1 hexanol  (Millipore)


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    Name:
    1 Hexanol
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    Catalog Number:
    73117
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    Millipore 1 hexanol
    1 Hexanol

    https://www.bioz.com/result/1 hexanol/product/Millipore
    Average 99 stars, based on 43 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    1 hexanol - by Bioz Stars, 2020-09
    99/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Creating two self-assembly micro-environments to achieve supercrystals with dual structures using polyhedral nanoparticles"

    Article Title: Creating two self-assembly micro-environments to achieve supercrystals with dual structures using polyhedral nanoparticles

    Journal: Nature Communications

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05102-x

    Air/liquid interface drives open structure formation. a Open structure persists when the droplet dries in an upside-down configuration or at a tilt angle. Schematics illustrate assembly setups, arrows indicate direction of solvent flow. b Open structure formation in N , N -dimethylformamide (DMF), 1-propanol (1-P), and 1-hexanol (1-H). All scale bars, 200 nm. c Time-dependent surface tension measurements of an aqueous particle-loaded pendant drop (red line) and a pure solvent pendant drop (black line). d Solvent-dependent surface tension measurements in water, DMF, 1-P, 1-H. e Schematic illustration of Ag octahedra adsorbing to the air/liquid interface; subsequent solvent evaporation lead to dual-structure supercrystals. Error bars in c and d are s.d. of at least 10 measurements
    Figure Legend Snippet: Air/liquid interface drives open structure formation. a Open structure persists when the droplet dries in an upside-down configuration or at a tilt angle. Schematics illustrate assembly setups, arrows indicate direction of solvent flow. b Open structure formation in N , N -dimethylformamide (DMF), 1-propanol (1-P), and 1-hexanol (1-H). All scale bars, 200 nm. c Time-dependent surface tension measurements of an aqueous particle-loaded pendant drop (red line) and a pure solvent pendant drop (black line). d Solvent-dependent surface tension measurements in water, DMF, 1-P, 1-H. e Schematic illustration of Ag octahedra adsorbing to the air/liquid interface; subsequent solvent evaporation lead to dual-structure supercrystals. Error bars in c and d are s.d. of at least 10 measurements

    Techniques Used: Flow Cytometry, Evaporation

    2) Product Images from "Intrinsic and Circuit Properties Favor Coincidence Detection for Decoding Oscillatory Input"

    Article Title: Intrinsic and Circuit Properties Favor Coincidence Detection for Decoding Oscillatory Input

    Journal: The Journal of Neuroscience

    doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1084-04.2004

    Changes to LFP and KC response latency in vivo while fast inhibition is blocked in the AL. A , Examples of four pairs of LFP recordings (3-55 Hz bandpass-filtered) from four different animals, each pair recorded with the same odor before and after PCT injection into the AL. Top bar indicates 1-sec-long odor presentation; calibration bar: 80 μV. Insets, Power spectrum for each LFP recording, calculated from a 1 sec window starting 300 m sec after the odor stimulus trigger (300 m sec is the approximate time it takes for the odor to reach the animal). nnn, 5-Nonanone; chx, cis- 3-hexen-1-ol; hxo, 1-hexanol; thx, trans -2-hexen-1-ol. B , Power spectrum averages for all recorded traces (same odors before and after PCT treatment; for each condition, n )], whereas power in the 3-9 Hz band increases ( p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Changes to LFP and KC response latency in vivo while fast inhibition is blocked in the AL. A , Examples of four pairs of LFP recordings (3-55 Hz bandpass-filtered) from four different animals, each pair recorded with the same odor before and after PCT injection into the AL. Top bar indicates 1-sec-long odor presentation; calibration bar: 80 μV. Insets, Power spectrum for each LFP recording, calculated from a 1 sec window starting 300 m sec after the odor stimulus trigger (300 m sec is the approximate time it takes for the odor to reach the animal). nnn, 5-Nonanone; chx, cis- 3-hexen-1-ol; hxo, 1-hexanol; thx, trans -2-hexen-1-ol. B , Power spectrum averages for all recorded traces (same odors before and after PCT treatment; for each condition, n )], whereas power in the 3-9 Hz band increases ( p

    Techniques Used: In Vivo, Inhibition, Injection, Size-exclusion Chromatography

    3) Product Images from "Creating two self-assembly micro-environments to achieve supercrystals with dual structures using polyhedral nanoparticles"

    Article Title: Creating two self-assembly micro-environments to achieve supercrystals with dual structures using polyhedral nanoparticles

    Journal: Nature Communications

    doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05102-x

    Air/liquid interface drives open structure formation. a Open structure persists when the droplet dries in an upside-down configuration or at a tilt angle. Schematics illustrate assembly setups, arrows indicate direction of solvent flow. b Open structure formation in N , N -dimethylformamide (DMF), 1-propanol (1-P), and 1-hexanol (1-H). All scale bars, 200 nm. c Time-dependent surface tension measurements of an aqueous particle-loaded pendant drop (red line) and a pure solvent pendant drop (black line). d Solvent-dependent surface tension measurements in water, DMF, 1-P, 1-H. e Schematic illustration of Ag octahedra adsorbing to the air/liquid interface; subsequent solvent evaporation lead to dual-structure supercrystals. Error bars in c and d are s.d. of at least 10 measurements
    Figure Legend Snippet: Air/liquid interface drives open structure formation. a Open structure persists when the droplet dries in an upside-down configuration or at a tilt angle. Schematics illustrate assembly setups, arrows indicate direction of solvent flow. b Open structure formation in N , N -dimethylformamide (DMF), 1-propanol (1-P), and 1-hexanol (1-H). All scale bars, 200 nm. c Time-dependent surface tension measurements of an aqueous particle-loaded pendant drop (red line) and a pure solvent pendant drop (black line). d Solvent-dependent surface tension measurements in water, DMF, 1-P, 1-H. e Schematic illustration of Ag octahedra adsorbing to the air/liquid interface; subsequent solvent evaporation lead to dual-structure supercrystals. Error bars in c and d are s.d. of at least 10 measurements

    Techniques Used: Flow Cytometry, Evaporation

    4) Product Images from "Neonicotinoid-induced impairment of odour coding in the honeybee"

    Article Title: Neonicotinoid-induced impairment of odour coding in the honeybee

    Journal: Scientific Reports

    doi: 10.1038/srep38110

    Average odour representation in time ( n = 5 bees per group; ACP: acetophenone, shown in blue, BZA: benzaldehyde, in cyan, 1-HEX: 1-hexanol, in yellow, and 1-OCT: 1-octanol, in red) during 25 stimulus repetitions (repetitions are marked by numbers along the trajectories) in control ( a ) and treated ( b ) bees. Imidacloprid was administered on average between trials 4.6 and 6.6 to the treatment group ( b ), while, in the same window, the control group ( a ) was administered with Ringer’s solution from a second vial. Odour responses are shown in principal components (PCs) in order to reduce the coding space dimensionality. PCs and axes are identical for ( a , b ), allowing comparison of odour code separation.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Average odour representation in time ( n = 5 bees per group; ACP: acetophenone, shown in blue, BZA: benzaldehyde, in cyan, 1-HEX: 1-hexanol, in yellow, and 1-OCT: 1-octanol, in red) during 25 stimulus repetitions (repetitions are marked by numbers along the trajectories) in control ( a ) and treated ( b ) bees. Imidacloprid was administered on average between trials 4.6 and 6.6 to the treatment group ( b ), while, in the same window, the control group ( a ) was administered with Ringer’s solution from a second vial. Odour responses are shown in principal components (PCs) in order to reduce the coding space dimensionality. PCs and axes are identical for ( a , b ), allowing comparison of odour code separation.

    Techniques Used:

    5) Product Images from "Novel endo-?-N-acetylgalactosaminidases with broader substrate specificity"

    Article Title: Novel endo-?-N-acetylgalactosaminidases with broader substrate specificity

    Journal: Glycobiology

    doi: 10.1093/glycob/cwn069

    TLC analysis of the transglycosylation reactions. Transglycosylation of disaccharide Galβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP ( A , B ) or GlcNAcβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP ( C ) to various 1-alkanols by endo-α-GalNAcases. Lane 1, methanol; lane 2, ethanol; lane 3, 1-propanol; lane 4, 1-butanol; lane 5, 1-pentanol; lane 6, 1-hexanol; lane 7, 1-heptanol; lane 8, 1-octanol; lane 9, 1-nonalol; and lane S, Galβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP.
    Figure Legend Snippet: TLC analysis of the transglycosylation reactions. Transglycosylation of disaccharide Galβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP ( A , B ) or GlcNAcβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP ( C ) to various 1-alkanols by endo-α-GalNAcases. Lane 1, methanol; lane 2, ethanol; lane 3, 1-propanol; lane 4, 1-butanol; lane 5, 1-pentanol; lane 6, 1-hexanol; lane 7, 1-heptanol; lane 8, 1-octanol; lane 9, 1-nonalol; and lane S, Galβ1,3GalNAcα1 p NP.

    Techniques Used: Thin Layer Chromatography

    6) Product Images from "Folate-Targeted pH-Responsive Calcium Zoledronate Nanoscale Metal-Organic Frameworks: Turning A Bone Antiresorptive Agent Into An Anticancer Therapeutics"

    Article Title: Folate-Targeted pH-Responsive Calcium Zoledronate Nanoscale Metal-Organic Frameworks: Turning A Bone Antiresorptive Agent Into An Anticancer Therapeutics

