aqp5  (Alomone Labs)


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    Structured Review

    Alomone Labs aqp5
    <t>AQP5</t> expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Aqp5, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 37 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Average 90 stars, based on 37 article reviews
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    aqp5 - by Bioz Stars, 2022-10
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    Images

    1) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    2) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    3) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    4) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    5) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    6) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    7) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    8) Product Images from "Stem cell properties of human clonal salivary gland stem cells are enhanced by three-dimensional priming culture in nanofibrous microwells"

    Article Title: Stem cell properties of human clonal salivary gland stem cells are enhanced by three-dimensional priming culture in nanofibrous microwells

    Journal: Stem Cell Research & Therapy

    doi: 10.1186/s13287-018-0829-x

    Enhanced differentiation potential of 3D-assembled SGSC spheroids. a Transcription levels of salivary acinar ( AMY1A and AQP5 ) and stem cell-related ( POU5F1 and THY1 ) markers compared by qPCR at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days between 2D monolayer-cultured SGSCs (SGSCs 2D ) and 3D spheroid-derived SGSCs (SGSCs 3D ) culture. Data from three independent experiments analyzed and presented as mean ± SEM ( n = 3). Two-way ANOVA, Bonferroni’s post hoc test. *Compared with Day 1; # compared with SGSCs 2D in each group. b Light microscope images of SGSCs after differentiation. Scale bars represent 400 μm. c Differentiation capacity determined by measuring average number of acinus-like organoids per plate after plating same number of cells. Data from five independent experiments analyzed and presented as mean ± SEM ( n = 5). One-way ANOVA; Tukey’s post hoc test. *Compared with monolayer-cultured salivary gland-resident stem cells (SGSCs 2D ). d Immunofluorescent images representing salivary acinar markers α-amylase (red) and AQP5 (green), tight junction protein TJP1 (green), and adherence protein E-cadherin (red). Scale bars represent 20 μm. e mRNA levels of SG acinar cell markers (A MY1A and AQP5 ), tight junction gene ( TJP1 ), and intercellular adherence gene ( CDH1 ) determined by real-time PCR in SGSC 2D and SGSC 3D cultures after differentiation. All qPCR measurements performed in triplicate. f Protein levels of α-amylase, AQP5, TJP1, and E-cadherin determined by western blotting in SGSC 2D and SGSC 3D cultures after differentiation. ** P
    Figure Legend Snippet: Enhanced differentiation potential of 3D-assembled SGSC spheroids. a Transcription levels of salivary acinar ( AMY1A and AQP5 ) and stem cell-related ( POU5F1 and THY1 ) markers compared by qPCR at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days between 2D monolayer-cultured SGSCs (SGSCs 2D ) and 3D spheroid-derived SGSCs (SGSCs 3D ) culture. Data from three independent experiments analyzed and presented as mean ± SEM ( n = 3). Two-way ANOVA, Bonferroni’s post hoc test. *Compared with Day 1; # compared with SGSCs 2D in each group. b Light microscope images of SGSCs after differentiation. Scale bars represent 400 μm. c Differentiation capacity determined by measuring average number of acinus-like organoids per plate after plating same number of cells. Data from five independent experiments analyzed and presented as mean ± SEM ( n = 5). One-way ANOVA; Tukey’s post hoc test. *Compared with monolayer-cultured salivary gland-resident stem cells (SGSCs 2D ). d Immunofluorescent images representing salivary acinar markers α-amylase (red) and AQP5 (green), tight junction protein TJP1 (green), and adherence protein E-cadherin (red). Scale bars represent 20 μm. e mRNA levels of SG acinar cell markers (A MY1A and AQP5 ), tight junction gene ( TJP1 ), and intercellular adherence gene ( CDH1 ) determined by real-time PCR in SGSC 2D and SGSC 3D cultures after differentiation. All qPCR measurements performed in triplicate. f Protein levels of α-amylase, AQP5, TJP1, and E-cadherin determined by western blotting in SGSC 2D and SGSC 3D cultures after differentiation. ** P

    Techniques Used: Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Cell Culture, Derivative Assay, Light Microscopy, Western Blot

    9) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    10) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    11) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    12) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    13) Product Images from "Combinations of differentiation markers distinguish subpopulations of alveolar epithelial cells in adult lung"

    Article Title: Combinations of differentiation markers distinguish subpopulations of alveolar epithelial cells in adult lung

    Journal: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

    doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00337.2015

    Expression of AT1 and AT2 cell markers changes over time in culture during in vitro transdifferentiation. A : immunoblot with AT1 and AT2 cell markers shows HOPX is highly expressed from day 1 and increases only minimally in culture. AQP5 is expressed
    Figure Legend Snippet: Expression of AT1 and AT2 cell markers changes over time in culture during in vitro transdifferentiation. A : immunoblot with AT1 and AT2 cell markers shows HOPX is highly expressed from day 1 and increases only minimally in culture. AQP5 is expressed

    Techniques Used: Expressing, In Vitro

    14) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    15) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    16) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    17) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    18) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    19) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    20) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    21) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    22) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    23) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    24) Product Images from "Regulated traffic of anion transporters in mammalian Brunner's glands: a role for water and fluid transport"

    Article Title: Regulated traffic of anion transporters in mammalian Brunner's glands: a role for water and fluid transport

    Journal: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

    doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00485.2012

    cAMP-regulated apical trafficking of AQP5 and CFTR in rat Brunner's glands. Cryostat sections from rat proximal duodenum treated with normal saline or with 1 mM dibutyryl cAMP, or pretreated with 10 μM PKA inhibitor (H-89, 10 μM) prior
    Figure Legend Snippet: cAMP-regulated apical trafficking of AQP5 and CFTR in rat Brunner's glands. Cryostat sections from rat proximal duodenum treated with normal saline or with 1 mM dibutyryl cAMP, or pretreated with 10 μM PKA inhibitor (H-89, 10 μM) prior

    Techniques Used:

    Immunohistochemical distribution of AQP5 staining in healthy human proximal duodenum. Immunohistochemical staining of AQP5 in normal proximal human duodenum was performed as described in materials and methods . A : low-magnification image shows location
    Figure Legend Snippet: Immunohistochemical distribution of AQP5 staining in healthy human proximal duodenum. Immunohistochemical staining of AQP5 in normal proximal human duodenum was performed as described in materials and methods . A : low-magnification image shows location

    Techniques Used: Immunohistochemistry, Staining

    Distribution of CFTR and AQP5 in healthy control and celiac disease- and CF (ΔF508 CFTR)-affected human proximal duodenum. Immunohistochemical staining for CFTR and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) in healthy controls, celiac disease, and CF (ΔF508
    Figure Legend Snippet: Distribution of CFTR and AQP5 in healthy control and celiac disease- and CF (ΔF508 CFTR)-affected human proximal duodenum. Immunohistochemical staining for CFTR and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) in healthy controls, celiac disease, and CF (ΔF508

    Techniques Used: Immunohistochemistry, Staining

    Schematic diagram summarizing the localization and redistribution patterns of the ion transporters, AQP5, and V-ATPase proton pump in the rat Brunner's gland. Top : distribution of CFTR, NKCC1, NBCe1, AQP5, and V-ATPase at steady state conditions (saline).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Schematic diagram summarizing the localization and redistribution patterns of the ion transporters, AQP5, and V-ATPase proton pump in the rat Brunner's gland. Top : distribution of CFTR, NKCC1, NBCe1, AQP5, and V-ATPase at steady state conditions (saline).

    Techniques Used:

    Distribution of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) in rat Brunner's glands. Cryostat sections of rat proximal duodenum were immunolabeled with antibodies against AQP5, F-actin, and/or EEA1 and viewed by confocal microscopy as described in materials and methods . A : low-magnification
    Figure Legend Snippet: Distribution of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) in rat Brunner's glands. Cryostat sections of rat proximal duodenum were immunolabeled with antibodies against AQP5, F-actin, and/or EEA1 and viewed by confocal microscopy as described in materials and methods . A : low-magnification

    Techniques Used: Immunolabeling, Confocal Microscopy

    25) Product Images from "Adipose Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Modulated in Hypoxia for Remodeling of Radiation-Induced Salivary Gland Damage"

    Article Title: Adipose Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Modulated in Hypoxia for Remodeling of Radiation-Induced Salivary Gland Damage

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141862

    In vitro effect of the hAdMSC secretome on cell death and proliferation of human parotid epithelial cells (HPEC) treated with the hAdMSC secretome at concentrations of 10, 50 and 100% or a normoxic control medium. (A–B) Light microscopic and immunofluorescent staining of HPEC. Scale bars represent 100 and 8μm in A and 100 and 20 μm in B. (C-D) Salivary epithelial genes of AQP5 and CK7 were confirmed by real-time PCR and western blot. *, compared to 2D, *P
    Figure Legend Snippet: In vitro effect of the hAdMSC secretome on cell death and proliferation of human parotid epithelial cells (HPEC) treated with the hAdMSC secretome at concentrations of 10, 50 and 100% or a normoxic control medium. (A–B) Light microscopic and immunofluorescent staining of HPEC. Scale bars represent 100 and 8μm in A and 100 and 20 μm in B. (C-D) Salivary epithelial genes of AQP5 and CK7 were confirmed by real-time PCR and western blot. *, compared to 2D, *P

    Techniques Used: In Vitro, Staining, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Western Blot

    26) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    27) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    28) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    29) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    30) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    31) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    32) Product Images from "Mesenchymal Nuclear factor I B regulates cell proliferation and epithelial differentiation during lung maturation"

    Article Title: Mesenchymal Nuclear factor I B regulates cell proliferation and epithelial differentiation during lung maturation

    Journal: Developmental biology

    doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2011.04.002

    Loss of Nfib in mesenchyme affects type I and type II epithelial cell differentiation. E18.5 lung sections from Nfib flox/flox and Nfib flox/flox , D1-Cre embryos were stained for AQP5 (A, B), pro-SPC (C, D) and CC10 (E, F). AQP5, pro-SPC and Foxj1 transcript
    Figure Legend Snippet: Loss of Nfib in mesenchyme affects type I and type II epithelial cell differentiation. E18.5 lung sections from Nfib flox/flox and Nfib flox/flox , D1-Cre embryos were stained for AQP5 (A, B), pro-SPC (C, D) and CC10 (E, F). AQP5, pro-SPC and Foxj1 transcript

    Techniques Used: Cell Differentiation, Staining

    33) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    34) Product Images from "Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation"

    Article Title: Biocompatible Tissue Scaffold Compliance Promotes Salivary Gland Morphogenesis and Differentiation

    Journal: Tissue Engineering. Part A

    doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0515

    The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary gland organ explants grown on a stiff substrate can be rescued with a compliant substrate. (A) Mechanical rescue of branching morphogenesis. Brightfield images show representative E13 salivary glands grown at 0.48 and 19.66 kPa for 96 h with disruption of both bud morphology and number that is evident at 19.66 kPa. When transferred to a 0.48 kPa PA gel after 72 h culture on a 19.66 kPa gel, the glands regain a normal bud morphology and number similar to glands cultured on 0.48 kPa PA gels continuously. The white star indicates a transferred gland; scale bar=500 μm. (B–D) Mechanical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (B) Western analysis indicates a decrease in both AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. There is a near-complete rescue of both AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels when glands are transferred from 19.66 kPa gel to the compliant 0.48 kPa gel. (C, D) Quantification of the western analysis of AQP5 (C) and SM α-actin (D) , normalized to GAPDH and graphed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa pixel density. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =4 experiments, ** p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture, Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Salivary gland proacinar morphology and epithelial differentiation are physiologically advanced by a compliant substrate and disrupted by aberrant stiffness. (A, B) Expression levels of differentiation markers. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in protein levels of both aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness. (B) Quantification of western analysis for AQP5 and SM α-actin protein levels, graphed as the relative pixel density of each band relative to the GAPDH control. A two-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied at each time point ( n =6 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Western Blot

    The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: The aberrant development of salivary glands grown on high-stiffness substrates is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1. (A–C) Chemical rescue of epithelial differentiation marker expression levels. (A) Western analysis indicates a decrease in AQP5 and SM α-actin with increasing stiffness that is partially rescued with exogenous TGFβ1 added to the culture media. (B, C) Quantification of western analysis to detect AQP5 and SM α-actin in response to TGFβ1, normalized to GAPDH and expressed as the fold change relative to the 0.48 kPa value. A one-way ANOVA test with Bonferroni post-tests was applied for each protein ( n =5 experiments, * p

    Techniques Used: Marker, Expressing, Western Blot

    35) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    36) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

    37) Product Images from "Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland"

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Techniques Used: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60
    Figure Legend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Techniques Used: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm
    Figure Legend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Staining

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    Alomone Labs aqp5
    <t>AQP5</t> expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm
    Aqp5, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 90/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Alomone Labs anti aquaporin 5 antibody
    Spatiotemporal expression of CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand, CXCL12, and developmental genes in embryonic organs. ( A ) Schematic diagram of embryonic submandibular gland (eSMG) isolation and ex vivo culture. ( B ) Ex vivo branching morphogenesis of eSMGs from embryonic day (E) 13 to 17, showing epithelial growth and retraction of mesenchyme. Scale bars: 500 µm. ( C ) Temporal mRNA expression patterns of keratin 7 ( Krt7 ), <t>aquaporin</t> <t>5</t> ( <t>Aqp5</t> ), e-cadherin ( Cdh1 ), Krt15 , Cxcr4 , and Cxcl12 were measured from E13 to E17 by qPCR ( n = 3). ( D ) Epithelial (Epi) and mesenchymal (Mes) expression of Cxcr4 , Cxcl12 , odd-skipped related transcription factor 1 ( Osr1 ), and Cdh1 were quantified by qPCR at E13. The comparative C t values are expressed as fold increase relative to the epithelium ( n = 3). ( E ) Representative images showing expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in eSMG (upper) and their colocalization (lower) ( n = 3, scale bar: 500 µm). ( F ) Representative immunofluorescence images of CXCR4 and CXCL12 expression in E12 embryonic lung and pancreas ( n = 4); whole view (left two panels; scale bar: 500 µm) and magnified lumen structures (right two panels; scale bar: 50 µm). Data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p
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    AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    Figure Lengend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during postnatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A At birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the pro-acinar cells ( arrow ) and the intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the intralobular duct ( IAD ) or interlobular duct ( IED ). B Pre-weaning (P5), both pro-acini ( arrow ) and intercalated ducts ( ID ) are AQP5 positive. No AQP5 is detected in the striated duct ( SD ). C Young adult females (P25): acini ( arrow ) and the proximal part of the intercalated duct ( ID ) are positive, while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. D Adult females (P60) show the same AQP5 pattern as in C . In addition, no AQP5 is detected in the transition from GCT to striated duct ( arrowhead ). E Adult males (P60): acini ( arrow ) and entire intercalated ducts ( ID ) are positive while the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ) is negative. F IgG negative control in young adult female (P25) tissue shows no unspecific staining in the acini ( arrow ), intercalated duct ( ID ), or in the granulated convoluted tubule ( GCT ). Granules in the granulated convoluted tubule are not seen using this method. A – F Scale bar 50 μm

    Article Snippet: Unlike what was observed in glands of young adults, AQP5 localized in the ID was found to be expressed in a gender specific manner at P60.

    Techniques: Expressing, Negative Control, Staining

    Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Gold labeling of AQP5 in the SMG of adult animals (P60). A Overview of AQP5 gold staining in the basal membrane, membranes of intercellular canaliculi, as well as the lateral membrane ( LM ). CL canalicular lumen, BD basal digits (scale bar, 1 μm). B Gold labeling of AQP5 was detected in the apical membrane of acinar cells (scale bar, 1 μm). C Longitudinal section of an intercellular canaliculus showing gold labeling of AQP5 in the membrane (scale bar, 0.5 μm). D AQP5 was localized in the basal membrane in areas where digits could be seen, while no AQP5 was detectable in the basement membrane (scale bar 0.2 μm). Non-linear adjustments were applied to entire images

    Article Snippet: Unlike what was observed in glands of young adults, AQP5 localized in the ID was found to be expressed in a gender specific manner at P60.

    Techniques: Labeling, Staining

    Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Confocal imaging of the adult SMG (P60). Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) demonstrates an apical, lateral, and basal localization in the SMG acini. A Localization of ZO-1 ( green ) near luminal membranes of acinar cells. B Localization of AQP5 ( red ) within the same cells as in A . C Merged image of A and B confirms the apical localization of AQP5. Arrow heads luminal membrane (scale bar 20 μm). D Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in both acinar ( arrow heads ) and GCT cells (*). E Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. F Merged image of D and E demonstrates a lateral localization of AQP5 ( yellow / orange ), designated by arrowheads . An AQP5 and E-cadherin non-overlapping pattern of expression in the luminal canaliculi is evident ( arrow ). Non-overlapping patterns are also seen in the GCT cells (*) (scale bar, 50 μm). G Immunostaining of the basement membrane protein coll IV (blue). H Localization of AQP5 ( red ) in the acinar cells. I Merged image confirms a basal localization ( arrow head ) of AQP5 distinct from coll IV localization (scale bar 20 μm). J Localization of E-cadherin ( green ) within lateral membranes in acinar cells in a tissue immunostained with preabsorbed AQP5. K Preabsorption of the AQP5 antibody using its cognate peptide, showing complete elimination of the AQP5 staining pattern in the same cells as in J (scale bar 20 μm). A – I images are of male P60, J – K images are of female P60

    Article Snippet: Unlike what was observed in glands of young adults, AQP5 localized in the ID was found to be expressed in a gender specific manner at P60.

    Techniques: Imaging, Expressing, Immunostaining, Staining

    AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Journal: Journal of Molecular Histology

    Article Title: Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

    doi: 10.1007/s10735-010-9308-0

    Figure Lengend Snippet: AQP5 expression pattern during prenatal development of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG). A Pseudoglandular stage (~E14): no AQP5 staining is detectable in the terminal bud ( t ), epithelial stalk ( e ) or mesechyme ( m ). B Early canalicular stage (~E14-15): AQP5 negative cells in the terminal bud ( t ), presumptive duct ( pd ), and mesenchyme ( m ). C Late canalicular stage (~E15-E16): scattered positive pro-acinar cells are present ( arrow ). No AQP5 is found in the presumptive duct ( pd ) or mesenchyme ( m ). D Early terminal bud stage (~E16-E17): all pro-acinar cells are AQP5 positive ( arrow ). In the intralobular duct ( IAD ), cells proximal to the pro-acini show apical AQP5 staining ( arrowhead ). E and F Late terminal bud stage (~E17-18): a similar expression pattern is observed as in D . Additionally, the rest of the intralobular duct (IAD) is also positive, and the interlobular duct ( IED ) is negative. Scale bar ( A – E ) 50 μm and ( F ) 100 μm

    Article Snippet: Unlike what was observed in glands of young adults, AQP5 localized in the ID was found to be expressed in a gender specific manner at P60.

    Techniques: Expressing, Staining

    Spatiotemporal expression of CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand, CXCL12, and developmental genes in embryonic organs. ( A ) Schematic diagram of embryonic submandibular gland (eSMG) isolation and ex vivo culture. ( B ) Ex vivo branching morphogenesis of eSMGs from embryonic day (E) 13 to 17, showing epithelial growth and retraction of mesenchyme. Scale bars: 500 µm. ( C ) Temporal mRNA expression patterns of keratin 7 ( Krt7 ), aquaporin 5 ( Aqp5 ), e-cadherin ( Cdh1 ), Krt15 , Cxcr4 , and Cxcl12 were measured from E13 to E17 by qPCR ( n = 3). ( D ) Epithelial (Epi) and mesenchymal (Mes) expression of Cxcr4 , Cxcl12 , odd-skipped related transcription factor 1 ( Osr1 ), and Cdh1 were quantified by qPCR at E13. The comparative C t values are expressed as fold increase relative to the epithelium ( n = 3). ( E ) Representative images showing expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in eSMG (upper) and their colocalization (lower) ( n = 3, scale bar: 500 µm). ( F ) Representative immunofluorescence images of CXCR4 and CXCL12 expression in E12 embryonic lung and pancreas ( n = 4); whole view (left two panels; scale bar: 500 µm) and magnified lumen structures (right two panels; scale bar: 50 µm). Data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p

    Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    Article Title: CXCR4 Regulates Temporal Differentiation via PRC1 Complex in Organogenesis of Epithelial Glands

    doi: 10.3390/ijms22020619

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Spatiotemporal expression of CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand, CXCL12, and developmental genes in embryonic organs. ( A ) Schematic diagram of embryonic submandibular gland (eSMG) isolation and ex vivo culture. ( B ) Ex vivo branching morphogenesis of eSMGs from embryonic day (E) 13 to 17, showing epithelial growth and retraction of mesenchyme. Scale bars: 500 µm. ( C ) Temporal mRNA expression patterns of keratin 7 ( Krt7 ), aquaporin 5 ( Aqp5 ), e-cadherin ( Cdh1 ), Krt15 , Cxcr4 , and Cxcl12 were measured from E13 to E17 by qPCR ( n = 3). ( D ) Epithelial (Epi) and mesenchymal (Mes) expression of Cxcr4 , Cxcl12 , odd-skipped related transcription factor 1 ( Osr1 ), and Cdh1 were quantified by qPCR at E13. The comparative C t values are expressed as fold increase relative to the epithelium ( n = 3). ( E ) Representative images showing expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in eSMG (upper) and their colocalization (lower) ( n = 3, scale bar: 500 µm). ( F ) Representative immunofluorescence images of CXCR4 and CXCL12 expression in E12 embryonic lung and pancreas ( n = 4); whole view (left two panels; scale bar: 500 µm) and magnified lumen structures (right two panels; scale bar: 50 µm). Data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p

    Article Snippet: The following primary antibodies were used in the procedures: rat monoclonal anti-CXCR4 antibody (R & D Systems, MAB21651), rabbit monoclonal anti-KRT7 antibody (Abcam, ab181598; Cambridge, UK); rabbit monoclonal anti-CDH1 antibody (CST, 3195; Beverly, MA, USA), rabbit monoclonal anti-H2AK119ub antibody (CST, 8240); mouse monoclonal anti-CXCL12 antibody (Novus Biologicals, MAB350; Littleton, CO, USA), rabbit polyclonal anti-AQP5 antibody (Alomone Labs, AQP-005; Jerusalem, Israel), rabbit monoclonal anti-CASP3 antibody (CST, 9664), and rat monoclonal anti-KI67 antibody (ThermoFisher, 14-5698-82).

    Techniques: Expressing, Isolation, Ex Vivo, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Immunofluorescence

    AMD3100-induced precocious differentiation of epithelial cells. ( A , B ) Representative contour tracing ( A ) and bud number changes ( B ) of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs during 48 h at 6-h intervals ( n = 3). ( C ) EdU staining results at 6 and 24 h after AMD3100 treatment. EdU in green and PNA in gray ( n = 4, scale bar: 500 µm). ( D ) Immunostaining results of Ki67 (red) and F-actin (green) in acini and duct of eSMGs 24 h after AMD3100 treatment. Morphologies of acinar buds and duct cells are outlined with white dotted lines. Scale bar: 50 µm. ( E ) Duct widths of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs were visualized via F-actin-based intensity profiles of horizontal sectioning of ducts 24 h after the treatment. ( F ) Duct widths of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs were quantified 24 h after the treatment ( n = 9). ( G ) Immunostaining results of AQP5 (green) and KRT7 (red). Magnified regions of acinar buds are marked with white dotted squares. The white arrows (middle panels) indicate areas with the highest AQP5 expression ( n = 4, scale bar: left, 100 µm; middle and right, 50 µm). Data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p

    Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    Article Title: CXCR4 Regulates Temporal Differentiation via PRC1 Complex in Organogenesis of Epithelial Glands

    doi: 10.3390/ijms22020619

    Figure Lengend Snippet: AMD3100-induced precocious differentiation of epithelial cells. ( A , B ) Representative contour tracing ( A ) and bud number changes ( B ) of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs during 48 h at 6-h intervals ( n = 3). ( C ) EdU staining results at 6 and 24 h after AMD3100 treatment. EdU in green and PNA in gray ( n = 4, scale bar: 500 µm). ( D ) Immunostaining results of Ki67 (red) and F-actin (green) in acini and duct of eSMGs 24 h after AMD3100 treatment. Morphologies of acinar buds and duct cells are outlined with white dotted lines. Scale bar: 50 µm. ( E ) Duct widths of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs were visualized via F-actin-based intensity profiles of horizontal sectioning of ducts 24 h after the treatment. ( F ) Duct widths of control and AMD3100-treated eSMGs were quantified 24 h after the treatment ( n = 9). ( G ) Immunostaining results of AQP5 (green) and KRT7 (red). Magnified regions of acinar buds are marked with white dotted squares. The white arrows (middle panels) indicate areas with the highest AQP5 expression ( n = 4, scale bar: left, 100 µm; middle and right, 50 µm). Data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p

    Article Snippet: The following primary antibodies were used in the procedures: rat monoclonal anti-CXCR4 antibody (R & D Systems, MAB21651), rabbit monoclonal anti-KRT7 antibody (Abcam, ab181598; Cambridge, UK); rabbit monoclonal anti-CDH1 antibody (CST, 3195; Beverly, MA, USA), rabbit monoclonal anti-H2AK119ub antibody (CST, 8240); mouse monoclonal anti-CXCL12 antibody (Novus Biologicals, MAB350; Littleton, CO, USA), rabbit polyclonal anti-AQP5 antibody (Alomone Labs, AQP-005; Jerusalem, Israel), rabbit monoclonal anti-CASP3 antibody (CST, 9664), and rat monoclonal anti-KI67 antibody (ThermoFisher, 14-5698-82).

    Techniques: Staining, Immunostaining, Expressing

    Innervated salisphere-derived branching epithelial structures resemble an ex vivo fetal gland. D4 recombined mouse adult salispheres (A) and fetal epithelium (B) in laminin hydrogels with Mes, PSG and NRTN were stained for Peanut Agglutinin (PNA, red) to outline the epithelia, TUBB3 (green) for nerves, K5 (cyan), KIT (cyan), AQP5 (red), KI67 (green) for proliferation and/or DAPI (blue) for nuclei. Confocal images of 10μm sections. Scale bars, 100 μm (A) and 50 μm (B) .

    Journal: Biomaterials

    Article Title: Neurturin-containing laminin matrices support innervated branching epithelium from adult epithelial salispheres

    doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2019.119245

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Innervated salisphere-derived branching epithelial structures resemble an ex vivo fetal gland. D4 recombined mouse adult salispheres (A) and fetal epithelium (B) in laminin hydrogels with Mes, PSG and NRTN were stained for Peanut Agglutinin (PNA, red) to outline the epithelia, TUBB3 (green) for nerves, K5 (cyan), KIT (cyan), AQP5 (red), KI67 (green) for proliferation and/or DAPI (blue) for nuclei. Confocal images of 10μm sections. Scale bars, 100 μm (A) and 50 μm (B) .

    Article Snippet: Samples were blocked for 90 minutes with 10% donkey serum (Jackson Laboratories, ME), 1% BSA, and MOM IgG blocking-reagent (Vector Laboratories, CA) in 0.1% PBS-Tween-20, and incubated with primary-antibodies overnight at 4°C, including rat-anti-Kit (1:100, R & D Systems, MN), rabbit-anti-Keratin-5 (1:2000, Covance Research, NJ), rat-anti-Keratin-19 (1:300, Developmental Biology Hybridoma Bank, University of Iowa) ), rabbit-Aqp5 (1:200, Alomone Labs, Israel), mouse-anti-SMA (1:200, Sigma Aldrich, MO), mouse-anti-Ki67 (BD Biosciences), rabbit-anti-Keratin-14 (1:2000, Covance Research, NJ) and rabbit-anti-E-cadherin (1:100,Cell Signaling Technology, MA).

    Techniques: Derivative Assay, Ex Vivo, Staining