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  • 99
    Millipore hydroxytoluene bht
    Chelating effect of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus . Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); <t>BHT,</t> butylated <t>hydroxytoluene;</t> TOC, α-tocopherol.
    Hydroxytoluene Bht, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 891 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    89
    Cayman Chemical butylhydroxytoluene bht
    Chelating effect of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus . Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); <t>BHT,</t> butylated <t>hydroxytoluene;</t> TOC, α-tocopherol.
    Butylhydroxytoluene Bht, supplied by Cayman Chemical, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 9 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    94
    Abcam butylhydroxytoluene
    Chelating effect of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus . Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); <t>BHT,</t> butylated <t>hydroxytoluene;</t> TOC, α-tocopherol.
    Butylhydroxytoluene, supplied by Abcam, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    88
    Millipore α ionol
    Biplots of four redundancy analyses relating berry volatile compounds (juice and berry skin, independent variables, yellow circles) to wine volatile compounds (dependant variables, red triangles) in the interspecific hybrid grape varieties Frontenac, Marquette, Maréchal Foch, Sabrevois and St. Croix ( n = 32), for the following groups of compounds: Fatty acid degradation products ( A ), Terpenes and C 13 -norisoprenoids ( B ); Non-aromatic acids, esters, alcohol and acetates ( C ); and Aromatics ( D ). The variables are identified as follow: ( A ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): hexanal (C6CHO_J; C6CHO_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenal (Z3C6_J), ( E )-2-hexenal (E2C6_J; E2C6_Sk), 2-octanone (C8one_J), ( E )-2-heptenal (E2C7_J), hexanol (C6OH_J; C6OH_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_J; Z3C6OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-hexadienal (EEC6_J), ( E )-2-hexenol (juice: 2; E2C6OH_Sk), 1-octen-3-ol (C8OH_J; C8OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 1), ( E , Z )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 3), decanal (dec_J), ( E,Z )-2,6-nonadienal (non_J), 2-undecanone (und_J); Wine variables: hexanal (C6CHO_W), hexanol (C6OH_W), ( E )-3-hexenol (E3C6OH_W), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_W), nonanal (C9CHO_W), ( E , Z )-2,6-nonadienal (wine: 4); ( B ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): β-myrcene (bmyrc_J; bmyrc_Sk), ( R )-(+)-limonene (limon_J; limon_Sk), linalool (linal_J; linal_Sk), α-terpineol (aterp_J), β-citronellol (bcitron_Sk), nerol (nerol_Sk), β-damascenone (bdam_J; bdam_Sk), α-ionone (aiono_J), <t>α-ionol</t> (aionol_J), β-ionone (biono_J; biono_Sk); Wine variables: β-myrcene (bmyrc_W), p -cymenene (pcymen_W), linalool (linal_W), α-terpineol (aterp_W), β-citronellol (bcitron_W), nerol (nerol_W), geraniol (ger_W), β-damascenone (bdam_W); ( C ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): ethyl propanoate (etpro_J), ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_J), ethyl butanoate (etbut_J; etbut_Sk), ethyl 2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_J; et2MB_Sk), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etival_J), ethyl ( E )-2-butenoate (etcro_J; etcro_Sk), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_J), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_J); Wine variables: ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_W), ethyl butanoate (etbut_W), ethyl-2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_W), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etiva_W), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_W), ethyl octanoate (etoct_W), ethyl decanoate (etdec_W), ethyl-3-hydroxyhexanoate (et3OHH_W), hexanoic acid (hexac_W), octanoic acid (octac_W), isobutyl acetate (ibAce_W), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_W), hexyl acetate (hAce_W), ethyl lactate (etlact_W), acetoin (ace_W), butyrolactone (butlac_W), isobutanol (ibutOH_W); ( D ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): 2-phenylacetaldehyde (PhCHO_J, PhCHO_Sk), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_J; PhEtOH_Sk), eugenol (eug_J, eug_Sk), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_J); Wine variables: eugenol (eug_W), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_W), ethyl phenylacetate (etPhAce_W), phenethyl acetate (PhAc_W), ethyl dihydrocinnamate (etdhcin_W), ethyl cinnamate (etcin_W), ethyl vanillate (etvan_W), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_W).
    α Ionol, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 88/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    99
    Millipore bht
    Comparison of scavenging activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds against hydrogen peroxide. <t>BHA,</t> butylated hydroxyanisole; <t>BHT,</t> butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–d) are significantly different ( P
    Bht, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 547 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    Chelating effect of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus . Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TOC, α-tocopherol.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Activities of Various Extracts from the Fruiting Bodies of Lentinus lepideus

