salmonella strain atcc 13076  (ATCC)


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    Structured Review

    ATCC salmonella strain atcc 13076
    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis <t>ATCC</t> 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Salmonella Strain Atcc 13076, supplied by ATCC, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 98/100, based on 104 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Images

    1) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Techniques Used: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

    2) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Techniques Used: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

    3) Product Images from "Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models"

    Article Title: Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02609-15

    Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase
    Figure Legend Snippet: Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase

    Techniques Used: Isolation

    4) Product Images from "Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models"

    Article Title: Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02609-15

    Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase
    Figure Legend Snippet: Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase

    Techniques Used: Isolation

    5) Product Images from "Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion"

    Article Title: Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion

    Journal: Gut Pathogens

    doi: 10.1186/s13099-017-0162-4

    Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations.  a S. enteritidis  ATCC 13076,  b L. monocytogenes  ATCC 7644,  c E. coli  O157: H7 ATCC 35150,  d C. sakazakii  ATCC 29544,  e C. jejuni  ATCC 33291.  Asterisks  represented values statistically significant (p 
    Figure Legend Snippet: Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations. a S. enteritidis ATCC 13076, b L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, c E. coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, d C. sakazakii ATCC 29544, e C. jejuni ATCC 33291. Asterisks represented values statistically significant (p 

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    6) Product Images from "Antimicrobial Activity of Six International Artisanal Kefirs against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis, and Staphylococcus aureus"

    Article Title: Antimicrobial Activity of Six International Artisanal Kefirs against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis, and Staphylococcus aureus

    Journal: Microorganisms

    doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8060849

    Comparison of the antimicrobial activity spectra of artisanal kefirs from Fusion Tea (A, Amazon); Britain (B); the Caucasus region (C); Ireland (I); South Korea (K); and Lithuania (L) against ( a ) Escherichia coli ATCC 12435, ( b ) Lactobacillus plantarum NCDO 995, ( c ) Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10420, ( d ) Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, ( e ) Listeria monocytogenes CWD 1198, ( f ) Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and ( g ) Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the agar well diffusion method. A range of filter-sterilized artisanal kefir volumes (100 µL, 150 µL, 200 µL, and 250 µL) were placed inside the wells. Nisin (N; 220 IU) and polylysin (P; 200 IU) were used as positive controls in a volume of 100 µL. Sterilized DI water (100 µL) was used as a negative control. The diameter of the inhibition zones was measured in mm. All experiments were conducted two independent times and each time in duplicate. Different letters ( a – f ) indicate statistical pairwise comparisons between the treatments within each volume performed by post-hoc Tukey’s multiple comparison procedure. The same letter indicates no significant difference between the treatments within each volume.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Comparison of the antimicrobial activity spectra of artisanal kefirs from Fusion Tea (A, Amazon); Britain (B); the Caucasus region (C); Ireland (I); South Korea (K); and Lithuania (L) against ( a ) Escherichia coli ATCC 12435, ( b ) Lactobacillus plantarum NCDO 995, ( c ) Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10420, ( d ) Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, ( e ) Listeria monocytogenes CWD 1198, ( f ) Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and ( g ) Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the agar well diffusion method. A range of filter-sterilized artisanal kefir volumes (100 µL, 150 µL, 200 µL, and 250 µL) were placed inside the wells. Nisin (N; 220 IU) and polylysin (P; 200 IU) were used as positive controls in a volume of 100 µL. Sterilized DI water (100 µL) was used as a negative control. The diameter of the inhibition zones was measured in mm. All experiments were conducted two independent times and each time in duplicate. Different letters ( a – f ) indicate statistical pairwise comparisons between the treatments within each volume performed by post-hoc Tukey’s multiple comparison procedure. The same letter indicates no significant difference between the treatments within each volume.

    Techniques Used: Activity Assay, Diffusion-based Assay, Negative Control, Inhibition

    7) Product Images from "Assessment of the biological potential of diaryltriazene-derived triazene compounds"

    Article Title: Assessment of the biological potential of diaryltriazene-derived triazene compounds

    Journal: Scientific Reports

    doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-81823-2

    The potency of compounds  T1 ,  T2 ,  T3 , and  T4  against  Staphylococcus hemolyticus  IC 13084879,  Escherichia coli  ATCC 25922, and  Salmonella  Enteritidis ATCC 13076.
    Figure Legend Snippet: The potency of compounds T1 , T2 , T3 , and T4 against Staphylococcus hemolyticus IC 13084879, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, and Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076.

    Techniques Used:

    8) Product Images from "In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles Against Selected Gram-negative Foodborne Pathogens"

    Article Title: In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles Against Selected Gram-negative Foodborne Pathogens

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01555

    Time-kill plots of AgNPs against (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076 at different concentration and time-length.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Time-kill plots of AgNPs against (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076 at different concentration and time-length.

    Techniques Used: Concentration Assay

    Visible clear zone produced by tea leaves extract mediated AgNP against four species of foodborne pathogens:  (A) E. coli  ATCC 25922,  (B) K. pneumoniae  ATCC 13773,  (C) S.  Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and  (D) S.  Enteritidis ATCC 13076.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Visible clear zone produced by tea leaves extract mediated AgNP against four species of foodborne pathogens: (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076.

    Techniques Used: Produced

    9) Product Images from "Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models"

    Article Title: Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02609-15

    Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase
    Figure Legend Snippet: Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase

    Techniques Used: Isolation

    10) Product Images from "Photoinactivation of Catalase Sensitizes Wide-Ranging Bacteria to ROS-Producing Agents and Immune Cells"

    Article Title: Photoinactivation of Catalase Sensitizes Wide-Ranging Bacteria to ROS-Producing Agents and Immune Cells

    Journal: bioRxiv

    doi: 10.1101/2021.06.24.449847

    Photoinactivation of catalase sensitizes wide-ranging pathogenic bacteria to H 2 O 2 . a - h . CFU ml -1 of stationary-phase Salmonella enterica ATCC 29630 ( a ), stationary-phase E. coli BW25113 ( b ), stationary-phase A. baumannii 1 ( c ), stationary-phase P. aeruginosa strains ( d - f ), Klebsiella pneumonia 1 ( g ), Enterococcus faecalis 1 ( h ) under various treatment schemes. 410 nm exposure: 6.6 J/cm 2 , H 2 O 2 : 22 mM, 30-min culture time (for a - h ). i . Toxicity test of CHO cells by MTT assay under different treatment schemes. j - l . CFU ml -1 of log-phase MRSA USA300 ( j ), log-phase P. aeruginosa PAO1 ( k ), and log-phase A. baumannii 1 ( l ) under different treatment schemes. 410 nm exposure: 75 J/cm 2 , H 2 O 2 : 0.1%. Serial dilution or MTT assay was conducted after 1-min incubation time (for i - l) . Data: Mean±SD. Pound sign (#) indicates the CFU results are below the detection limit. Student unpaired t -test. ***: p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Photoinactivation of catalase sensitizes wide-ranging pathogenic bacteria to H 2 O 2 . a - h . CFU ml -1 of stationary-phase Salmonella enterica ATCC 29630 ( a ), stationary-phase E. coli BW25113 ( b ), stationary-phase A. baumannii 1 ( c ), stationary-phase P. aeruginosa strains ( d - f ), Klebsiella pneumonia 1 ( g ), Enterococcus faecalis 1 ( h ) under various treatment schemes. 410 nm exposure: 6.6 J/cm 2 , H 2 O 2 : 22 mM, 30-min culture time (for a - h ). i . Toxicity test of CHO cells by MTT assay under different treatment schemes. j - l . CFU ml -1 of log-phase MRSA USA300 ( j ), log-phase P. aeruginosa PAO1 ( k ), and log-phase A. baumannii 1 ( l ) under different treatment schemes. 410 nm exposure: 75 J/cm 2 , H 2 O 2 : 0.1%. Serial dilution or MTT assay was conducted after 1-min incubation time (for i - l) . Data: Mean±SD. Pound sign (#) indicates the CFU results are below the detection limit. Student unpaired t -test. ***: p

    Techniques Used: MTT Assay, Serial Dilution, Incubation

    Photoinactivation of catalase sensitizes pathogenic bacteria to certain antibiotics. a . CFU ml -1 of E. coli BW25113 under different treatments. b - c . CFU ml -1 of Salmonella enterica under different treatments. CFU enumeration was obtained by incubation with tobramycin in TSB for 4 hours. d . CFU ml -1 of Enterococcus faecalis 1 under the same treatments as in b - c. e - f . CFU ml -1 of log-phase P. aeruginosa PAO1 ( e ) along with A. baumannii 2 under different treatment schemes. CFU enumeration was achieved after incubation with ciprofloxacin in TSB for 4 hours. Data: Mean±SD. Student unpaired t -test and one-way ANOVA. ***: p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Photoinactivation of catalase sensitizes pathogenic bacteria to certain antibiotics. a . CFU ml -1 of E. coli BW25113 under different treatments. b - c . CFU ml -1 of Salmonella enterica under different treatments. CFU enumeration was obtained by incubation with tobramycin in TSB for 4 hours. d . CFU ml -1 of Enterococcus faecalis 1 under the same treatments as in b - c. e - f . CFU ml -1 of log-phase P. aeruginosa PAO1 ( e ) along with A. baumannii 2 under different treatment schemes. CFU enumeration was achieved after incubation with ciprofloxacin in TSB for 4 hours. Data: Mean±SD. Student unpaired t -test and one-way ANOVA. ***: p

    Techniques Used: Incubation

    Characterization of photoinactivation of catalase under transient absorption microscope. a - c . Transient absorption images of bovine liver catalase dried on a cover slide under different exposure time. d . Time-lapse transient absorption signals of dried bovine liver catalase. Curve fitted by a second-order photobleaching model. e - g . Time-lapse transient absorption signals of dried MRSA USA300 ( e ), P. aeruginosa ( f ), and Salmonella enterica ( g ). Pump=410 nm, 5 mW on the sample; probe=520 nm, 7 mW on the sample. Scalar bar=10 µm.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Characterization of photoinactivation of catalase under transient absorption microscope. a - c . Transient absorption images of bovine liver catalase dried on a cover slide under different exposure time. d . Time-lapse transient absorption signals of dried bovine liver catalase. Curve fitted by a second-order photobleaching model. e - g . Time-lapse transient absorption signals of dried MRSA USA300 ( e ), P. aeruginosa ( f ), and Salmonella enterica ( g ). Pump=410 nm, 5 mW on the sample; probe=520 nm, 7 mW on the sample. Scalar bar=10 µm.

    Techniques Used: Microscopy

    11) Product Images from "Characterization of Fitness Cost Caused by Tigecycline-Resistance Gene tet(X6) in Different Host Bacteria"

    Article Title: Characterization of Fitness Cost Caused by Tigecycline-Resistance Gene tet(X6) in Different Host Bacteria

    Journal: Antibiotics

    doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10101172

    Bacterial fitness cost ( A1 – C1 ) and the ability of biofilm formation ( A2 − C2 ) in different host bacteria after exposure to different concentrations of l -arabinose. ( A1 , A2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in E. coli TOP10. ( B1 , B2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in S. Enteritidis ATCC13076. ( C1 , C2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in P. mirabilis HS1-T. Blank LB broth was used as negative control. Host bacteria carrying pBAD plasmid without tet (X6) gene were also determined. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD. The p values (* p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Bacterial fitness cost ( A1 – C1 ) and the ability of biofilm formation ( A2 − C2 ) in different host bacteria after exposure to different concentrations of l -arabinose. ( A1 , A2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in E. coli TOP10. ( B1 , B2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in S. Enteritidis ATCC13076. ( C1 , C2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial fitness cost and biofilm formation in P. mirabilis HS1-T. Blank LB broth was used as negative control. Host bacteria carrying pBAD plasmid without tet (X6) gene were also determined. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD. The p values (* p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Negative Control, Plasmid Preparation

    Kaplan–Meier plots showing the percentage of survival of G. mellonella over 72 h, infected with different host bacteria induced by different concentrations of l -arabinose. Survival rate of G. mellonella larvae ( n = 10 per group) infected with E. coli TOP10 ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( A ) and S. Enteritidis ATCC13076 ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( B ) and P. mirabilis HS1-T ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( C ) (10 7 CFUs per larvae) over 72 h.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Kaplan–Meier plots showing the percentage of survival of G. mellonella over 72 h, infected with different host bacteria induced by different concentrations of l -arabinose. Survival rate of G. mellonella larvae ( n = 10 per group) infected with E. coli TOP10 ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( A ) and S. Enteritidis ATCC13076 ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( B ) and P. mirabilis HS1-T ( tet (X6)/pBAD) ( C ) (10 7 CFUs per larvae) over 72 h.

    Techniques Used: Infection

    Relative expression level of tet (X6) gene in E. coli TOP10 ( A ), S. Enteritidis ATCC13076 ( B ) and P. mirabilis HS1-T (C) in the presence of l -arabinose ranging from 0 to 10 mM. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD. The differences in tet (X6) expression were determined using two-tailed Student’s t -test (* p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Relative expression level of tet (X6) gene in E. coli TOP10 ( A ), S. Enteritidis ATCC13076 ( B ) and P. mirabilis HS1-T (C) in the presence of l -arabinose ranging from 0 to 10 mM. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD. The differences in tet (X6) expression were determined using two-tailed Student’s t -test (* p

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Two Tailed Test

    Effect of tet (X6) overexpression on bacterial growth in different host bacteria. ( A1 , A2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in E. coli TOP10. ( B1 , B2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in S. Enteritidis ATCC13076. ( C1 , C2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in P. mirabilis HS1-T. ( A1 – C1 ), bacterial growth was represented by absorbance at 600 nm; ( A2 – C2 ), bacterial growth was represented by bacterial CFUs. Host bacteria carrying pBAD plasmid without tet (X6) gene were used as a control. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effect of tet (X6) overexpression on bacterial growth in different host bacteria. ( A1 , A2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in E. coli TOP10. ( B1 , B2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in S. Enteritidis ATCC13076. ( C1 , C2 ): effect of tet (X6) expression on bacterial growth induced with different concentrations of l -arabinose in P. mirabilis HS1-T. ( A1 – C1 ), bacterial growth was represented by absorbance at 600 nm; ( A2 – C2 ), bacterial growth was represented by bacterial CFUs. Host bacteria carrying pBAD plasmid without tet (X6) gene were used as a control. Data are representative of three biological replicates and expressed as mean ± SD.

    Techniques Used: Over Expression, Expressing, Plasmid Preparation

    12) Product Images from "Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion"

    Article Title: Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion

    Journal: Gut Pathogens

    doi: 10.1186/s13099-017-0162-4

    Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations.  a S. enteritidis  ATCC 13076,  b L. monocytogenes  ATCC 7644,  c E. coli  O157: H7 ATCC 35150,  d C. sakazakii  ATCC 29544,  e C. jejuni  ATCC 33291.  Asterisks  represented values statistically significant (p 
    Figure Legend Snippet: Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations. a S. enteritidis ATCC 13076, b L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, c E. coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, d C. sakazakii ATCC 29544, e C. jejuni ATCC 33291. Asterisks represented values statistically significant (p 

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    13) Product Images from "Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion"

    Article Title: Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion

    Journal: Gut Pathogens

    doi: 10.1186/s13099-017-0162-4

    Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations.  a S. enteritidis  ATCC 13076,  b L. monocytogenes  ATCC 7644,  c E. coli  O157: H7 ATCC 35150,  d C. sakazakii  ATCC 29544,  e C. jejuni  ATCC 33291.  Asterisks  represented values statistically significant (p 
    Figure Legend Snippet: Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations. a S. enteritidis ATCC 13076, b L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, c E. coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, d C. sakazakii ATCC 29544, e C. jejuni ATCC 33291. Asterisks represented values statistically significant (p 

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    14) Product Images from "Effects of Elevated Hydrostatic Pressure against Mesophilic Background Microflora and Habituated Salmonella Serovars in Orange Juice"

    Article Title: Effects of Elevated Hydrostatic Pressure against Mesophilic Background Microflora and Habituated Salmonella Serovars in Orange Juice

    Journal: Microorganisms

    doi: 10.3390/microorganisms6010023

    Number(s) of log reductions of five-strain mixture of Salmonella serovars (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) inoculated in sterilized orange juice. Zero hour time shows the log reduction immediately after addition of the pathogen mixture to sterilized orange juices. Values followed by difference uppercase letters are statistically different ( p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Number(s) of log reductions of five-strain mixture of Salmonella serovars (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) inoculated in sterilized orange juice. Zero hour time shows the log reduction immediately after addition of the pathogen mixture to sterilized orange juices. Values followed by difference uppercase letters are statistically different ( p

    Techniques Used:

    Inactivation rates for five-strain mixture (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) of habituated Salmonella serovars exposed to elevated hydrostatic pressure (Barocycler Hub 440, Pressure BioScience Inc., South Easton, MA, USA) in sterilized orange juice. K max values are selected from best fitted model (goodness-of-fit indicator of R 2 values, α = 0.05) using GInaFiT software. K max values are expression of number of log cycles of reduction in 1/min unit, thus larger values indicate less time required for microbial cell reductions in each tested level of hydrostatic pressure. D-values provided are calculated based best fitted linear model, indicating time required for one log (90%) of microbial cell reductions of the habituated microbial mixture. ( A ). Treatment at 55K PSI (380 MPa) with R 2 = 0.97; ( B ). Treatment at 35K PSI (241 MPa) with R 2 = 0.85; ( C ). Treatment at 15K PSI (103 MPa) with R 2 = 0.74; ( D ). Treatment at 5K PSI (35 MPa) with R 2 = 0.77.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Inactivation rates for five-strain mixture (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) of habituated Salmonella serovars exposed to elevated hydrostatic pressure (Barocycler Hub 440, Pressure BioScience Inc., South Easton, MA, USA) in sterilized orange juice. K max values are selected from best fitted model (goodness-of-fit indicator of R 2 values, α = 0.05) using GInaFiT software. K max values are expression of number of log cycles of reduction in 1/min unit, thus larger values indicate less time required for microbial cell reductions in each tested level of hydrostatic pressure. D-values provided are calculated based best fitted linear model, indicating time required for one log (90%) of microbial cell reductions of the habituated microbial mixture. ( A ). Treatment at 55K PSI (380 MPa) with R 2 = 0.97; ( B ). Treatment at 35K PSI (241 MPa) with R 2 = 0.85; ( C ). Treatment at 15K PSI (103 MPa) with R 2 = 0.74; ( D ). Treatment at 5K PSI (35 MPa) with R 2 = 0.77.

    Techniques Used: Software, Expressing

    Effects of elevated hydrostatic pressure against five-strain habituated mixture of Salmonella serovars (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) in sterilized orange juice and mesophilic background flora in non-sterile orange juice, treated (Barocycler Hub440, Pressure BioScience Inc., South Easton, MA, USA) at 25 °C For Salmonella serovars and mesophilic background flora separately. Columns of each time interval followed by different uppercase letters are representing log CFU/mL values that are statistically ( p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effects of elevated hydrostatic pressure against five-strain habituated mixture of Salmonella serovars (ATCC ® numbers 13076, 8387, 6962, 9270, 14028) in sterilized orange juice and mesophilic background flora in non-sterile orange juice, treated (Barocycler Hub440, Pressure BioScience Inc., South Easton, MA, USA) at 25 °C For Salmonella serovars and mesophilic background flora separately. Columns of each time interval followed by different uppercase letters are representing log CFU/mL values that are statistically ( p

    Techniques Used:

    15) Product Images from "Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis causing mixed infections in febrile children in Mozambique"

    Article Title: Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis causing mixed infections in febrile children in Mozambique

    Journal: Infection and Drug Resistance

    doi: 10.2147/IDR.S147243

    Xba I pulsed-field electrophoresis profiles of invasive  Salmonella  Typhimurium and  S . Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A )  S.  Typhimurium. Lane B,  Xba I-digested DNA of  S .  enterica  serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C,  S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028; lane X1, MDH-T5; lane X2, MDH-T21; lane X3, MDH-T4; lane X4, MDH-T22; lane X5, MDH-T2; lane X6, MDH-T9; lane X7, MDH-T15; lane X8, MDH-T17. ( B )  S . Enteritidis. Lane B,  Xba I-digested DNA of  S .  enterica  serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C1, S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076; lane C2, CNM4839/03; lane X1, MDH-E1; lanes X2, MDH-E3, MDH-E19; MDH-E12; MDH-E15; MDH-E13; MDH-E24; lane X3, MDH-E7; lane X4, MDH-E25; lane X5, MDH-E20; lane X6, MDH-E11. The arrow points the ~350 kb fragment distinctive of MDR isolates. Abbreviations:  MDH, Manhiça District Hospital; MDR, multidrug-resistant.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Xba I pulsed-field electrophoresis profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S . Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lane B, Xba I-digested DNA of S . enterica serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028; lane X1, MDH-T5; lane X2, MDH-T21; lane X3, MDH-T4; lane X4, MDH-T22; lane X5, MDH-T2; lane X6, MDH-T9; lane X7, MDH-T15; lane X8, MDH-T17. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lane B, Xba I-digested DNA of S . enterica serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C1, S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076; lane C2, CNM4839/03; lane X1, MDH-E1; lanes X2, MDH-E3, MDH-E19; MDH-E12; MDH-E15; MDH-E13; MDH-E24; lane X3, MDH-E7; lane X4, MDH-E25; lane X5, MDH-E20; lane X6, MDH-E11. The arrow points the ~350 kb fragment distinctive of MDR isolates. Abbreviations: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital; MDR, multidrug-resistant.

    Techniques Used: Electrophoresis

    Plasmid profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lanes C1 and C2, plasmids obtained from Escherichia coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (pSLT); lane 2, MDH-T5; lane 3, MDH-T21; lane 4, MDH-T24; lane 5, MDH-T1; lane 6, MDH-T4; lane 7, MDH-T8; lane 8, MDH-T10; lane 9, MDH-T14; lane 10, MDH-T22; lane 11, MDH-T2; lane 12, MDH-T8; lane 13, MDH-T15; lane 14, MDH-T19; lane 15, MDH-T17; lane 16, MDH-T25. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lanes C1 and C2, size plasmids obtained from E. coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (pSEV); lane 2, MDH-E1; lane 3, MDH-E10; lane 4, CNM4839/03 (pUO-SeVR1); lane 5, MDH-E13; lane 6, MDH-E24; lane 7, MDH-E11; lane 8, MDH-E3; lane 9, MDH-E5; lane 10, MDH-E19; lane 11, MDH-E23; lane 12, MDH-E7; lane 13, MDH-E15; lane 14, MDH-E13; lane 15, MDH-E20; lane 16, MDH-E22. Abbreviation: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Plasmid profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lanes C1 and C2, plasmids obtained from Escherichia coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (pSLT); lane 2, MDH-T5; lane 3, MDH-T21; lane 4, MDH-T24; lane 5, MDH-T1; lane 6, MDH-T4; lane 7, MDH-T8; lane 8, MDH-T10; lane 9, MDH-T14; lane 10, MDH-T22; lane 11, MDH-T2; lane 12, MDH-T8; lane 13, MDH-T15; lane 14, MDH-T19; lane 15, MDH-T17; lane 16, MDH-T25. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lanes C1 and C2, size plasmids obtained from E. coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (pSEV); lane 2, MDH-E1; lane 3, MDH-E10; lane 4, CNM4839/03 (pUO-SeVR1); lane 5, MDH-E13; lane 6, MDH-E24; lane 7, MDH-E11; lane 8, MDH-E3; lane 9, MDH-E5; lane 10, MDH-E19; lane 11, MDH-E23; lane 12, MDH-E7; lane 13, MDH-E15; lane 14, MDH-E13; lane 15, MDH-E20; lane 16, MDH-E22. Abbreviation: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital.

    Techniques Used: Plasmid Preparation

    16) Product Images from "Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis causing mixed infections in febrile children in Mozambique"

    Article Title: Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis causing mixed infections in febrile children in Mozambique

    Journal: Infection and Drug Resistance

    doi: 10.2147/IDR.S147243

    Xba I pulsed-field electrophoresis profiles of invasive  Salmonella  Typhimurium and  S . Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A )  S.  Typhimurium. Lane B,  Xba I-digested DNA of  S .  enterica  serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C,  S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028; lane X1, MDH-T5; lane X2, MDH-T21; lane X3, MDH-T4; lane X4, MDH-T22; lane X5, MDH-T2; lane X6, MDH-T9; lane X7, MDH-T15; lane X8, MDH-T17. ( B )  S . Enteritidis. Lane B,  Xba I-digested DNA of  S .  enterica  serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C1, S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076; lane C2, CNM4839/03; lane X1, MDH-E1; lanes X2, MDH-E3, MDH-E19; MDH-E12; MDH-E15; MDH-E13; MDH-E24; lane X3, MDH-E7; lane X4, MDH-E25; lane X5, MDH-E20; lane X6, MDH-E11. The arrow points the ~350 kb fragment distinctive of MDR isolates. Abbreviations:  MDH, Manhiça District Hospital; MDR, multidrug-resistant.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Xba I pulsed-field electrophoresis profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S . Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lane B, Xba I-digested DNA of S . enterica serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028; lane X1, MDH-T5; lane X2, MDH-T21; lane X3, MDH-T4; lane X4, MDH-T22; lane X5, MDH-T2; lane X6, MDH-T9; lane X7, MDH-T15; lane X8, MDH-T17. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lane B, Xba I-digested DNA of S . enterica serovar Braenderup H9812, used as size standard; lane C1, S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076; lane C2, CNM4839/03; lane X1, MDH-E1; lanes X2, MDH-E3, MDH-E19; MDH-E12; MDH-E15; MDH-E13; MDH-E24; lane X3, MDH-E7; lane X4, MDH-E25; lane X5, MDH-E20; lane X6, MDH-E11. The arrow points the ~350 kb fragment distinctive of MDR isolates. Abbreviations: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital; MDR, multidrug-resistant.

    Techniques Used: Electrophoresis

    Plasmid profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lanes C1 and C2, plasmids obtained from Escherichia coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (pSLT); lane 2, MDH-T5; lane 3, MDH-T21; lane 4, MDH-T24; lane 5, MDH-T1; lane 6, MDH-T4; lane 7, MDH-T8; lane 8, MDH-T10; lane 9, MDH-T14; lane 10, MDH-T22; lane 11, MDH-T2; lane 12, MDH-T8; lane 13, MDH-T15; lane 14, MDH-T19; lane 15, MDH-T17; lane 16, MDH-T25. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lanes C1 and C2, size plasmids obtained from E. coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (pSEV); lane 2, MDH-E1; lane 3, MDH-E10; lane 4, CNM4839/03 (pUO-SeVR1); lane 5, MDH-E13; lane 6, MDH-E24; lane 7, MDH-E11; lane 8, MDH-E3; lane 9, MDH-E5; lane 10, MDH-E19; lane 11, MDH-E23; lane 12, MDH-E7; lane 13, MDH-E15; lane 14, MDH-E13; lane 15, MDH-E20; lane 16, MDH-E22. Abbreviation: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Plasmid profiles of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis isolates from Mozambique. ( A ) S. Typhimurium. Lanes C1 and C2, plasmids obtained from Escherichia coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (pSLT); lane 2, MDH-T5; lane 3, MDH-T21; lane 4, MDH-T24; lane 5, MDH-T1; lane 6, MDH-T4; lane 7, MDH-T8; lane 8, MDH-T10; lane 9, MDH-T14; lane 10, MDH-T22; lane 11, MDH-T2; lane 12, MDH-T8; lane 13, MDH-T15; lane 14, MDH-T19; lane 15, MDH-T17; lane 16, MDH-T25. ( B ) S . Enteritidis. Lanes C1 and C2, size plasmids obtained from E. coli 39R861 and E. coli V517, used as size standards; lane 1, S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (pSEV); lane 2, MDH-E1; lane 3, MDH-E10; lane 4, CNM4839/03 (pUO-SeVR1); lane 5, MDH-E13; lane 6, MDH-E24; lane 7, MDH-E11; lane 8, MDH-E3; lane 9, MDH-E5; lane 10, MDH-E19; lane 11, MDH-E23; lane 12, MDH-E7; lane 13, MDH-E15; lane 14, MDH-E13; lane 15, MDH-E20; lane 16, MDH-E22. Abbreviation: MDH, Manhiça District Hospital.

    Techniques Used: Plasmid Preparation

    17) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Host range of isolated phages against different strains. All experiments were conducted at 37°C ( Salmonella enterica serovar pullorum was also tested at 42°C) with 10 8 PFU/mL of phage. Scale: 4, Complete clearing; 3, clearing throughout but with faintly hazy background; 2, substantial turbidity throughout the cleared zone; 1, a few individual plaques; 0, no clearing - but a spot can be seen where the pipette tip touched the agar.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Host range of isolated phages against different strains. All experiments were conducted at 37°C ( Salmonella enterica serovar pullorum was also tested at 42°C) with 10 8 PFU/mL of phage. Scale: 4, Complete clearing; 3, clearing throughout but with faintly hazy background; 2, substantial turbidity throughout the cleared zone; 1, a few individual plaques; 0, no clearing - but a spot can be seen where the pipette tip touched the agar.

    Techniques Used: Isolation, Transferring

    18) Product Images from "Analysis of Biofilm Formation on the Surface of Organic Mung Bean Seeds, Sprouts and in the Germination Environment"

    Article Title: Analysis of Biofilm Formation on the Surface of Organic Mung Bean Seeds, Sprouts and in the Germination Environment

    Journal: Foods

    doi: 10.3390/foods10030542

    Light microscopy micrographs of biofilms formed during mung bean germination. Explanations: The numbers ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ) refer to the strain. ( 1 )— E. coli  ATCC 10536; ( 2 )— E.coli  ATCC 25922; ( 3 )— E. coli  O157:H7; ( 4 )— S. enteritadis  ATCC 13076; ( 5 )— S. enteritadis  ATCC 29631; ( 6 )— S. hofit  IFM 2318. The letters ( a , b , c , d ) refer to the disinfection method. ( a )—D1 disinfected with the 1st method; ( b )—D2 disinfected with the 2nd method; ( c )—DP1 disinfected with the 1st method +  L. plantarum  299v; ( d )—DP2 disinfected with the 2nd method +  L. plantarum  299v; Bacteria were observed at 1000× magnification.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Light microscopy micrographs of biofilms formed during mung bean germination. Explanations: The numbers ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ) refer to the strain. ( 1 )— E. coli ATCC 10536; ( 2 )— E.coli ATCC 25922; ( 3 )— E. coli O157:H7; ( 4 )— S. enteritadis ATCC 13076; ( 5 )— S. enteritadis ATCC 29631; ( 6 )— S. hofit IFM 2318. The letters ( a , b , c , d ) refer to the disinfection method. ( a )—D1 disinfected with the 1st method; ( b )—D2 disinfected with the 2nd method; ( c )—DP1 disinfected with the 1st method + L. plantarum 299v; ( d )—DP2 disinfected with the 2nd method + L. plantarum 299v; Bacteria were observed at 1000× magnification.

    Techniques Used: Light Microscopy

    Formation of biofilms by E. coli ATCC 10536 ( A ); E. coli O157:H7 ( B ); E.coli ATCC 25922 ( C ); S. enteritadis ATCC 13076 ( D ); S. enteritadis ATCC 29631 ( E ); S. hofit IFM 2318 ( F ) on the surface of 24-well microplate for 6 days at 22 °C. C—control, not disinfected with any method; D1—disinfected with the 1st method; D2—disinfected with the 2nd method; DP1—disinfected with the 1st method + L. plantarum 299v; DP2—disinfected with the 2nd method + L. plantarum 299v; C — ● ; D1— ● ; D2— ● ; DP1— ● ; DP2— ● ; n = 4.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Formation of biofilms by E. coli ATCC 10536 ( A ); E. coli O157:H7 ( B ); E.coli ATCC 25922 ( C ); S. enteritadis ATCC 13076 ( D ); S. enteritadis ATCC 29631 ( E ); S. hofit IFM 2318 ( F ) on the surface of 24-well microplate for 6 days at 22 °C. C—control, not disinfected with any method; D1—disinfected with the 1st method; D2—disinfected with the 2nd method; DP1—disinfected with the 1st method + L. plantarum 299v; DP2—disinfected with the 2nd method + L. plantarum 299v; C — ● ; D1— ● ; D2— ● ; DP1— ● ; DP2— ● ; n = 4.

    Techniques Used:

    19) Product Images from "Transcriptional Profiling and Molecular Characterization of the yccT Mutant Link: A Novel STY1099 Protein with the Peroxide Stress Response and Cell Division of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis"

    Article Title: Transcriptional Profiling and Molecular Characterization of the yccT Mutant Link: A Novel STY1099 Protein with the Peroxide Stress Response and Cell Division of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis

    Journal: Biology

    doi: 10.3390/biology8040086

    Characterization of the yccT gene and its STY1099 protein sequence. ( A ) Phylogeny of the yccT gene sequence using seven bacterial species from Enterobacteriaceae , Vibrionaceae , and Pasteurellaceae families. ( B ) Sequence alignment of STY1099 protein from Salmonella enterica , Escherichia coli , Shigella flexneri , Citrobacter freundi , Enterobacter cloacae , Vibrio cholerae , Haemophilus influenzae and Serratia spp. Color gradient depicts highly conserved sequences (dark blue), moderate conserved (light blue) and no conserved sequences (white). Binding sites for SO 4 (red), Na + (pink), Zn (dark green) and OH (light green) have been highlighted by rectangles above the STY1099 sequence. ( C ) A predicted model of the STY1099 tertiary structure was generated using a publicly available RaptorX platform at www.raptorx.uchicago.edu/StructurePrediction/documentation .
    Figure Legend Snippet: Characterization of the yccT gene and its STY1099 protein sequence. ( A ) Phylogeny of the yccT gene sequence using seven bacterial species from Enterobacteriaceae , Vibrionaceae , and Pasteurellaceae families. ( B ) Sequence alignment of STY1099 protein from Salmonella enterica , Escherichia coli , Shigella flexneri , Citrobacter freundi , Enterobacter cloacae , Vibrio cholerae , Haemophilus influenzae and Serratia spp. Color gradient depicts highly conserved sequences (dark blue), moderate conserved (light blue) and no conserved sequences (white). Binding sites for SO 4 (red), Na + (pink), Zn (dark green) and OH (light green) have been highlighted by rectangles above the STY1099 sequence. ( C ) A predicted model of the STY1099 tertiary structure was generated using a publicly available RaptorX platform at www.raptorx.uchicago.edu/StructurePrediction/documentation .

    Techniques Used: Sequencing, Binding Assay, Generated

    Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis portraying the most important biological processes and molecular functions of S. enterica serovar Enteritidis during the exponential growth phase that were affected by ∆ yccT mutation. Included in analysis were genes that were more than two-fold up- or downregulated with FDR ( p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis portraying the most important biological processes and molecular functions of S. enterica serovar Enteritidis during the exponential growth phase that were affected by ∆ yccT mutation. Included in analysis were genes that were more than two-fold up- or downregulated with FDR ( p

    Techniques Used: Mutagenesis

    Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of yccT (STY1099 protein), gutM , napD (interactomes of STY1099) and oxyR , sodA (positive controls for oxidative stress) in the wild type S. enterica serovar Enteritidis strain during its exponential growth exposed to 3 mM of H 2 O 2 . Values on the y axis are relative expression levels (fold change) normalized to wild type during the oxidative treatment. The data correspond to the mean value of three biological replications. Error bars correspond to the standard deviation.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of yccT (STY1099 protein), gutM , napD (interactomes of STY1099) and oxyR , sodA (positive controls for oxidative stress) in the wild type S. enterica serovar Enteritidis strain during its exponential growth exposed to 3 mM of H 2 O 2 . Values on the y axis are relative expression levels (fold change) normalized to wild type during the oxidative treatment. The data correspond to the mean value of three biological replications. Error bars correspond to the standard deviation.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Standard Deviation

    20) Product Images from "Antibacterial Mechanism of 405-Nanometer Light-Emitting Diode against Salmonella at Refrigeration Temperature"

    Article Title: Antibacterial Mechanism of 405-Nanometer Light-Emitting Diode against Salmonella at Refrigeration Temperature

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02582-16

    Survival curves for S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a) and S . Saintpaul ATCC 9712 (b) during 405 ± 5-nm LED illumination at a set temperature of 4°C and doses as high as 576 J/cm 2 in PBS. The detection limit was 1 CFU/ml. *, P ≤ 0.05
    Figure Legend Snippet: Survival curves for S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a) and S . Saintpaul ATCC 9712 (b) during 405 ± 5-nm LED illumination at a set temperature of 4°C and doses as high as 576 J/cm 2 in PBS. The detection limit was 1 CFU/ml. *, P ≤ 0.05

    Techniques Used:

    21) Product Images from "Bacteriophage Cocktail Can Effectively Control Salmonella Biofilm in Poultry Housing"

    Article Title: Bacteriophage Cocktail Can Effectively Control Salmonella Biofilm in Poultry Housing

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.901770

    Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on biofilm on stainless steel washers. (A) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis 327 lux, and (B) effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Values represent the mean with a standard deviation of three replicates.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on biofilm on stainless steel washers. (A) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis 327 lux, and (B) effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Values represent the mean with a standard deviation of three replicates.

    Techniques Used: Standard Deviation

    Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on biofilm in 96-well microplate. (A) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis 327 lux, and (B) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Values represent the mean with a standard deviation of three replicates.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on biofilm in 96-well microplate. (A) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis 327 lux, and (B) Effect of UPWr_S1, UPWr_S3, and UPWr_S4 phages and phage cocktail UPWr_S134 on reduction of biofilm formed by S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Values represent the mean with a standard deviation of three replicates.

    Techniques Used: Standard Deviation

    22) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Techniques Used: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

    23) Product Images from "Insights into the Oxidative Stress Response of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis Revealed by the Next Generation Sequencing Approach"

    Article Title: Insights into the Oxidative Stress Response of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis Revealed by the Next Generation Sequencing Approach

    Journal: Antioxidants

    doi: 10.3390/antiox9090849

    Differential expression of genes involved in iron-cluster assembly and iron ion homeostasis. Transcriptional profiling of the wild type  S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Isolation of RNA was carried out during the exponential growth phase. The transcriptomic profiles were determined using a HiSeq 4000 PE100 Illumina platform. The mean fold-increase of three biological replications in each gene expression after exposure to 3 mM of H 2 O 2  compared with controls (no H 2 O 2  treatment and the same growth phase) is indicated by the color scale bar. The biological functions of the induced gene were determined using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) as well as the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Both sulfur utilization factor (SUF) and iron-sulfur cluster (ISC) belong to the same biological function “Iron-sulfur cluster assembly”.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Differential expression of genes involved in iron-cluster assembly and iron ion homeostasis. Transcriptional profiling of the wild type S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076. Isolation of RNA was carried out during the exponential growth phase. The transcriptomic profiles were determined using a HiSeq 4000 PE100 Illumina platform. The mean fold-increase of three biological replications in each gene expression after exposure to 3 mM of H 2 O 2 compared with controls (no H 2 O 2 treatment and the same growth phase) is indicated by the color scale bar. The biological functions of the induced gene were determined using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) as well as the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Both sulfur utilization factor (SUF) and iron-sulfur cluster (ISC) belong to the same biological function “Iron-sulfur cluster assembly”.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Isolation

    24) Product Images from "In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles Against Selected Gram-negative Foodborne Pathogens"

    Article Title: In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles Against Selected Gram-negative Foodborne Pathogens

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01555

    Visible clear zone produced by tea leaves extract mediated AgNP against four species of foodborne pathogens:  (A) E. coli  ATCC 25922,  (B) K. pneumoniae  ATCC 13773,  (C) S.  Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and  (D) S.  Enteritidis ATCC 13076.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Visible clear zone produced by tea leaves extract mediated AgNP against four species of foodborne pathogens: (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076.

    Techniques Used: Produced

    Time-kill plots of AgNPs against (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076 at different concentration and time-length.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Time-kill plots of AgNPs against (A) E. coli ATCC 25922, (B) K. pneumoniae ATCC 13773, (C) S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028, and (D) S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076 at different concentration and time-length.

    Techniques Used: Concentration Assay

    25) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Techniques Used: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

    26) Product Images from "Effect of Essential Oils on the Inhibition of Biofilm and Quorum Sensing in Salmonella enteritidis 13076 and Salmonella typhimurium 14028"

    Article Title: Effect of Essential Oils on the Inhibition of Biofilm and Quorum Sensing in Salmonella enteritidis 13076 and Salmonella typhimurium 14028

    Journal: Antibiotics

    doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10101191

    Effect of essential oils from L . origanoides (LTC I), L. origanoides (LTC II), and Thymus vulgaris (TV) on biofilm formation by S. enteritidis ATCC 13076 ( a ) and S. typhimurium ATCC 14028 ( b ). Data are represented as mean ± SD. ANOVA was used to show statistically significant differences with respect to the control. * p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effect of essential oils from L . origanoides (LTC I), L. origanoides (LTC II), and Thymus vulgaris (TV) on biofilm formation by S. enteritidis ATCC 13076 ( a ) and S. typhimurium ATCC 14028 ( b ). Data are represented as mean ± SD. ANOVA was used to show statistically significant differences with respect to the control. * p

    Techniques Used:

    27) Product Images from "Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Efficacy of N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine, Rhamnolipids, and Usnic Acid—Novel Approaches to Fight Food-Borne Pathogens"

    Article Title: Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Efficacy of N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine, Rhamnolipids, and Usnic Acid—Novel Approaches to Fight Food-Borne Pathogens

    Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    doi: 10.3390/ijms222111307

    Representative projections of biofilm mass at the bottom of the microtiter wells for Staphylococcus aureus 816 and 1241, Listeria monocytogenes 149 and 164, E. coli 683/17 and 693/17, and Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 after 24 h of treatment with the respective antimicrobial compounds. ( A ): positive control; ( B , C ): N -Acetyl -l- cysteine (NAC); ( D , E ): rhamnolipids (RLs); ( F , G ): usnic acid (UA). Prior to imaging, microtiter wells were stained with LIVE/DEAD ® BacLight™ Bacterial Viability Kit distinguishing live cells (green) and membrane-compromised cells (red). Images represent the surface of the well 7.4 × 7.4 mm 2 . For some strains, the minimum inhibitory and subinhibitory concentrations could not be established; thus, they were not involved in the analysis. N/A marks concentration was not applied.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Representative projections of biofilm mass at the bottom of the microtiter wells for Staphylococcus aureus 816 and 1241, Listeria monocytogenes 149 and 164, E. coli 683/17 and 693/17, and Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 after 24 h of treatment with the respective antimicrobial compounds. ( A ): positive control; ( B , C ): N -Acetyl -l- cysteine (NAC); ( D , E ): rhamnolipids (RLs); ( F , G ): usnic acid (UA). Prior to imaging, microtiter wells were stained with LIVE/DEAD ® BacLight™ Bacterial Viability Kit distinguishing live cells (green) and membrane-compromised cells (red). Images represent the surface of the well 7.4 × 7.4 mm 2 . For some strains, the minimum inhibitory and subinhibitory concentrations could not be established; thus, they were not involved in the analysis. N/A marks concentration was not applied.

    Techniques Used: Positive Control, Imaging, Staining, Concentration Assay

    Representative projections of biofilm mass at the bottom of the microtiter wells for Staphylococcus aureus 816 and 1241, Listeria monocytogenes 149 and 164, E. coli 683/17 and 693/17, and Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 after 20 h of treatment with the respective antimicrobial compounds. ( A ): positive control; ( B , C ): N -Acetyl -l- cysteine (NAC); ( D , E ): rhamnolipids (RLs); ( F , G ): usnic acid (UA). Prior to imaging, microtiter wells were stained with LIVE/DEAD ® BacLight™ Bacterial Viability Kit distinguishing live cells (green) and membrane-compromised cells (red). Images represent the surface of the well 7.4 × 7.4 mm 2 . For some strains, the minimum inhibitory and subinhibitory concentrations could not be established; thus, they were not involved in the analysis. N/A marks concentration was not applied.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Representative projections of biofilm mass at the bottom of the microtiter wells for Staphylococcus aureus 816 and 1241, Listeria monocytogenes 149 and 164, E. coli 683/17 and 693/17, and Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 after 20 h of treatment with the respective antimicrobial compounds. ( A ): positive control; ( B , C ): N -Acetyl -l- cysteine (NAC); ( D , E ): rhamnolipids (RLs); ( F , G ): usnic acid (UA). Prior to imaging, microtiter wells were stained with LIVE/DEAD ® BacLight™ Bacterial Viability Kit distinguishing live cells (green) and membrane-compromised cells (red). Images represent the surface of the well 7.4 × 7.4 mm 2 . For some strains, the minimum inhibitory and subinhibitory concentrations could not be established; thus, they were not involved in the analysis. N/A marks concentration was not applied.

    Techniques Used: Positive Control, Imaging, Staining, Concentration Assay

    28) Product Images from "Attachment of Salmonella strains to a plant cell wall model is modulated by surface characteristics and not by specific carbohydrate interactions"

    Article Title: Attachment of Salmonella strains to a plant cell wall model is modulated by surface characteristics and not by specific carbohydrate interactions

    Journal: BMC Microbiology

    doi: 10.1186/s12866-016-0832-2

    Effect of monosaccharides and sodium metaperiodate on the attachment of Salmonella cells to BC composites. a Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076, b Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 and c Salmonella enterica subsp. indica M4 cells were treated with D-Galacturonic acid (D-GalA), D-Mannose (D-Man), L-Rhamnose (L-Rham), L-Arabinose (L-Ara), D-Galactose (D-Gal), D-Glucose (D-Glc), D-Xylose (D-Xyl) and sodium metaperiodate (NaIO 4 ) for 1 h before being allowed to attach to 4 types of BC composites [BC, BCP (0.5 %), BCX (0.5 %), BCP (0.25 %) X (0.25 %)] for 20 min. Numbers of attached cells were enumerated as log CFU/cm 2 . Different uppercase letters indicate significant differences in bacterial attachment between types of composites (One-way ANOVA Tukey’s pairwise comparison at p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effect of monosaccharides and sodium metaperiodate on the attachment of Salmonella cells to BC composites. a Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076, b Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 and c Salmonella enterica subsp. indica M4 cells were treated with D-Galacturonic acid (D-GalA), D-Mannose (D-Man), L-Rhamnose (L-Rham), L-Arabinose (L-Ara), D-Galactose (D-Gal), D-Glucose (D-Glc), D-Xylose (D-Xyl) and sodium metaperiodate (NaIO 4 ) for 1 h before being allowed to attach to 4 types of BC composites [BC, BCP (0.5 %), BCX (0.5 %), BCP (0.25 %) X (0.25 %)] for 20 min. Numbers of attached cells were enumerated as log CFU/cm 2 . Different uppercase letters indicate significant differences in bacterial attachment between types of composites (One-way ANOVA Tukey’s pairwise comparison at p

    Techniques Used: Acetylene Reduction Assay

    29) Product Images from "Antimicrobial Activity of Six International Artisanal Kefirs against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis, and Staphylococcus aureus"

    Article Title: Antimicrobial Activity of Six International Artisanal Kefirs against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis, and Staphylococcus aureus

    Journal: Microorganisms

    doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8060849

    Comparison of the antimicrobial activity spectra of artisanal kefirs from Fusion Tea (A, Amazon); Britain (B); the Caucasus region (C); Ireland (I); South Korea (K); and Lithuania (L) against ( a ) Escherichia coli ATCC 12435, ( b ) Lactobacillus plantarum NCDO 995, ( c ) Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10420, ( d ) Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, ( e ) Listeria monocytogenes CWD 1198, ( f ) Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and ( g ) Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the agar well diffusion method. A range of filter-sterilized artisanal kefir volumes (100 µL, 150 µL, 200 µL, and 250 µL) were placed inside the wells. Nisin (N; 220 IU) and polylysin (P; 200 IU) were used as positive controls in a volume of 100 µL. Sterilized DI water (100 µL) was used as a negative control. The diameter of the inhibition zones was measured in mm. All experiments were conducted two independent times and each time in duplicate. Different letters ( a – f ) indicate statistical pairwise comparisons between the treatments within each volume performed by post-hoc Tukey’s multiple comparison procedure. The same letter indicates no significant difference between the treatments within each volume.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Comparison of the antimicrobial activity spectra of artisanal kefirs from Fusion Tea (A, Amazon); Britain (B); the Caucasus region (C); Ireland (I); South Korea (K); and Lithuania (L) against ( a ) Escherichia coli ATCC 12435, ( b ) Lactobacillus plantarum NCDO 995, ( c ) Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10420, ( d ) Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, ( e ) Listeria monocytogenes CWD 1198, ( f ) Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and ( g ) Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the agar well diffusion method. A range of filter-sterilized artisanal kefir volumes (100 µL, 150 µL, 200 µL, and 250 µL) were placed inside the wells. Nisin (N; 220 IU) and polylysin (P; 200 IU) were used as positive controls in a volume of 100 µL. Sterilized DI water (100 µL) was used as a negative control. The diameter of the inhibition zones was measured in mm. All experiments were conducted two independent times and each time in duplicate. Different letters ( a – f ) indicate statistical pairwise comparisons between the treatments within each volume performed by post-hoc Tukey’s multiple comparison procedure. The same letter indicates no significant difference between the treatments within each volume.

    Techniques Used: Activity Assay, Diffusion-based Assay, Negative Control, Inhibition

    30) Product Images from "Biosynthesis, Characterization, and Bioactivities Evaluation of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles Mediated by the Roots of Chinese Herbal Angelica pubescens Maxim"

    Article Title: Biosynthesis, Characterization, and Bioactivities Evaluation of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles Mediated by the Roots of Chinese Herbal Angelica pubescens Maxim

    Journal: Nanoscale Research Letters

    doi: 10.1186/s11671-017-1833-2

    Zones of inhibition of purified DH-AuNps suspensions (30 μL) and plant extract against E. coli ( a ) and S. aureus ( b ). Zones of inhibition of purified DH-AgNps suspensions (30 μL) and Neomycin (NEO30) as standard antibiotics as control against E. coli ( c ), S. saureus ( d ), P. aeruginosa ( e ), and S. enterica ( f )
    Figure Legend Snippet: Zones of inhibition of purified DH-AuNps suspensions (30 μL) and plant extract against E. coli ( a ) and S. aureus ( b ). Zones of inhibition of purified DH-AgNps suspensions (30 μL) and Neomycin (NEO30) as standard antibiotics as control against E. coli ( c ), S. saureus ( d ), P. aeruginosa ( e ), and S. enterica ( f )

    Techniques Used: Inhibition, Purification

    31) Product Images from "Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion"

    Article Title: Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion

    Journal: Gut Pathogens

    doi: 10.1186/s13099-017-0162-4

    Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations.  a S. enteritidis  ATCC 13076,  b L. monocytogenes  ATCC 7644,  c E. coli  O157: H7 ATCC 35150,  d C. sakazakii  ATCC 29544,  e C. jejuni  ATCC 33291.  Asterisks  represented values statistically significant (p 
    Figure Legend Snippet: Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations. a S. enteritidis ATCC 13076, b L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, c E. coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, d C. sakazakii ATCC 29544, e C. jejuni ATCC 33291. Asterisks represented values statistically significant (p 

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    32) Product Images from "Bioassay-Guided Interpretation of Antimicrobial Compounds in Kumu, a TCM Preparation From Picrasma quassioides’ Stem via UHPLC-Orbitrap-Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry Combined With Fragmentation and Retention Time Calculation"

    Article Title: Bioassay-Guided Interpretation of Antimicrobial Compounds in Kumu, a TCM Preparation From Picrasma quassioides’ Stem via UHPLC-Orbitrap-Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry Combined With Fragmentation and Retention Time Calculation

    Journal: Frontiers in Pharmacology

    doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.761751

    Antimicrobial activities (IC 50 ) (μg/ml) of different solvent extracts of Picrasma quassioides stem; IV: inhibition value; The abbreviations are the initials of the scientific names of the tested microorganism, including five fungi [ Candida albicans (CA), Candida parapsilosis (CP), Candida auris (CAU), Candida glabrata (CG), and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC)], nine G – bacteria [ Escherichia coli (EC), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Shigella sonnei (SS), Acinetobacter baumannii (AB), Enterobacter aerogenes (EA), Brevundimonas diminuta (BD), Shigella flexneri (SF), Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica (SLE), and Aeromonas hydrophila (AH)], and six G + bacteria [ Staphylococcus aureus (SA), Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE), Micrococcus luteus (ML), Listeria innocua (LI), Enterococcus faecalis (EF), and Bacillus cereus (BC)], marked in blue, black, and red, respectively.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Antimicrobial activities (IC 50 ) (μg/ml) of different solvent extracts of Picrasma quassioides stem; IV: inhibition value; The abbreviations are the initials of the scientific names of the tested microorganism, including five fungi [ Candida albicans (CA), Candida parapsilosis (CP), Candida auris (CAU), Candida glabrata (CG), and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC)], nine G – bacteria [ Escherichia coli (EC), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Shigella sonnei (SS), Acinetobacter baumannii (AB), Enterobacter aerogenes (EA), Brevundimonas diminuta (BD), Shigella flexneri (SF), Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica (SLE), and Aeromonas hydrophila (AH)], and six G + bacteria [ Staphylococcus aureus (SA), Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE), Micrococcus luteus (ML), Listeria innocua (LI), Enterococcus faecalis (EF), and Bacillus cereus (BC)], marked in blue, black, and red, respectively.

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    33) Product Images from "Application of a Novel Phage LPSEYT for Biological Control of Salmonella in Foods"

    Article Title: Application of a Novel Phage LPSEYT for Biological Control of Salmonella in Foods

    Journal: Microorganisms

    doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8030400

    Lytic ability of isolated phages. ( A ) The antimicrobial efficacy of isolated phages against  S . Enteritidis SGSC 4901 was compared at an MOI of 0.01. Bactericidal effects of LPSEYT against ( B )  S . Enteritidis SGSC 4901, ( C )  S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076, ( D )  S . Typhimurium ATCC 13311, and ( E )  S . Typhimurium ST-8 were evaluated at various range of multiplicity of infections (MOIs) 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100, respectively. The culture of  Salmonella  without phage was served as control.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lytic ability of isolated phages. ( A ) The antimicrobial efficacy of isolated phages against S . Enteritidis SGSC 4901 was compared at an MOI of 0.01. Bactericidal effects of LPSEYT against ( B ) S . Enteritidis SGSC 4901, ( C ) S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076, ( D ) S . Typhimurium ATCC 13311, and ( E ) S . Typhimurium ST-8 were evaluated at various range of multiplicity of infections (MOIs) 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100, respectively. The culture of Salmonella without phage was served as control.

    Techniques Used: Isolation

    34) Product Images from "Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion"

    Article Title: Strain-specific probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria and their interference with human intestinal pathogens invasion

    Journal: Gut Pathogens

    doi: 10.1186/s13099-017-0162-4

    Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations.  a S. enteritidis  ATCC 13076,  b L. monocytogenes  ATCC 7644,  c E. coli  O157: H7 ATCC 35150,  d C. sakazakii  ATCC 29544,  e C. jejuni  ATCC 33291.  Asterisks  represented values statistically significant (p 
    Figure Legend Snippet: Invasion inhibition of human intestinal pathogens by single LAB strains and their four combinations. a S. enteritidis ATCC 13076, b L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, c E. coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, d C. sakazakii ATCC 29544, e C. jejuni ATCC 33291. Asterisks represented values statistically significant (p 

    Techniques Used: Inhibition

    35) Product Images from "Antibacterial Mechanism of 405-Nanometer Light-Emitting Diode against Salmonella at Refrigeration Temperature"

    Article Title: Antibacterial Mechanism of 405-Nanometer Light-Emitting Diode against Salmonella at Refrigeration Temperature

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02582-16

    Survival curves for S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a) and S . Saintpaul ATCC 9712 (b) during 405 ± 5-nm LED illumination at a set temperature of 4°C and doses as high as 576 J/cm 2 in PBS. The detection limit was 1 CFU/ml. *, P ≤ 0.05
    Figure Legend Snippet: Survival curves for S . Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a) and S . Saintpaul ATCC 9712 (b) during 405 ± 5-nm LED illumination at a set temperature of 4°C and doses as high as 576 J/cm 2 in PBS. The detection limit was 1 CFU/ml. *, P ≤ 0.05

    Techniques Used:

    36) Product Images from "Extraintestinal Salmonellosis in a General Hospital (1991 to 1996): Relationships between Salmonella Genomic Groups and Clinical Presentations"

    Article Title: Extraintestinal Salmonellosis in a General Hospital (1991 to 1996): Relationships between Salmonella Genomic Groups and Clinical Presentations

    Journal: Journal of Clinical Microbiology

    doi:

    Ribotypes found in Salmonella strains causing extraintestinal diseases. ST, serotype; E, Enteritidis; T, Typhimurium; B, Brandenburg; H, Hadar; S, Subspecies III; Br, Bredeney. RT, ribotype; the arabic numeral corresponds to the order assigned to the ribotype in our laboratories. a , ATCC 13076; b , ATCC 14028. (a) H ribotypes generated by Hin cII. λ, lambda DNA cleaved with Pst I; sizes of fragments (in kilobases) from top to bottom are 5.08, 4.65, 4.5, 2.84, 2.58, 2.14, 1.98, 1.2, 1.1, 0.8, 0.5, and 0.2. (b) PS ribotypes generated by a mixture of Pst I and Sph I. λ, lambda DNA cleaved with Hin dIII; sizes of fragments (in kilobases) from top to bottom are 27.5, 23.1, 9.4, 6.55, 4.36, and 2.32.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Ribotypes found in Salmonella strains causing extraintestinal diseases. ST, serotype; E, Enteritidis; T, Typhimurium; B, Brandenburg; H, Hadar; S, Subspecies III; Br, Bredeney. RT, ribotype; the arabic numeral corresponds to the order assigned to the ribotype in our laboratories. a , ATCC 13076; b , ATCC 14028. (a) H ribotypes generated by Hin cII. λ, lambda DNA cleaved with Pst I; sizes of fragments (in kilobases) from top to bottom are 5.08, 4.65, 4.5, 2.84, 2.58, 2.14, 1.98, 1.2, 1.1, 0.8, 0.5, and 0.2. (b) PS ribotypes generated by a mixture of Pst I and Sph I. λ, lambda DNA cleaved with Hin dIII; sizes of fragments (in kilobases) from top to bottom are 27.5, 23.1, 9.4, 6.55, 4.36, and 2.32.

    Techniques Used: Generated, Lambda DNA Preparation

    37) Product Images from "A multiplex real-time PCR for differential detection and quantification of Salmonella spp., Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Enteritidis in meats"

    Article Title: A multiplex real-time PCR for differential detection and quantification of Salmonella spp., Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Enteritidis in meats

    Journal: Journal of Veterinary Science

    doi: 10.4142/jvs.2009.10.1.43

    Comparison of sensitivity of the multiplex real-time PCR on Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the three DNA extraction methods. (A) The results at 555 nm (JOE). (B) The results at 510 nm (FAM).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Comparison of sensitivity of the multiplex real-time PCR on Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the three DNA extraction methods. (A) The results at 555 nm (JOE). (B) The results at 510 nm (FAM).

    Techniques Used: Multiplex Assay, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, DNA Extraction

    38) Product Images from "A multiplex real-time PCR for differential detection and quantification of Salmonella spp., Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Enteritidis in meats"

    Article Title: A multiplex real-time PCR for differential detection and quantification of Salmonella spp., Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Enteritidis in meats

    Journal: Journal of Veterinary Science

    doi: 10.4142/jvs.2009.10.1.43

    Comparison of sensitivity of the multiplex real-time PCR on Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the three DNA extraction methods. (A) The results at 555 nm (JOE). (B) The results at 510 nm (FAM).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Comparison of sensitivity of the multiplex real-time PCR on Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 using the three DNA extraction methods. (A) The results at 555 nm (JOE). (B) The results at 510 nm (FAM).

    Techniques Used: Multiplex Assay, Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction, DNA Extraction

    39) Product Images from "Attachment of Salmonella strains to a plant cell wall model is modulated by surface characteristics and not by specific carbohydrate interactions"

    Article Title: Attachment of Salmonella strains to a plant cell wall model is modulated by surface characteristics and not by specific carbohydrate interactions

    Journal: BMC Microbiology

    doi: 10.1186/s12866-016-0832-2

    AFM phase images of the BCPX composites. Tapping mode was used to obtain AFM images of a BCP (0.1 %) X (0.1 %), b BCP (0.1 %) X (0.3 %) and c BCP (0.1 %) X (0.5 %)
    Figure Legend Snippet: AFM phase images of the BCPX composites. Tapping mode was used to obtain AFM images of a BCP (0.1 %) X (0.1 %), b BCP (0.1 %) X (0.3 %) and c BCP (0.1 %) X (0.5 %)

    Techniques Used:

    Internalization of Salmonella Typhimurium cells within the BCP (0.1 %) X (0.1 %) composite. Using the confocal laser scanning microscopy, S. Typhimurium cells dyed with Bromothymol Blue (shown in green ) were observed to attach a on the BCPX surface (cellulose fibrils shown in red ) and at b 2 μm, c 4 μm, d 6 μm and e 8 μm below the surface
    Figure Legend Snippet: Internalization of Salmonella Typhimurium cells within the BCP (0.1 %) X (0.1 %) composite. Using the confocal laser scanning microscopy, S. Typhimurium cells dyed with Bromothymol Blue (shown in green ) were observed to attach a on the BCPX surface (cellulose fibrils shown in red ) and at b 2 μm, c 4 μm, d 6 μm and e 8 μm below the surface

    Techniques Used: Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy

    40) Product Images from "Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods"

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Techniques Used: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

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    ATCC salmonella strain atcc 13076
    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis <t>ATCC</t> 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.
    Salmonella Strain Atcc 13076, supplied by ATCC, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 98/100, based on 42 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology

    Article Title: Isolation, Characterization, and Application of Bacteriophage LPSE1 Against Salmonella enterica in Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods

    doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01046

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Lysis ability comparison of LPSE1 at different MOI. LPSE1 concentration dependent Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated at an MOI of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 01, or 10 upon incubation at 37°C. Data reported are means ± standard deviations of three independent trials.

    Article Snippet: For enrichment, Salmonella strain ATCC 13076 were used as the host strain since this serovar has being the most frequent one in EU and United States ( ).

    Techniques: Lysis, Concentration Assay, Incubation

    Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase

    Journal: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

    Article Title: Pectin and Xyloglucan Influence the Attachment of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes to Bacterial Cellulose-Derived Plant Cell Wall Models

    doi: 10.1128/AEM.02609-15

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 13076 (a), Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 (b), Salmonella enterica M4 isolated from lettuce (c), and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (d) to BC, BCP, BCX, 0.1% BCPX, 0.3% BCPX, and 0.5% BCPX. Different uppercase

    Article Snippet: Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis ATCC 13076, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium ATCC 14028, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644, and Gluconacetobacter xylinus ATCC 53524 were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) (Manassas, VA, USA).

    Techniques: Isolation