    Journal: Biomaterials

    doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.12.018

    Characterization of hydrophobic DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. (a) TEM images recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs prepared using oils with different volume ratios of Igepal-based and Triton-based oil systems. The Igepal-based oil system is composed of a 71:29 v/v of cyclohexane and Igepal CO-520. The Triton-based oil is composed of a 75:15:10 v/v/v of cyclohexane, Triton X-100, and 1-hexanol. The diameters of the CaZol nMOFs increase as the volume fraction of the Triton-based oil phase increases. The pink arrow highlights the small, irregularly shaped CaZol nMOFs. (b) TGA curves recorded for (i) DOPA, (ii) CaZol bulk powder, and (iii) DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. It was calculated that the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs contained 12.7wt% of garfted DOPA. ‡ (c) An energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The inset table summarizes the bulk composition of the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. (d) (i) XPS survey spectrum recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The inset table summarizes the surface composition of the DOPA-coated nMOFs. (N.B. # the C and N bands are affected by the background of carbon tape used to hold the powders for the EDS study.) (ii) P 2p core-line spectrum recorded for the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The strong P 2p band can be attributed to the P atoms in the DOPA (stabilizer) and Zol (core of the nMOF). (iii) N 1s core-line spectrum recorded for the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The strong N 1s band can be attributed to the N atom in Zol's imidazole ring. (e) Assigned ATR FT-IR spectra recorded for (i) DOPA, (ii) deprotonated Zol (Na 4 Zol), and (iii) dried DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. [N.B. ‡ By comparing the wt% of bulk CaZol and DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs remained at 800°C, the amount of grafted DOPA in the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs = 100wt% – (wt% of the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs remained at 800°C)/(wt% of the bulk CaZol MOFs remained at 800°C) = 100wt% - (100.0wt% - 41.4wt%)/(100.0wt% - 32.9wt%) = 12.7 wt %]
    Figure Legend Snippet: Characterization of hydrophobic DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. (a) TEM images recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs prepared using oils with different volume ratios of Igepal-based and Triton-based oil systems. The Igepal-based oil system is composed of a 71:29 v/v of cyclohexane and Igepal CO-520. The Triton-based oil is composed of a 75:15:10 v/v/v of cyclohexane, Triton X-100, and 1-hexanol. The diameters of the CaZol nMOFs increase as the volume fraction of the Triton-based oil phase increases. The pink arrow highlights the small, irregularly shaped CaZol nMOFs. (b) TGA curves recorded for (i) DOPA, (ii) CaZol bulk powder, and (iii) DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. It was calculated that the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs contained 12.7wt% of garfted DOPA. ‡ (c) An energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The inset table summarizes the bulk composition of the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. (d) (i) XPS survey spectrum recorded for DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The inset table summarizes the surface composition of the DOPA-coated nMOFs. (N.B. # the C and N bands are affected by the background of carbon tape used to hold the powders for the EDS study.) (ii) P 2p core-line spectrum recorded for the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The strong P 2p band can be attributed to the P atoms in the DOPA (stabilizer) and Zol (core of the nMOF). (iii) N 1s core-line spectrum recorded for the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. The strong N 1s band can be attributed to the N atom in Zol's imidazole ring. (e) Assigned ATR FT-IR spectra recorded for (i) DOPA, (ii) deprotonated Zol (Na 4 Zol), and (iii) dried DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs. [N.B. ‡ By comparing the wt% of bulk CaZol and DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs remained at 800°C, the amount of grafted DOPA in the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs = 100wt% – (wt% of the DOPA-coated CaZol nMOFs remained at 800°C)/(wt% of the bulk CaZol MOFs remained at 800°C) = 100wt% - (100.0wt% - 41.4wt%)/(100.0wt% - 32.9wt%) = 12.7 wt %]

    Techniques Used: Transmission Electron Microscopy

    7) Product Images from "Sub-Lethal Doses of Clothianidin Inhibit the Conditioning and Biosensory Abilities of the Western Honeybee Apis mellifera"

    Article Title: Sub-Lethal Doses of Clothianidin Inhibit the Conditioning and Biosensory Abilities of the Western Honeybee Apis mellifera

    Journal: Insects

    doi: 10.3390/insects10100340

    The automatic performance index system (APIS). ( A ) Photograph of an APIS conditioning chamber with a honeybee inside (white arrow). The orange light was activated to visualize the bee and the electrodes inside the chamber. The bee was introduced through the entrance in the middle. The lateral hoses introduce the two odors, whereas those in the middle separate the chamber into halves by introducing air flow. The LEGO™ platform is cooled by fans, and the chamber is connected to a computer. ( B ) Schematic representation of the experimental setup, modified from the original reported version [ 33 ]. The syringes marked (+) are the odor and air balance syringes (odors: green = 1% 1-hexanol in mineral oil, red = 1% 1-decanol in mineral oil). The syringes marked (–) contain mineral oil as a blank.
    Figure Legend Snippet: The automatic performance index system (APIS). ( A ) Photograph of an APIS conditioning chamber with a honeybee inside (white arrow). The orange light was activated to visualize the bee and the electrodes inside the chamber. The bee was introduced through the entrance in the middle. The lateral hoses introduce the two odors, whereas those in the middle separate the chamber into halves by introducing air flow. The LEGO™ platform is cooled by fans, and the chamber is connected to a computer. ( B ) Schematic representation of the experimental setup, modified from the original reported version [ 33 ]. The syringes marked (+) are the odor and air balance syringes (odors: green = 1% 1-hexanol in mineral oil, red = 1% 1-decanol in mineral oil). The syringes marked (–) contain mineral oil as a blank.

    Techniques Used: Introduce, Flow Cytometry, Modification

    8) Product Images from "Drosophila Mutant Model of Parkinson's Disease Revealed an Unexpected Olfactory Performance: Morphofunctional Evidences"

    Article Title: Drosophila Mutant Model of Parkinson's Disease Revealed an Unexpected Olfactory Performance: Morphofunctional Evidences

    Journal: Parkinson's Disease

    doi: 10.1155/2016/3508073

    Behavioural olfactory response to 0.1% v/v 1-hexanol (a) and 0.1% v/v 1-linalool (b) in WT and LRRK WD40 mutant flies. Mean values of trapped males + SEM; experiments in triplicate; n = 12 bioassays for each experimental group of flies, n = 15 flies per arena. ∗ indicates significant differences ( P
    Figure Legend Snippet: Behavioural olfactory response to 0.1% v/v 1-hexanol (a) and 0.1% v/v 1-linalool (b) in WT and LRRK WD40 mutant flies. Mean values of trapped males + SEM; experiments in triplicate; n = 12 bioassays for each experimental group of flies, n = 15 flies per arena. ∗ indicates significant differences ( P

    Techniques Used: Mutagenesis

    Electroantennogram (EAG) responses to 1-hexanol. Sample EAG recordings (a) and EAG amplitude values (b) elicited by stimulation with the different concentrations of 1-hexanol (0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10% v/v) in male antennae of WT and LRRK WD40 mutant flies. Mean values + SEM from 24–26 antennae for each stimulus concentration and insect sample. ∗ and ∗∗ indicate significant differences ( P
    Figure Legend Snippet: Electroantennogram (EAG) responses to 1-hexanol. Sample EAG recordings (a) and EAG amplitude values (b) elicited by stimulation with the different concentrations of 1-hexanol (0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10% v/v) in male antennae of WT and LRRK WD40 mutant flies. Mean values + SEM from 24–26 antennae for each stimulus concentration and insect sample. ∗ and ∗∗ indicate significant differences ( P

    Techniques Used: Mutagenesis, Concentration Assay

    9) Product Images from "Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1 2Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1 2 3"

    Article Title: Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1 2Differential Electrophysiological Responses to Odorant Isotopologues in Drosophilid Antennae 1 2 3

    Journal: eNeuro

    doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0152-15.2016

    Behavioral discrimination of 1-hexanol isotopologues within the genus Drosophila . The mean 1-hexanol isotopologue avoidance ± SEM of complementary experiments is shown. The Drosophila strains and species tested are indicated on the right of each pair of experiments. The graphs are shown horizontally to reflect the actual distribution of the flies in the left and the right arms of the T-maze. Room air is shown delivered on the right arm, whereas the odorant on the left, although in actuality the side of air and odorant delivery were alternated semi-randomly. Open bars indicate the naive response to the indicated isotopologue vs room air. A , C , E , G , I , Flies were exposed to 12–90 V electric footshocks (thunderbolts) in the presence of either normal (h-HEL, gray bars) or perdeuterated (d13-HEL, black bars) 1-hexanol and then tested for avoidance of the normal isotopologue vs air. The complementary experiments are shown in B , D , F , H , and J , with flies exposed to electric footshocks (thunderbolts) in the presence of either normal (h-HEL, gray bars) or perdeuterated (d-HEL, black bars) 1-hexanol and then tested for avoidance of the perdeuterated odorant vs air. Differences in the performance of each group were investigated by an initial ANOVA followed by least square means contrast analysis. The group trained to avoid the same isotopologue as used for testing was denoted as the control group, and the probabilities that it performed differently than naive or animals trained to the other isotopologue are shown above each relevant bar. n ≥ 8 for all groups.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Behavioral discrimination of 1-hexanol isotopologues within the genus Drosophila . The mean 1-hexanol isotopologue avoidance ± SEM of complementary experiments is shown. The Drosophila strains and species tested are indicated on the right of each pair of experiments. The graphs are shown horizontally to reflect the actual distribution of the flies in the left and the right arms of the T-maze. Room air is shown delivered on the right arm, whereas the odorant on the left, although in actuality the side of air and odorant delivery were alternated semi-randomly. Open bars indicate the naive response to the indicated isotopologue vs room air. A , C , E , G , I , Flies were exposed to 12–90 V electric footshocks (thunderbolts) in the presence of either normal (h-HEL, gray bars) or perdeuterated (d13-HEL, black bars) 1-hexanol and then tested for avoidance of the normal isotopologue vs air. The complementary experiments are shown in B , D , F , H , and J , with flies exposed to electric footshocks (thunderbolts) in the presence of either normal (h-HEL, gray bars) or perdeuterated (d-HEL, black bars) 1-hexanol and then tested for avoidance of the perdeuterated odorant vs air. Differences in the performance of each group were investigated by an initial ANOVA followed by least square means contrast analysis. The group trained to avoid the same isotopologue as used for testing was denoted as the control group, and the probabilities that it performed differently than naive or animals trained to the other isotopologue are shown above each relevant bar. n ≥ 8 for all groups.

    Techniques Used:

    10) Product Images from "β-Mannanase-catalyzed synthesis of alkyl mannooligosides"

    Article Title: β-Mannanase-catalyzed synthesis of alkyl mannooligosides

    Journal: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

    doi: 10.1007/s00253-018-8997-2

    Degree of alcoholysis products (DA) over 0–4 h of incubations with 5 mM M 4 , 25% ( v / v ) 1-hexanol, and 0.2, 2, or 4 μM Tr Man5A. Error bars represent deviations between duplicate samples
    Figure Legend Snippet: Degree of alcoholysis products (DA) over 0–4 h of incubations with 5 mM M 4 , 25% ( v / v ) 1-hexanol, and 0.2, 2, or 4 μM Tr Man5A. Error bars represent deviations between duplicate samples

    Techniques Used:

    11) Product Images from "Agitated Honeybees Exhibit Pessimistic Cognitive Biases"

    Article Title: Agitated Honeybees Exhibit Pessimistic Cognitive Biases

    Journal: Current Biology

    doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.05.017

    Protocol for Cognitive Bias Experiment with Olfactory Conditioning of Honeybees Honeybees were trained for six trials with each stimulus (CS) in a pseudorandomized sequence. The CS+ odor was a ratio of 1 part 1-hexanol to 9 parts 2-octanone; the CS− was a 9:1 ratio of the same two odors. After conditioning, bees were placed either in a group that was exposed to 60 s of shaking or in a control group. All bees began the testing session within 300 s of the manipulation. They were tested with each CS and three novel, intermediate ratios of the same two odors. All test trials were unreinforced, and the order of test odors was randomized across subjects.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Protocol for Cognitive Bias Experiment with Olfactory Conditioning of Honeybees Honeybees were trained for six trials with each stimulus (CS) in a pseudorandomized sequence. The CS+ odor was a ratio of 1 part 1-hexanol to 9 parts 2-octanone; the CS− was a 9:1 ratio of the same two odors. After conditioning, bees were placed either in a group that was exposed to 60 s of shaking or in a control group. All bees began the testing session within 300 s of the manipulation. They were tested with each CS and three novel, intermediate ratios of the same two odors. All test trials were unreinforced, and the order of test odors was randomized across subjects.