    doi: 10.3390/molecules16032334

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chelating effect of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus . Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TOC, α-tocopherol.

    Article Snippet: Chemicals and reagents β-Carotene, linoleic acid, chloroform, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Tween40), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), α-tocopherol (TOC), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), L-ascorbic acid, potassium ferricyanide, trichloroacetic acid, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, ferrozine, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, gallic acid, methanol, 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (L-DOPA), xanthine, allopurinol, mushroom tyrosinase, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were obtained from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Scavenging activity of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl. Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TOC, α-tocopherol; L-AA, L-ascorbic acid.

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Activities of Various Extracts from the Fruiting Bodies of Lentinus lepideus

    doi: 10.3390/molecules16032334

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Scavenging activity of various extracts from the fruiting bodies of Lentinus lepideus against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl. Values expressed as means ± SD (n = 3); BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TOC, α-tocopherol; L-AA, L-ascorbic acid.

    Article Snippet: Chemicals and reagents β-Carotene, linoleic acid, chloroform, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Tween40), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), α-tocopherol (TOC), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), L-ascorbic acid, potassium ferricyanide, trichloroacetic acid, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, ferrozine, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, gallic acid, methanol, 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (L-DOPA), xanthine, allopurinol, mushroom tyrosinase, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were obtained from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques: Activity Assay

    Representative HPLC chromatograms of mouse tumor monitored at 286 nm. (A) Tumor from a mouse treated with control diet (top) and (B) from rottlerin-treated mouse (bottom). The peak at 14.9 min represents BHT added as antioxidant. IS, internal standard.

    Journal: Journal of chromatography & separation techniques

    Article Title: Determination of Rottlerin, a Natural Protein Kinases C Inhibitor, in Pancreatic Cancer Cells and Mouse Xenografts by RP-HPLC Method

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Representative HPLC chromatograms of mouse tumor monitored at 286 nm. (A) Tumor from a mouse treated with control diet (top) and (B) from rottlerin-treated mouse (bottom). The peak at 14.9 min represents BHT added as antioxidant. IS, internal standard.

    Article Snippet: Reagents and chemicals Rottlerin (96% purity), butylhydroxytoluene (BHT), ascorbic acid and β- glucuronidase/sulfatase (type H-5 from Helix Pomatia) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques: High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Antioxidant activities of steam-distilled essential oil (SDEO), free volatile (FV) and glycosidically bound aglycone fraction (GBAF) isolated from M. tricuspidata fruit. ( a ) 2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, ( b ) 2,2′-Azino-Bis(3-Ethylbenzothiazoline-6-Sulfonic Acid (ABTS) free radical scavenging activity; ( c ) Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Samples, 1000 ug/mL; * Butylated hydroxyltoluene BHA, Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHT), 200 ug/mL.

    Journal: Foods

    Article Title: Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Steam-Distilled Essential Oil and Glycosidically Bound Volatiles from Maclura Tricuspidata Fruit

    doi: 10.3390/foods8120659

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Antioxidant activities of steam-distilled essential oil (SDEO), free volatile (FV) and glycosidically bound aglycone fraction (GBAF) isolated from M. tricuspidata fruit. ( a ) 2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, ( b ) 2,2′-Azino-Bis(3-Ethylbenzothiazoline-6-Sulfonic Acid (ABTS) free radical scavenging activity; ( c ) Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Samples, 1000 ug/mL; * Butylated hydroxyltoluene BHA, Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHT), 200 ug/mL.

    Article Snippet: Reagents n -Decanol, n -decyl-β-d -glucopyranoside, Amberlite XAD-2 polymeric resin (20–60 mesh), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT), ascorbic acid, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), 2,4,6-tri(2-pyridyl)-s -triazine (TPTZ) and saturated n -alkanes mixture (C7 –C30 ), were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Corp. (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques: Serial Time-encoded Amplified Microscopy, Isolation, Activity Assay

    (a) DPPH radical scavenging and (b) superoxide radical scavenging activities of extract, compound, and BHT at different concentrations. Values are mean ± SD ( n = 3).

    Journal: BioMed Research International

    Article Title: Bioassay-Guided Isolation and Antioxidant Evaluation of Flavonoid Compound from Aerial Parts of Lippia nodiflora L.

    doi: 10.1155/2014/549836

    Figure Lengend Snippet: (a) DPPH radical scavenging and (b) superoxide radical scavenging activities of extract, compound, and BHT at different concentrations. Values are mean ± SD ( n = 3).

    Article Snippet: The reagents such as 2-deoxy-D-ribose, butylated hydroxyl toluene (BHT), 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), phenazine methosulphate (PMS), nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT), sodium nitroprusside, and Griess reagent were obtained from (Sigma Chemicals St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    2,2-DiPhenyl-1-PicrylHydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (%) of the LAB strains tested as whole cultures (black bars) or CFS (light grey bars). Butyl hydroxytoluene (BHT) was used as a positive control. The bars sharing one common letter (a–e) indicate not significantly ( p > 0.05) different values of radical scavenging activity.

    Journal: Microorganisms

    Article Title: Fermented Seeds (“Zgougou”) from Aleppo Pine as a Novel Source of Potentially Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria

    doi: 10.3390/microorganisms7120709

    Figure Lengend Snippet: 2,2-DiPhenyl-1-PicrylHydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (%) of the LAB strains tested as whole cultures (black bars) or CFS (light grey bars). Butyl hydroxytoluene (BHT) was used as a positive control. The bars sharing one common letter (a–e) indicate not significantly ( p > 0.05) different values of radical scavenging activity.

    Article Snippet: The absorbance of the reaction mixture was measured at 517 nm at 0, 10, 20, 30, 60, and 120 min. Two positive controls were used: Butyl hydroxytoluene (BHT) (Sigma-Aldrich) (0.45 g/L in methanol 80%) and ascorbic acid (1%).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Positive Control

    Butylated hydroxytoluene is specifically emitted by western corn rootworm larvae that are infected by entomopathogenic nematodes. A. Venn diagram showing the numbers of overlapping and non-overlapping GC- MS headspace features of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected (brown) western corn rootworm (WCR) cadavers (n=5). B. Principal component analysis (PCA) of volatile emissions of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected (brown) WCR cadavers (n=5). C. Representative GC-MS volatile profile of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected WCR larvae (brown). 1, 3, 5, 6, 8: unknown; 2: aceptophenone; 4: 1-hexanol; 7: benzene; 9: 5-cyclohexadien-1-one; 10: butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT); 11: 2,6-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-(1-oxopropyl) phenol; Cont.: contamination. cps: count per second. D. Volatile peak areas (mean ± SEM) of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected WCR larvae (brown) (n=5). cps: count per second. L : identification based on libraries. S : identification based on pure standards. Stars indicate significant differences (*: p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing specific cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    doi: 10.1101/442483

