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    NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly Bundle for Large Fragments
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    NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly Bundle for Large Fragments 20 rxns
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    Cloning and Expression Systems
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    New England Biolabs nebuilder hifi
    NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly Bundle for Large Fragments
    NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly Bundle for Large Fragments 20 rxns
    https://www.bioz.com/result/nebuilder hifi/product/New England Biolabs
    Average 99 stars, based on 16 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    nebuilder hifi - by Bioz Stars, 2020-07
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    1) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    2) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    3) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    4) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    5) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    6) Product Images from "Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants"

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Techniques Used: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

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    Clone Assay:

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    Article Snippet: .. A plasmid to express Sp Cas9hinge ( ) was produced by cloning five synthetic gene fragments in pE-SUMO (Life Sensors, PA) using NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly (New England Biolabs). .. For purification, E. coli BL21 Rosetta 2 (DE3) cells were transformed with pSUMOCas9hinge and grown overnight on LB with 50 μg/ml ampicillin.

    Article Title: Optogenetic control of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein signalling pathway through engineered blue light-sensitive receptors
    Article Snippet: .. DNA vector assembly All vectors were constructed through NEB HiFi Assembly or restriction enzyme cloning. .. Both optogenetic receptors were assembled through an initial generation of a vector backbone through PCR amplification of opto-mFGFR (a gift from Harald Janovjak, Addgene plasmid #58745) to omit the mFGFR coding region.

    Ligation:

    Article Title: Detecting genetic variation and base modifications together in the same single molecules of DNA and RNA at base pair resolution using a magnetic tweezer platform
    Article Snippet: .. The DNA fragments were digested with BsaI to generate specific overhangs that allow the ligation of surface specific oligonucleotides (PS1420 and PS867) and the second overhang created at the opposite end was used to ligate the loop (PS189 and PS1472). .. The resulting hairpin molecules were bound on 5 μg of Dynabeads™ MyOne™ Streptavidin T1 (Invitrogen) in PB for 60 min. at room temperature.

    Construct:

    Article Title: Optogenetic control of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein signalling pathway through engineered blue light-sensitive receptors
    Article Snippet: .. DNA vector assembly All vectors were constructed through NEB HiFi Assembly or restriction enzyme cloning. .. Both optogenetic receptors were assembled through an initial generation of a vector backbone through PCR amplification of opto-mFGFR (a gift from Harald Janovjak, Addgene plasmid #58745) to omit the mFGFR coding region.

    Article Title: Reversed paired-gRNA plasmid cloning strategy for efficient genome editing in Escherichia coli
    Article Snippet: .. All of the paired-gRNA plasmids were constructed by using the Gibson Assembly method which can facilitate two overlapping DNA fragments to be assembled into a circular molecular via the concerted action of a 5’ exonuclease, a DNA polymerase and a DNA ligase ( ). .. For the PCR reaction, the 20-bp guide sequences specific for two targeted loci were embedded in primers as a part of insert.

    Produced:

    Article Title: 5’ modifications to CRISPR Cas9 gRNA can change the dynamics and size of R-loops and inhibit DNA cleavage
    Article Snippet: .. A plasmid to express Sp Cas9hinge ( ) was produced by cloning five synthetic gene fragments in pE-SUMO (Life Sensors, PA) using NEBuilder HiFi DNA Assembly (New England Biolabs). .. For purification, E. coli BL21 Rosetta 2 (DE3) cells were transformed with pSUMOCas9hinge and grown overnight on LB with 50 μg/ml ampicillin.

    other:

    Article Title: A simple and efficient method for in vitro site-directed mutagenesis
    Article Snippet: In brief, the longer and shorter DNA fragments were mixed at a molar ratio of 1:10.

    Sequencing:

    Article Title: LF4/MOK and a CDK-related kinase regulate the number and length of cilia in Tetrahymena
    Article Snippet: .. To overexpress mCherry-LF4AF82A , the GFP-LF4A part of pNeo5_ovGFP-LF4A was replaced with two fragments that provide the sequence of mCherry-LF4AF82A using NEBuilder Hifi DNA Assembly. .. The point mutation was created at the junction between the two fragments, which were amplified with the following primer pairs: 5’-CTAAACTTAAAATAATGGCCAAGTCGACGGTTTCAAAAGGAGAAGAAG-3’, 5-CAATTCAGCCACTAGTGCCAAACGTCCTGTAG-3’, 5’- GCACTAGTGGCTGAATTGATGGATCAGAACC-3’ AND 5’-CAAAAGCTGGGTACCGGGCCCATATGGGTGGCGTG-3’ from pNeo5_ovmCherry-LF4.

