Article Title: α-Ionone, an Apocarotenoid, Induces Plant Resistance to Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, Independently of Jasmonic Acid
Figure Lengend Snippet: Effects of apocarotenoids on the infestation of tomato leaves by western flower thrips. Tomato leaves treated with different concentrations of α-ionone, β-cyclocitral, or β-ionone for 48 h were used for the infestation assay using western flower thrips. Female thrips were placed on leaf disks, and the numbers of laid eggs were counted 3 d after the inoculation. Values are the mean ± SD ( n = 22–26 replicates). Different letters indicate significant differences among treatments (Tukey–Kramer honestly significant difference (HSD) test, p
Article Snippet: Chemical Treatments α-Ionone (Wako, Osaka, Japan), β-ionone (Wako), and β-cyclocitral (Alfa Aesar, Lancashire, UK) were dissolved in ethanol or methanol and diluted to appropriate concentrations.
Techniques: Western Blot