    Techniques Used: Sequencing

    12) Product Images from "Mucuna pruriens (Velvet bean) Rescues Motor, Olfactory, Mitochondrial and Synaptic Impairment in PINK1B9 Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Model of Parkinson’s Disease"

    Article Title: Mucuna pruriens (Velvet bean) Rescues Motor, Olfactory, Mitochondrial and Synaptic Impairment in PINK1B9 Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Model of Parkinson’s Disease

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110802

    Electroantennogram responses to 1-hexanol. Histograms in (A) show the dose-response relationship and their differences in signal for olfactory stimulations in WT, untreated PINK1 B9 and in Mpe (0.1%)- and L-Dopa (0.01%)-treated PINK1 B9 , recorded in flies from group II. As odor stimuli, the 1-hexanol was administered in a 3-step dose from 0.01 to 1% in hexane. Values are average + SEM. *indicates p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Electroantennogram responses to 1-hexanol. Histograms in (A) show the dose-response relationship and their differences in signal for olfactory stimulations in WT, untreated PINK1 B9 and in Mpe (0.1%)- and L-Dopa (0.01%)-treated PINK1 B9 , recorded in flies from group II. As odor stimuli, the 1-hexanol was administered in a 3-step dose from 0.01 to 1% in hexane. Values are average + SEM. *indicates p

    Techniques Used:

    Effects of Mpe and L-Dopa on olfactory behavior. Responses to 1-hexanol 0.1% and water (H 2 O) of WT, untreated PINK1 B9 and in Mpe (0.1%)- and L-Dopa (0.01%)-treated PINK1 B9 flies. Values are average + SEM. *indicates p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Effects of Mpe and L-Dopa on olfactory behavior. Responses to 1-hexanol 0.1% and water (H 2 O) of WT, untreated PINK1 B9 and in Mpe (0.1%)- and L-Dopa (0.01%)-treated PINK1 B9 flies. Values are average + SEM. *indicates p

    Techniques Used:

    13) Product Images from "Temporal response dynamics of Drosophila olfactory sensory neurons depends on receptor type and response polarity"

    Article Title: Temporal response dynamics of Drosophila olfactory sensory neurons depends on receptor type and response polarity

    Journal: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

    doi: 10.3389/fncel.2012.00054

    Responses to odors at different doses. Dose-response curves presented as normalized maximum frequency response for (A) Ir75abc-expressing neurons to butyric acid n = 8–13 (B) Ir84a-expressing neurons to phenylacetaldehyde, n = 9–12. (C) , Or59b-expressing neurons to methyl acetate, n = 8–17 (D) Or59b-expressing neurons to citral presented as the minimum frequency, n = 6–10. (E) Ir41a-expressing neurons to 1, 4-diaminobutane n = 6–8 (F) . Or35a-expressing OSNs to 1-hexanol, n = 6–8. (G) Representative traces showing the response of OSNs of ac2 sensilla to isoamylamine at two different concentrations (responses to lower concentrations were not observed). Please note that while only Ir41a-expressing neurons are excited by 1, 4-diaminobutane in this sensillum (ac2), all neurons are inhibited by isoamylamine, and we thus label the inhibitory responses with the entire sensillum label.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Responses to odors at different doses. Dose-response curves presented as normalized maximum frequency response for (A) Ir75abc-expressing neurons to butyric acid n = 8–13 (B) Ir84a-expressing neurons to phenylacetaldehyde, n = 9–12. (C) , Or59b-expressing neurons to methyl acetate, n = 8–17 (D) Or59b-expressing neurons to citral presented as the minimum frequency, n = 6–10. (E) Ir41a-expressing neurons to 1, 4-diaminobutane n = 6–8 (F) . Or35a-expressing OSNs to 1-hexanol, n = 6–8. (G) Representative traces showing the response of OSNs of ac2 sensilla to isoamylamine at two different concentrations (responses to lower concentrations were not observed). Please note that while only Ir41a-expressing neurons are excited by 1, 4-diaminobutane in this sensillum (ac2), all neurons are inhibited by isoamylamine, and we thus label the inhibitory responses with the entire sensillum label.

    Techniques Used: Expressing

    Related Articles

    Incubation:

    Article Title: Novel endo-?-N-acetylgalactosaminidases with broader substrate specificity
    Article Snippet: .. The reactions were incubated at room temperature for 16 h. Methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 1-pentanol, 1-hexanol, 1-heptanol, 1-octanol, and 1-nonalol were purchased from Sigma (St. Louis, MO). .. The transglycosylation reaction mixtures were analyzed on a Silica Gel 60 TLC plate using chloroform/methanol/water 65/35/8 as the developing solvent and the sugars were visualized by spraying a diphenylamine/aniline/phosphate reagent.

    other:

    Article Title: Neonicotinoid-induced impairment of odour coding in the honeybee
    Article Snippet: Acetophenone, benzaldehyde, 1-hexanol, 1-octanol (all Sigma-Aldrich) were applied sequentially as pulsed stimuli.

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  • 94
    Millipore bq 788
    Effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on migration by colonic myofibroblasts. (A) ET-1 stimulated migration in a dose dependent manner. Migration is presented as the reduction in wound area at 24 hours as a percentage of the maximal wound area (that is, initial quantitation). Each data point represents the mean (SEM) (n=5 for each point). (B) Migration in response to 10 nM sarafotoxin (SFTX) or 10 nM ET-1 was measured at 24 hours in the presence or absence of 10 μM BQ-123 (ETA-R inhib) or 10 μM <t>BQ-788</t> (ETB-R inhib), as indicated. Each bar represents the mean (SEM) (n=5). ET-1 stimulated migration was significantly (p
    Bq 788, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 94/100, based on 7 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Average 94 stars, based on 7 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    bq 788 - by Bioz Stars, 2020-09
    94/100 stars
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    89
    Millipore 2 hexanone
    Odor mixtures abolish innate odor preference a Illustration of the behavior paradigm. Left, single odor port arena. Right, odor presentation sequence and the quantification of attraction and aversion. b Raster plots of odor port investigation (three animals each) of air, female or male urine (FU and MU) presentation. Only the fourth air presentation (Air.4, gray box) and the first two odor presentations (Odor.1 and Odor.2, orange boxes) are shown. Each tick represents an investigation event. Investigations longer or shorter than 1 second are marked by red and black ticks, respectively. c Same as b but for 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) and coyote urine (CU). Olive colored boxes indicating presentation of aversive odors. d Bar graphs showing attractive response for a panel of odors (attractive: orange; neutral: gray; aversive: olive). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. e Bar graphs showing aversion response for the same odors in d. f Illustration of congruent mixture experiment setup. g, h Bar plots of aversion measured for PEA, HXO and their mixture (MIX, g ), and 2- MBA, EUG and their mixture ( h ). i, j Bar plots of attraction measured for female urine, maple and the mixture ( i ), and male urine, maple and their mixture ( j ). k, l Bar plots of average aversion indices to PEA, IAMM and their mixture ( k ), and 2- MBA, IAMM and their mixture ( l ). m, n Bar plots of average attraction indices to female urine, peanut butter and mixture ( m ), and male urine, peanut butter and their mixture ( n ). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. Abbreviation: FU: female urine; MU: male urine; PB: peanut butter; EUG: eugenol; HPH: heptanal; HXO: <t>2-hexanone;</t> IAMM: isoamylamine; CU: cayote urine; 2-MBA: 2- Methylbutyric acid; PEA: 2-phenylethylamine. One-way student t -test applied, * indicates p
    2 Hexanone, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 89/100, based on 8 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    88
    Millipore sodium hexanoate
    13 C MAS NMR spectra obtained for the cutin reference and the cutin samples derived from reactions with cholinium <t>hexanoate</t> or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate after 2, 15 and 170 hours (A) and the corresponding calculated reticulation (B-C) and esterification (D) ratios. The regions assigned to the long methylene chains, the oxygenated aliphatics, aromatics and the carboxyl groups are marked. The imidazolium-based cation contributes to the signal assigned to the CH 3 groups (15 ppm **), whereas the cholinium cation is seen in the signal at 54 ppm *; both contaminants can be washed out.
    Sodium Hexanoate, supplied by Millipore, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 88/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Image Search Results


    Effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on migration by colonic myofibroblasts. (A) ET-1 stimulated migration in a dose dependent manner. Migration is presented as the reduction in wound area at 24 hours as a percentage of the maximal wound area (that is, initial quantitation). Each data point represents the mean (SEM) (n=5 for each point). (B) Migration in response to 10 nM sarafotoxin (SFTX) or 10 nM ET-1 was measured at 24 hours in the presence or absence of 10 μM BQ-123 (ETA-R inhib) or 10 μM BQ-788 (ETB-R inhib), as indicated. Each bar represents the mean (SEM) (n=5). ET-1 stimulated migration was significantly (p

    Journal: Gut

    Article Title: Endothelin-1 stimulates human colonic myofibroblast contraction and migration

    doi:

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on migration by colonic myofibroblasts. (A) ET-1 stimulated migration in a dose dependent manner. Migration is presented as the reduction in wound area at 24 hours as a percentage of the maximal wound area (that is, initial quantitation). Each data point represents the mean (SEM) (n=5 for each point). (B) Migration in response to 10 nM sarafotoxin (SFTX) or 10 nM ET-1 was measured at 24 hours in the presence or absence of 10 μM BQ-123 (ETA-R inhib) or 10 μM BQ-788 (ETB-R inhib), as indicated. Each bar represents the mean (SEM) (n=5). ET-1 stimulated migration was significantly (p

    Article Snippet: Interleukin 1α (IL-1α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), interleukin 10 (IL-10), tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), endothelin-1, sarafotoxin, BQ-123, and BQ-788 were obtained from Calbiochem (LaJolla, California, USA) and salts, buffers, and other chemicals from Sigma (St Louis, Missouri, USA).

    Techniques: Migration, Quantitation Assay, Inhibition

    Odor mixtures abolish innate odor preference a Illustration of the behavior paradigm. Left, single odor port arena. Right, odor presentation sequence and the quantification of attraction and aversion. b Raster plots of odor port investigation (three animals each) of air, female or male urine (FU and MU) presentation. Only the fourth air presentation (Air.4, gray box) and the first two odor presentations (Odor.1 and Odor.2, orange boxes) are shown. Each tick represents an investigation event. Investigations longer or shorter than 1 second are marked by red and black ticks, respectively. c Same as b but for 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) and coyote urine (CU). Olive colored boxes indicating presentation of aversive odors. d Bar graphs showing attractive response for a panel of odors (attractive: orange; neutral: gray; aversive: olive). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. e Bar graphs showing aversion response for the same odors in d. f Illustration of congruent mixture experiment setup. g, h Bar plots of aversion measured for PEA, HXO and their mixture (MIX, g ), and 2- MBA, EUG and their mixture ( h ). i, j Bar plots of attraction measured for female urine, maple and the mixture ( i ), and male urine, maple and their mixture ( j ). k, l Bar plots of average aversion indices to PEA, IAMM and their mixture ( k ), and 2- MBA, IAMM and their mixture ( l ). m, n Bar plots of average attraction indices to female urine, peanut butter and mixture ( m ), and male urine, peanut butter and their mixture ( n ). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. Abbreviation: FU: female urine; MU: male urine; PB: peanut butter; EUG: eugenol; HPH: heptanal; HXO: 2-hexanone; IAMM: isoamylamine; CU: cayote urine; 2-MBA: 2- Methylbutyric acid; PEA: 2-phenylethylamine. One-way student t -test applied, * indicates p

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Encoding Innately Recognized Odors via a Generalized Population Code

    doi: 10.1101/2020.01.28.923748

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Odor mixtures abolish innate odor preference a Illustration of the behavior paradigm. Left, single odor port arena. Right, odor presentation sequence and the quantification of attraction and aversion. b Raster plots of odor port investigation (three animals each) of air, female or male urine (FU and MU) presentation. Only the fourth air presentation (Air.4, gray box) and the first two odor presentations (Odor.1 and Odor.2, orange boxes) are shown. Each tick represents an investigation event. Investigations longer or shorter than 1 second are marked by red and black ticks, respectively. c Same as b but for 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) and coyote urine (CU). Olive colored boxes indicating presentation of aversive odors. d Bar graphs showing attractive response for a panel of odors (attractive: orange; neutral: gray; aversive: olive). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. e Bar graphs showing aversion response for the same odors in d. f Illustration of congruent mixture experiment setup. g, h Bar plots of aversion measured for PEA, HXO and their mixture (MIX, g ), and 2- MBA, EUG and their mixture ( h ). i, j Bar plots of attraction measured for female urine, maple and the mixture ( i ), and male urine, maple and their mixture ( j ). k, l Bar plots of average aversion indices to PEA, IAMM and their mixture ( k ), and 2- MBA, IAMM and their mixture ( l ). m, n Bar plots of average attraction indices to female urine, peanut butter and mixture ( m ), and male urine, peanut butter and their mixture ( n ). Dashed line indicating the level for neutral odors. Abbreviation: FU: female urine; MU: male urine; PB: peanut butter; EUG: eugenol; HPH: heptanal; HXO: 2-hexanone; IAMM: isoamylamine; CU: cayote urine; 2-MBA: 2- Methylbutyric acid; PEA: 2-phenylethylamine. One-way student t -test applied, * indicates p

    Article Snippet: Odorant chemicals are including: 2-Hexanone (Abbr: HXO), Heptanal (Abbr: HPH), Eugenol (Abbr: EUG), 2-Methylbutyric acid (Abbr: 2-MBA), 2-phenylethylamine (Abbr: PEA), isoamylamine (Abbr: IAMM) and were purchased from MilliporeSigma and freshly prepared in mineral oil at desired concentration.

    Techniques: Sequencing

    13 C MAS NMR spectra obtained for the cutin reference and the cutin samples derived from reactions with cholinium hexanoate or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate after 2, 15 and 170 hours (A) and the corresponding calculated reticulation (B-C) and esterification (D) ratios. The regions assigned to the long methylene chains, the oxygenated aliphatics, aromatics and the carboxyl groups are marked. The imidazolium-based cation contributes to the signal assigned to the CH 3 groups (15 ppm **), whereas the cholinium cation is seen in the signal at 54 ppm *; both contaminants can be washed out.

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: 13 C MAS NMR spectra obtained for the cutin reference and the cutin samples derived from reactions with cholinium hexanoate or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate after 2, 15 and 170 hours (A) and the corresponding calculated reticulation (B-C) and esterification (D) ratios. The regions assigned to the long methylene chains, the oxygenated aliphatics, aromatics and the carboxyl groups are marked. The imidazolium-based cation contributes to the signal assigned to the CH 3 groups (15 ppm **), whereas the cholinium cation is seen in the signal at 54 ppm *; both contaminants can be washed out.

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Derivative Assay

    Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of Micro-Tom cutins isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h) from the cus1 and gpat6 mutants. The 1 H NMR spectra of both samples (A - cus1 - and B - gpat6 ), where the text-inserts indicate the relative abundance (%) of Linear aliphatic esters (LAE-α), total esters (α(C=O) esters) and the free acids (α(C=O) acids); HSQC regions corresponding to aliphatics (C - cus1 and D - gpat6 ) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (E - cus1 and F - gpat6 ). Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified. The absence of the signal assigned to α(C=O) acids is marked by a dashed circle. For simplicity the wide-ranging NMR spectrum of the untreated cuticle from the cus1 mutant is not shown (detailed in Supplementary Fig. S16).