    Electroporation:

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants
    Article Snippet: .. Appropriate volumes of the SLiCE, NEBuilder HiFi or Gibson DNA assembled products were transformed into TOP10 E . coli (Invitrogen) or NEB5α (NEB) by electroporation or heat shock according to the manufacturer’s protocols. .. Transformed cells were spread on plates containing appropriate antibiotic, ampicillin (100 μg/ml), spectinomycin (75 μg/ml), kanamycin (50 μg/ml) or rifampicin (20 μg/ml).

    Transformation Assay:

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants
    Article Snippet: .. Appropriate volumes of the SLiCE, NEBuilder HiFi or Gibson DNA assembled products were transformed into TOP10 E . coli (Invitrogen) or NEB5α (NEB) by electroporation or heat shock according to the manufacturer’s protocols. .. Transformed cells were spread on plates containing appropriate antibiotic, ampicillin (100 μg/ml), spectinomycin (75 μg/ml), kanamycin (50 μg/ml) or rifampicin (20 μg/ml).

    Plasmid Preparation:

    Article Title: 5’ modifications to CRISPR Cas9 gRNA can change the dynamics and size of R-loops and inhibit DNA cleavage
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    Article Title: Optogenetic control of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein signalling pathway through engineered blue light-sensitive receptors
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    Article Snippet: .. NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly (New England Biolabs Japan Inc, Tokyo, Japan) was also used for plasmid constructions. .. To construct pUA51 (EHG1 -GFP, LEU2 , 2μ ), the EHG1 ORF was amplified using pUA36 as a template and primers 5′- TTGATATCGAATTCCTGCAGTACGTCACCCGCCTCTTCGCTGAT-3′ and 5′- TGCTCACCATGGATCCCATAACGGAACCAACCATGGAATAACTTAG-3′.

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    New England Biolabs nebuilder hifi assembly
    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by <t>NEBuilder</t> <t>HiFi</t> assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.
    Nebuilder Hifi Assembly, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 24 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    New England Biolabs flag atrxδrbr ha
    RBR-ID identifies regions within ATRX that bind RNA. a Top—Residue-level RBR-ID scores plotted along the primary sequence of human ATRX. Data are from eight biological replicates processed in two separate experiments. Bottom—Schematic for location of RNA binding peptides along human ATRX. PHD finger domain is in gray and helicase domain in dark blue. The region we designate the RBR is in green. b Coomassie gel of purified GST and GST-RBR (left), ATRX helicase domain (middle), and full-length ATRX and <t>ATRXΔRBR</t> (right) proteins. Representative image from three independent protein purifications is shown. c In vitro DNA/RNA IP with GST (gray) and GST-RBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. d In vitro RNA IP with GST (left) and GST-RBR (right) proteins at indicated concentrations with MBP or Xist Repeat A RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. e In vitro RNA IP with GST and GST-RBR and a mixture of MBP and Repeat A RNAs. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. f In vitro RNA IP with <t>FLAG-ATRX</t> helicase, GST-RBR and Repeat A RNA. Flag beads alone or GST are used as controls. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. g In vitro DNA/RNA IP with ATRX (gray) and ATRXΔRBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. h RNA IP with purified proteins as indicated and total RNAs from MEFs. RNA is visualized by SYBR gold staining and immunoprecipitated proteins are detected by western blot. Source data are provided as a Source Data file. Representative image from three independent experiments is shown. Source data underlying Fig. 2b–h are provided as a Source Data file.
    Flag Atrxδrbr Ha, supplied by New England Biolabs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) u sing custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Article Snippet: According to the colony PCR results, TAR assembly was confirmed to be more efficient in comparison to NEBuilder HiFi assembly in the conditions tested here.

    Techniques: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Article Snippet: According to the colony PCR results, TAR assembly was confirmed to be more efficient in comparison to NEBuilder HiFi assembly in the conditions tested here.

    Techniques: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Article Snippet: According to the colony PCR results, TAR assembly was confirmed to be more efficient in comparison to NEBuilder HiFi assembly in the conditions tested here.

    Techniques: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) using custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Multigene cloning with Plant X-tender expression vectors. Two expression cassettes were cloned into pCAMBIA_ASX and introduced into N . benthamiana . (A-F) Scheme of cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extension homologies in the case of p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS expression cassette. PCR amplification of subunits (pNOS, ECFP, t35S) using custom-designed primers with appropriate 5’ extensions to add overlaps between the individual subunits and chosen Level 0 plasmid in the case of pNOS::ECFP_t35S expression cassette. (B) Assembly of subunits into Hin dIII digested Level 0 vectors by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. Only the restriction of Level 0 vector with A0/A1 homology regions is shown. (C) Assembled cassettes flanked by homology regions were released from the backbone using Pme I. (D) Assembly of expression cassettes into Pac I digested Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of the multigene construct from Level 1 vector using I- Sce I homing endonuclease, cutting outside the homology regions A0 and B0. (F) Assembly of two expression cassettes and yeast selection marker ( URA3 ) into Hin dIII digested Plant X-tender expression vectors with SLiCE of NEBuilder HiFi. (G–J) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_multigene (upper panel) or with empty A . tumefaciens (bottom panel). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as a maximum projection of z-stacks. (H) ECFP is localised in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (I) Bright field. (J) Overlay of G, H and I. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, pNOS: nopaline synthase promoter, ECFP: cyan fluorescent protein, t35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, A0, A1 AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, Re: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Asc I, Sbf I, Swa I, Fse I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method. TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Article Snippet: We subsequently assembled both expression cassettes in Level 1 vector pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) [ ] by TAR and NEBuilder HiFi assembly ( ).

    Techniques: Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Construct, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay

    Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Design of Plant X-tender expression vectors. Vector pCAMBIA 1300 (A) or Gateway vectors (pK7WG, pH7WG or pB7WG) (B) were used as a backbone. (A) I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette was introduced into the MCS region of pCAMBIA1300 by overlap-based cloning methods after backbone digestion with Bam HI and Hin dIII to obtain pCAMBIA_ASX. (B) T35S–AttR2– ccd B–AttR1 cassette was released from the Gateway plasmid backbone by digestion with Xba I and Sac I and replaced with a I- Sce I–A0– Hin dIII– ccd B– Hin dIII–B0–I- Sce I cassette by overlap-based cloning methods to obtain pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX or pB7WG_ASX. MCS: multiple cloning site, A0/B0: homology regions, Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Spec: selection marker conferring spectinomycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Hyg: selection marker conferring hygromycin resistance in plants, R: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (kanamycin resistance in pK7WG, hygromycin resistance in pH7WG, herbicide glufosinate-ammonium resistance in pB7WG), LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Bam HI, Xba I, Sac I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, AttR1/AttR2: Gateway cloning recombination sites, T35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S terminator, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method.

    Article Snippet: We subsequently assembled both expression cassettes in Level 1 vector pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) [ ] by TAR and NEBuilder HiFi assembly ( ).

    Techniques: Expressing, Plasmid Preparation, Clone Assay, Selection, Marker, Ligation

    Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Plant X-tender: An extension of the AssemblX system for the assembly and expression of multigene constructs in plants

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190526

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Functional evaluation of constructed vectors by cloning expression cassette p35S::H2BRFP_tNOS into Plant X-tender expression vectors. (A-F) Scheme of the cloning procedure. (A) Amplification of expression cassette from template plasmid using primers with appropriate 5’ and 3’ extensions to add A0 and AR homology regions. (B) Expression cassette assembly in Hin dIII restricted pL0A_0-R Level 0 vector by NEBuilder HiFi assembly method. (C) Release of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR from Level 0 vector by Pme I digestion. (D) Assembly of expression cassette with flanking homology regions A0 and AR into Pac I digested pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) Level 1 vector by TAR or NEBuilder HiFi. (E) Release of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 from Level 1 vector by I- Sce I digestion. (F) Assembly of expression cassette flanked by URA3 yeast selection marker and homology regions A0 and B0 into Plant X-tender expression vectors by SLiCE or NEBuilder HiFi. (G-I) Images of agroinfiltrated N . benthamiana leaves obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Leaves were agroinfiltrated with agrobacteria containing pCAMBIA_ASX_cassette, pK7WG_ASX_cassette, pH7WG_ASX_cassette, pB7WG_ASX_cassette or empty agrobacteria (top to bottom). (G) Nuclear localisation of RFP. Fluorescence is represented as maximum projections of z-stacks. (H) Bright field. (I) Overlay of G with H. Scale bars are 100 μm. p35S: cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S promoter, H2BRFP: histon sequence fused to red fluorescence protein (mRFP1), tNOS: nopaline synthase terminator, A0, AR, B0: homology regions, Rp: selection marker conferring resistance in plants (hygromycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX and pH7WG_ASX, kanamycin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, glufosinate-ammonium in the case of pB7WG_ASX), Re: selection marker conferring resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens (kanamycin in the case of pCAMBIA_ASX, spectinomycinin in the case of pK7WG_ASX, pH7WG_ASX and pB7WG_ASX), Amp: selection marker conferring ampicillin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , Kan: selection marker conferring kanamycin resistance in E . coli and A . tumefaciens , LB: left border of T-DNA, RB: right border of T-DNA, Hin dIII, I- Sce I, Pac I, Pme I: restriction enzyme recognition sites, URA3 : yeast selection marker, ccd B: bacterial suicide gene, SLiCE: Seamless ligation cloning extract cloning method, HiFi: NEBuilder HiFi DNA assembly method, Gibson: Gibson DNA assembly method, TAR: cloning based on transformation-associated recombination, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ASX: Plant X-tender expression vector.

