Journal: Scientific Reports
Article Title: Peripheral Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Precursor Regulates Pain as an Inflammatory Mediator
Figure Lengend Snippet: ( A ) Dosage effect of exogenous proBDNF protein on PWT by injection of proBDNF protein into the plantar (*P < 0.05, **p < 0.01 versus baseline, one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s Multiple Comparison post hoc test, n = 10–12 per group). ( B ) Ectopic overexpression of proBDNF by intra-plantar injection of Ad-proBDNF or Ad-EGFP reduces PWT dramatically in Kunming mice. (a) Representative proBDNF Western blot (upper panel) and its semi-quantitative analysis (lower panel, *P < 0.05, ***p < 0.001 versus control, ### p < 0.001 versus indicated groups, one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s Multiple Comparison post hoc test, n = 4 per group); (b) Representative fluorescent images after delivery of Ad-EGFP . Scale bar, 50 μm, 3 replicates, n = 3 per group; (c) PWT at 7 days post-injection of Ad-proBDNF or Ad-EGFP control (***p < 0.001 versus Ad-EGFP , student’s t test, n = 7 per group). ( C ) Co-injection of proBDNF (0.1 μg), but not mBDNF (0.1 μg) restored the biphasic nociceptive response after low-concentration of formalin (0.5%) intra-plantar injection (*p < 0.05versus vehicle, two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s Multiple Comparison post hoc test, n = 10–12 per group). ( D ) Exogenous proBDNF (1 μg) intra-plantar injection induces ERK activation in the ipsilateral spinal cord dorsal horn at 3 h post-injection, Scale bar, 50 μm, n = 3 per group, 3 replicates. ( E ) Spinal p-ERK expression at 3 h after proBDNF (1 μg) intra-plantar injection. (a) Representative Western blot and (b,c) their semi-quantitative analyses of p-ERK, (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 versus proBDNF-R, one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s Multiple Comparison post hoc test, n = 3 per group). Data bars represent mean ± s.e.m.
Article Snippet: For ELISA assay, 96-well polystyrene microtiter plates (Nunc, Roskilde, Denmark, USA) were coated with the generated human proBDNF prodomain, and commercial human, rat and mice proBDNF proteins (Alomone Labs, Israel), and human mBDNF (Alomone Labs, Israel) (all at 1 μg/mL with total volume 50 μL) overnight at 4 °C.
Techniques: Injection, Over Expression, Western Blot, Concentration Assay, Activation Assay, Expressing