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  • 99
    Thermo Fisher tae buffer
    GEMIN2 enhances the homologous-pairing and strand-exchange activities of RAD51. ( A ) GEMIN2 stimulates the RAD51-mediated homologous pairing. RAD51 and GEMIN2 were incubated at 37°C for 5 min. After this incubation, a 32 P-labeled 50-mer oligonucleotide (1 µM) was added, and the samples were further incubated at 37°C for 5 min. The reactions were then initiated by the addition of the pB5Sarray superhelical dsDNA (20 µM), and were continued at 37°C for 30 min. The reactions were stopped by the addition of SDS and proteinase K, and the <t>deproteinized</t> reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× <t>TAE</t> buffer. The gels were dried, exposed to an imaging plate and visualized using an FLA-7000 imaging analyzer (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). The reactions were conducted with 100 nM RAD51 in the presence of increasing amounts of GEMIN2. A schematic representation of the homologous pairing is presented on the top of the panel. ( B ) Graphic representation of the experiments shown in panel A. Amounts of D-loops relative to that of the RAD51 alone are plotted. The average values of three independent experiments are shown with the SD values. ( C ) Schematic representations of strand-exchange reactions. (i) The RAD51-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RPA addition. (ii) The RPA-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RAD51 addition. ( D ) Strand-exchange reactions where RPA was added to ϕX174 circular ssDNA (20 µM), after [lanes 1–4, panel C(i)] or before [lanes 5–8, panel C(ii)] incubation of the ssDNA with RAD51. Strand-exchange reactions were initiated by the addition of ϕX174 linear dsDNA (20 µM) and (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (100 mM), and incubated for 30 min. The deproteinized products of the reaction mixtures were separated using 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining. ( E ) GEMIN2 enhances strand exchange. ssDNA was incubated with RPA and then with RAD51 [panel C(ii)]. The indicated amounts of GEMIN2 were pre-incubated with RAD51, and subsequently added to the reaction mixture containing the ssDNA and RPA. ( F ) Quantification of panel E. The band intensities of the joint molecule (jm) products were quantified as the percentage of the entire input of the ssDNA and dsDNA molecules. Average values of three independent experiments are shown with standard deviation values.
    Tae Buffer, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 13038 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/tae buffer/product/Thermo Fisher
    Average 99 stars, based on 13038 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    tae buffer - by Bioz Stars, 2020-09
    99/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    96
    Bio-Rad tae buffer
    GEMIN2 enhances the homologous-pairing and strand-exchange activities of RAD51. ( A ) GEMIN2 stimulates the RAD51-mediated homologous pairing. RAD51 and GEMIN2 were incubated at 37°C for 5 min. After this incubation, a 32 P-labeled 50-mer oligonucleotide (1 µM) was added, and the samples were further incubated at 37°C for 5 min. The reactions were then initiated by the addition of the pB5Sarray superhelical dsDNA (20 µM), and were continued at 37°C for 30 min. The reactions were stopped by the addition of SDS and proteinase K, and the <t>deproteinized</t> reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× <t>TAE</t> buffer. The gels were dried, exposed to an imaging plate and visualized using an FLA-7000 imaging analyzer (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). The reactions were conducted with 100 nM RAD51 in the presence of increasing amounts of GEMIN2. A schematic representation of the homologous pairing is presented on the top of the panel. ( B ) Graphic representation of the experiments shown in panel A. Amounts of D-loops relative to that of the RAD51 alone are plotted. The average values of three independent experiments are shown with the SD values. ( C ) Schematic representations of strand-exchange reactions. (i) The RAD51-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RPA addition. (ii) The RPA-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RAD51 addition. ( D ) Strand-exchange reactions where RPA was added to ϕX174 circular ssDNA (20 µM), after [lanes 1–4, panel C(i)] or before [lanes 5–8, panel C(ii)] incubation of the ssDNA with RAD51. Strand-exchange reactions were initiated by the addition of ϕX174 linear dsDNA (20 µM) and (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (100 mM), and incubated for 30 min. The deproteinized products of the reaction mixtures were separated using 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining. ( E ) GEMIN2 enhances strand exchange. ssDNA was incubated with RPA and then with RAD51 [panel C(ii)]. The indicated amounts of GEMIN2 were pre-incubated with RAD51, and subsequently added to the reaction mixture containing the ssDNA and RPA. ( F ) Quantification of panel E. The band intensities of the joint molecule (jm) products were quantified as the percentage of the entire input of the ssDNA and dsDNA molecules. Average values of three independent experiments are shown with standard deviation values.
    Tae Buffer, supplied by Bio-Rad, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 96/100, based on 1876 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/tae buffer/product/Bio-Rad
    Average 96 stars, based on 1876 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    tae buffer - by Bioz Stars, 2020-09
    96/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    94
    Thermo Fisher ultrapure dna typing grade 50x tae buffer
    GEMIN2 enhances the homologous-pairing and strand-exchange activities of RAD51. ( A ) GEMIN2 stimulates the RAD51-mediated homologous pairing. RAD51 and GEMIN2 were incubated at 37°C for 5 min. After this incubation, a 32 P-labeled 50-mer oligonucleotide (1 µM) was added, and the samples were further incubated at 37°C for 5 min. The reactions were then initiated by the addition of the pB5Sarray superhelical dsDNA (20 µM), and were continued at 37°C for 30 min. The reactions were stopped by the addition of SDS and proteinase K, and the <t>deproteinized</t> reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× <t>TAE</t> buffer. The gels were dried, exposed to an imaging plate and visualized using an FLA-7000 imaging analyzer (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). The reactions were conducted with 100 nM RAD51 in the presence of increasing amounts of GEMIN2. A schematic representation of the homologous pairing is presented on the top of the panel. ( B ) Graphic representation of the experiments shown in panel A. Amounts of D-loops relative to that of the RAD51 alone are plotted. The average values of three independent experiments are shown with the SD values. ( C ) Schematic representations of strand-exchange reactions. (i) The RAD51-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RPA addition. (ii) The RPA-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RAD51 addition. ( D ) Strand-exchange reactions where RPA was added to ϕX174 circular ssDNA (20 µM), after [lanes 1–4, panel C(i)] or before [lanes 5–8, panel C(ii)] incubation of the ssDNA with RAD51. Strand-exchange reactions were initiated by the addition of ϕX174 linear dsDNA (20 µM) and (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (100 mM), and incubated for 30 min. The deproteinized products of the reaction mixtures were separated using 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining. ( E ) GEMIN2 enhances strand exchange. ssDNA was incubated with RPA and then with RAD51 [panel C(ii)]. The indicated amounts of GEMIN2 were pre-incubated with RAD51, and subsequently added to the reaction mixture containing the ssDNA and RPA. ( F ) Quantification of panel E. The band intensities of the joint molecule (jm) products were quantified as the percentage of the entire input of the ssDNA and dsDNA molecules. Average values of three independent experiments are shown with standard deviation values.
    Ultrapure Dna Typing Grade 50x Tae Buffer, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/ultrapure dna typing grade 50x tae buffer/product/Thermo Fisher
    Average 94 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    ultrapure dna typing grade 50x tae buffer - by Bioz Stars, 2020-09
    94/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    Image Search Results