    Article Snippet: We subsequently assembled both expression cassettes in Level 1 vector pL1A-hc / pL1A-lc (A0/AR) [ ] by TAR and NEBuilder HiFi assembly ( ).

    Techniques: Functional Assay, Construct, Clone Assay, Expressing, Amplification, Plasmid Preparation, Selection, Marker, Confocal Microscopy, Fluorescence, Sequencing, Ligation, Transformation Assay, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    RBR-ID identifies regions within ATRX that bind RNA. a Top—Residue-level RBR-ID scores plotted along the primary sequence of human ATRX. Data are from eight biological replicates processed in two separate experiments. Bottom—Schematic for location of RNA binding peptides along human ATRX. PHD finger domain is in gray and helicase domain in dark blue. The region we designate the RBR is in green. b Coomassie gel of purified GST and GST-RBR (left), ATRX helicase domain (middle), and full-length ATRX and ATRXΔRBR (right) proteins. Representative image from three independent protein purifications is shown. c In vitro DNA/RNA IP with GST (gray) and GST-RBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. d In vitro RNA IP with GST (left) and GST-RBR (right) proteins at indicated concentrations with MBP or Xist Repeat A RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. e In vitro RNA IP with GST and GST-RBR and a mixture of MBP and Repeat A RNAs. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. f In vitro RNA IP with FLAG-ATRX helicase, GST-RBR and Repeat A RNA. Flag beads alone or GST are used as controls. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. g In vitro DNA/RNA IP with ATRX (gray) and ATRXΔRBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. h RNA IP with purified proteins as indicated and total RNAs from MEFs. RNA is visualized by SYBR gold staining and immunoprecipitated proteins are detected by western blot. Source data are provided as a Source Data file. Representative image from three independent experiments is shown. Source data underlying Fig. 2b–h are provided as a Source Data file.

    Journal: Nature Communications

    Article Title: Disruption of ATRX-RNA interactions uncovers roles in ATRX localization and PRC2 function

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15902-9

    Figure Lengend Snippet: RBR-ID identifies regions within ATRX that bind RNA. a Top—Residue-level RBR-ID scores plotted along the primary sequence of human ATRX. Data are from eight biological replicates processed in two separate experiments. Bottom—Schematic for location of RNA binding peptides along human ATRX. PHD finger domain is in gray and helicase domain in dark blue. The region we designate the RBR is in green. b Coomassie gel of purified GST and GST-RBR (left), ATRX helicase domain (middle), and full-length ATRX and ATRXΔRBR (right) proteins. Representative image from three independent protein purifications is shown. c In vitro DNA/RNA IP with GST (gray) and GST-RBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. d In vitro RNA IP with GST (left) and GST-RBR (right) proteins at indicated concentrations with MBP or Xist Repeat A RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. e In vitro RNA IP with GST and GST-RBR and a mixture of MBP and Repeat A RNAs. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. f In vitro RNA IP with FLAG-ATRX helicase, GST-RBR and Repeat A RNA. Flag beads alone or GST are used as controls. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. g In vitro DNA/RNA IP with ATRX (gray) and ATRXΔRBR (blue) proteins as indicated with MBP or Xist Repeat A DNA/RNA. Data are presented as mean values +/− SEM. P values are calculated using two-sided Student’s t test. h RNA IP with purified proteins as indicated and total RNAs from MEFs. RNA is visualized by SYBR gold staining and immunoprecipitated proteins are detected by western blot. Source data are provided as a Source Data file. Representative image from three independent experiments is shown. Source data underlying Fig. 2b–h are provided as a Source Data file.

    Article Snippet: Protein purification Full-length FLAG-ATRX-HA, FLAG-ATRXΔRBR-HA, and FLAG-ATRX helicase domain were generated using NEBuilder (NEB #E2621S).

    Techniques: Sequencing, RNA Binding Assay, Purification, In Vitro, Staining, Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot