Structured Review

Medicago medicago trunculata
Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and <t>Medicago</t> <t>trunculata</t> . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.
Medicago Trunculata, supplied by Medicago, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 10 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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1) Product Images from "Dichotomy in the NRT Gene Families of Dicots and Grass Species"

Article Title: Dichotomy in the NRT Gene Families of Dicots and Grass Species

Journal: PLoS ONE

doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015289

Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and Medicago trunculata . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.
Figure Legend Snippet: Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and Medicago trunculata . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.

Techniques Used:

2) Product Images from "An efficient Foxtail mosaic virus vector system with reduced environmental risk"

Article Title: An efficient Foxtail mosaic virus vector system with reduced environmental risk

Journal: BMC Biotechnology

doi: 10.1186/1472-6750-10-88

Fluorescence microscopy of monocots and legumes agroinoculated with FECT40/GFP/p19 . (a) Maize leaf infection. For all grasses tested, occasional areas of scattered fluorescent cells were seen more commonly in FECT40/GFP/p19 agroinoculated leaves than in p19 agroinoculated or noninoculated leaves, but such cells were rare nonetheless. (b) Medicago trunculata leaf infection. Scattered fluorescent cells were common and FECT40/GFP/p19-infected tissue was easily distinguishable from p19-inoculated control leaves under fluorescent microscopy for both M. trunculata and lentils.
Figure Legend Snippet: Fluorescence microscopy of monocots and legumes agroinoculated with FECT40/GFP/p19 . (a) Maize leaf infection. For all grasses tested, occasional areas of scattered fluorescent cells were seen more commonly in FECT40/GFP/p19 agroinoculated leaves than in p19 agroinoculated or noninoculated leaves, but such cells were rare nonetheless. (b) Medicago trunculata leaf infection. Scattered fluorescent cells were common and FECT40/GFP/p19-infected tissue was easily distinguishable from p19-inoculated control leaves under fluorescent microscopy for both M. trunculata and lentils.

Techniques Used: Fluorescence, Microscopy, Infection

3) Product Images from "Antifungal defensins and their role in plant defense"

Article Title: Antifungal defensins and their role in plant defense

Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00116

Alignment of the amino acid sequence of antifungal plant defensins. PgD5: Picea glauca defensin (Accession: AAR84643); Pvd1: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 1 (Accession: ADR30066); PvD2: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 2 (Accession: ADR3006); NmDef1: Nicotiana megalosiphon defensin (Accession: ACR46857); TvD1: Tephrosia villosa defensin (Accession: AAX86993); MtDef4: Medicago trunculata defensin 4 (Accession: 2LR3_A); alfAFP: Medicago sativa antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: AAG40321); Psd1: Pisum sativum defensin 1 (Accession: 1JKZ_A); HsAFP1: Heuchera sanguinea antifungal peptide (Accession: P0C8Y5); AhAMP1: Aesculus hippocastanum antimicrobial peptide 1 (Accession: AAB34970); RsAFP1: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: 1AYJ_A); RsAFP2: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 2 (Accession: P30230); NaD1: Nicotiana alata defensin 1 (Accession: 4ABO_A); SPE10: Pachyrrihizus erosus peptide (Accession: 3PSM_A); PhD1: Petunia hybrida defensin 1 (Accession: 1N4N_A); Sd5: Saccharum officinarum defensin 5 (Accession: 2KSK_A); VrD2: Vigna radiata defensin 2 (Accession: 2GL1_A). Asterisk indicates conserved cysteine amino acid residues among antifungal defensins (gray boxes). Gray lines represents the disulfide bridges between cysteine amino acid residues. Pink box and blue amino acid residues correspond to the γ-core region. Green arrows indicate β-sheet region and green cylinder indicate α-helix region. Alignment was done using ClustalW2 Tool.
Figure Legend Snippet: Alignment of the amino acid sequence of antifungal plant defensins. PgD5: Picea glauca defensin (Accession: AAR84643); Pvd1: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 1 (Accession: ADR30066); PvD2: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 2 (Accession: ADR3006); NmDef1: Nicotiana megalosiphon defensin (Accession: ACR46857); TvD1: Tephrosia villosa defensin (Accession: AAX86993); MtDef4: Medicago trunculata defensin 4 (Accession: 2LR3_A); alfAFP: Medicago sativa antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: AAG40321); Psd1: Pisum sativum defensin 1 (Accession: 1JKZ_A); HsAFP1: Heuchera sanguinea antifungal peptide (Accession: P0C8Y5); AhAMP1: Aesculus hippocastanum antimicrobial peptide 1 (Accession: AAB34970); RsAFP1: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: 1AYJ_A); RsAFP2: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 2 (Accession: P30230); NaD1: Nicotiana alata defensin 1 (Accession: 4ABO_A); SPE10: Pachyrrihizus erosus peptide (Accession: 3PSM_A); PhD1: Petunia hybrida defensin 1 (Accession: 1N4N_A); Sd5: Saccharum officinarum defensin 5 (Accession: 2KSK_A); VrD2: Vigna radiata defensin 2 (Accession: 2GL1_A). Asterisk indicates conserved cysteine amino acid residues among antifungal defensins (gray boxes). Gray lines represents the disulfide bridges between cysteine amino acid residues. Pink box and blue amino acid residues correspond to the γ-core region. Green arrows indicate β-sheet region and green cylinder indicate α-helix region. Alignment was done using ClustalW2 Tool.

