Journal: BMC Cancer
Article Title: Expression and DNA methylation levels of prolyl hydroxylases PHD1, PHD2, PHD3 and asparaginyl hydroxylase FIH in colorectal cancer
Figure Lengend Snippet: DNA methylation assessment of PHD3 gene regulatory region by bisulfite sequencing and HRM analysis in primary tissue samples from patients with CRC. Primary cancerous and histopathologically unchanged tissues from the same patients with CRC (P1-P5) were used for genomic DNA isolation followed by bisulfite conversion of cytosine to uracil. The PHD3 regions containing 60 CpG dinucleotides (chr14: 34 419 929-34 420 563) (Top panel A ) and 44 CpG dinucleotides (ch14: 34 419 346-34 419 943) (Top panel B ) were then amplified by a pair of primers complementary to the bisulfite-DNA modified sequence (Additional file 1 , Additional file 2 ). The PCR products were purified with subsequent cloning into a plasmid vector. Plasmid DNA isolated from five positive bacterial clones was used for commercial sequencing. The results of bisulfite sequencing were assessed and presented using BiQ analyzer software and BDPC web server [ 23 , 24 ]. Black and grey boxes represent methylated and unmethylated CpG dinucleotide, respectively. Red rectangles correspond to regions amplified in HRM analysis by specific primers PHD3.1 (chr14: 34 419 922-34 420 080), PHD3.2 (chr14: 34 419 795- 34 419 935) and PHD3.3 (chr14: 34 419 400-34 419 538) (Additional file 1 , Additional file 2 ). Bottom panels A and B represent HRM profiles of standard and example of patient DNA (patient P2 from bisulfite sequencing) PCR product. Methylation percentage of three DNA fragments within the PHD3 CpG island was determined by Real Time PCR amplification of bisulfite treated standard and patient DNA, followed by comparison of their HRM profiles. DNA standards were prepared by mixing different ratios of methylated and non-methylated bisulfite treated DNA. HRM methylation analysis was performed using Light Cycler®480 Gene Scanning software, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Mannheim, Germany). Each PCR amplification and HRM profile analysis was performed in triplicate.
Article Snippet: DNA methylation assessment by high resolution melting (HRM) analysis Methylation levels of DNA fragments located within the CpG island of the PHD1 , PHD2 , PHD3 and FIH genes (Additional file ) were determined by Real Time PCR amplification of bisulfite treated DNA followed by HRM profile analysis by Light Cycler®480 Real-Time PCR System, Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Mannheim, Germany).
Techniques: DNA Methylation Assay, Methylation Sequencing, DNA Extraction, Amplification, Modification, Sequencing, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Purification, Clone Assay, Plasmid Preparation, Isolation, Software, Methylation, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction