egcg l arginine  (Millipore)


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    Structured Review

    Millipore egcg l arginine
    Egcg L Arginine, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 6 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/egcg l arginine/product/Millipore
    Average 99 stars, based on 6 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    egcg l arginine - by Bioz Stars, 2020-03
    99/100 stars

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    Related Articles

    Centrifugation:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: After removing cellular debris by low-speed centrifugation, the supernatant was loaded onto a two-step, CsCl density gradient (ρ = 1.3 and 1.4 g/ml). .. L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles.

    Filtration:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles. .. The sample was subjected to centrifugal filtration (YM-100 centrifugal devices, Millipore, Billerica, Massachusetts, USA) for a final washing and concentrating step.

    Article Title: Biochemical enrichment and biophysical characterization of a taste receptor for L-arginine from the catfish, Ictalurus puntatus
    Article Snippet: The absolute enantiomer, L-arginine HCl, was purchased from Sigma, and the absolute enantiomer, D-arginine HCl, was a gift of the Ajinomoto Co., Tokyo, Japan. .. Sephacryl S-300 HR, High Range Gel Filtration Calibration Kits, and 1.0 ml Hitrap Q columns were purchased from Pharmacia Biotech (Piscataway, NJ).

    Cell Isolation:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: CD8 T cell isolation and in vitro activation ... Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Modification:

    Article Title: Molecular Signature of CAID Syndrome: Noncanonical Roles of SGO1 in Regulation of TGF-β Signaling and Epigenomics
    Article Snippet: .. Cell culture and SILAC SILAC Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium without L-arginine and L-lysine (88364; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA) was supplemented with 13C6, 15N4 L-arginine (20104102; Silantes, München, Germany), 13C6, and 15N2 L-lysine (2111604102; Silantes), or unlabeled 12C614N4 L-arginine (A5006; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) and 12C6L-lysine (L5501; Sigma Aldrich) to produce heavy and light SILAC media, respectively. .. L-proline (P5607; Sigma Aldrich) also was added to a final concentration of 100 μg/mL to prevent amino acid conversion.

    Article Title: Quantitative Proteomics with siRNA Screening Identifies Novel Mechanisms of Trastuzumab Resistance in HER2 Amplified Breast Cancers *
    Article Snippet: Light medium was supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen), 0.27 m m l -lysine, and 0.58 m m l -arginine (Sigma Aldrich). .. After four passages (roughly eight cell divisions) of cell expansion, the cells were washed twice in PBS and scraped and collected using modified radioimmune precipitation assay buffer (150 m m NaCl, 50 m m Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 1% Nonidet P-40, 0.25% Sodium Deoxycholate, and 1 m m EDTA) containing phosphatase and protease inhibitors (PPI) (5 m m NaF, 5 m m β-Glycerophosphate, 1 tablet inhibitor mixture (Roche, Indianapolis, IN), and 1 m m activated sodium orthovanadate).

    Article Title: Insert engineering and solubility screening improves recovery of virus-like particle subunits displaying hydrophobic epitopes
    Article Snippet: .. Modified DD IT1 capsomere recovered via SEC in buffer containing 50 m M l -arginine ( l -Arg) (≥98%, Sigma-Aldrich, ) at pH 8.5 was assembled by dialysis in standard assembly buffer containing 0.5 M (NH4 )2 SO4 , 20 m M Tris–base, 5% glycerol (v/v), 1 m M CaCl2 at pH 7.4, with or without l -Arg at 50 m M . .. Samples were placed on 200-mesh carbon-coated copper grids and left to settle for 90 s. Following two washes in water, grids were negative stained with 2% uranyl acetate for 60 s. TEM was carried out on a JEOL 1010 at 80 kV and images were cropped and adjusted for brightness using Adobe Photoshop (CS6; ).

    Incubation:

    Article Title: Essential Role for an M17 Leucine Aminopeptidase in Encystation of Acanthamoeba castellanii
    Article Snippet: Briefly, 10 μL of enzyme solution was added to 190 μL of assay buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, 1 mM MnCl2 , pH 8.0) containing 10 μM Leu-AMC and incubated for 20 min at 37°C, and the release of fluorescence was measured at an excitation wavelength of 370 nm and an emission wavelength of 440 nm using a Gemini EM fluorescence microplate reader (Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). .. The substrate specificity of AcLAPr was determined using Leu-AMC, l -arginine-AMC (Arg-AMC), and l -methionine-AMC (Met-AMC) (all from Sigma-Aldrich) as substrates.

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: The pellet was resuspended in 1 mL red blood cell lysis buffer (eBioscience, #00-4300-54) and incubated at room temperature for 1 min. .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Article Title: Novel interconnections of HOG signaling revealed by combined use of two proteomic software packages
    Article Snippet: SILAC yeast cells were grown in SC supplemented with 0.05 mg/ml of L-arginine: HCl (U-13 C6, 97–99%) and L-lysine:2HCl (U-13 C6, 97–99%) (Euriso-top), and 0.2 mg/ml of proline (Sigma). .. Cultures were incubated shaking (180 rpm) at 30 °C for at least seven generations until OD600 = 1.

    Isotopic Labeling:

    Article Title: Cell-specific Labeling Enzymes for Analysis of Cell–Cell Communication in Continuous Co-culture *
    Article Snippet: All cells were obtained from ATCC Manassas, VA (except KPC cells, a kind gift from Professor Owen Sansom, Glasgow) and were grown in DMEM (deficient for L -lysine and L -arginine) (DMP49, Caisson, Utah) supplemented with 10% (v/v) dialyzed FBS (Invitrogen), 0.3 m m L -arginine (A8094, Sigma) and/or L -lysine (L5501, Sigma), D -lysine (L5876, Sigma), and DAP (07036, Sigma). .. For SILAC isotopic labeling, cells were grown in 2.5 m m “medium” L -lysine (Isotec 616192, Sigma) (delta mass: 4.025107; delta average mass: 4.0246) or “heavy” L -lysine (Isotec 608041, Sigma) (delta mass: 8.014199; delta average mass: 7.9427).

    Activity Assay:

    Article Title: Essential Role for an M17 Leucine Aminopeptidase in Encystation of Acanthamoeba castellanii
    Article Snippet: The effects of an aminopeptidase inhibitor (bestatin; Sigma-Aldrich) and metal chelators (EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline; Sigma-Aldrich) on AcLAPr activity were assessed by preincubating the enzyme with different concentrations of the reagents in 50 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 8.0) containing 1 mM MnCl2 for 20 min at 37°C, after which Leu-AMC (10 μM) was added and activity assayed as described above. .. The substrate specificity of AcLAPr was determined using Leu-AMC, l -arginine-AMC (Arg-AMC), and l -methionine-AMC (Met-AMC) (all from Sigma-Aldrich) as substrates.

    Infection:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: It was purified according to the protocol used by ; briefly, infected chicken embryonic cells were sonicated on ice in the presence of Freon-TF. .. L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles.

    Expressing:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: The HLA-B*57:01 , HLA-B*57:03 , HLA-B*58:01 and β 2 m genes were sub-cloned into the pET-30 expression vector and were expressed into inclusion bodies separately in Escherichia coli . .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer.

    Knock-In:

    Article Title: Assessing the impact of minimizing arginine conversion in fully defined SILAC culture medium in human embryonic stem cells
    Article Snippet: 2.2 Feeder‐free culture of hESC WA01 OCT4–eGFP Knock‐In hESC (WiCell Research Institute) were plated on a precoated xeno‐free vitronectin (VN XF, Primorigen Biosciences, Madison, WI, USA) 6‐well plate (coating concentration = 0.5 μg/cm2 ) and cultured in E8TM medium (37°C, 5% CO2 , and 5% O2 ). .. E8TM medium was made by diluting E8TM 50× supplement 1:50 with “arginine and lysine‐free” DMEM/F12 (Thermo Scientific, Rockford, IL, USA) supplemented with 398 μM l‐ arginine HCl and 499 μM l‐ lysine HCl (both from Sigma‐Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Derivative Assay:

    Article Title: Quantitative Proteomics with siRNA Screening Identifies Novel Mechanisms of Trastuzumab Resistance in HER2 Amplified Breast Cancers *
    Article Snippet: The trastuzumab-sensitive (SkBr3 and BT474, parental) and -resistant (SkBr3R and BT474R ) cells were derived and graciously given by the laboratory of Dr. Dennis Slamon (University of California at Los Angeles) ( ). .. Light medium was supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen), 0.27 m m l -lysine, and 0.58 m m l -arginine (Sigma Aldrich).

    Flow Cytometry:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer. .. Final purification was by anion exchange using a HiTrap Q Fast Flow column (GE Healthcare, USA) on the same AKTA system in 10 mM Tris pH 8.0 buffer with a NaCl gradient from 0 to 500 mM over 45 min.

    Chromatography:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer. .. Final purification was by anion exchange using a HiTrap Q Fast Flow column (GE Healthcare, USA) on the same AKTA system in 10 mM Tris pH 8.0 buffer with a NaCl gradient from 0 to 500 mM over 45 min.

    Immunoprecipitation:

    Article Title: The enzymatic activity of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/IMP cyclohydrolase is enhanced by NPM-ALK: new insights in ALK-mediated pathogenesis and the treatment of ALCL
    Article Snippet: Cells were grown in RPMI medium lacking arginine and lysine, supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum, penicillin/streptomycin, and L-lysine/HCl and L-arginine/HCl (Sigma-Aldrich) for light cultures or L-arginine/HCL (U-13 C6 , 98%) and L-lysine/2HCl (U-13 C6 , 98%; Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Andover, MA) for heavy cultures as described., Cells were grown to a density of approximately 106 cells/mL for a total of 108 cells per each cell culture type (2 × 108 cells total). .. After lysis, heavy and light cultures were combined and carried through the phosphopeptide immunoprecipitation protocol.

    Cell Culture:

    Article Title: The enzymatic activity of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/IMP cyclohydrolase is enhanced by NPM-ALK: new insights in ALK-mediated pathogenesis and the treatment of ALCL
    Article Snippet: .. Cells were grown in RPMI medium lacking arginine and lysine, supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum, penicillin/streptomycin, and L-lysine/HCl and L-arginine/HCl (Sigma-Aldrich) for light cultures or L-arginine/HCL (U-13 C6 , 98%) and L-lysine/2HCl (U-13 C6 , 98%; Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Andover, MA) for heavy cultures as described., Cells were grown to a density of approximately 106 cells/mL for a total of 108 cells per each cell culture type (2 × 108 cells total). .. After lysis, heavy and light cultures were combined and carried through the phosphopeptide immunoprecipitation protocol.

    Article Title: Ets-1 is a transcriptional mediator of oncogenic nitric oxide signaling in estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: Cell culture and reagents ... Aminoguanidine (AG) and L-arginine (L-Arg) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Article Title: Assessing the impact of minimizing arginine conversion in fully defined SILAC culture medium in human embryonic stem cells
    Article Snippet: 2.2 Feeder‐free culture of hESC WA01 OCT4–eGFP Knock‐In hESC (WiCell Research Institute) were plated on a precoated xeno‐free vitronectin (VN XF, Primorigen Biosciences, Madison, WI, USA) 6‐well plate (coating concentration = 0.5 μg/cm2 ) and cultured in E8TM medium (37°C, 5% CO2 , and 5% O2 ). .. E8TM medium was made by diluting E8TM 50× supplement 1:50 with “arginine and lysine‐free” DMEM/F12 (Thermo Scientific, Rockford, IL, USA) supplemented with 398 μM l‐ arginine HCl and 499 μM l‐ lysine HCl (both from Sigma‐Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining. .. Flow cytometry To sample blood, 3-4 drops of blood were collected in 1 mL MEM medium (GIBCO) supplemented with 2000 U/L heparin (Heparin-Natrium-5000-ratiopharm).

    Article Title: Costimulation Prevents Allograft Acceptance Induced by CD40-CD40L Blockade 1
    Article Snippet: .. RPMI 1640 (for ELISPOT) or DMEM (for cell culture) was supplemented with 2% FCS, 1 mM sodium pyruvate, 100 U/mL penicillin, 100 μg/mL streptomycin, 1.6 mM L-glutamine, 10 mM HEPES buffer (all from Invitrogen, Grand Island, NY), 0.27 mM L-asparagine, 1.4 mM L-arginine HCl, 14 μM folic acid and 50 μM 2-mercaptoethanol (all from Sigma Chemicals, St. Louis, MO). .. One million splenocytes per mL were cultured for times indicated with 1 μg/mL Concavalin A (Sigma).

    Article Title: Molecular Signature of CAID Syndrome: Noncanonical Roles of SGO1 in Regulation of TGF-β Signaling and Epigenomics
    Article Snippet: .. Cell culture and SILAC SILAC Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium without L-arginine and L-lysine (88364; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA) was supplemented with 13C6, 15N4 L-arginine (20104102; Silantes, München, Germany), 13C6, and 15N2 L-lysine (2111604102; Silantes), or unlabeled 12C614N4 L-arginine (A5006; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) and 12C6L-lysine (L5501; Sigma Aldrich) to produce heavy and light SILAC media, respectively. .. L-proline (P5607; Sigma Aldrich) also was added to a final concentration of 100 μg/mL to prevent amino acid conversion.

    Article Title: Cell-specific Labeling Enzymes for Analysis of Cell–Cell Communication in Continuous Co-culture *
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: Cell Culture ... All cells were obtained from ATCC Manassas, VA (except KPC cells, a kind gift from Professor Owen Sansom, Glasgow) and were grown in DMEM (deficient for L -lysine and L -arginine) (DMP49, Caisson, Utah) supplemented with 10% (v/v) dialyzed FBS (Invitrogen), 0.3 m m L -arginine (A8094, Sigma) and/or L -lysine (L5501, Sigma), D -lysine (L5876, Sigma), and DAP (07036, Sigma).

    Article Title: Quantitative Proteomics with siRNA Screening Identifies Novel Mechanisms of Trastuzumab Resistance in HER2 Amplified Breast Cancers *
    Article Snippet: Cells were cultured in RPMI media (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) and 1% Pen/Strep. .. Light medium was supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen), 0.27 m m l -lysine, and 0.58 m m l -arginine (Sigma Aldrich).

    Sonication:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: It was purified according to the protocol used by ; briefly, infected chicken embryonic cells were sonicated on ice in the presence of Freon-TF. .. L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles.

    Recombinant:

    Article Title: Ets-1 is a transcriptional mediator of oncogenic nitric oxide signaling in estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer
    Article Snippet: Aminoguanidine (AG) and L-arginine (L-Arg) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA). .. Recombinant human epidermal growth factor (EGF) was purchased from R & D Systems (Minneapolis, MN, USA).

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: Recombinant HLA-peptide complex generation ... Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer.

    Molecular Weight:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: Viral bands were collected after spinning at 53,000 · g for 3 hours, and CsCl was removed by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO (molecular weight cutoff) 12-14 kDa, Novagen, Gibbstown, New Jersey, USA) and the sample was retained in GP buffer (200 mM NaCl, 20 mM Tris-HCl, 1 mM CaCl2 buffer, pH 7.4). .. L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles.

    Fluorescence:

    Article Title: Essential Role for an M17 Leucine Aminopeptidase in Encystation of Acanthamoeba castellanii
    Article Snippet: Briefly, 10 μL of enzyme solution was added to 190 μL of assay buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, 1 mM MnCl2 , pH 8.0) containing 10 μM Leu-AMC and incubated for 20 min at 37°C, and the release of fluorescence was measured at an excitation wavelength of 370 nm and an emission wavelength of 440 nm using a Gemini EM fluorescence microplate reader (Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). .. The substrate specificity of AcLAPr was determined using Leu-AMC, l -arginine-AMC (Arg-AMC), and l -methionine-AMC (Met-AMC) (all from Sigma-Aldrich) as substrates.

    Multiple Displacement Amplification:

    Article Title: Ets-1 is a transcriptional mediator of oncogenic nitric oxide signaling in estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer
    Article Snippet: Cell culture and reagents Human breast adenocarcinoma cell lines MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 (American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), Manassas, VA, USA) were cultured in RPMI medium (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA, USA) containing 10% fetal bovine serum (Atlanta Biologics, Norcross, GA, USA) and 100 IU penicillin and 100 µg/ml streptomycin (Invitrogen). .. Aminoguanidine (AG) and L-arginine (L-Arg) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Isolation:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Cells were counted and CD8 T cells isolated using a magnetic activated cell sorting negative selection (MACS) kit according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Miltenyi Biotec, #130-104-075). .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Size-exclusion Chromatography:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer. .. Final purification was by anion exchange using a HiTrap Q Fast Flow column (GE Healthcare, USA) on the same AKTA system in 10 mM Tris pH 8.0 buffer with a NaCl gradient from 0 to 500 mM over 45 min.

    Article Title: Insert engineering and solubility screening improves recovery of virus-like particle subunits displaying hydrophobic epitopes
    Article Snippet: .. Modified DD IT1 capsomere recovered via SEC in buffer containing 50 m M l -arginine ( l -Arg) (≥98%, Sigma-Aldrich, ) at pH 8.5 was assembled by dialysis in standard assembly buffer containing 0.5 M (NH4 )2 SO4 , 20 m M Tris–base, 5% glycerol (v/v), 1 m M CaCl2 at pH 7.4, with or without l -Arg at 50 m M . .. Samples were placed on 200-mesh carbon-coated copper grids and left to settle for 90 s. Following two washes in water, grids were negative stained with 2% uranyl acetate for 60 s. TEM was carried out on a JEOL 1010 at 80 kV and images were cropped and adjusted for brightness using Adobe Photoshop (CS6; ).

    Labeling:

    Article Title: The enzymatic activity of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/IMP cyclohydrolase is enhanced by NPM-ALK: new insights in ALK-mediated pathogenesis and the treatment of ALCL
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: Stable isotope labeling of amino acid in cell culture analysis of shALK cells ... Cells were grown in RPMI medium lacking arginine and lysine, supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum, penicillin/streptomycin, and L-lysine/HCl and L-arginine/HCl (Sigma-Aldrich) for light cultures or L-arginine/HCL (U-13 C6 , 98%) and L-lysine/2HCl (U-13 C6 , 98%; Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Andover, MA) for heavy cultures as described., Cells were grown to a density of approximately 106 cells/mL for a total of 108 cells per each cell culture type (2 × 108 cells total).

    Article Title: Novel interconnections of HOG signaling revealed by combined use of two proteomic software packages
    Article Snippet: SILAC yeast cells were grown in SC supplemented with 0.05 mg/ml of L-arginine: HCl (U-13 C6, 97–99%) and L-lysine:2HCl (U-13 C6, 97–99%) (Euriso-top), and 0.2 mg/ml of proline (Sigma). .. Light labeled cultures were treated with 0.5 M NaCl for times indicated.

    Article Title: Quantitative Proteomics with siRNA Screening Identifies Novel Mechanisms of Trastuzumab Resistance in HER2 Amplified Breast Cancers *
    Article Snippet: SILAC labeling and culturing was performed as described elsewhere ( ). .. Light medium was supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen), 0.27 m m l -lysine, and 0.58 m m l -arginine (Sigma Aldrich).

    Purification:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: .. L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles. .. The sample was subjected to centrifugal filtration (YM-100 centrifugal devices, Millipore, Billerica, Massachusetts, USA) for a final washing and concentrating step.

    Article Title: Biochemical enrichment and biophysical characterization of a taste receptor for L-arginine from the catfish, Ictalurus puntatus
    Article Snippet: Water was deionized and further purified through a Milli-Q Plus PF system (Bedford, MA). .. The absolute enantiomer, L-arginine HCl, was purchased from Sigma, and the absolute enantiomer, D-arginine HCl, was a gift of the Ajinomoto Co., Tokyo, Japan.

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer. .. Final purification was by anion exchange using a HiTrap Q Fast Flow column (GE Healthcare, USA) on the same AKTA system in 10 mM Tris pH 8.0 buffer with a NaCl gradient from 0 to 500 mM over 45 min.

    Positron Emission Tomography:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: The HLA-B*57:01 , HLA-B*57:03 , HLA-B*58:01 and β 2 m genes were sub-cloned into the pET-30 expression vector and were expressed into inclusion bodies separately in Escherichia coli . .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer.

    Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography:

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer. .. Final purification was by anion exchange using a HiTrap Q Fast Flow column (GE Healthcare, USA) on the same AKTA system in 10 mM Tris pH 8.0 buffer with a NaCl gradient from 0 to 500 mM over 45 min.

    Staining:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining. .. Flow cytometry To sample blood, 3-4 drops of blood were collected in 1 mL MEM medium (GIBCO) supplemented with 2000 U/L heparin (Heparin-Natrium-5000-ratiopharm).

    Mouse Assay:

    Article Title: Disruption of Small GTPase Rab7 Exacerbates the Severity of Acute Pancreatitis in Experimental Mouse Models
    Article Snippet: Caerulein- and L-arginine-induced pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis was induced in age-matched 8- to 12-week-old male mice using caerulein or L-arginine. .. L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis was triggered by injecting 4 g/kg (body weight) L-arginine (Sigma-Aldrich) intraperitoneally twice hourly.

    SDS Page:

    Article Title: The structure of avian polyomavirus reveals variably sized capsids, nonconserved inter-capsomere interactions, and a possible location of the minor capsid protein VP4
    Article Snippet: L-arginine has been used to reduce protein aggregation , and we treated purified APV with GP buffer plus 250 mM L-arginine (APV+R) by dialysis (D-tube Mini Dialyzers, MWCO 12-14 kDa, Novagen) to stabilize and de-aggregate particles. .. Purified APV was subjected to SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting as previously described ( ; ).

    Plasmid Preparation:

    Article Title: Biochemical enrichment and biophysical characterization of a taste receptor for L-arginine from the catfish, Ictalurus puntatus
    Article Snippet: The absolute enantiomer, L-arginine HCl, was purchased from Sigma, and the absolute enantiomer, D-arginine HCl, was a gift of the Ajinomoto Co., Tokyo, Japan. .. The absolute enantiomer, L-arginine HCl, was purchased from Sigma, and the absolute enantiomer, D-arginine HCl, was a gift of the Ajinomoto Co., Tokyo, Japan.

    Article Title: HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome
    Article Snippet: The HLA-B*57:01 , HLA-B*57:03 , HLA-B*58:01 and β 2 m genes were sub-cloned into the pET-30 expression vector and were expressed into inclusion bodies separately in Escherichia coli . .. Briefly, 90 mg HLA heavy chain was refolded by rapid dilution in a solution containing 3 M urea (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0 (Sigma-Aldrich, USA), 400 mM l -arginine-HCl, 5 mM reduced glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) and 0.5 mM oxidised glutathione (Sigma-Aldrich, USA) in the presence of 30 mg β2 m and 10 mg of the appropriate peptide for 48 h. The refolded HLA-peptide complexes were dialysed into 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and purified by size-exclusion chromatography using HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 200 pg (GE Healthcare, USA) columns on an AKTA Purifier (GE Healthcare, USA) FPLC chromatography systems in 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, and 150 mM NaCl buffer.

    Selection:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Cells were counted and CD8 T cells isolated using a magnetic activated cell sorting negative selection (MACS) kit according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Miltenyi Biotec, #130-104-075). .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    In Vitro:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: CD8 T cell isolation and in vitro activation ... Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Article Title: Insert engineering and solubility screening improves recovery of virus-like particle subunits displaying hydrophobic epitopes
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: In vitro VLP assembly ... Modified DD IT1 capsomere recovered via SEC in buffer containing 50 m M l -arginine ( l -Arg) (≥98%, Sigma-Aldrich, ) at pH 8.5 was assembled by dialysis in standard assembly buffer containing 0.5 M (NH4 )2 SO4 , 20 m M Tris–base, 5% glycerol (v/v), 1 m M CaCl2 at pH 7.4, with or without l -Arg at 50 m M .

    Activation Assay:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Paragraph title: CD8 T cell isolation and in vitro activation ... Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Concentration Assay:

    Article Title: Assessing the impact of minimizing arginine conversion in fully defined SILAC culture medium in human embryonic stem cells
    Article Snippet: 2.2 Feeder‐free culture of hESC WA01 OCT4–eGFP Knock‐In hESC (WiCell Research Institute) were plated on a precoated xeno‐free vitronectin (VN XF, Primorigen Biosciences, Madison, WI, USA) 6‐well plate (coating concentration = 0.5 μg/cm2 ) and cultured in E8TM medium (37°C, 5% CO2 , and 5% O2 ). .. E8TM medium was made by diluting E8TM 50× supplement 1:50 with “arginine and lysine‐free” DMEM/F12 (Thermo Scientific, Rockford, IL, USA) supplemented with 398 μM l‐ arginine HCl and 499 μM l‐ lysine HCl (both from Sigma‐Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA).

    Article Title: Molecular Signature of CAID Syndrome: Noncanonical Roles of SGO1 in Regulation of TGF-β Signaling and Epigenomics
    Article Snippet: Cell culture and SILAC SILAC Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium without L-arginine and L-lysine (88364; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA) was supplemented with 13C6, 15N4 L-arginine (20104102; Silantes, München, Germany), 13C6, and 15N2 L-lysine (2111604102; Silantes), or unlabeled 12C614N4 L-arginine (A5006; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) and 12C6L-lysine (L5501; Sigma Aldrich) to produce heavy and light SILAC media, respectively. .. L-proline (P5607; Sigma Aldrich) also was added to a final concentration of 100 μg/mL to prevent amino acid conversion.

    Enzyme-linked Immunospot:

    Article Title: Costimulation Prevents Allograft Acceptance Induced by CD40-CD40L Blockade 1
    Article Snippet: .. RPMI 1640 (for ELISPOT) or DMEM (for cell culture) was supplemented with 2% FCS, 1 mM sodium pyruvate, 100 U/mL penicillin, 100 μg/mL streptomycin, 1.6 mM L-glutamine, 10 mM HEPES buffer (all from Invitrogen, Grand Island, NY), 0.27 mM L-asparagine, 1.4 mM L-arginine HCl, 14 μM folic acid and 50 μM 2-mercaptoethanol (all from Sigma Chemicals, St. Louis, MO). .. One million splenocytes per mL were cultured for times indicated with 1 μg/mL Concavalin A (Sigma).

    Magnetic Cell Separation:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Cells were counted and CD8 T cells isolated using a magnetic activated cell sorting negative selection (MACS) kit according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Miltenyi Biotec, #130-104-075). .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    Lysis:

    Article Title: The enzymatic activity of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/IMP cyclohydrolase is enhanced by NPM-ALK: new insights in ALK-mediated pathogenesis and the treatment of ALCL
    Article Snippet: Cells were grown in RPMI medium lacking arginine and lysine, supplemented with 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum, penicillin/streptomycin, and L-lysine/HCl and L-arginine/HCl (Sigma-Aldrich) for light cultures or L-arginine/HCL (U-13 C6 , 98%) and L-lysine/2HCl (U-13 C6 , 98%; Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Andover, MA) for heavy cultures as described., Cells were grown to a density of approximately 106 cells/mL for a total of 108 cells per each cell culture type (2 × 108 cells total). .. After lysis, heavy and light cultures were combined and carried through the phosphopeptide immunoprecipitation protocol.

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: The pellet was resuspended in 1 mL red blood cell lysis buffer (eBioscience, #00-4300-54) and incubated at room temperature for 1 min. .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

    FACS:

    Article Title: Type I Interferon Signaling Disrupts the Hepatic Urea Cycle and Alters Systemic Metabolism to Suppress T Cell Function
    Article Snippet: Cells were counted and CD8 T cells isolated using a magnetic activated cell sorting negative selection (MACS) kit according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Miltenyi Biotec, #130-104-075). .. Medium was supplemented with indicated concentrations of L-arginine (Sigma, #A5006) and/or L-ornithine (Sigma, #O2375) and cultured up to 72h before proceeding with intracellular cytokine staining.

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    Millipore poly e egcg
    Stability of <t>EGCG,</t> Poly E-EGCG and <t>Poly</t> E by diet
    Poly E Egcg, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 80/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/poly e egcg/product/Millipore
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    poly e egcg - by Bioz Stars, 2020-03
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    Stability of EGCG, Poly E-EGCG and Poly E by diet

    Journal: Pharmaceutical research

    Article Title: Effect of dietary Polyphenon E and EGCG on development of benzo[a]pyrene induced lung tumors in A/J mice

    doi: 10.1007/s11095-010-0056-3

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Stability of EGCG, Poly E-EGCG and Poly E by diet

    Article Snippet: Approximately 0.2 g EGCG, Poly E-EGCG or Poly E diet, prepared freshly (fresh) or licked by mice then exposed in the air for 5 days (old), were dissolved in 20 ml water, and filtered with 0.22 μm steriflip Millipore filter (Millipore corp. MA).

    Techniques:

    Poly E, but not Poly E- EGCG decreased tumor multiplicity and tumor load

    Journal: Pharmaceutical research

    Article Title: Effect of dietary Polyphenon E and EGCG on development of benzo[a]pyrene induced lung tumors in A/J mice

    doi: 10.1007/s11095-010-0056-3

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Poly E, but not Poly E- EGCG decreased tumor multiplicity and tumor load

    Article Snippet: Approximately 0.2 g EGCG, Poly E-EGCG or Poly E diet, prepared freshly (fresh) or licked by mice then exposed in the air for 5 days (old), were dissolved in 20 ml water, and filtered with 0.22 μm steriflip Millipore filter (Millipore corp. MA).

    Techniques: