β-pinene Search Results


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  • 97
    Thermo Fisher 1s β pinene
    1s β Pinene, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 97/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/1s β pinene/product/Thermo Fisher
    Average 97 stars, based on 4 article reviews
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    1s β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    98
    Millipore β pinene
    β Pinene, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 98/100, based on 213 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Average 98 stars, based on 213 article reviews
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    β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    91
    Tokyo Chemical Industry β pinene
    Effects of <t>β‐pinene</t> on the development of atopic dermatitis and the scratching behavior in NC /Tnd mice. (a) The clinical skin severity score data from the mice. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from the results from seven mice in each group. * P
    β Pinene, supplied by Tokyo Chemical Industry, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 11 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/β pinene/product/Tokyo Chemical Industry
    Average 91 stars, based on 11 article reviews
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    β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    91
    TCI Tokyo Chemical Industry β pinene
    Effects of <t>β‐pinene</t> on the development of atopic dermatitis and the scratching behavior in NC /Tnd mice. (a) The clinical skin severity score data from the mice. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from the results from seven mice in each group. * P
    β Pinene, supplied by TCI Tokyo Chemical Industry, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 11 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/β pinene/product/TCI Tokyo Chemical Industry
    Average 91 stars, based on 11 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    91
    Thermo Fisher β pinene
    Terpene Induced Hypolocomotion is Partially Mediated by A2a and is Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene, i . p .. After 10 min mice were then placed back into the open field box for a 5 min test. A) α-Humulene, B) <t>β-Pinene,</t> C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of mobile time seconds (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; * p
    β Pinene, supplied by Thermo Fisher, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 9 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/β pinene/product/Thermo Fisher
    Average 91 stars, based on 9 article reviews
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    β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    91
    J&K Scientific β pinene
    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).
    β Pinene, supplied by J&K Scientific, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 2 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/β pinene/product/J&K Scientific
    Average 91 stars, based on 2 article reviews
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    β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    86
    German company dufti β pinene
    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).
    Dufti β Pinene, supplied by German company, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 86/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/dufti β pinene/product/German company
    Average 86 stars, based on 1 article reviews
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    dufti β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    96
    Millipore essential oil standards 1 8 cineole β pinene
    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).
    Essential Oil Standards 1 8 Cineole β Pinene, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 96/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/essential oil standards 1 8 cineole β pinene/product/Millipore
    Average 96 stars, based on 4 article reviews
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    essential oil standards 1 8 cineole β pinene - by Bioz Stars, 2020-11
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    85
    Aptiv β pinene lures
    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).
    β Pinene Lures, supplied by Aptiv, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    91
    Avicenna β pinene
    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).
    β Pinene, supplied by Avicenna, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    Effects of β‐pinene on the development of atopic dermatitis and the scratching behavior in NC /Tnd mice. (a) The clinical skin severity score data from the mice. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from the results from seven mice in each group. * P

    Journal: The Journal of Dermatology

    Article Title: Amelioration of atopic‐like skin conditions in NC/Tnd mice by topical application with distilled Alpinia intermedia Gagnep extracts

    doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.13995

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of β‐pinene on the development of atopic dermatitis and the scratching behavior in NC /Tnd mice. (a) The clinical skin severity score data from the mice. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from the results from seven mice in each group. * P

    Article Snippet: Briefly, A. intermedia Gagnep plants were chopped and boiled, and the evaporated fractions were retrieved and diluted in water. β‐pinene was purchased from Tokyo Chemical Industry (Tokyo, Japan).

    Techniques: Mouse Assay

    Gas chromatography mass spectrometry ( GC ‐ MS ) chromatograms of the Alpinia intermedia extracts. Peak 1, camphene; peak 2, β‐pinene; peak 3, m ‐cymene; and peak 4, limonene.

    Journal: The Journal of Dermatology

    Article Title: Amelioration of atopic‐like skin conditions in NC/Tnd mice by topical application with distilled Alpinia intermedia Gagnep extracts

    doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.13995

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Gas chromatography mass spectrometry ( GC ‐ MS ) chromatograms of the Alpinia intermedia extracts. Peak 1, camphene; peak 2, β‐pinene; peak 3, m ‐cymene; and peak 4, limonene.

    Article Snippet: Briefly, A. intermedia Gagnep plants were chopped and boiled, and the evaporated fractions were retrieved and diluted in water. β‐pinene was purchased from Tokyo Chemical Industry (Tokyo, Japan).

    Techniques: Gas Chromatography, Mass Spectrometry, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    Effects of Alpinia intermedia extracts and β‐pinene on neurite outgrowth in NC /Tnd mice‐derived dorsal root ganglia ( DRG ). (a) Cells were incubated with either the extracts or β‐pinene for 72 h, and the number of neurite‐bearing cells was counted. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from three independent experiments. * P

    Journal: The Journal of Dermatology

    Article Title: Amelioration of atopic‐like skin conditions in NC/Tnd mice by topical application with distilled Alpinia intermedia Gagnep extracts

    doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.13995

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of Alpinia intermedia extracts and β‐pinene on neurite outgrowth in NC /Tnd mice‐derived dorsal root ganglia ( DRG ). (a) Cells were incubated with either the extracts or β‐pinene for 72 h, and the number of neurite‐bearing cells was counted. Data represent the means and standard errors ( SE ) from three independent experiments. * P

    Article Snippet: Briefly, A. intermedia Gagnep plants were chopped and boiled, and the evaporated fractions were retrieved and diluted in water. β‐pinene was purchased from Tokyo Chemical Industry (Tokyo, Japan).

    Techniques: Mouse Assay, Derivative Assay, Incubation

    Terpene Induced Hypolocomotion is Partially Mediated by A2a and is Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene, i . p .. After 10 min mice were then placed back into the open field box for a 5 min test. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of mobile time seconds (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; * p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Cannabis sativa Terpenes are Cannabimimetic and Provide Support for the Entourage Effect Hypothesis

    doi: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350868

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Terpene Induced Hypolocomotion is Partially Mediated by A2a and is Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene, i . p .. After 10 min mice were then placed back into the open field box for a 5 min test. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of mobile time seconds (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; * p

    Article Snippet: Materials WIN55,212-2 (Tocris, #1038), α-Humulene (Sigma Aldrich, #53675), β-Pinene (Alfa Aesar, #A17818), Linalool (Alfa Aesar, #A14424), Geraniol (Alfa Aesar, #13736), and β-Caryophyllene (Cayman, #21572) were all prepared as stock solutions in DMSO.

    Techniques: Mouse Assay, Injection

    Terpene Induced Catalepsy is Partially Mediated by CB1, Strongly Mediated by A2a, and is Partially Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were baselined in the ring test for 5 min, injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene. After 15 min, mice were tested in the ring test again for 5 min. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of % catalepsy (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s post hoc ; ** p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Cannabis sativa Terpenes are Cannabimimetic and Provide Support for the Entourage Effect Hypothesis

    doi: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350868

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Terpene Induced Catalepsy is Partially Mediated by CB1, Strongly Mediated by A2a, and is Partially Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were baselined in the ring test for 5 min, injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene. After 15 min, mice were tested in the ring test again for 5 min. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of % catalepsy (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s post hoc ; ** p

    Article Snippet: Materials WIN55,212-2 (Tocris, #1038), α-Humulene (Sigma Aldrich, #53675), β-Pinene (Alfa Aesar, #A17818), Linalool (Alfa Aesar, #A14424), Geraniol (Alfa Aesar, #13736), and β-Caryophyllene (Cayman, #21572) were all prepared as stock solutions in DMSO.

    Techniques: Mouse Assay, Injection

    Terpene Treatment Activates the CB1 In Vitro . CB1-CHO cells were serum starved for 1 hr then treated with varying concentrations of A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool, D) Geraniol, E) β-Caryophyllene, along with 10 μM WIN55,212-2 positive control or matched vehicle control, for 5 min. Lysates were then subjected to Western analysis and blotted for phospho-ERK and total-ERK (see Methods). Graph represents the quantified Western bands (pERK/tERK). Data expressed as a % of WIN55,212-2 stimulation (n=3 independent experiments). Statistics analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; * p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Cannabis sativa Terpenes are Cannabimimetic and Provide Support for the Entourage Effect Hypothesis

    doi: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350868

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Terpene Treatment Activates the CB1 In Vitro . CB1-CHO cells were serum starved for 1 hr then treated with varying concentrations of A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool, D) Geraniol, E) β-Caryophyllene, along with 10 μM WIN55,212-2 positive control or matched vehicle control, for 5 min. Lysates were then subjected to Western analysis and blotted for phospho-ERK and total-ERK (see Methods). Graph represents the quantified Western bands (pERK/tERK). Data expressed as a % of WIN55,212-2 stimulation (n=3 independent experiments). Statistics analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; * p

    Article Snippet: Materials WIN55,212-2 (Tocris, #1038), α-Humulene (Sigma Aldrich, #53675), β-Pinene (Alfa Aesar, #A17818), Linalool (Alfa Aesar, #A14424), Geraniol (Alfa Aesar, #13736), and β-Caryophyllene (Cayman, #21572) were all prepared as stock solutions in DMSO.

    Techniques: In Vitro, Positive Control, Western Blot

    Terpenes Induce Hypothermia Through Mostly Non-CB1/A2a Mechanisms and are Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were baselined for temperature, injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene. After 30min, temperature was assessed again. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM temperature (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s post hoc ; **** p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Cannabis sativa Terpenes are Cannabimimetic and Provide Support for the Entourage Effect Hypothesis

    doi: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350868

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Terpenes Induce Hypothermia Through Mostly Non-CB1/A2a Mechanisms and are Additive with Cannabinoid. Mice were baselined for temperature, injected with 200 mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant or 10 mg/kg istradefyllene. After 30min, temperature was assessed again. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM temperature (n=10-20/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s post hoc ; **** p

    Article Snippet: Materials WIN55,212-2 (Tocris, #1038), α-Humulene (Sigma Aldrich, #53675), β-Pinene (Alfa Aesar, #A17818), Linalool (Alfa Aesar, #A14424), Geraniol (Alfa Aesar, #13736), and β-Caryophyllene (Cayman, #21572) were all prepared as stock solutions in DMSO.

    Techniques: Mouse Assay, Injection

    Terpenes Induce CB1 Dependent and Cannabinoid Additive Antinociception in the Tail Flick Assay. Mice were treated with 200mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant, all injected i . p .. Mice were then assessed in the tail flick test over 2 hr. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of tail flick latency (n=10-14/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; *p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Cannabis sativa Terpenes are Cannabimimetic and Provide Support for the Entourage Effect Hypothesis

    doi: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350868

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Terpenes Induce CB1 Dependent and Cannabinoid Additive Antinociception in the Tail Flick Assay. Mice were treated with 200mg/kg terpene alone, combined with 5.6 mg/kg WIN55,212-2, or after pretreatment with 10 mg/kg rimonabant, all injected i . p .. Mice were then assessed in the tail flick test over 2 hr. A) α-Humulene, B) β-Pinene, C) Linalool and D) Geraniol. Data represents the mean ± SEM of tail flick latency (n=10-14/group). Statistics analyzed via RM two-way ANOVA, Dunnett’s post hoc ; *p

    Article Snippet: Materials WIN55,212-2 (Tocris, #1038), α-Humulene (Sigma Aldrich, #53675), β-Pinene (Alfa Aesar, #A17818), Linalool (Alfa Aesar, #A14424), Geraniol (Alfa Aesar, #13736), and β-Caryophyllene (Cayman, #21572) were all prepared as stock solutions in DMSO.

    Techniques: Tail Flick Test, Mouse Assay, Injection

    Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  Conogethes punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and  C .  punctiferalis  infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by  C .  punctiferalis  for 60 h. (1)  α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3)  β -thujene, (4)  β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6)  β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Host Preference and Performance of the Yellow Peach Moth (Conogethes punctiferalis) on Chestnut Cultivars

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157609

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and Conogethes punctiferalis infested Huaijiu fruits. (a) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact fruits of four chestnut cultivars, HH-IT = intact Huaihuang fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, YH-IT = intact Yanhong fruits, SS-IT = intact Shisheng fruits, (b) Representative total ion current chromatograms of the volatiles emitted by intact and C . punctiferalis infested Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IT = intact Huaijiu fruits, HJ-IF12 = Huaijiu fruits infested by C . punctiferalis for 12 h, HJ-IF36 = Huaijiu fruits infested by C . punctiferalis for 36 h, HJ-IF60 = Huaijiu fruits infested by C . punctiferalis for 60 h. (1) α -pinene, (2) camphene, (3) β -thujene, (4) β -pinene, (5) eucalyptol, (6) β -ocimene, (7) 3-carene, (8) nonanal, (9) ( E )-2-butenoic acid,2-(methylene-cyclopropyl)prop-2-yl ester, (IS) internal standard ( n -nonyl acetate).

    Article Snippet: Chemicals n -Hexane (99.9%) was purchased from Thermo Fisher Scientific (China) Co., Ltd. (Shanghai, China), and α -pinene (98%) and β -pinene (98%) were from J & K Chemical (Shanghai) Ltd. (Shanghai, China).

    Techniques: