Journal: Nature Communications
Article Title: Mapping tenascin-C interaction with toll-like receptor 4 reveals a new subset of endogenous inflammatory triggers
Figure Lengend Snippet: A conserved cationic ridge in fibrinogen-related proteins (FRePs). a Simplified domain organization of human FRePs: each protein contains distinct N-terminal sequences but all possess a C-terminal FBG domain, including the four tenascin family members (shown in Fig. 1a ), α, β, and γ chains of fibrinogen, the three angiopoietins, seven of the angiopoietin-like proteins (Angio-LPs), the three ficolins, fibroleukin, FIBCD-1, FGL1, and MFAP4. b The cationic loop 5 ridge present in FBG-C, -R, and -W, but absent in FBG-X, is conserved in a subset of FRePs, which possess a comparable structural epitope made up of residues from loops 5, 6, and 7. Homology models of the FBG domains of the three FRePs selected for further analysis are shown together with that of tenascin-C (FBG-C); these include two predicted TLR4 agonists; the fibrinogen γ chain (FIB-G) and ficolin-1 (FIC-1), and one FBG domain predicted to be incapable of activating TLR4; angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ALP-4). The region created by residues from loops 5, 6, and 7 on the surface of each FBG domain is shown in pale orange, within which positively charged residues are colored red
Article Snippet: Protein synthesis and biophysical characterization The FBG domains of tenascin-R, -W, and -X, and of the fibrinogen γ chain, ficolin-1, and angiopoietin-like protein 4, were synthesized and purified as described for the FBG domain of tenascin-C15.