human tnfr1  (Hycult Biotech)


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    Structured Review

    Hycult Biotech human tnfr1
    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the <t>TNFR1</t> gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Human Tnfr1, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/human tnfr1/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    human tnfr1 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration"

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).

    Techniques Used: Homologous Recombination

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry, Western Blot

    Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.

    Techniques Used: Blocking Assay

    human tnfr1  (Hycult Biotech)


    Bioz Verified Symbol Hycult Biotech is a verified supplier
    Bioz Manufacturer Symbol Hycult Biotech manufactures this product  
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  • 90

    Structured Review

    Hycult Biotech human tnfr1
    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the <t>TNFR1</t> gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Human Tnfr1, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/human tnfr1/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    human tnfr1 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration"

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).

    Techniques Used: Homologous Recombination

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry, Western Blot

    Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.

    Techniques Used: Blocking Assay

    human tnfr1  (Hycult Biotech)


    Bioz Verified Symbol Hycult Biotech is a verified supplier
    Bioz Manufacturer Symbol Hycult Biotech manufactures this product  
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  • 90

    Structured Review

    Hycult Biotech human tnfr1
    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the <t>TNFR1</t> gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Human Tnfr1, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/human tnfr1/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    human tnfr1 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration"

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).

    Techniques Used: Homologous Recombination

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry, Western Blot

    Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.

    Techniques Used: Blocking Assay

    rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002  (Hycult Biotech)


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    Hycult Biotech rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002
    Rabbit Polyclonal Anti Tnfr1 Hp9002, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars

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    Hycult Biotech human tnfr1
    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the <t>TNFR1</t> gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Human Tnfr1, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/human tnfr1/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    human tnfr1 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    90
    Hycult Biotech rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002
    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the <t>TNFR1</t> gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).
    Rabbit Polyclonal Anti Tnfr1 Hp9002, supplied by Hycult Biotech, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002/product/Hycult Biotech
    Average 90 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    rabbit polyclonal anti tnfr1 hp9002 - by Bioz Stars, 2024-07
    90/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    Image Search Results


    Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Humanized hu/mTNFR1-k/i mouse models. Schematic representation of the homologous recombination in the TNFR1 gene locus. Shown is the wild-type genomic locus (A), the targeted locus, including the neo cassette (B), and the genomic locus of chimeric mice (Cre’d locus; C).

    Article Snippet: Then, 0.5 × 10 6 cells were incubated with antibodies against mouse TNFR1 (HP8002; Hycult Biotec), human TNFR1 (HP9002; Hycult Biotec), mouse TNFR2 (HP8003; Hycult Biotec), and human TNFR2 (HP9003; Hycult Biotec) for 45 min on ice.

    Techniques: Homologous Recombination

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in homozygous mice. Splenocytes or thymocytes were isolated from C57BL/6J wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) mice. Then mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) expression was analyzed by flow cytometry using subgates for CD45R+ B cells, CD68+ macrophages (splenocytes), and CD8+ thymocytes. Gray histograms show the isotype controls; black lines indicate signals measured for TNFR1 or TNFR2 expression. Data are presented as normalized to unit area.

    Article Snippet: Then, 0.5 × 10 6 cells were incubated with antibodies against mouse TNFR1 (HP8002; Hycult Biotec), human TNFR1 (HP9002; Hycult Biotec), mouse TNFR2 (HP8003; Hycult Biotec), and human TNFR2 (HP9003; Hycult Biotec) for 45 min on ice.

    Techniques: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry

    Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Expression of transgenic hu/mTNFR1-k/i and hu/mTNFR2-k/i in primary cells isolated from homozygous mice. Primary MEFs were isolated from wild-type (A and B), hu/mTNFR1-k/i (A), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (B) C57BL/6 mice. Expression of mouse TNFR1 (HP8002) and human TNFR1 (HP9002) (A) or mouse TNFR2 (HP8003) and human TNFR2 (HP9003) (B) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are presented as normalized to unit area. (C and D) Brain tissue isolated from wild-type (C and D), hu/mTNFR1-k/I (C), or hu/mTNFR2-k/i (D) C57BL/6 mice. Tissue was lyzed and expression of huTNFR1 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR1-k/i, H398) or huTNFR2 (wild-type, hu/mTNFR2-k/i, MR2-1) was analyzed by Western blot.

    Article Snippet: Then, 0.5 × 10 6 cells were incubated with antibodies against mouse TNFR1 (HP8002; Hycult Biotec), human TNFR1 (HP9002; Hycult Biotec), mouse TNFR2 (HP8003; Hycult Biotec), and human TNFR2 (HP9003; Hycult Biotec) for 45 min on ice.

    Techniques: Expressing, Transgenic Assay, Isolation, Flow Cytometry, Western Blot

    Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.

    Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Article Title: Essential protective role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in neurodegeneration

    doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605195113

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Mechanism of TNFR1 antagonist ATROSAB and TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2-mediated neuroprotection. (A) TNFR1 signaling induces neurodegeneration and inflammation, whereas TNFR2 signaling promotes neuroprotection. (B) ATROSAB, an antagonistic TNFR1-selective antibody, can block TNFR1 signaling, leading to prevention of neurodegeneration and inflammation. More importantly, in the presence of ATROSAB, tmTNF stays free to activate neuroprotective signaling via TNFR2. Our data indicate that, by blocking TNFR1, ATROSAB shifts the endogenous tmTNF signaling toward neuroprotective TNFR2 signaling. Similarly, the TNFR2 agonist EHD2–scTNFR2 can directly activate TNFR2 and thereby induce neuroprotection.

    Article Snippet: Then, 0.5 × 10 6 cells were incubated with antibodies against mouse TNFR1 (HP8002; Hycult Biotec), human TNFR1 (HP9002; Hycult Biotec), mouse TNFR2 (HP8003; Hycult Biotec), and human TNFR2 (HP9003; Hycult Biotec) for 45 min on ice.

    Techniques: Blocking Assay