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of Micro-Tom cutins isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h) from the cus1 and gpat6 mutants. The 1 H NMR spectra of both samples (A - cus1 - and B - gpat6 ), where the text-inserts indicate the relative abundance (%) of Linear aliphatic esters (LAE-α), total esters (α(C=O) esters) and the free acids (α(C=O) acids); HSQC regions corresponding to aliphatics (C - cus1 and D - gpat6 ) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (E - cus1 and F - gpat6 ). Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified. The absence of the signal assigned to α(C=O) acids is marked by a dashed circle. For simplicity the wide-ranging NMR spectrum of the untreated cuticle from the cus1 mutant is not shown (detailed in Supplementary Fig. S16).

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Isolation, Mutagenesis

    DSC thermograms (A) and WAXS patterns (B) collected for a reference enzymatically-extracted cutin (black curve) and cutin powders extracted from tomato peels using ionic liquids for various durations of the treatment [cholinium hexanoate (purple curve for 2 hours and blue curve for 170 hours) and imidazolium acetate (cyan curve for 2 hours and grey curve for 170 hours)]. The vertical straight lines in WAXS patterns indicate position of diffraction peaks of cellulose (dotted lines) and crystallised n -alkane chains (dashed lines). Miller indexes assigned to the lines correspond to cellulose I β (monoclinic space group P12 1 1) and n -alkane chain packing (orthorhombic space group Pnma).

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: DSC thermograms (A) and WAXS patterns (B) collected for a reference enzymatically-extracted cutin (black curve) and cutin powders extracted from tomato peels using ionic liquids for various durations of the treatment [cholinium hexanoate (purple curve for 2 hours and blue curve for 170 hours) and imidazolium acetate (cyan curve for 2 hours and grey curve for 170 hours)]. The vertical straight lines in WAXS patterns indicate position of diffraction peaks of cellulose (dotted lines) and crystallised n -alkane chains (dashed lines). Miller indexes assigned to the lines correspond to cellulose I β (monoclinic space group P12 1 1) and n -alkane chain packing (orthorhombic space group Pnma).

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques:

    Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of cutin isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h). The 1 H NMR, with inserts focussing the aliphatic and oxygenated aliphatics regions (A); and the HSQC spectrum: full (B) and regions corresponding to aliphatics (C) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (D) of the purified cutin. Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified.

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of cutin isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h). The 1 H NMR, with inserts focussing the aliphatic and oxygenated aliphatics regions (A); and the HSQC spectrum: full (B) and regions corresponding to aliphatics (C) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (D) of the purified cutin. Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified.

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Isolation, Purification

    Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of Micro-Tom cutin isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h) and Micro-Tom untreated cuticle. The 1 H NMR spectra of both samples (A - cutin and B - cuticle), where the text-inserts indicate the relative abundance (%) of Linear aliphatic esters (LAE-α), total esters (α(C=O) esters) and the free acids (α(C=O) acids); HSQC regions corresponding to aliphatics (C - cutin and D - cuticle) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (E - cutin and F - cuticle). Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified.

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Wide-ranging NMR spectral characterisation of Micro-Tom cutin isolated with cholinium hexanoate (2 h) and Micro-Tom untreated cuticle. The 1 H NMR spectra of both samples (A - cutin and B - cuticle), where the text-inserts indicate the relative abundance (%) of Linear aliphatic esters (LAE-α), total esters (α(C=O) esters) and the free acids (α(C=O) acids); HSQC regions corresponding to aliphatics (C - cutin and D - cuticle) and CH/CH 2 -X aliphatics (E - cutin and F - cuticle). Some correlations (unlabelled) are uncertain or unidentified.

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Isolation

    SEM imaging of cutin purified after treatment with cholinium hexanoate (B-D) or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (E-G) after 2, 15 and 170 hours. All samples show a clean thick cutin-continuum comprising the epidermal cells grooves. A representative cutin reference sample ( i.e. obtained through the conventional enzymatic-based process) is also shown denoting many intracellular spaces that are not hollow (A).

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: SEM imaging of cutin purified after treatment with cholinium hexanoate (B-D) or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (E-G) after 2, 15 and 170 hours. All samples show a clean thick cutin-continuum comprising the epidermal cells grooves. A representative cutin reference sample ( i.e. obtained through the conventional enzymatic-based process) is also shown denoting many intracellular spaces that are not hollow (A).

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: Imaging, Purification

    Compounds detected after the reaction of glyceryl trioctanoate and octyl octanoate with either cholinium hexanoate (A) or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (B) for 2, 6 and 24 hours (the observed average standard errors were negligible,

    Journal: bioRxiv

    Article Title: Novel ionic liquids-based extraction method that preserves molecular structure from cutin

    doi: 10.1101/2020.06.01.127837

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Compounds detected after the reaction of glyceryl trioctanoate and octyl octanoate with either cholinium hexanoate (A) or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (B) for 2, 6 and 24 hours (the observed average standard errors were negligible,

    Article Snippet: Cholinium hexanoate was synthesised by dropwise addition of hexanoic acid to aqueous cholinium hydrogen carbonate in equimolar quantities, as previously described ( ).

    Techniques: