ns19504  (Alomone Labs)


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    Alomone Labs ns19504
    BK channel activator <t>NS19504</t> promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p
    Ns19504, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 4 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/ns19504/product/Alomone Labs
    Average 93 stars, based on 4 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    ns19504 - by Bioz Stars, 2022-11
    93/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke"

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture

    Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, Mouse Assay, Modification

    Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, TUNEL Assay, Slice Preparation

    Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p

    Techniques Used: Western Blot

    2) Product Images from "BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke"

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture

    Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, Mouse Assay, Modification

    Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, TUNEL Assay, Slice Preparation

    Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p

    Techniques Used: Western Blot

    3) Product Images from "BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke"

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p

    Techniques Used: Cell Culture

    Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, Mouse Assay, Modification

    Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p

    Techniques Used: Activation Assay, TUNEL Assay, Slice Preparation

    Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p

    Techniques Used: Western Blot

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    Alomone Labs activator ns19504
    BK channel activator <t>NS19504</t> promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p
    Activator Ns19504, supplied by Alomone Labs, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/activator ns19504/product/Alomone Labs
    Average 93 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    activator ns19504 - by Bioz Stars, 2022-11
    93/100 stars
      Buy from Supplier

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    BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    Figure Lengend Snippet: BK channel activator NS19504 promoted microglial phagocytosis after OGD in primary culture . (A) Representative images of beads (red) phagocytosed by CD11b + microglia (green) after 1 h of OGD. Control group: primary microglia cultured with basic microglia medium; NS19504 group: primary microglia cultured with 10 μM NS19504 in basic microglia medium; Paxilline group: primary microglia cultured with 1 μM Paxilline in basic microglia medium. Scale bar = 25 μm. (B) Bar graph showed that semiquantitative data of the relative bead density versus microglia. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. * p

    Article Snippet: Antagonist and Activator Administration The selective BK channel antagonist Paxilline ( ) and activator NS19504 ( ) powder (Alomone Labs, Jerusalem, Israel) were, respectively, dissolved in DMSO to the final storage concentrations of 2 and 50 mM.

    Techniques: Cell Culture

    Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Activation of BK channels ameliorated stroke outcomes. (A) Experiment design of the animal experiment. Three days before tMCAO, mice were subjected behavior training. After a 90-min tMCAO surgery, mice were divided randomly into four groups (sham, DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline). At 1, 3, 7, and 14 days, behavior tests were performed, and protein and RNA samples were collected. (B) Weight changes of mice in three groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (C) Modified Neurological Severity Score of three groups at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after tMCAO. (D) Average score per second of three groups of hinging wire at 3 days after tMCAO. (E) Survivorship curve during 14 days of three groups after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 21–23 per group at 1 day, n = 17–23 per group at 3 days, n = 8–13 per group at 7 days, n = 3–9 per group at 14 days. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, ** p

    Article Snippet: Antagonist and Activator Administration The selective BK channel antagonist Paxilline ( ) and activator NS19504 ( ) powder (Alomone Labs, Jerusalem, Israel) were, respectively, dissolved in DMSO to the final storage concentrations of 2 and 50 mM.

    Techniques: Activation Assay, Mouse Assay, Modification

    Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Activation of BK channels promoted the phagocytic function of microglia after tMCAO and decreased neuronal apoptosis . (A) Representative photomicrograms of IBA1 + microglia (green) and TUNEL + apoptotic cells (red) in the peri-infarct region of brain slice in the DMSO, NS19504, and Paxilline groups at 3 days after tMCAO. Scale bar = 50 μm. (B) Bar graph shows quantitative analysis of the number of IBA1 + TUNEL + cells per field. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. *vs. DMSO group, ** p

    Article Snippet: Antagonist and Activator Administration The selective BK channel antagonist Paxilline ( ) and activator NS19504 ( ) powder (Alomone Labs, Jerusalem, Israel) were, respectively, dissolved in DMSO to the final storage concentrations of 2 and 50 mM.

    Techniques: Activation Assay, TUNEL Assay, Slice Preparation

    Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    Article Title: BK Channel-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis Alleviates Neurological Deficit After Ischemic Stroke

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2021.683769

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Inflammatory factors and phosphorylated-ERK expressions under different treatments at 3 days after tMCAO . (A) Bar graph represents the relative mRNA levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-1α. Data are mean + SE, n = 3 per group. (B) Representative image of Western blot of phosphorylated-ERK1/2 (p-ERK), total-ERK1/2 (t-ERK), and β-actin at 3 days after tMCAO. (C) Bar graph showing the relative protein levels of p -ERK vs. t-ERK at 3 day after tMCAO. Data are mean + SE, n = 9 per group. *NS19504 vs. Paxilline group, * p

    Article Snippet: Antagonist and Activator Administration The selective BK channel antagonist Paxilline ( ) and activator NS19504 ( ) powder (Alomone Labs, Jerusalem, Israel) were, respectively, dissolved in DMSO to the final storage concentrations of 2 and 50 mM.

    Techniques: Western Blot