dnase  (Worthington Biochemical)


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  • 99
    Name:
    Deoxyribonuclease I
    Description:
    Chromatographically purified A lyophilized powder with glycine as a stabilizer
    Catalog Number:
    ls002004
    Price:
    33
    Size:
    5 mg
    Source:
    Bovine Pancreas
    Cas Number:
    9003.98.9
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    Structured Review

    Worthington Biochemical dnase
    <t>DNase</t> facilitates bacterial clearance in a rat model of pneumococcal meningitis. Rats received a subarachnoid infusion of either S. pneumoniae SP001 strain (infected) or equal volume of saline solution (control). a After the rats were sacrificed, the brain, the right lung, and the spleen were collected and homogenized immediately. The blood was collected and centrifuged to obtain plasma. Organ homogenates and blood plasma samples were spread onto agar plates and resulting bacterial colonies were counted after 24 h. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, * P ≤ 0.05, ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001 and error bars denote standard deviations. b To determine the effect of intrathecal DNase treatment, infected rats either received a subarachnoid infusion of 10 units of DNase simultaneously (0 h) or 10 h after the infection, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle solution simultaneously to the infection. To determine the effect of intravenous DNase treatment, infected rats either received an intravenous bolus dose of <t>3500</t> units of DNase 6 h after the infection, followed by intravenous infusion of 780 units/h over the next 18 h, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle control in the same manner. In all cases, uninfected (control) rats received an equal volume of saline vehicle control either intrathecally or intravenously as indicated. All rats were sacrificed 24 h after the infection. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected for visualization of NETs only by immunofluorescence against rat myeloperoxidase (red) and DNA (blue). Areas of red and blue colocalization represent NETs. Scale bars denote 200 µm. c NETs were quantified using Fiji and expressed as percentage of NETs, percentage of staining under NETs per field of view and total area under NET staining in square millimeters. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, centre line and columns indicate mean values ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001, **** P ≤ 0.0001 and error bars denote standard deviations
    Chromatographically purified A lyophilized powder with glycine as a stabilizer
    https://www.bioz.com/result/dnase/product/Worthington Biochemical
    Average 99 stars, based on 81 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    dnase - by Bioz Stars, 2020-10
    99/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Neutrophil extracellular traps in the central nervous system hinder bacterial clearance during pneumococcal meningitis"

    Article Title: Neutrophil extracellular traps in the central nervous system hinder bacterial clearance during pneumococcal meningitis

    Journal: Nature Communications

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09040-0

    DNase facilitates bacterial clearance in a rat model of pneumococcal meningitis. Rats received a subarachnoid infusion of either S. pneumoniae SP001 strain (infected) or equal volume of saline solution (control). a After the rats were sacrificed, the brain, the right lung, and the spleen were collected and homogenized immediately. The blood was collected and centrifuged to obtain plasma. Organ homogenates and blood plasma samples were spread onto agar plates and resulting bacterial colonies were counted after 24 h. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, * P ≤ 0.05, ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001 and error bars denote standard deviations. b To determine the effect of intrathecal DNase treatment, infected rats either received a subarachnoid infusion of 10 units of DNase simultaneously (0 h) or 10 h after the infection, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle solution simultaneously to the infection. To determine the effect of intravenous DNase treatment, infected rats either received an intravenous bolus dose of 3500 units of DNase 6 h after the infection, followed by intravenous infusion of 780 units/h over the next 18 h, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle control in the same manner. In all cases, uninfected (control) rats received an equal volume of saline vehicle control either intrathecally or intravenously as indicated. All rats were sacrificed 24 h after the infection. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected for visualization of NETs only by immunofluorescence against rat myeloperoxidase (red) and DNA (blue). Areas of red and blue colocalization represent NETs. Scale bars denote 200 µm. c NETs were quantified using Fiji and expressed as percentage of NETs, percentage of staining under NETs per field of view and total area under NET staining in square millimeters. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, centre line and columns indicate mean values ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001, **** P ≤ 0.0001 and error bars denote standard deviations
    Figure Legend Snippet: DNase facilitates bacterial clearance in a rat model of pneumococcal meningitis. Rats received a subarachnoid infusion of either S. pneumoniae SP001 strain (infected) or equal volume of saline solution (control). a After the rats were sacrificed, the brain, the right lung, and the spleen were collected and homogenized immediately. The blood was collected and centrifuged to obtain plasma. Organ homogenates and blood plasma samples were spread onto agar plates and resulting bacterial colonies were counted after 24 h. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, * P ≤ 0.05, ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001 and error bars denote standard deviations. b To determine the effect of intrathecal DNase treatment, infected rats either received a subarachnoid infusion of 10 units of DNase simultaneously (0 h) or 10 h after the infection, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle solution simultaneously to the infection. To determine the effect of intravenous DNase treatment, infected rats either received an intravenous bolus dose of 3500 units of DNase 6 h after the infection, followed by intravenous infusion of 780 units/h over the next 18 h, or they received an equal volume of saline vehicle control in the same manner. In all cases, uninfected (control) rats received an equal volume of saline vehicle control either intrathecally or intravenously as indicated. All rats were sacrificed 24 h after the infection. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected for visualization of NETs only by immunofluorescence against rat myeloperoxidase (red) and DNA (blue). Areas of red and blue colocalization represent NETs. Scale bars denote 200 µm. c NETs were quantified using Fiji and expressed as percentage of NETs, percentage of staining under NETs per field of view and total area under NET staining in square millimeters. Indicated groups were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Sidak’s multiple comparisons test, centre line and columns indicate mean values ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.001, **** P ≤ 0.0001 and error bars denote standard deviations

    Techniques Used: Infection, Immunofluorescence, Staining

    2) Product Images from "Initiation-specific alleles of the Cdc45 helicase-activating protein"

    Article Title: Initiation-specific alleles of the Cdc45 helicase-activating protein

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214426

    Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for CMG formation. (A) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the CMG formation assay. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M KCl, 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase and detected by immunoblot. (B) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7 and GINS with origin DNA after CMG-formation assay. Three experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. Error bars represent standard error from the mean. p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for CMG formation. (A) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the CMG formation assay. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M KCl, 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase and detected by immunoblot. (B) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7 and GINS with origin DNA after CMG-formation assay. Three experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. Error bars represent standard error from the mean. p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).

    Techniques Used: Tube Formation Assay

    Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for DNA replication. (A) DNA replication products produced with the indicated Cdc45 proteins were separated on a 0.8% alkaline agarose gel and imaged using a phosphoimager. Relative intensities of +DDK lanes were quantified and plotted using ImageJ (Cdc45 = red, Cdc45-124 = blue, Cdc45-238 = green, Cdc45-485 = purple). Horizontal lines indicate the most highly represented product length for each Cdc45 protein tested. (B) Relative levels of DNA replication for the indicated Cdc45 proteins from six experimental replicates of replication assays performed with the indicated Cdc45 mutant proteins were quantified and plotted. (C) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the replication reaction. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M K-Glut 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase, and detected by immunoblot. (D) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7, GINS and Pol ε with origin DNA after replication. Six (Cdc45 and GINS association) and five (Pol ε association) experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. For both (B) and (D), error bars represent standard error from the mean. Asterisks indicate the following p-values: p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for DNA replication. (A) DNA replication products produced with the indicated Cdc45 proteins were separated on a 0.8% alkaline agarose gel and imaged using a phosphoimager. Relative intensities of +DDK lanes were quantified and plotted using ImageJ (Cdc45 = red, Cdc45-124 = blue, Cdc45-238 = green, Cdc45-485 = purple). Horizontal lines indicate the most highly represented product length for each Cdc45 protein tested. (B) Relative levels of DNA replication for the indicated Cdc45 proteins from six experimental replicates of replication assays performed with the indicated Cdc45 mutant proteins were quantified and plotted. (C) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the replication reaction. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M K-Glut 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase, and detected by immunoblot. (D) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7, GINS and Pol ε with origin DNA after replication. Six (Cdc45 and GINS association) and five (Pol ε association) experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. For both (B) and (D), error bars represent standard error from the mean. Asterisks indicate the following p-values: p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).

    Techniques Used: Produced, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Mutagenesis

    3) Product Images from "Initiation-specific alleles of the Cdc45 helicase-activating protein"

    Article Title: Initiation-specific alleles of the Cdc45 helicase-activating protein

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214426

    Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for CMG formation. (A) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the CMG formation assay. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M KCl, 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase and detected by immunoblot. (B) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7 and GINS with origin DNA after CMG-formation assay. Three experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. Error bars represent standard error from the mean. p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for CMG formation. (A) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the CMG formation assay. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M KCl, 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase and detected by immunoblot. (B) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7 and GINS with origin DNA after CMG-formation assay. Three experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. Error bars represent standard error from the mean. p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).

    Techniques Used: Tube Formation Assay

    Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for DNA replication. (A) DNA replication products produced with the indicated Cdc45 proteins were separated on a 0.8% alkaline agarose gel and imaged using a phosphoimager. Relative intensities of +DDK lanes were quantified and plotted using ImageJ (Cdc45 = red, Cdc45-124 = blue, Cdc45-238 = green, Cdc45-485 = purple). Horizontal lines indicate the most highly represented product length for each Cdc45 protein tested. (B) Relative levels of DNA replication for the indicated Cdc45 proteins from six experimental replicates of replication assays performed with the indicated Cdc45 mutant proteins were quantified and plotted. (C) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the replication reaction. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M K-Glut 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase, and detected by immunoblot. (D) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7, GINS and Pol ε with origin DNA after replication. Six (Cdc45 and GINS association) and five (Pol ε association) experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. For both (B) and (D), error bars represent standard error from the mean. Asterisks indicate the following p-values: p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Cdc45-ts mutants are defective for DNA replication. (A) DNA replication products produced with the indicated Cdc45 proteins were separated on a 0.8% alkaline agarose gel and imaged using a phosphoimager. Relative intensities of +DDK lanes were quantified and plotted using ImageJ (Cdc45 = red, Cdc45-124 = blue, Cdc45-238 = green, Cdc45-485 = purple). Horizontal lines indicate the most highly represented product length for each Cdc45 protein tested. (B) Relative levels of DNA replication for the indicated Cdc45 proteins from six experimental replicates of replication assays performed with the indicated Cdc45 mutant proteins were quantified and plotted. (C) Proteins associated with the DNA at the end of the replication reaction. Bead-associated proteins were washed with Buffer H + 0.3M K-Glut 0.02%NP-40, released with DNase, and detected by immunoblot. (D) Relative association of Cdc45, Mcm2-7, GINS and Pol ε with origin DNA after replication. Six (Cdc45 and GINS association) and five (Pol ε association) experimental replicates were quantified and plotted. For both (B) and (D), error bars represent standard error from the mean. Asterisks indicate the following p-values: p≤0.01(**), p≤0.001(***), p≤0.0001(****), not significant (n.s., p≥0.05).

    Techniques Used: Produced, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Mutagenesis

    4) Product Images from "Microfabricated Engineered Particle Systems for Respiratory Drug Delivery and Other Pharmaceutical Applications"

    Article Title: Microfabricated Engineered Particle Systems for Respiratory Drug Delivery and Other Pharmaceutical Applications

    Journal: Journal of Drug Delivery

    doi: 10.1155/2012/941243

    SEM micrographs of diverse PRINT aerosols. (a) BSA/Lactose 200 × 200 nm cylinders; (b) IgG/Lactose10 μ m pollen; (c) 30 K PLGA 3 μ m cylinders; (d) itraconazole 1.5 μ m torus; (e) itraconazole 3 μ m torus; (f) itraconazole 6 μ m torus; (g) zanamivir 1.5 μ m torus; (h) DNAse 1.5 μ m torus; (i) siRNA 1.5 μ m torus.
    Figure Legend Snippet: SEM micrographs of diverse PRINT aerosols. (a) BSA/Lactose 200 × 200 nm cylinders; (b) IgG/Lactose10 μ m pollen; (c) 30 K PLGA 3 μ m cylinders; (d) itraconazole 1.5 μ m torus; (e) itraconazole 3 μ m torus; (f) itraconazole 6 μ m torus; (g) zanamivir 1.5 μ m torus; (h) DNAse 1.5 μ m torus; (i) siRNA 1.5 μ m torus.

    Techniques Used:

    Related Articles

    In Vitro:

    Article Title: Extracellular traps are associated with human and mouse neutrophil and macrophage mediated killing of larval Strongyloides stercoralis
    Article Snippet: .. Treatment with DNase I eliminated the presence of released DNA, but did not block killing of the larvae by mouse neutrophils and macrophages in vitro. .. This observation suggests that in contrast to human neutrophils and macrophages, mouse cells do not require ET formation in vitro to kill the worms.

    Blocking Assay:

    Article Title: Extracellular traps are associated with human and mouse neutrophil and macrophage mediated killing of larval Strongyloides stercoralis
    Article Snippet: .. Treatment with DNase I eliminated the presence of released DNA, but did not block killing of the larvae by mouse neutrophils and macrophages in vitro. .. This observation suggests that in contrast to human neutrophils and macrophages, mouse cells do not require ET formation in vitro to kill the worms.

    Produced:

    Article Title: Novel High-Throughput Deoxyribonuclease 1 Assay
    Article Snippet: .. The percentage of DNase I activity was calculated using Equation 1: DNase\u00a0I\u00a0activity (%) =\u00a0 (mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0a\u00a0compound/mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0DMSO)\u00a0\u00d7\u00a0100 (1) In similar assays, recombinant murine EndoG (produced in-house) was used at a concentration of 0.14 μM in 0.1 mM MgCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4; and DNase II (Worthington, Lakewood, NJ) (3.32 nM) was tested in 100 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 5.0. .. For evaluation of the quality of the assay, Z’ values were calculated using Equation 2: Z\u2019 =\u00a01\u00a0\u2212\u00a0(3SDC +\u00a03SDB )/(MC \u00a0\u2212\u00a0MB ) (2) where M = mean value; SD = standard deviation; C = control; and B = background.

    Concentration Assay:

    Article Title: Interactions of NBU1 IntN1 and Orf2x Proteins with Attachment Site DNA
    Article Snippet: .. DNase I (Worthington) diluted in DNase I dilution buffer (2.5 mM MgCl2 , 0.5 mM CaCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.6, 0.1 mg/ml BSA) to a final concentration of 0.0625 μg/ml was incubated with reaction mixtures for 1 min. ..

    Article Title: Novel High-Throughput Deoxyribonuclease 1 Assay
    Article Snippet: .. The percentage of DNase I activity was calculated using Equation 1: DNase\u00a0I\u00a0activity (%) =\u00a0 (mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0a\u00a0compound/mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0DMSO)\u00a0\u00d7\u00a0100 (1) In similar assays, recombinant murine EndoG (produced in-house) was used at a concentration of 0.14 μM in 0.1 mM MgCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4; and DNase II (Worthington, Lakewood, NJ) (3.32 nM) was tested in 100 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 5.0. .. For evaluation of the quality of the assay, Z’ values were calculated using Equation 2: Z\u2019 =\u00a01\u00a0\u2212\u00a0(3SDC +\u00a03SDB )/(MC \u00a0\u2212\u00a0MB ) (2) where M = mean value; SD = standard deviation; C = control; and B = background.

    Incubation:

    Article Title: Epigenetic Control of Cell Cycle-Dependent Histone Gene Expression Is a Principal Component of the Abbreviated Pluripotent Cell Cycle
    Article Snippet: .. Nuclei were then resuspended in RSB buffer supplemented with 1 mM CaCl2 and incubated with increasing concentrations of DNase I (DPRF; Worthington Biochemical Corporation, Lakewood, NJ) for 10 min at room temperature with gentle agitation. ..

    Article Title: Interactions of NBU1 IntN1 and Orf2x Proteins with Attachment Site DNA
    Article Snippet: .. DNase I (Worthington) diluted in DNase I dilution buffer (2.5 mM MgCl2 , 0.5 mM CaCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.6, 0.1 mg/ml BSA) to a final concentration of 0.0625 μg/ml was incubated with reaction mixtures for 1 min. ..

    other:

    Article Title: Interactions of NBU1 IntN1 and Orf2x Proteins with Attachment Site DNA
    Article Snippet: The region is dA+dT rich, and protection seen from positions +126 to +129 is subtle because DNase I does not cleave DNA efficiently in this region.

    Article Title: Identification of Viral Peptide Fragments for Vaccine Development
    Article Snippet: In the random digestion step, the use of DNase I in the presence of MnCl2 is critical as this protocol will generate DNA fragments of relatively uniform sizes, which facilitates the reassembly step ( 17 , also see Note ).

    Activity Assay:

    Article Title: Novel High-Throughput Deoxyribonuclease 1 Assay
    Article Snippet: .. The percentage of DNase I activity was calculated using Equation 1: DNase\u00a0I\u00a0activity (%) =\u00a0 (mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0a\u00a0compound/mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0DMSO)\u00a0\u00d7\u00a0100 (1) In similar assays, recombinant murine EndoG (produced in-house) was used at a concentration of 0.14 μM in 0.1 mM MgCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4; and DNase II (Worthington, Lakewood, NJ) (3.32 nM) was tested in 100 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 5.0. .. For evaluation of the quality of the assay, Z’ values were calculated using Equation 2: Z\u2019 =\u00a01\u00a0\u2212\u00a0(3SDC +\u00a03SDB )/(MC \u00a0\u2212\u00a0MB ) (2) where M = mean value; SD = standard deviation; C = control; and B = background.

    Expressing:

    Article Title: Epigenetic Control of Cell Cycle-Dependent Histone Gene Expression Is a Principal Component of the Abbreviated Pluripotent Cell Cycle
    Article Snippet: .. Analysis of nuclease sensitivity ( ) of the genomic histone HIST2H4 locus to DNase I reveals changes in chromatin structure that accompany increased histone gene expression in hES cells. ..

    Recombinant:

    Article Title: Novel High-Throughput Deoxyribonuclease 1 Assay
    Article Snippet: .. The percentage of DNase I activity was calculated using Equation 1: DNase\u00a0I\u00a0activity (%) =\u00a0 (mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0a\u00a0compound/mean\u00a0velocity\u00a0of\u00a0DMSO)\u00a0\u00d7\u00a0100 (1) In similar assays, recombinant murine EndoG (produced in-house) was used at a concentration of 0.14 μM in 0.1 mM MgCl2 , 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4; and DNase II (Worthington, Lakewood, NJ) (3.32 nM) was tested in 100 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 5.0. .. For evaluation of the quality of the assay, Z’ values were calculated using Equation 2: Z\u2019 =\u00a01\u00a0\u2212\u00a0(3SDC +\u00a03SDB )/(MC \u00a0\u2212\u00a0MB ) (2) where M = mean value; SD = standard deviation; C = control; and B = background.

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  • 99
    Worthington Biochemical dnase i
    NETs are required for larval killing by human neutrophils in vitro. A) Human macrophages (Mϕ) and neutrophils (PMN) cultured in vitro with 50 larvae (L3) for 48 h. The cultures were treated with 100 U/ml of <t>DNase</t> I to block NET formation and assessed
    Dnase I, supplied by Worthington Biochemical, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 99/100, based on 431 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
    https://www.bioz.com/result/dnase i/product/Worthington Biochemical
    Average 99 stars, based on 431 article reviews
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    NETs are required for larval killing by human neutrophils in vitro. A) Human macrophages (Mϕ) and neutrophils (PMN) cultured in vitro with 50 larvae (L3) for 48 h. The cultures were treated with 100 U/ml of DNase I to block NET formation and assessed

    Journal: Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur

    Article Title: Extracellular traps are associated with human and mouse neutrophil and macrophage mediated killing of larval Strongyloides stercoralis

    doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2014.02.012

    Figure Lengend Snippet: NETs are required for larval killing by human neutrophils in vitro. A) Human macrophages (Mϕ) and neutrophils (PMN) cultured in vitro with 50 larvae (L3) for 48 h. The cultures were treated with 100 U/ml of DNase I to block NET formation and assessed

    Article Snippet: Treatment with DNase I eliminated the presence of released DNA, but did not block killing of the larvae by mouse neutrophils and macrophages in vitro.

    Techniques: In Vitro, Cell Culture, Blocking Assay

    Fig. 8. ( A ) β-galactosidase activity of the B.thuringiensis 407 Cry – A ′ Z Δ papR mutant strain. The cells were grown at 37°C in LB medium and each peptide (OS5, OS5-I1, OS5-M1 and OS5-V1; all 0.5 µM) was added at t 1 (1 h after the onset of the stationary phase). The amino acid sequences of the peptides are as follows: OS5, LPFEF; OS5-I1, IPFEF; OS5-M1, MPFEF; OS5-V1, VPFEF. ( B ) DNase I footprinting analysis of PlcR binding to the plcA promoter region in the presence of various pentapeptides. Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lane 2, no protein; lane 3, 1.2 µg of PlcR (35 pmol); lane 4, 1.2 µg of PlcR and of OS5 10 µg; lane 5, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-I1; lane 6, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-M1; lane 7, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-V1. The region protected by PlcR is indicated by a bracket and corresponds to the PlcR box upstream from the plcA gene.

    Journal: The EMBO Journal

    Article Title: A cell-cell signaling peptide activates the PlcR virulence regulon in bacteria of the Bacillus cereus group

    doi: 10.1093/emboj/cdf450

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Fig. 8. ( A ) β-galactosidase activity of the B.thuringiensis 407 Cry – A ′ Z Δ papR mutant strain. The cells were grown at 37°C in LB medium and each peptide (OS5, OS5-I1, OS5-M1 and OS5-V1; all 0.5 µM) was added at t 1 (1 h after the onset of the stationary phase). The amino acid sequences of the peptides are as follows: OS5, LPFEF; OS5-I1, IPFEF; OS5-M1, MPFEF; OS5-V1, VPFEF. ( B ) DNase I footprinting analysis of PlcR binding to the plcA promoter region in the presence of various pentapeptides. Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lane 2, no protein; lane 3, 1.2 µg of PlcR (35 pmol); lane 4, 1.2 µg of PlcR and of OS5 10 µg; lane 5, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-I1; lane 6, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-M1; lane 7, 1.2 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5-V1. The region protected by PlcR is indicated by a bracket and corresponds to the PlcR box upstream from the plcA gene.

    Article Snippet: Reactions were performed in a 20 µl volume, and concentrations of MgCl2 and CaCl2 were adjusted to 5 and 0.5 mM, respectively, before adding 5 ng of DNase I (Worthington Biochemical).

    Techniques: Activity Assay, Mutagenesis, Footprinting, Binding Assay

    Fig. 6. DNase I footprinting analysis of PlcR binding to the plcA promoter region. Radiolabeled fragments (50 000 c.p.m.) were incubated with various concentrations of PlcR and OS5. ( A ) Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lane 2, no protein; lane 3, 0.1 µg of PlcR; lane 4, 10 µg of PlcR; lane 5, 20 µg of OS5; lane 6, 0.1 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5; lane 7, 0.1 µg of PlcR and 20 µg of OS5; lane 8, 10 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5; lane 9, 10 µg of PlcR and 20 µg of OS5. The region protected by PlcR is indicated by a bracket. ( B ) Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lanes 2–8, 50 pmol of PlcR (1.7 µg) and OS5: lane 2, 1000 pmol (0.65 µg); lane 3, 500 pmol; lane 4, 150 pmol; lane 5, 70 pmol; lane 6, 35 pmol; lane 7, 10 pmol; lane 8, 5 pmol; lane 9, 50 pmol of PlcR; lane 10, neither protein nor peptide. ( C ) plcA promoter region. The DNase I-protected area is indicated by a bracket and the PlcR box is in bold. Positions are relative to the transcription start point. The –35 and –10 promoter regions, and the transcription start (+ 1) of the plcA ).

    Journal: The EMBO Journal

    Article Title: A cell-cell signaling peptide activates the PlcR virulence regulon in bacteria of the Bacillus cereus group

    doi: 10.1093/emboj/cdf450

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Fig. 6. DNase I footprinting analysis of PlcR binding to the plcA promoter region. Radiolabeled fragments (50 000 c.p.m.) were incubated with various concentrations of PlcR and OS5. ( A ) Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lane 2, no protein; lane 3, 0.1 µg of PlcR; lane 4, 10 µg of PlcR; lane 5, 20 µg of OS5; lane 6, 0.1 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5; lane 7, 0.1 µg of PlcR and 20 µg of OS5; lane 8, 10 µg of PlcR and 10 µg of OS5; lane 9, 10 µg of PlcR and 20 µg of OS5. The region protected by PlcR is indicated by a bracket. ( B ) Lane 1, G+A Maxam and Gilbert reaction; lanes 2–8, 50 pmol of PlcR (1.7 µg) and OS5: lane 2, 1000 pmol (0.65 µg); lane 3, 500 pmol; lane 4, 150 pmol; lane 5, 70 pmol; lane 6, 35 pmol; lane 7, 10 pmol; lane 8, 5 pmol; lane 9, 50 pmol of PlcR; lane 10, neither protein nor peptide. ( C ) plcA promoter region. The DNase I-protected area is indicated by a bracket and the PlcR box is in bold. Positions are relative to the transcription start point. The –35 and –10 promoter regions, and the transcription start (+ 1) of the plcA ).

    Article Snippet: Reactions were performed in a 20 µl volume, and concentrations of MgCl2 and CaCl2 were adjusted to 5 and 0.5 mM, respectively, before adding 5 ng of DNase I (Worthington Biochemical).

    Techniques: Footprinting, Binding Assay, Incubation

    Chromatin architecture of the human histone H4 gene in hES cells. (A) DNase I hypersensitivity at the human histone H4 gene ( HIST2H4 ). Nuclei were isolated from hES cells (lanes 4 to 6) and normal diploid fibroblasts (TIG-1 and IMR-90; lanes 7 to 9 and

    Journal: Molecular and Cellular Biology

    Article Title: Epigenetic Control of Cell Cycle-Dependent Histone Gene Expression Is a Principal Component of the Abbreviated Pluripotent Cell Cycle

    doi: 10.1128/MCB.00736-12

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Chromatin architecture of the human histone H4 gene in hES cells. (A) DNase I hypersensitivity at the human histone H4 gene ( HIST2H4 ). Nuclei were isolated from hES cells (lanes 4 to 6) and normal diploid fibroblasts (TIG-1 and IMR-90; lanes 7 to 9 and

    Article Snippet: Nuclei were then resuspended in RSB buffer supplemented with 1 mM CaCl2 and incubated with increasing concentrations of DNase I (DPRF; Worthington Biochemical Corporation, Lakewood, NJ) for 10 min at room temperature with gentle agitation.

    Techniques: Isolation