Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Article Title: Downregulation of microRNA-224-3p Hampers Retinoblastoma Progression via Activation of the Hippo-YAP Signaling Pathway by Increasing LATS2
Figure Lengend Snippet: miR-224-3p inhibits the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway by downregulating expression of LATS2. ( A ) Involvement of LATS2 in the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway analyzed on KEGG. ( B ) mRNA expression of TAZ and YAP in cells determined by PT-qPCR. ( C ) Protein expression of TAZ, YAP, p-TAZ, and p-YAP in cells normalized to GAPDH determined by Western blot analysis. ( D ) mRNA expression of TAZ, YAP, CTGF, and CYR61 in cells determined by PT-qPCR. ( E ) Protein expression of TAZ, YAP, CTGF, CYR61, p-TAZ, and p-YAP in cells normalized to GAPDH determined by Western blot analysis. * P < 0.05 versus Y79 cells transfected with NC mimic or oe-NC; # P < 0.05 versus Y79 cells transfected with NC inhibitor or cotransfected with miR-224-3p mimic and oe-NC. Data expressed by mean ± standard deviation among multiple groups were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post hoc test. The experiment was repeated three times independently.
Article Snippet: The primary antibodies, including LATS2 (1 µg/mL, ab110780), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) (1:1000, ab32124), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) (1:1000, ab3250), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (1:1000, ab32152), tafazzin (TAZ) (1 µg/mL, ab84927), Yes associated protein (YAP) (1:5000, ab52771), p-YAP (1:10000, ab76252), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) (1:1000, ab6992), and cysteine rich angiogenic inducer 61 (CYR61) (1 µg/mL, ab24448), were purchased from Abcam, Inc. (Cambridge, UK) except p-TAZ (1:1000, sc-17610-R; Santa Cruz, USA).
Techniques: Expressing, Western Blot, Transfection, Standard Deviation