Journal: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Article Title: Enhancing protective microglial activities with a dual function TREM2 antibody to the stalk region
Figure Lengend Snippet: Pharmacokinetics and in vivo target engagement (TE) with 4D9 antibody 4D9 demonstrates standard IgG pharmacokinetics in vivo . Peripheral clearance rates of 4D9 on a human IgG‐effectorless backbone compared with an isotype control were determined in wild‐type mice by hIgG ELISA detection of plasma antibody concentrations 1 and 24 h, and 4 and 7 days after 10 mg/kg intravenous injection of antibody. Brain antibody concentration was measured 24 h post‐intravenous dosing of isotype hIgG at 100 mg/kg, and 4D9‐hIgG dosed intravenously at 100, 50, and 10 mg/kg. Detection of hIgG levels by ELISA demonstrated dose‐dependent brain concentrations of 4D9 in the single digit nM range. Animals were perfused to minimize IgG contribution from the plasma. Data represent the mean ± SEM ( n = 5). Schematic depicting the TE assay setup for bound and total sTREM2 detection. For the bound assay, a secondary anti‐human IgG detects 4D9 antibody bound to soluble TREM2 in CSF and plasma. For the total assay, a saturating amount of 4D9 antibody is added to eliminate unbound sTREM2. The ratio of 4D9‐bound sTREM2 to total sTREM2 is calculated to determine the level of TE achieved by the concentration of antibody present. Target engagement time course demonstrated near 100% 4D9‐bound sTREM2 in CSF of wild‐type mice at 24 h post‐dose. Over a 10‐day time course with time points at days 1, 2, 4, and 7 and study termination at day 10, the bound/total sTREM2 reduces gradually to reach ˜ 50% by day 10. Animals were dosed intravenously with 50 mg/kg of isotype and 4D9 antibodies. Data represent the mean ± SEM ( n = 5). Target engagement dose response demonstrated saturated bound sTREM2 at 50 and 10 mg/kg with > 50% bound sTREM2 at 1 mg/kg of antibody. 4D9‐bound sTREM2 was undetectable at 0.1 mg/kg and lower. 4D9 was IV‐dosed at 50, 10, 1, 0.1, 0.01, 0.001, and 0.0001 mg/kg, and isotype‐dosed at 50 mg/kg. CSF bound: total sTREM2 in wild‐type mice was measured at 24 h. Data represent the mean ± SEM ( n = 5). 4D9 antibody demonstrates a dose‐dependent increase in total brain TREM2 levels. Quantification of total TREM2 in brain lysates from wild‐type mice dosed with 4D9 or isotype control was performed by a MSD‐platform‐based ELISA. Data represent the mean ± SEM ( n = 5) and are shown as pg TREM2 per ug of total protein. One‐way ANOVA, Dunnett's post hoc test, P (isotype vs 4D9 [100 mg/kg])
Article Snippet: Specificity of antibody 4D9 for mouse TREM2 was demonstrated by immunoblotting of 10 ng mouse TREM2‐(His)6 as purchased from Sino Biological.
Techniques: In Vivo, Mouse Assay, Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay, Injection, Concentration Assay