Rabbit Polyclonal Anti E1b 19k, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 85/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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1) Product Images from "Hypoxia and defective apoptosis drive genomic instability and tumorigenesis"
Article Title: Hypoxia and defective apoptosis drive genomic instability and tumorigenesis
Journal: Genes & Development
Figure Legend Snippet: Formation of tumor giant cells in tumors defective for apoptosis. ( A ) Hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections reveal numerous tumor giant cells in tumors from transformed BMK cells expressing BCL-2 or E1B 19K. Typical sections of carcinomas as described in the text are shown at a magnification of 200× and highlight areas enriched for tumor giant cells in tumors from animals injected with transformed BMK cells expressing BCL-2 or E1B 19K, with insets of grossly polyploid cells in mitosis (at 1000× magnification). Several tumor giant cells in each image are indicated by white arrows. Note the absence of tumor giant cells in tumors formed by the W2.3.1–5 cells. A typical section of a tumor area enriched for tumor giant cells was also immunostained for adenovirus E1A to demonstrate that the tumor giant cells are derived from the input-transformed BMK cells. Note the numerous tumor giant cells that stain brown in the E1A immunohistochemistry, including several examples indicated by arrows. A tumor section (20 μm) enriched for tumor giant cells (arrows) was stained with YOYO-1 to reveal DNA content as described in the text. This image is shown at 630×. ( B ) Aberrant metaphases and polyploid cells accumulate during tumor progression. Tumor sections were developed by immunohistochemistry using antibodies specific for phospho-histone H3 and are shown at 200×. Black arrows indicate aberrant polyploid mitotic arrays, and mitotic arrays presented at 600× in the insets are boxed. Top panels represent images of sections from mature tumors. Phosphohistone H3 immunohistochemistry of sections of transformed BMK cell masses excised from mice on days 2 and 9 after injection are shown in the bottom two rows (200×). Insets in the phospho-histone H3 panels were photographed at 600×, and areas present in the insets are boxed. Grossly aberrant mitotic arrays stained for phospho-histone H3 that are evident in the W2.Bcl2–3 and D3.zeo-2, but not W2.3.1–5, cells on day 9 are indicated in the insets by white arrows. Necrotic centers are indicated (N).
Techniques Used: Staining, Transformation Assay, Expressing, Injection, Derivative Assay, Immunohistochemistry, Mouse Assay
Figure Legend Snippet: Antiapoptotic BCL-2 family proteins block apoptosis and promote tumor formation. ( A ) Generation of stable cell lines. Cell extracts made from stable BMK cells that express both BAX and BAK (W2), or that are deficient for BAX and BAK (D3), were subjected to Western blotting with antibodies specific for BCL-2 ( left top panel) or E1B 19K ( right top panel). Note the similar expression levels of each exogenous protein in three independent clones (depicted numerically) and undetectable levels of each exogenous protein in the vector-only control cell lines (W2.3.1–2,5,6 or D3.zeo-1,2,3). Blots were then reprobed with an antibody to actin to verify nearly equivalent levels of protein in all lanes, shown below the BCL-2 and E1B 19K panels. ( B ) BCL-2 and E1B 19K block apoptosis in response to staurosporine. Stable BMK cell lines expressing BCL-2, E1B 19K, and controls were treated with media alone (open bars) or media containing 0.4 μM staurosporine (filled bars) for 24 h, and the viable cell number was determined by trypan blue exclusion. Results are presented as the percent of viable cells in each condition, which in each case represents the average of three independent plates. ( C ) BCL-2 and E1B 19K antagonize BAX and BAK to promote tumor formation. Three independent stable BMK cell lines (circles, squares, and diamonds) expressing BCL-2 (green symbols), E1B 19K (blue symbols), or controls (red symbols) were injected subcutaneously into nude mice, and tumor formation was monitored over time. Each point represents the average tumor volume for five injected animals. W2 cells, which express both BAX and BAK, are shown in the left panel. D3 cells, which are deficient for both BAX and BAK, are shown in the right panel. Note that BCL-2 or E1B 19K expression caused a profound acceleration of tumor formation in the W2 cells, whereas the kinetics of tumor formation in the D3 cells, which are deficient for both BAX and BAK, were unchanged by BCL-2 or E1B 19K expression.
Techniques Used: Blocking Assay, Stable Transfection, Western Blot, Expressing, Clone Assay, Plasmid Preparation, Injection, Mouse Assay