Journal: The EMBO Journal
Article Title: STARD3 mediates endoplasmic reticulum‐to‐endosome cholesterol transport at membrane contact sites
Figure Lengend Snippet: Characterization of cholesterol‐enriched endosomes in HeLa/STARD3 cells HeLa/STARD3 cells were co‐labeled with anti‐STARD3 (magenta), with the fluorescent cholesterol probe filipin (Cyan Hot) and with anti‐EEA1 (a–d, green), anti‐Lamp1 (e–h, green), anti‐CD63 (i–l, green), anti‐Rab7 (m–p, green), or anti‐BMP (q–t, green) antibodies. Nuclei were stained in blue. Merged image of magenta and green signals is shown in (c, g, k, o, and s). The subpanels on the right are higher magnification (2.6×) images of the area outlined in white (c, g, k, o, s). Overlays show STARD3 and the endocytic markers merged images. Scale bars: 10 μm. Pearson correlation coefficients between STARD3 and the endocytic markers EEA1, Lamp1, CD63, Rab7, and BMP are shown; each dot represents one single cell; cells originates from three independent experiments (15 cells). The horizontal lines show the mean ± SD. Pearson correlation coefficients between filipin and the early endosome marker EEA1 (left) and with the late endosome marker Rab7 (right). Each dot represents one single cell (left 15 cells, right: 20 cells); cells originate from three independent experiments. The horizontal lines show the mean ± SD. HeLa/STARD3 cells were co‐stained with two fluorescent cholesterol probes (GFP‐D4 in green and filipin in Cyan Hot) and with anti‐STARD3 (magenta). Two similar cells are shown (bottom and top). Nuclei were stained in blue. (d, h) Pixels where the green and the Cyan Hot channels co‐localize are shown in white. The subpanels on the right are higher magnification (2.6×) images of the area outlined in white (a, e). Scale bars: 10 μm. Mander's correlation coefficients between filipin and GFP‐D4 are shown; each dot represents one single cell acquired from three independent experiments (22 cells). M1 corresponds to the fraction of filipin signal overlapping with GFP‐D4 signal. M2 corresponds to the fraction of GFP‐D4 signal overlapping with filipin signal. GFP‐D4‐labeled structures are strongly labeled with filipin, while filipin‐positive structures can be GFP‐D4 positive or GFP‐D4 negative. This illustrates the different properties of the two cholesterol probes: While filipin binds to all free cholesterol, GFP‐D4 only binds to cholesterol‐rich membranes. The horizontal lines show the mean ± SD. Paired two‐tailed t ‐test; *** P
Article Snippet: Cells were incubated with a solution of filipin (0.1 mg/ml, F‐9765 Sigma) for 30 min. After washing and blocking in 1% bovine serum albumin (BSA) in PBS, cells were incubated with the primary antibodies.
Techniques: Labeling, Staining, Marker, Two Tailed Test