated time points. The cells were stained with crystal violet and the absorbance at 540 nm was read in a plate reader. The absorbance values at any time point were so close to each other that error bars were not seen on the plot

    Article Snippet: RPMI 1640 (modified), fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin/streptomycin sulfate, amphotericin B, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and l -glutamine were purchased from Media Tech (Herndon, VA, US).

    Techniques: Incubation, Staining

    Effect of cocaine on glial cell viability. The cells (2 × 10 4 per well) were seeded in 96 well plates with complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS and were treated with various concentrations of cocaine for 24 or 48 h. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 36, * P

    Journal: Neurochemical research

    Article Title: Cocaine Induces Alterations in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Dual Cell Cycle Arrest in Rat C6 Astroglioma Cells

    doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-0053-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of cocaine on glial cell viability. The cells (2 × 10 4 per well) were seeded in 96 well plates with complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS and were treated with various concentrations of cocaine for 24 or 48 h. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 36, * P

    Article Snippet: RPMI 1640 (modified), fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin/streptomycin sulfate, amphotericin B, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and l -glutamine were purchased from Media Tech (Herndon, VA, US).

    Techniques:

    Effect of cocaine on glial cell cycle after 48 h. The glial cells with starting density of 0.7 × 10 6 per dish in complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were treated with 0, 3, 4 and 5 mM of cocaine for 48 h. Cells were harvested and stained by propidium iodide staining solution for 1 h in dark and analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 9, * P

    Journal: Neurochemical research

    Article Title: Cocaine Induces Alterations in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Dual Cell Cycle Arrest in Rat C6 Astroglioma Cells

    doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-0053-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of cocaine on glial cell cycle after 48 h. The glial cells with starting density of 0.7 × 10 6 per dish in complete RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% FBS were treated with 0, 3, 4 and 5 mM of cocaine for 48 h. Cells were harvested and stained by propidium iodide staining solution for 1 h in dark and analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 9, * P

    Article Snippet: RPMI 1640 (modified), fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin/streptomycin sulfate, amphotericin B, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and l -glutamine were purchased from Media Tech (Herndon, VA, US).

    Techniques: Staining, Flow Cytometry, Cytometry

    Effect of cocaine on mitochondrial membrane potential. The glial cells (2 × 10 4 per well) were seeded in 96 well plates with complete RPMI 1640 media containing 10% FBS and were treated with various concentrations of cocaine (2–6 mM) for 24 h. Membrane potential was evaluated fluorometrically as a measure of rhodamine- 123 uptake. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 12, * P

    Journal: Neurochemical research

    Article Title: Cocaine Induces Alterations in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Dual Cell Cycle Arrest in Rat C6 Astroglioma Cells

    doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-0053-2

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of cocaine on mitochondrial membrane potential. The glial cells (2 × 10 4 per well) were seeded in 96 well plates with complete RPMI 1640 media containing 10% FBS and were treated with various concentrations of cocaine (2–6 mM) for 24 h. Membrane potential was evaluated fluorometrically as a measure of rhodamine- 123 uptake. Data were represented as mean ± SEM ( n = 12, * P

    Article Snippet: RPMI 1640 (modified), fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin/streptomycin sulfate, amphotericin B, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and l -glutamine were purchased from Media Tech (Herndon, VA, US).

    Techniques:

    Migration activity of EMT-induced cancer cells. (A and B) To measure cell migration activity, A549 (left panels) and Panc-1 (right panels) cells were subjected to the in vitro wound healing assay in the presence or absence (Control) of TGF-ß, as described in the text. Phase-contrast micrographs of the cultures were taken after 16-h incubation. Black broken lines indicate initial wound edges. Scale bar, 50 µm. B) Cell migration area was estimated by analyzing the pixel with Image J. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for the areas of migrated cells in 3 different fields (right panels). (C) Cells that had been pretreated without or with TGF-ß for 24 h were incubated in 1% FBS-containing medium without or with TGF-ß onto a 24-well plate for 6 h at 37°C. The cell migration was monitored with a time-lapse video system for 12 h. Cell migration distance was measured for 15 randomly selected cells. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for cell migration velocity of 15 cells. Other experimental conditions are described in Materials and Methods .

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Stimulates Human Cancer Cells to Extend Microtubule-based Invasive Protrusions and Suppresses Cell Growth in Collagen Gel

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053209

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Migration activity of EMT-induced cancer cells. (A and B) To measure cell migration activity, A549 (left panels) and Panc-1 (right panels) cells were subjected to the in vitro wound healing assay in the presence or absence (Control) of TGF-ß, as described in the text. Phase-contrast micrographs of the cultures were taken after 16-h incubation. Black broken lines indicate initial wound edges. Scale bar, 50 µm. B) Cell migration area was estimated by analyzing the pixel with Image J. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for the areas of migrated cells in 3 different fields (right panels). (C) Cells that had been pretreated without or with TGF-ß for 24 h were incubated in 1% FBS-containing medium without or with TGF-ß onto a 24-well plate for 6 h at 37°C. The cell migration was monitored with a time-lapse video system for 12 h. Cell migration distance was measured for 15 randomly selected cells. Each bar indicates the mean ± SD for cell migration velocity of 15 cells. Other experimental conditions are described in Materials and Methods .

    Article Snippet: These cell lines were cultured in DMEM/F12 medium (Invitrogen, Carlsbed, CA) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Nichirei Biosciences, Tokyo) at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 and 95% air.

    Techniques: Migration, Activity Assay, In Vitro, Wound Healing Assay, Incubation

    Validation of exosome isolation Exosomes were isolated from Jurkat, K562, MCF7 and HCT116 cells growth medium depleted from FBS exosomes as described in the Methods section following 72 hours of growth. A . Exosomal markers from all cells lines analyzed by Western blotting; B. Capture imaging of Jurkat exosomes obtained by using the NanoSight device; C. amount of these exosomes obtained specified by the NanoSight device.

    Journal: Oncotarget

    Article Title: Tumor cells derived exosomes contain hTERT mRNA and transform nonmalignant fibroblasts into telomerase positive cells

    doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.10384

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Validation of exosome isolation Exosomes were isolated from Jurkat, K562, MCF7 and HCT116 cells growth medium depleted from FBS exosomes as described in the Methods section following 72 hours of growth. A . Exosomal markers from all cells lines analyzed by Western blotting; B. Capture imaging of Jurkat exosomes obtained by using the NanoSight device; C. amount of these exosomes obtained specified by the NanoSight device.

    Article Snippet: Experimental system Jurkat and K562 cell lines were cultured in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 20% and 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), respectively, containing 100 units/ml L-glutamine and 1% penicillin/streptomycin (Biological Industries Beit Haemek, Israel).

    Techniques: Isolation, Western Blot, Imaging

    Serum deprivation causes selective cytotoxicity, caspase 3/7 activation, and increased lactate formation in G93ASOD1 cells. a The viability of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines was evaluated with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after culture with or without 5 % fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 22 h. Percentages of the MTT conversion after culture with serum (100 %; n = 12) are shown. b Activation of caspase 3/7 of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured without 5 % serum for 17 h. Values are percentages of the NSC-34 activity (100 %; n = 15). c Levels of lactate in the medium (μmol/mg of protein; n = 8) of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured with or without 5 % serum for 22 h. All values are mean ± s.e.m. For each parameter, statistical significance of differences was assessed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test comparing the levels of the different cell lines with or without 5 % serum (respectively ### p

    Journal: Molecular Neurobiology

    Article Title: Metabolomic Analysis Reveals Increased Aerobic Glycolysis and Amino Acid Deficit in a Cellular Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    doi: 10.1007/s12035-015-9165-7

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Serum deprivation causes selective cytotoxicity, caspase 3/7 activation, and increased lactate formation in G93ASOD1 cells. a The viability of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines was evaluated with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after culture with or without 5 % fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 22 h. Percentages of the MTT conversion after culture with serum (100 %; n = 12) are shown. b Activation of caspase 3/7 of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured without 5 % serum for 17 h. Values are percentages of the NSC-34 activity (100 %; n = 15). c Levels of lactate in the medium (μmol/mg of protein; n = 8) of the NSC-34, WT-NSC, and G93A-NSC cell lines cultured with or without 5 % serum for 22 h. All values are mean ± s.e.m. For each parameter, statistical significance of differences was assessed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test comparing the levels of the different cell lines with or without 5 % serum (respectively ### p

    Article Snippet: Materials Flasks and plates were obtained from Corning Inc. High-glucose D-MEM and fetal bovine serum (FBS) were from Lonza, and high-glucose D-MEM without phenol red, geneticin (G418 sulfate), pyruvate, l -glutamine and penicillin/streptomycin were from GIBCO, Invitrogen.

    Techniques: Activation Assay, MTT Assay, Cell Culture, Activity Assay

    Puerarin inhibited TGF-β1-induced HUVECs migration rate . HUVECs were preincubated with different concentrations of puerarin (10, 25, and 50 μ M) for 30 min and then treated with TGF- β 1 (10 ng/ml) for 48 h until a monolayer was formed. Scratches were made straightly across the dishes. After rinsing twice, the medium was replaced by RPMI1640 with no FBS. Photographs were taken at indicated times (scale bars: 50 μ m).

    Journal: PPAR Research

    Article Title: Puerarin Protects against Cardiac Fibrosis Associated with the Inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad2-Mediated Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition

    doi: 10.1155/2017/2647129

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Puerarin inhibited TGF-β1-induced HUVECs migration rate . HUVECs were preincubated with different concentrations of puerarin (10, 25, and 50 μ M) for 30 min and then treated with TGF- β 1 (10 ng/ml) for 48 h until a monolayer was formed. Scratches were made straightly across the dishes. After rinsing twice, the medium was replaced by RPMI1640 with no FBS. Photographs were taken at indicated times (scale bars: 50 μ m).

    Article Snippet: Cell Culture Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) line 12 was purchased from YRGene (NC006) and cultured in Gibco RPMI1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), endothelial cell growth supplement (ECGS, ScienCell, 1052, 10 μ l/ml), and heparin (0.1 mg/ml) in a humidified 5% CO2 incubator at 37°C.

    Techniques: Migration

    GW501516-activated PPARδ suppresses Ang II-induced ROS generation and [ 3 H]-leucine incorporation in a PI3K/Akt-dependent manner. (A) VSMCs were treated with Ang II for the indicated durations. (B and C) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min (B) or transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h (C) were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Levels of phosphorylated and total Akt were determined by western blotting. Representative blots from three independent experiments and densitometric measurements are shown. (D and E) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using CM-H 2 DCF-DA (D), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (E). Bars, 200 μm. (F) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. Thereafter, cells were exposed to Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 3 or 4). ** p

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Ligand-activated PPARδ inhibits angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting ROS

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210482

    Figure Lengend Snippet: GW501516-activated PPARδ suppresses Ang II-induced ROS generation and [ 3 H]-leucine incorporation in a PI3K/Akt-dependent manner. (A) VSMCs were treated with Ang II for the indicated durations. (B and C) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min (B) or transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h (C) were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Levels of phosphorylated and total Akt were determined by western blotting. Representative blots from three independent experiments and densitometric measurements are shown. (D and E) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using CM-H 2 DCF-DA (D), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (E). Bars, 200 μm. (F) VSMCs pretreated with LY294002 for 30 min were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. Thereafter, cells were exposed to Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 3 or 4). ** p

    Article Snippet: Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM), fetal bovine serum (FBS), and WelFect-si transfection reagent were obtained from WelGENE Inc. (Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea).

    Techniques: Transfection, Incubation, Western Blot, Fluorescence, Microscopy

    NOX is involved in the effects of GW501516 on VSMCs. (A) VSMCs transfected with siRNA against NOX1 or NOX4 for 48 h were pretreated with GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. Thereafter, cells were treated with Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. (B) VSMCs transfected with siRNA against NOX1 or NOX4 for 48 h were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using the peroxide-sensitive dye CM-H 2 DCF-DA (10 μM, B), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (C). Data represent means ± SE (n = 5). Bars, 200 μm. ** p

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Ligand-activated PPARδ inhibits angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting ROS

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210482

    Figure Lengend Snippet: NOX is involved in the effects of GW501516 on VSMCs. (A) VSMCs transfected with siRNA against NOX1 or NOX4 for 48 h were pretreated with GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. Thereafter, cells were treated with Ang II for 24 h and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. (B) VSMCs transfected with siRNA against NOX1 or NOX4 for 48 h were incubated in the presence or absence of GW501516 for 24 h and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. Intracellular ROS were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy using the peroxide-sensitive dye CM-H 2 DCF-DA (10 μM, B), and the fluorescence intensity was quantified (C). Data represent means ± SE (n = 5). Bars, 200 μm. ** p

    Article Snippet: Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM), fetal bovine serum (FBS), and WelFect-si transfection reagent were obtained from WelGENE Inc. (Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea).

    Techniques: Transfection, Incubation, Fluorescence, Microscopy

    GW501516-activated PPARδ inhibits Ang II-induced incorporation of [ 3 H]-leucine in VSMCs. (A) VSMCs were treated with increasing concentrations of Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. (B) VSMCs were pretreated with increasing concentrations of GW501516 for 24 h and then treated with Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. (C) VSMCs transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h were pretreated with GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. (D) VSMCs pretreated with GW501516 (for 24 h), DPI (for 30 min), or NAC (for 30 min) were treated with Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 4). ** p

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Ligand-activated PPARδ inhibits angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting ROS

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210482

    Figure Lengend Snippet: GW501516-activated PPARδ inhibits Ang II-induced incorporation of [ 3 H]-leucine in VSMCs. (A) VSMCs were treated with increasing concentrations of Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. (B) VSMCs were pretreated with increasing concentrations of GW501516 for 24 h and then treated with Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS. (C) VSMCs transfected with PPARδ-targeting siRNA for 48 h were pretreated with GW501516 for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS and then exposed to Ang II for 24 h. (D) VSMCs pretreated with GW501516 (for 24 h), DPI (for 30 min), or NAC (for 30 min) were treated with Ang II for 24 h in DMEM containing 0.1% FBS and pulsed with 1 μCi/mL [ 3 H]-leucine for the final 6 h. Data represent means ± SE (n = 4). ** p

    Article Snippet: Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM), fetal bovine serum (FBS), and WelFect-si transfection reagent were obtained from WelGENE Inc. (Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea).

    Techniques: Transfection

    Effect of EEIO on HT-29 cell growth. HT-29 cells were plated in 24-well plates at a density of 50,000 cells/well in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% FBS. One day later, the monolayers were serum-starved with serum-free DMEM/F12 supplemented with 5 mg/L transferrin, 0.1 g/L BSA, and 5 µg/mL selenium for 24 h. After serum starvation, cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the absence or presence of various concentrations of EEIO. Cell numbers were estimated by MTT assay. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM (n = 6). Bars with different letters are significantly different at P

    Journal: Nutrition Research and Practice

    Article Title: Ethanol extract of Innotus obliquus (Chaga mushroom) induces G1 cell cycle arrest in HT-29 human colon cancer cells

    doi: 10.4162/nrp.2015.9.2.111

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of EEIO on HT-29 cell growth. HT-29 cells were plated in 24-well plates at a density of 50,000 cells/well in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% FBS. One day later, the monolayers were serum-starved with serum-free DMEM/F12 supplemented with 5 mg/L transferrin, 0.1 g/L BSA, and 5 µg/mL selenium for 24 h. After serum starvation, cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the absence or presence of various concentrations of EEIO. Cell numbers were estimated by MTT assay. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM (n = 6). Bars with different letters are significantly different at P

    Article Snippet: Materials The reagents used in this study were purchased from the following suppliers: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/Ham's F12 nutrient mixture (DMEM/F12) and selenium from Gibco BRL (Gaithersburg, MD, USA); fetal bovine serum (FBS), trypsin-EDTA, and penicillin/streptomycin from Cambrex Bio Technology (Walkersville, MD, USA); 3-[4,5-dimetjylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), anti-β-actin, RIA-grade bovine serum albumin (BSA), and transferrin from Sigma-Aldrich Co. (St. Louis, MO, USA); antibodies against cyclin D1 and phospho-Rb (Ser807/811) from Cell Signaling Technology (Beverly, MA, USA); antibodies against p21CIP1/WAF1 (c-19), p27KIP1 , p53, CDK2 (M-2), CDK4 (c-22), E2F-1 (C-20), and Rb (c-15) from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA, USA).

    Techniques: Incubation, MTT Assay