    GEMIN2 enhances the homologous-pairing and strand-exchange activities of RAD51. ( A ) GEMIN2 stimulates the RAD51-mediated homologous pairing. RAD51 and GEMIN2 were incubated at 37°C for 5 min. After this incubation, a 32 P-labeled 50-mer oligonucleotide (1 µM) was added, and the samples were further incubated at 37°C for 5 min. The reactions were then initiated by the addition of the pB5Sarray superhelical dsDNA (20 µM), and were continued at 37°C for 30 min. The reactions were stopped by the addition of SDS and proteinase K, and the deproteinized reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× TAE buffer. The gels were dried, exposed to an imaging plate and visualized using an FLA-7000 imaging analyzer (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). The reactions were conducted with 100 nM RAD51 in the presence of increasing amounts of GEMIN2. A schematic representation of the homologous pairing is presented on the top of the panel. ( B ) Graphic representation of the experiments shown in panel A. Amounts of D-loops relative to that of the RAD51 alone are plotted. The average values of three independent experiments are shown with the SD values. ( C ) Schematic representations of strand-exchange reactions. (i) The RAD51-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RPA addition. (ii) The RPA-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RAD51 addition. ( D ) Strand-exchange reactions where RPA was added to ϕX174 circular ssDNA (20 µM), after [lanes 1–4, panel C(i)] or before [lanes 5–8, panel C(ii)] incubation of the ssDNA with RAD51. Strand-exchange reactions were initiated by the addition of ϕX174 linear dsDNA (20 µM) and (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (100 mM), and incubated for 30 min. The deproteinized products of the reaction mixtures were separated using 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining. ( E ) GEMIN2 enhances strand exchange. ssDNA was incubated with RPA and then with RAD51 [panel C(ii)]. The indicated amounts of GEMIN2 were pre-incubated with RAD51, and subsequently added to the reaction mixture containing the ssDNA and RPA. ( F ) Quantification of panel E. The band intensities of the joint molecule (jm) products were quantified as the percentage of the entire input of the ssDNA and dsDNA molecules. Average values of three independent experiments are shown with standard deviation values.

    Journal: Nucleic Acids Research

    Article Title: GEMIN2 promotes accumulation of RAD51 at double-strand breaks in homologous recombination

    doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq271

    Figure Lengend Snippet: GEMIN2 enhances the homologous-pairing and strand-exchange activities of RAD51. ( A ) GEMIN2 stimulates the RAD51-mediated homologous pairing. RAD51 and GEMIN2 were incubated at 37°C for 5 min. After this incubation, a 32 P-labeled 50-mer oligonucleotide (1 µM) was added, and the samples were further incubated at 37°C for 5 min. The reactions were then initiated by the addition of the pB5Sarray superhelical dsDNA (20 µM), and were continued at 37°C for 30 min. The reactions were stopped by the addition of SDS and proteinase K, and the deproteinized reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× TAE buffer. The gels were dried, exposed to an imaging plate and visualized using an FLA-7000 imaging analyzer (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). The reactions were conducted with 100 nM RAD51 in the presence of increasing amounts of GEMIN2. A schematic representation of the homologous pairing is presented on the top of the panel. ( B ) Graphic representation of the experiments shown in panel A. Amounts of D-loops relative to that of the RAD51 alone are plotted. The average values of three independent experiments are shown with the SD values. ( C ) Schematic representations of strand-exchange reactions. (i) The RAD51-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RPA addition. (ii) The RPA-ssDNA complexes are formed before the RAD51 addition. ( D ) Strand-exchange reactions where RPA was added to ϕX174 circular ssDNA (20 µM), after [lanes 1–4, panel C(i)] or before [lanes 5–8, panel C(ii)] incubation of the ssDNA with RAD51. Strand-exchange reactions were initiated by the addition of ϕX174 linear dsDNA (20 µM) and (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (100 mM), and incubated for 30 min. The deproteinized products of the reaction mixtures were separated using 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining. ( E ) GEMIN2 enhances strand exchange. ssDNA was incubated with RPA and then with RAD51 [panel C(ii)]. The indicated amounts of GEMIN2 were pre-incubated with RAD51, and subsequently added to the reaction mixture containing the ssDNA and RPA. ( F ) Quantification of panel E. The band intensities of the joint molecule (jm) products were quantified as the percentage of the entire input of the ssDNA and dsDNA molecules. Average values of three independent experiments are shown with standard deviation values.

    Article Snippet: After an incubation at 37°C for 30 min, the reactions were stopped by the addition of 0.1% SDS and 1.97 mg/ml proteinase K (Roche Applied Science), and were further incubated at 37°C for 15 min. After adding 6-fold loading dye, the deproteinized reaction products were separated by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in 1× TAE buffer at 1.3 V/cm at 4°C for 16 h. The products were visualized by SYBR Gold (Invitrogen) staining.