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene is specifically emitted by western corn rootworm larvae that are infected by entomopathogenic nematodes. A. Venn diagram showing the numbers of overlapping and non-overlapping GC- MS headspace features of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected (brown) western corn rootworm (WCR) cadavers (n=5). B. Principal component analysis (PCA) of volatile emissions of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected (brown) WCR cadavers (n=5). C. Representative GC-MS volatile profile of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected WCR larvae (brown). 1, 3, 5, 6, 8: unknown; 2: aceptophenone; 4: 1-hexanol; 7: benzene; 9: 5-cyclohexadien-1-one; 10: butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT); 11: 2,6-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-(1-oxopropyl) phenol; Cont.: contamination. cps: count per second. D. Volatile peak areas (mean ± SEM) of uninfected (white) and EPN-infected WCR larvae (brown) (n=5). cps: count per second. L : identification based on libraries. S : identification based on pure standards. Stars indicate significant differences (*: p

    Article Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) quantification was made using a standard curve of the pure compound (Sigma Aldrich Chemie, CHE) in 0.01% ethanol (v/v). (E )-β-caryophyllene (EBC) analysis was also modified from previous study ( ).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Infection, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    Butylated hydroxytoluene attracts entomopathogenic nematodes and increases their predation success in the soil. A. Visual representation of experimental setup. Each arena contained two pairs of plants separated by 15 cm. BHT or water (H 2 O) was added to the soil of one of the plant pairs. All treatment solutions contained 0.01% ethanol. EPNs were added to the soil of the second plant pair. After two days, 150 mg soil was collected from the BHT and H 2 O treated plants and placed in cups containing three Galleria mellonella larvae for infection tests. B. Proportion of EPN-infected G. mellonella larvae (mean ± SEM) exposed to soil collected from water (H 2 O) and BHT sides of the different arenas (n=12). Star indicate significant differences (*: p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing specific cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    doi: 10.1101/442483

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene attracts entomopathogenic nematodes and increases their predation success in the soil. A. Visual representation of experimental setup. Each arena contained two pairs of plants separated by 15 cm. BHT or water (H 2 O) was added to the soil of one of the plant pairs. All treatment solutions contained 0.01% ethanol. EPNs were added to the soil of the second plant pair. After two days, 150 mg soil was collected from the BHT and H 2 O treated plants and placed in cups containing three Galleria mellonella larvae for infection tests. B. Proportion of EPN-infected G. mellonella larvae (mean ± SEM) exposed to soil collected from water (H 2 O) and BHT sides of the different arenas (n=12). Star indicate significant differences (*: p

    Article Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) quantification was made using a standard curve of the pure compound (Sigma Aldrich Chemie, CHE) in 0.01% ethanol (v/v). (E )-β-caryophyllene (EBC) analysis was also modified from previous study ( ).

    Techniques: Infection

    Butylated hydroxytoluene attracts herbivores and makes them more susceptible to entomopathogenic nematodes. A . Proportions (mean ± SEM) of western corn rootworm (WCR) larvae orienting towards BHT or H 2 O (n=20), uninfected WCR cadavers or cadavers infected by entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs, n=10), uninfected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=15), EPN-infected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=15). B . WCR infection rate (Mean ± SEM) after exposure to BHT or H 2 O (n=10). C . Proportions (Mean ± SEM) of EPNs orienting towards Diabrotica balteata exudates complemented with BHT or H 2 O, uninfected WCR cadavers or cadavers infected by EPNs, uninfected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O, EPN-infected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=20). D . WCR infection by EPNs (Mean ± SEM) after pre-incubation of EPNs with BHT or H 2 O for 24 hr (n=15). Stars indicate significant differences (*: p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing specific cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    doi: 10.1101/442483

