Journal: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
Article Title: LncRNA DNM3OS regulates GREM2 via miR-127-5p to suppress early chondrogenic differentiation of rat mesenchymal stem cells under hypoxic conditions
Figure Lengend Snippet: DNM3OS inhibited chondrogenic differentiation of rMSCs via miR-127-5p regulation of GREM2. The rMSCs were transfected with a DNM3OS overexpression plasmid, followed by induction of chondrogenic differentiation for 14 days. Accordingly, the rMSCs were classified into control, induction, hypoxia, hypoxia/induction, and DNM3OS/induction groups. A The putative binding site for miR-127-5p in the DNM3OS 3′-UTR is shown. B DNM3OS expression was determined by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. C A luciferase reporter assay was performed to identify direct action between DNM3OS and the GREM2 3ʹ-UTR. D Levels of DNM3OS, miR-127-5p, and GREM2 expression were determined by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation of data obtained from three independent experiments. ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, compared with control; # p < 0.05, ### p < 0.001, compared with induction group; E Images from Alcian blue staining assays of rMSCs. (F) Levels of COL1A1, COL2A1, SOX9, and ACAN protein expression were detected in rMSCs. G Levels of GREM2, BMP2, p-SMAD1, and p-SMAD2 in rMSCs were detected by western blotting. H GREM2 protein expression in rMSCs was measured by immunofluorescence
Article Snippet: After finishing blocking in 0.1% BSA, the rMSCs were incubated with the primary antibody against GREM2 overnight at 4 °C, followed by incubation with CY3-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (1:100 dilution; Boster Biological Technology) for 1 h at room temperature.
Techniques: Transfection, Over Expression, Plasmid Preparation, Binding Assay, Expressing, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Luciferase, Reporter Assay, Standard Deviation, Staining, Western Blot, Immunofluorescence