    Techniques: Incubation, Labeling, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Imaging, Recombinase Polymerase Amplification, Staining, Standard Deviation

    Real-time PCR reaction products checked on agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer: serial 10-fold dilutions of recombinant plasmid. Specific bands of approximately 168 bp were visualised for all replicates of recombinant plasmid dilutions, except the concentration of 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L. For recombinant plasmid dilution with a concentration of 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L only one specific amplicon to three replicates was visualised. MK: MassRuler Low-Range DNA Ladder (Fermentas, Burlington, Ontario, Canada). a, b, c, d, and e: recombinant plasmid dilutions with concentrations of 1 × 10 3 , 1 × 10 2 , 1 × 10 1 , 1 × 10 0 , and 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L, respectively. W: no template control (water).

    Journal: The Scientific World Journal

    Article Title: A Real-Time PCR Assay for Bat SARS-Like Coronavirus Detection and Its Application to Italian Greater Horseshoe Bat Faecal Sample Surveys

    doi: 10.1100/2012/989514

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Real-time PCR reaction products checked on agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer: serial 10-fold dilutions of recombinant plasmid. Specific bands of approximately 168 bp were visualised for all replicates of recombinant plasmid dilutions, except the concentration of 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L. For recombinant plasmid dilution with a concentration of 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L only one specific amplicon to three replicates was visualised. MK: MassRuler Low-Range DNA Ladder (Fermentas, Burlington, Ontario, Canada). a, b, c, d, and e: recombinant plasmid dilutions with concentrations of 1 × 10 3 , 1 × 10 2 , 1 × 10 1 , 1 × 10 0 , and 1 × 10 −1 copies/ μ L, respectively. W: no template control (water).

    Article Snippet: Five microliters of the amplicons were electrophoresed in 2% (w/v) agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in 1x standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer and visualised by ultravioltet (UV) light; MassRuler Low-Range DNA Ladder (Fermentas, Burlington, Ontario, Canada) was used to check that amplicons of the expected size were present.

    Techniques: Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Staining, Recombinant, Plasmid Preparation, Concentration Assay, Amplification

    Real time-PCR reaction products checked on agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer: positive samples detected by developed real-time PCR. Specific bands of approximately 168 bp were visualised for all replicates of the detected positive samples. In this figure is represented the 2% (w/v) agarose gel electrophoresis of five of the 11 positive samples detected in bats belonging to sampling area A (San Cesario sul Panaro, MO). Pl: amplicon of the recombinant plasmid with 1 × 10 4 copies/ μ L; 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5: amplicons of the five positive samples belonging to sampling area A, each with three repetitions.

    Journal: The Scientific World Journal

    Article Title: A Real-Time PCR Assay for Bat SARS-Like Coronavirus Detection and Its Application to Italian Greater Horseshoe Bat Faecal Sample Surveys

    doi: 10.1100/2012/989514

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Real time-PCR reaction products checked on agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer: positive samples detected by developed real-time PCR. Specific bands of approximately 168 bp were visualised for all replicates of the detected positive samples. In this figure is represented the 2% (w/v) agarose gel electrophoresis of five of the 11 positive samples detected in bats belonging to sampling area A (San Cesario sul Panaro, MO). Pl: amplicon of the recombinant plasmid with 1 × 10 4 copies/ μ L; 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5: amplicons of the five positive samples belonging to sampling area A, each with three repetitions.

    Article Snippet: Five microliters of the amplicons were electrophoresed in 2% (w/v) agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide in 1x standard tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer and visualised by ultravioltet (UV) light; MassRuler Low-Range DNA Ladder (Fermentas, Burlington, Ontario, Canada) was used to check that amplicons of the expected size were present.

    Techniques: Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Staining, Sampling, Amplification, Recombinant, Plasmid Preparation