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene attracts herbivores and makes them more susceptible to entomopathogenic nematodes. A . Proportions (mean ± SEM) of western corn rootworm (WCR) larvae orienting towards BHT or H 2 O (n=20), uninfected WCR cadavers or cadavers infected by entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs, n=10), uninfected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=15), EPN-infected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=15). B . WCR infection rate (Mean ± SEM) after exposure to BHT or H 2 O (n=10). C . Proportions (Mean ± SEM) of EPNs orienting towards Diabrotica balteata exudates complemented with BHT or H 2 O, uninfected WCR cadavers or cadavers infected by EPNs, uninfected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O, EPN-infected WCR cadavers covered with BHT or H 2 O (n=20). D . WCR infection by EPNs (Mean ± SEM) after pre-incubation of EPNs with BHT or H 2 O for 24 hr (n=15). Stars indicate significant differences (*: p

    Article Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) quantification was made using a standard curve of the pure compound (Sigma Aldrich Chemie, CHE) in 0.01% ethanol (v/v). (E )-β-caryophyllene (EBC) analysis was also modified from previous study ( ).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Infection, Incubation

    Butylated hydroxytoluene increases herbivore recruitment, predation success and fitness of entomopathogenic nematodes in the soil. A. Visual representation of experimental setup. Entomopathogenic nematodes were applied on both sides of the arenas, and each side was either watered with BHT or H 2 O. Eight western corn rootworm (WCR) larvae were then released in the middle and recollected after five days (n=12). B. Proportions (Mean ± SEM) of WCR larvae recovered from each side (n=12). C. WCR infection rates (Mean ± SEM) on each side (n=12). D. Total number of EPNs (Mean ± SEM) emerging from the WCR larvae on each side (n=12). Stars indicate significant differences (**: p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing specific cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    doi: 10.1101/442483

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene increases herbivore recruitment, predation success and fitness of entomopathogenic nematodes in the soil. A. Visual representation of experimental setup. Entomopathogenic nematodes were applied on both sides of the arenas, and each side was either watered with BHT or H 2 O. Eight western corn rootworm (WCR) larvae were then released in the middle and recollected after five days (n=12). B. Proportions (Mean ± SEM) of WCR larvae recovered from each side (n=12). C. WCR infection rates (Mean ± SEM) on each side (n=12). D. Total number of EPNs (Mean ± SEM) emerging from the WCR larvae on each side (n=12). Stars indicate significant differences (**: p

    Article Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) quantification was made using a standard curve of the pure compound (Sigma Aldrich Chemie, CHE) in 0.01% ethanol (v/v). (E )-β-caryophyllene (EBC) analysis was also modified from previous study ( ).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Infection

    Butylated hydroxytoluene emission is specific to western corn rootworm infection by entomopathogenic nematodes. A. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) emissions (mean ± SEM) of western corn rootworm (WCR) cadavers infected by entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) at 0, 1, 3 and 5 days after infection (n=4-5). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments. B. BHT emissions (mean ± SEM) of uninfected WCR cadavers (n=8), EPN-infected WCR cadavers (n=5), ground uninfected WCR (n=3), EPNs (n=3), EPN symbiontic bacteria (n=3), bacteria-injected WCR (n=5) and bacterial medium (LB)-injected WCR (n=4). n.d.: not detected. Stars indicate significant differences (***: p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing specific cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    doi: 10.1101/442483

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene emission is specific to western corn rootworm infection by entomopathogenic nematodes. A. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) emissions (mean ± SEM) of western corn rootworm (WCR) cadavers infected by entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) at 0, 1, 3 and 5 days after infection (n=4-5). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments. B. BHT emissions (mean ± SEM) of uninfected WCR cadavers (n=8), EPN-infected WCR cadavers (n=5), ground uninfected WCR (n=3), EPNs (n=3), EPN symbiontic bacteria (n=3), bacteria-injected WCR (n=5) and bacterial medium (LB)-injected WCR (n=4). n.d.: not detected. Stars indicate significant differences (***: p

    Article Snippet: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) quantification was made using a standard curve of the pure compound (Sigma Aldrich Chemie, CHE) in 0.01% ethanol (v/v). (E )-β-caryophyllene (EBC) analysis was also modified from previous study ( ).

    Techniques: Western Blot, Infection, Injection

    Biplots of four redundancy analyses relating berry volatile compounds (juice and berry skin, independent variables, yellow circles) to wine volatile compounds (dependant variables, red triangles) in the interspecific hybrid grape varieties Frontenac, Marquette, Maréchal Foch, Sabrevois and St. Croix ( n = 32), for the following groups of compounds: Fatty acid degradation products ( A ), Terpenes and C 13 -norisoprenoids ( B ); Non-aromatic acids, esters, alcohol and acetates ( C ); and Aromatics ( D ). The variables are identified as follow: ( A ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): hexanal (C6CHO_J; C6CHO_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenal (Z3C6_J), ( E )-2-hexenal (E2C6_J; E2C6_Sk), 2-octanone (C8one_J), ( E )-2-heptenal (E2C7_J), hexanol (C6OH_J; C6OH_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_J; Z3C6OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-hexadienal (EEC6_J), ( E )-2-hexenol (juice: 2; E2C6OH_Sk), 1-octen-3-ol (C8OH_J; C8OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 1), ( E , Z )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 3), decanal (dec_J), ( E,Z )-2,6-nonadienal (non_J), 2-undecanone (und_J); Wine variables: hexanal (C6CHO_W), hexanol (C6OH_W), ( E )-3-hexenol (E3C6OH_W), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_W), nonanal (C9CHO_W), ( E , Z )-2,6-nonadienal (wine: 4); ( B ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): β-myrcene (bmyrc_J; bmyrc_Sk), ( R )-(+)-limonene (limon_J; limon_Sk), linalool (linal_J; linal_Sk), α-terpineol (aterp_J), β-citronellol (bcitron_Sk), nerol (nerol_Sk), β-damascenone (bdam_J; bdam_Sk), α-ionone (aiono_J), α-ionol (aionol_J), β-ionone (biono_J; biono_Sk); Wine variables: β-myrcene (bmyrc_W), p -cymenene (pcymen_W), linalool (linal_W), α-terpineol (aterp_W), β-citronellol (bcitron_W), nerol (nerol_W), geraniol (ger_W), β-damascenone (bdam_W); ( C ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): ethyl propanoate (etpro_J), ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_J), ethyl butanoate (etbut_J; etbut_Sk), ethyl 2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_J; et2MB_Sk), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etival_J), ethyl ( E )-2-butenoate (etcro_J; etcro_Sk), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_J), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_J); Wine variables: ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_W), ethyl butanoate (etbut_W), ethyl-2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_W), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etiva_W), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_W), ethyl octanoate (etoct_W), ethyl decanoate (etdec_W), ethyl-3-hydroxyhexanoate (et3OHH_W), hexanoic acid (hexac_W), octanoic acid (octac_W), isobutyl acetate (ibAce_W), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_W), hexyl acetate (hAce_W), ethyl lactate (etlact_W), acetoin (ace_W), butyrolactone (butlac_W), isobutanol (ibutOH_W); ( D ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): 2-phenylacetaldehyde (PhCHO_J, PhCHO_Sk), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_J; PhEtOH_Sk), eugenol (eug_J, eug_Sk), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_J); Wine variables: eugenol (eug_W), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_W), ethyl phenylacetate (etPhAce_W), phenethyl acetate (PhAc_W), ethyl dihydrocinnamate (etdhcin_W), ethyl cinnamate (etcin_W), ethyl vanillate (etvan_W), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_W).

    Journal: Molecules

    Article Title: Volatile Compounds from Grape Skin, Juice and Wine from Five Interspecific HybridGrape Cultivars Grown in Québec (Canada) for Wine Production

    doi: 10.3390/molecules200610980

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Biplots of four redundancy analyses relating berry volatile compounds (juice and berry skin, independent variables, yellow circles) to wine volatile compounds (dependant variables, red triangles) in the interspecific hybrid grape varieties Frontenac, Marquette, Maréchal Foch, Sabrevois and St. Croix ( n = 32), for the following groups of compounds: Fatty acid degradation products ( A ), Terpenes and C 13 -norisoprenoids ( B ); Non-aromatic acids, esters, alcohol and acetates ( C ); and Aromatics ( D ). The variables are identified as follow: ( A ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): hexanal (C6CHO_J; C6CHO_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenal (Z3C6_J), ( E )-2-hexenal (E2C6_J; E2C6_Sk), 2-octanone (C8one_J), ( E )-2-heptenal (E2C7_J), hexanol (C6OH_J; C6OH_Sk), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_J; Z3C6OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-hexadienal (EEC6_J), ( E )-2-hexenol (juice: 2; E2C6OH_Sk), 1-octen-3-ol (C8OH_J; C8OH_Sk), ( E , E )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 1), ( E , Z )-2,4-heptadienal (juice: 3), decanal (dec_J), ( E,Z )-2,6-nonadienal (non_J), 2-undecanone (und_J); Wine variables: hexanal (C6CHO_W), hexanol (C6OH_W), ( E )-3-hexenol (E3C6OH_W), ( Z )-3-hexenol (Z3C6OH_W), nonanal (C9CHO_W), ( E , Z )-2,6-nonadienal (wine: 4); ( B ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): β-myrcene (bmyrc_J; bmyrc_Sk), ( R )-(+)-limonene (limon_J; limon_Sk), linalool (linal_J; linal_Sk), α-terpineol (aterp_J), β-citronellol (bcitron_Sk), nerol (nerol_Sk), β-damascenone (bdam_J; bdam_Sk), α-ionone (aiono_J), α-ionol (aionol_J), β-ionone (biono_J; biono_Sk); Wine variables: β-myrcene (bmyrc_W), p -cymenene (pcymen_W), linalool (linal_W), α-terpineol (aterp_W), β-citronellol (bcitron_W), nerol (nerol_W), geraniol (ger_W), β-damascenone (bdam_W); ( C ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): ethyl propanoate (etpro_J), ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_J), ethyl butanoate (etbut_J; etbut_Sk), ethyl 2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_J; et2MB_Sk), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etival_J), ethyl ( E )-2-butenoate (etcro_J; etcro_Sk), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_J), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_J); Wine variables: ethyl 2-methylpropanoate (etibut_W), ethyl butanoate (etbut_W), ethyl-2-methylbutanoate (et2MB_W), ethyl 3-methylbutanoate (etiva_W), ethyl hexanoate (ethex_W), ethyl octanoate (etoct_W), ethyl decanoate (etdec_W), ethyl-3-hydroxyhexanoate (et3OHH_W), hexanoic acid (hexac_W), octanoic acid (octac_W), isobutyl acetate (ibAce_W), isoamyl acetate (iaAce_W), hexyl acetate (hAce_W), ethyl lactate (etlact_W), acetoin (ace_W), butyrolactone (butlac_W), isobutanol (ibutOH_W); ( D ) Berry juice (_J) and skin variables (_Sk): 2-phenylacetaldehyde (PhCHO_J, PhCHO_Sk), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_J; PhEtOH_Sk), eugenol (eug_J, eug_Sk), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_J); Wine variables: eugenol (eug_W), p -vinylguaiacol (VG_W), ethyl phenylacetate (etPhAce_W), phenethyl acetate (PhAc_W), ethyl dihydrocinnamate (etdhcin_W), ethyl cinnamate (etcin_W), ethyl vanillate (etvan_W), 2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH_W).

    Article Snippet: Acetoin, butyrolactone, β-citronellol, p -cymenene, β-damascenone, decanal, ethyl butanoate, ethyl cinnamate, ethyl decanoate, ethyl dihydrocinnamate, ethyl-3-hydroxyhexanoate, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, ethyl 3-methylbutanoate, ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, (−)-ethyl L-lactate, ethyl octanoate, ethyl phenylacetate, ethyl (E )-2-butenoate, eugenol, fructose, geraniol, d -(+)-gluconic acid δ-lactone, glucose, (E ,E )-2,4-heptadienal, (E ,Z )-2,4-heptadienal, 1-heptanol, (E )-2-heptenal, (E ,E )-2,4-hexadienal, hexanal, hexanoic acid, hexanol, (Z )-3-hexenal, (E )-2- hexenal, (Z )-3-hexenol, (E )-2-hexenol, (E )-3-hexenol, hexyl acetate, α-ionol, α-ionone, β-ionone, isobutanol, isoamyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, linalool, (R )-(+)-limonene, nerol, (E ,Z )-2,6-nonadienal, γ-nonalactone, γ-octalactone, octanoic acid, 2-octanone, 1-octen-3-ol, 1-octen-3-one, phenethyl acetate, 2-phenylacetaldehyde, 2-phenylethanol, α-terpineol, 2-undecanone, and p -vinylguaiacol were bought from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Comparison of scavenging activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds against hydrogen peroxide. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–d) are significantly different ( P

    Journal: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science

    Article Title: Evaluation of In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of the Water Extract Obtained from Dried Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora)

    doi: 10.3746/pnf.2018.23.2.134

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Comparison of scavenging activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds against hydrogen peroxide. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–d) are significantly different ( P

    Article Snippet: 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), linoleic acid, polyoxyethylene-sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20), ammonium thiocyanate, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, potassium ferricyanide, H2 O2 , trichloroacetic acid (TCA), 2-thiobarbutric acid (TBA), 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), BHT, BHA, TBHQ, ferulic acid, α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, tannic acid, Na2 CO3 , NaH2 PO4 , Na2 HPO4 , NaCl, Fe2 SO4 , and Tris were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Company (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques:

    Comparison of inhibition activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds by Fe 2+ /ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–c) are significantly different ( P

    Journal: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science

    Article Title: Evaluation of In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of the Water Extract Obtained from Dried Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora)

    doi: 10.3746/pnf.2018.23.2.134

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Comparison of inhibition activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds by Fe 2+ /ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–c) are significantly different ( P

    Article Snippet: 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), linoleic acid, polyoxyethylene-sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20), ammonium thiocyanate, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, potassium ferricyanide, H2 O2 , trichloroacetic acid (TCA), 2-thiobarbutric acid (TBA), 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), BHT, BHA, TBHQ, ferulic acid, α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, tannic acid, Na2 CO3 , NaH2 PO4 , Na2 HPO4 , NaCl, Fe2 SO4 , and Tris were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Company (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques: Inhibition

    Comparison of inhibition activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds on hemolysis of rat red blood cells induced by 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–d) are significantly different ( P

    Journal: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science

    Article Title: Evaluation of In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of the Water Extract Obtained from Dried Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora)

    doi: 10.3746/pnf.2018.23.2.134

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Comparison of inhibition activities between pine needle water extract (PNWE) and commercial phenol compounds on hemolysis of rat red blood cells induced by 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride. BHA, butylated hydroxyanisole; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; TBHQ, tert -butyl hydroquinone; F.A, ferulic acid. Values with different letters (a–d) are significantly different ( P

    Article Snippet: 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), linoleic acid, polyoxyethylene-sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20), ammonium thiocyanate, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, potassium ferricyanide, H2 O2 , trichloroacetic acid (TCA), 2-thiobarbutric acid (TBA), 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), BHT, BHA, TBHQ, ferulic acid, α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, tannic acid, Na2 CO3 , NaH2 PO4 , Na2 HPO4 , NaCl, Fe2 SO4 , and Tris were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Company (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Techniques: Inhibition