Techniques Used: Sequencing

Related Articles

Sequencing:

Article Title: Characterization of microsatellites and gene contents from genome shotgun sequences of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek)
Article Snippet: .. GeneMark.hmm eukaryotic version 3.3 [ ] based on Hidden Markov Models was used to predict coding sequence (cds) of the contig set using Medicago trunculata as a model organism and default parameter conditions. .. For the functional annotation, the potential coding sequences were analyzed by BLAST2GO [ ].

other:

Article Title: Dichotomy in the NRT Gene Families of Dicots and Grass Species
Article Snippet: The exception is Medicago trunculata which appears to lack any NRT3.2CT (or NRT3.1 ) orthologues in the genome at all.

Article Title: Symbiosis Specificity of the Preceding Host Plant Can Dominate but Not Obliterate the Association Between Wheat and Its Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Partners
Article Snippet: For example, closely related AMF have been shown to alter transcriptional profiles of Medicago trunculata ( ).

Article Title: An efficient Foxtail mosaic virus vector system with reduced environmental risk
Article Snippet: Blackwell (switchgrass), Setaria viridis (foxtail grass), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Triticum aestivum (wheat), Avena sativa (oat) and Zea mays (corn), Medicago trunculata (barrel medic), Lens culinaris (lentil), and Cicer arietinum (chickpea) plants were germinated from seed and grown with 24h/day illumination with plant spectrum fluorescent bulbs.

Article Title: DNA repair and recombination in higher plants: insights from comparative genomics of arabidopsis and rice
Article Snippet: Analysis of the presence of XPB gene in different plant genomes including rice, Medicago trunculata , Carica papaya , Vitis venifera , Zea mays , Glycine max , sorghum and populus have indicated that beside Glycine max none of the analyzed plant genome has two paralogs for XPB genes.

Activity Assay:

Article Title: Antifungal defensins and their role in plant defense
Article Snippet: .. In both cases, it was demonstrated that positively-charged amino acids located at the γ-core motif were essential for the antifungal activity of theses peptides, and the substitution of neutral residues inside this γ-core by other positively-charged amino acid residues increased their activity towards pathogenic fungi., while studying defensins from Medicago trunculata , verified that the antifungal activity of MtDef1 was due to the presence of four positively-charged amino acids, also located in the γ-core region, which was lacking in the structure of the non-antifungal peptide MtDef2. .. Moreover, in vitro assays revealed that this region might be involved in the ability of MtDef1 to block L-type Ca++ channels in mammalian cells.

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    Medicago medicago trunculata medtr
    Phylogenetic relationship of G-protein subunits of B. rapa . The phylogenetic analysis of ( A ) Gα, ( B ) Gβ, and ( C ) Gγ proteins of B. rapa (Bra), A. thaliana (At), O. sativa (Os), Glycine max (Glyma), Brassica napus (Bna), Zea mays (GRMZM), <t>Medicago</t> <t>trunculata</t> (Medtr) and Psycomitrella patens (Pp) was performed using neighbor-joining method in MEGA5 (Tamura et al. , 2011). The values above the branches represent bootstrap percentage (1,000 replicates) of replicate trees in which the associated proteins clustered together. The tree is drawn to scale, with branch lengths measured in the number of substitutions per site. The B. rapa G-proteins are represented in bold letters.
    Medicago Trunculata Medtr, supplied by Medicago, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 86/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Average 86 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
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    91
    Medicago medicago trunculata
    Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and <t>Medicago</t> <t>trunculata</t> . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.
    Medicago Trunculata, supplied by Medicago, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 91/100, based on 10 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/medicago trunculata/product/Medicago
    Average 91 stars, based on 10 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    medicago trunculata - by Bioz Stars, 2020-08
    91/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

    Image Search Results


    Phylogenetic relationship of G-protein subunits of B. rapa . The phylogenetic analysis of ( A ) Gα, ( B ) Gβ, and ( C ) Gγ proteins of B. rapa (Bra), A. thaliana (At), O. sativa (Os), Glycine max (Glyma), Brassica napus (Bna), Zea mays (GRMZM), Medicago trunculata (Medtr) and Psycomitrella patens (Pp) was performed using neighbor-joining method in MEGA5 (Tamura et al. , 2011). The values above the branches represent bootstrap percentage (1,000 replicates) of replicate trees in which the associated proteins clustered together. The tree is drawn to scale, with branch lengths measured in the number of substitutions per site. The B. rapa G-proteins are represented in bold letters.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Evolution, Expression Differentiation and Interaction Specificity of Heterotrimeric G-Protein Subunit Gene Family in the Mesohexaploid Brassica rapa

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105771

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Phylogenetic relationship of G-protein subunits of B. rapa . The phylogenetic analysis of ( A ) Gα, ( B ) Gβ, and ( C ) Gγ proteins of B. rapa (Bra), A. thaliana (At), O. sativa (Os), Glycine max (Glyma), Brassica napus (Bna), Zea mays (GRMZM), Medicago trunculata (Medtr) and Psycomitrella patens (Pp) was performed using neighbor-joining method in MEGA5 (Tamura et al. , 2011). The values above the branches represent bootstrap percentage (1,000 replicates) of replicate trees in which the associated proteins clustered together. The tree is drawn to scale, with branch lengths measured in the number of substitutions per site. The B. rapa G-proteins are represented in bold letters.

    Article Snippet: Following plant species were used for phylogenetic tree construction: Arabidopsis thaliana (At), Oryza sativa (Os), Glycine max (Glyma), Brassica napus (Bna), Zea mays (GRMZM), Medicago trunculata (Medtr) and Psycomitrella patens (Pp) .

    Techniques:

    Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and Medicago trunculata . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Dichotomy in the NRT Gene Families of Dicots and Grass Species

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015289

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Genomic organisation of the NRT3 genes in the dicots. Results are depicted for Arabidopsis thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Ricinus communis , Poplar trichocarpa , Vitis vinifera and Medicago trunculata . The genes represented by a similar colour are reciprocal top BLAST hits. Genes are labelled with Arabidopsis thaliana nomenclature: AtNRT3.1 , AtNRT3.2SF1 , AtNRT3.2SF2/3 and AtNRT3.2CT . Chromosome or scaffold numbers for each species are provided. Illustrations are not to scale.

    Article Snippet: The exception is Medicago trunculata which appears to lack any NRT3.2CT (or NRT3.1 ) orthologues in the genome at all.

    Techniques:

    Fluorescence microscopy of monocots and legumes agroinoculated with FECT40/GFP/p19 . (a) Maize leaf infection. For all grasses tested, occasional areas of scattered fluorescent cells were seen more commonly in FECT40/GFP/p19 agroinoculated leaves than in p19 agroinoculated or noninoculated leaves, but such cells were rare nonetheless. (b) Medicago trunculata leaf infection. Scattered fluorescent cells were common and FECT40/GFP/p19-infected tissue was easily distinguishable from p19-inoculated control leaves under fluorescent microscopy for both M. trunculata and lentils.

    Journal: BMC Biotechnology

    Article Title: An efficient Foxtail mosaic virus vector system with reduced environmental risk

    doi: 10.1186/1472-6750-10-88

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Fluorescence microscopy of monocots and legumes agroinoculated with FECT40/GFP/p19 . (a) Maize leaf infection. For all grasses tested, occasional areas of scattered fluorescent cells were seen more commonly in FECT40/GFP/p19 agroinoculated leaves than in p19 agroinoculated or noninoculated leaves, but such cells were rare nonetheless. (b) Medicago trunculata leaf infection. Scattered fluorescent cells were common and FECT40/GFP/p19-infected tissue was easily distinguishable from p19-inoculated control leaves under fluorescent microscopy for both M. trunculata and lentils.

    Article Snippet: Blackwell (switchgrass), Setaria viridis (foxtail grass), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Triticum aestivum (wheat), Avena sativa (oat) and Zea mays (corn), Medicago trunculata (barrel medic), Lens culinaris (lentil), and Cicer arietinum (chickpea) plants were germinated from seed and grown with 24h/day illumination with plant spectrum fluorescent bulbs.

    Techniques: Fluorescence, Microscopy, Infection

    Alignment of the amino acid sequence of antifungal plant defensins. PgD5: Picea glauca defensin (Accession: AAR84643); Pvd1: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 1 (Accession: ADR30066); PvD2: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 2 (Accession: ADR3006); NmDef1: Nicotiana megalosiphon defensin (Accession: ACR46857); TvD1: Tephrosia villosa defensin (Accession: AAX86993); MtDef4: Medicago trunculata defensin 4 (Accession: 2LR3_A); alfAFP: Medicago sativa antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: AAG40321); Psd1: Pisum sativum defensin 1 (Accession: 1JKZ_A); HsAFP1: Heuchera sanguinea antifungal peptide (Accession: P0C8Y5); AhAMP1: Aesculus hippocastanum antimicrobial peptide 1 (Accession: AAB34970); RsAFP1: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: 1AYJ_A); RsAFP2: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 2 (Accession: P30230); NaD1: Nicotiana alata defensin 1 (Accession: 4ABO_A); SPE10: Pachyrrihizus erosus peptide (Accession: 3PSM_A); PhD1: Petunia hybrida defensin 1 (Accession: 1N4N_A); Sd5: Saccharum officinarum defensin 5 (Accession: 2KSK_A); VrD2: Vigna radiata defensin 2 (Accession: 2GL1_A). Asterisk indicates conserved cysteine amino acid residues among antifungal defensins (gray boxes). Gray lines represents the disulfide bridges between cysteine amino acid residues. Pink box and blue amino acid residues correspond to the γ-core region. Green arrows indicate β-sheet region and green cylinder indicate α-helix region. Alignment was done using ClustalW2 Tool.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: Antifungal defensins and their role in plant defense

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00116

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Alignment of the amino acid sequence of antifungal plant defensins. PgD5: Picea glauca defensin (Accession: AAR84643); Pvd1: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 1 (Accession: ADR30066); PvD2: Phaseolus vulgaris defensin 2 (Accession: ADR3006); NmDef1: Nicotiana megalosiphon defensin (Accession: ACR46857); TvD1: Tephrosia villosa defensin (Accession: AAX86993); MtDef4: Medicago trunculata defensin 4 (Accession: 2LR3_A); alfAFP: Medicago sativa antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: AAG40321); Psd1: Pisum sativum defensin 1 (Accession: 1JKZ_A); HsAFP1: Heuchera sanguinea antifungal peptide (Accession: P0C8Y5); AhAMP1: Aesculus hippocastanum antimicrobial peptide 1 (Accession: AAB34970); RsAFP1: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 1 (Accession: 1AYJ_A); RsAFP2: Raphanus sativus antifungal peptide 2 (Accession: P30230); NaD1: Nicotiana alata defensin 1 (Accession: 4ABO_A); SPE10: Pachyrrihizus erosus peptide (Accession: 3PSM_A); PhD1: Petunia hybrida defensin 1 (Accession: 1N4N_A); Sd5: Saccharum officinarum defensin 5 (Accession: 2KSK_A); VrD2: Vigna radiata defensin 2 (Accession: 2GL1_A). Asterisk indicates conserved cysteine amino acid residues among antifungal defensins (gray boxes). Gray lines represents the disulfide bridges between cysteine amino acid residues. Pink box and blue amino acid residues correspond to the γ-core region. Green arrows indicate β-sheet region and green cylinder indicate α-helix region. Alignment was done using ClustalW2 Tool.

    Article Snippet: In both cases, it was demonstrated that positively-charged amino acids located at the γ-core motif were essential for the antifungal activity of theses peptides, and the substitution of neutral residues inside this γ-core by other positively-charged amino acid residues increased their activity towards pathogenic fungi., while studying defensins from Medicago trunculata , verified that the antifungal activity of MtDef1 was due to the presence of four positively-charged amino acids, also located in the γ-core region, which was lacking in the structure of the non-antifungal peptide MtDef2.

    Techniques: Sequencing