conotoxin  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs conotoxin
    Conotoxin, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    conotoxin  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs conotoxin
    Conotoxin, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    µ conotoxin piiia  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs µ conotoxin piiia
    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM <t>conotoxin</t> (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    µ Conotoxin Piiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Average 94 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    µ conotoxin piiia - by Bioz Stars, 2023-01
    94/100 stars

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    1) Product Images from "Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction"

    Article Title: Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction

    Journal: Journal of Neurophysiology

    doi: 10.1152/jn.00510.2017

    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.

    Techniques Used: Ex Vivo, Sampling

    µ conotoxin piiia  (Alomone Labs)


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    Structured Review

    Alomone Labs µ conotoxin piiia
    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM <t>conotoxin</t> (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    µ Conotoxin Piiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 86/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/µ conotoxin piiia/product/Alomone Labs
    Average 86 stars, based on 1 article reviews
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    µ conotoxin piiia - by Bioz Stars, 2023-01
    86/100 stars

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    1) Product Images from "Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction"

    Article Title: Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction

    Journal: Journal of Neurophysiology

    doi: 10.1152/jn.00510.2017

    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.

    Techniques Used: Ex Vivo, Sampling

    µ conotoxin piiia  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs µ conotoxin piiia
    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM <t>conotoxin</t> (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    µ Conotoxin Piiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 86/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/µ conotoxin piiia/product/Alomone Labs
    Average 86 stars, based on 1 article reviews
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    µ conotoxin piiia - by Bioz Stars, 2023-01
    86/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction"

    Article Title: Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction

    Journal: Journal of Neurophysiology

    doi: 10.1152/jn.00510.2017

    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.

    Techniques Used: Ex Vivo, Sampling

    µ conotoxin piiia  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs µ conotoxin piiia
    µ Conotoxin Piiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    ω aga iiia  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs ω aga iiia
    ω Aga Iiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Alomone Labs conotoxin
    Conotoxin, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/conotoxin/product/Alomone Labs
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    Alomone Labs µ conotoxin piiia
    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM <t>conotoxin</t> (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    µ Conotoxin Piiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/µ conotoxin piiia/product/Alomone Labs
    Average 94 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    µ conotoxin piiia - by Bioz Stars, 2023-01
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    Alomone Labs ω aga iiia
    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM <t>conotoxin</t> (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.
    ω Aga Iiia, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/ω aga iiia/product/Alomone Labs
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    Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.

    Journal: Journal of Neurophysiology

    Article Title: Impact of spatiotemporal calcium dynamics within presynaptic active zones on synaptic delay at the frog neuromuscular junction

    doi: 10.1152/jn.00510.2017

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Role of VGCC density on synaptic delay. A: schematic representing manipulation of the density of VGCCs. B: average simulated synaptic delays when there are 52, 26 (control model), 13, or 4 VGCCs in the model AZ. All comparisons made to the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.035; 4 VGCCs: P = 0.002; 2-sided bootstrap test, α = 0.001 with Bonferroni correction; n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average simulated synaptic delay. C: average synaptic delays measured from an ex vivo frog NMJ preparation before and after application of 600 nM conotoxin (CgTx) GVIA; P < 0.05, 2-sided paired t-test, α = 0.05, degrees of freedom = 31; n = 32 pairs. D: spatiotemporal calcium profile within the sampling box beneath synaptic vesicles triggered to fuse. E: expansion of the time base to illustrate the 10–90% rise of the calcium profile plotted in D with best fit lines in light gray. Comparisons were made to the best fit line to the control (26 VGCC displacement) model, 2-sided sum of squares F-test with Bonferroni correction: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; α = 0.001, n = 2,000 seeds for each condition. F: % calcium ion contributions from specific VGCCs to total bound calcium ions on vesicles triggered to fuse (denoted by large filled circle) for simulations with 4, 13, 26 (control model), or 56 VGCCs in the AZ (calculated as described for Fig. 2). All comparisons made to the main channel in the 26 VGCC configuration: 52 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 13 VGCCs: P = 0.004; 4 VGCCs: P < 0.001; 2-sided bootstrap test with Bonferroni correction, α = 0.001, n = 100,000 bootstrap repetitions of average ratio of calcium ions contributed to release. *Significant difference.

    Article Snippet: Before recording, preparations were bathed in µ-conotoxin PIIIA (Alomone Laboratories) to prevent most muscle contraction, with any residual contractions further blocked by inclusion of 0.1–0.5 µM tubocurarine chloride hydrate (Sigma-Aldrich) in the bath during recording.

    Techniques: Ex Vivo, Sampling