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    Nb BtsI 1 000 units
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    Restriction Enzymes
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    New England Biolabs nb btsi
    Nb BtsI
    Nb BtsI 1 000 units
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    Average 96 stars, based on 2060 article reviews
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    Images

    1) Product Images from "T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR"

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.

    Techniques Used: Purification, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Infection

    2) Product Images from "Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries"

    Article Title: Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094752

    Alkaline denaturation method. (A) Experimental design. (B) lane A – emulsion PCR product (step2), lane B – Nb.BtsI nicked ssDNA (step 3), lane C – nicked DNA (step 4), lane D alkali-melting of nicked ssDNA (step 6), lane E – one of negative selection (step 7), lane F – exonuclease I hydrolysis step 7 products.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Alkaline denaturation method. (A) Experimental design. (B) lane A – emulsion PCR product (step2), lane B – Nb.BtsI nicked ssDNA (step 3), lane C – nicked DNA (step 4), lane D alkali-melting of nicked ssDNA (step 6), lane E – one of negative selection (step 7), lane F – exonuclease I hydrolysis step 7 products.

    Techniques Used: Polymerase Chain Reaction, Selection

    3) Product Images from "T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR"

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    Identification of exonucleases selectively digesting rcDNA. (A) Properties of exonucleases tested in this study. +, strong activity; -, no significant activity; +/-, reduced activity; ss, single stranded; ds, double stranded; endo, endonuclease activity; dNMP, deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate; oligos, oligonucleotides. (B) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of cell culture-derived viral DNA containing rcDNA and dslDNA were incubated for 1 h at 37°C with PSD (5 U), BAL-31 (5 U), Exo I (5 U), Exo V (5 U), and T5 Exo (5 U). Mung bean nuclease (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), and DNase I (5 U) were included as controls. After heat inactivation, the products were subjected to Southern blotting. The plasmid pUCX3.2 served as a marker for indicating the expected sizes of rcDNA and cccDNA.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Identification of exonucleases selectively digesting rcDNA. (A) Properties of exonucleases tested in this study. +, strong activity; -, no significant activity; +/-, reduced activity; ss, single stranded; ds, double stranded; endo, endonuclease activity; dNMP, deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate; oligos, oligonucleotides. (B) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of cell culture-derived viral DNA containing rcDNA and dslDNA were incubated for 1 h at 37°C with PSD (5 U), BAL-31 (5 U), Exo I (5 U), Exo V (5 U), and T5 Exo (5 U). Mung bean nuclease (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), and DNase I (5 U) were included as controls. After heat inactivation, the products were subjected to Southern blotting. The plasmid pUCX3.2 served as a marker for indicating the expected sizes of rcDNA and cccDNA.

    Techniques Used: Activity Assay, Cell Culture, Derivative Assay, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Marker

    4) Product Images from "T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR"

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    Identification of exonucleases selectively digesting rcDNA. (A) Properties of exonucleases tested in this study. +, strong activity; -, no significant activity; +/-, reduced activity; ss, single stranded; ds, double stranded; endo, endonuclease activity; dNMP, deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate; oligos, oligonucleotides. (B) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of cell culture-derived viral DNA containing rcDNA and dslDNA were incubated for 1 h at 37°C with PSD (5 U), BAL-31 (5 U), Exo I (5 U), Exo V (5 U), and T5 Exo (5 U). Mung bean nuclease (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), and DNase I (5 U) were included as controls. After heat inactivation, the products were subjected to Southern blotting. The plasmid pUCX3.2 served as a marker for indicating the expected sizes of rcDNA and cccDNA.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Identification of exonucleases selectively digesting rcDNA. (A) Properties of exonucleases tested in this study. +, strong activity; -, no significant activity; +/-, reduced activity; ss, single stranded; ds, double stranded; endo, endonuclease activity; dNMP, deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate; oligos, oligonucleotides. (B) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of cell culture-derived viral DNA containing rcDNA and dslDNA were incubated for 1 h at 37°C with PSD (5 U), BAL-31 (5 U), Exo I (5 U), Exo V (5 U), and T5 Exo (5 U). Mung bean nuclease (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), and DNase I (5 U) were included as controls. After heat inactivation, the products were subjected to Southern blotting. The plasmid pUCX3.2 served as a marker for indicating the expected sizes of rcDNA and cccDNA.

    Techniques Used: Activity Assay, Cell Culture, Derivative Assay, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Marker

    Titration analysis of T5 Exo and PSD. (A) Two micrograms of genomic DNA samples from HBV-free HepG2 hNTCP cells was incubated with T5 Exo or PSD in time-dependent (1, 2, 4, and 16 h) and dose-dependent (1 and 5 U) manners. After digestion, products were visualized on an agarose gel, and the expression level of the human β-globin gene was measured as a representative readout to show digestion degree of genomic DNA. (B) Two micrograms of pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo or PSD similarly, and the remaining plasmid in products was determined by pp466-541 or directly visualized on an agarose gel.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Titration analysis of T5 Exo and PSD. (A) Two micrograms of genomic DNA samples from HBV-free HepG2 hNTCP cells was incubated with T5 Exo or PSD in time-dependent (1, 2, 4, and 16 h) and dose-dependent (1 and 5 U) manners. After digestion, products were visualized on an agarose gel, and the expression level of the human β-globin gene was measured as a representative readout to show digestion degree of genomic DNA. (B) Two micrograms of pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo or PSD similarly, and the remaining plasmid in products was determined by pp466-541 or directly visualized on an agarose gel.

    Techniques Used: Titration, Incubation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Expressing, Plasmid Preparation

    T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.

    Techniques Used: Purification, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Infection

    Detection of cccDNA and validation of Myrcludex B in 96-well plate format. (A) HepG2 hNTCP cells seeded in a 96-well plate were infected at an mge/cell of 1,000. Myrcludex B was coadministered, tenofovir was added postinoculation, and IFN-α-2a was applied during and after infection. (B) Cells were treated with each antiviral at eight doses (1:3.2 serial dilutions) in triplicates. (C) On day 7 p.i., DNA samples were extracted together using a vacuum-based system. Crude DNA in 100 μl of elute was ethanol precipitated and resuspended with 10 μl of water. T5 Exo digestion was performed prior to cccDNA quantification by PCR. HBeAg levels during days 5 to 7 p.i. in the supernatant in all wells were measured.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Detection of cccDNA and validation of Myrcludex B in 96-well plate format. (A) HepG2 hNTCP cells seeded in a 96-well plate were infected at an mge/cell of 1,000. Myrcludex B was coadministered, tenofovir was added postinoculation, and IFN-α-2a was applied during and after infection. (B) Cells were treated with each antiviral at eight doses (1:3.2 serial dilutions) in triplicates. (C) On day 7 p.i., DNA samples were extracted together using a vacuum-based system. Crude DNA in 100 μl of elute was ethanol precipitated and resuspended with 10 μl of water. T5 Exo digestion was performed prior to cccDNA quantification by PCR. HBeAg levels during days 5 to 7 p.i. in the supernatant in all wells were measured.

    Techniques Used: Infection, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    cccDNA profiles in infections with increasing mge. (A) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected with different amounts of virus inoculum (mge/cell of 30, 100, 300, 1,000, and 3,000) in parallel, and total DNA samples were prepared on day 10 p.i. Samples were hydrolyzed by T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and cccDNA was determined using pp1040-1996. Total DNA copy numbers were also determined in undigested samples using pp466-541. (B) Within the same infections, secreted HBsAg values from day 7 to 10 p.i. were detected. (C) On day 10 p.i., intracellular HBcAg expression levels (red) were visualized. As a control to verify NTCP-mediated entry of the virus, Myrcludex B (1 μM) was administered during the infection.
    Figure Legend Snippet: cccDNA profiles in infections with increasing mge. (A) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected with different amounts of virus inoculum (mge/cell of 30, 100, 300, 1,000, and 3,000) in parallel, and total DNA samples were prepared on day 10 p.i. Samples were hydrolyzed by T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and cccDNA was determined using pp1040-1996. Total DNA copy numbers were also determined in undigested samples using pp466-541. (B) Within the same infections, secreted HBsAg values from day 7 to 10 p.i. were detected. (C) On day 10 p.i., intracellular HBcAg expression levels (red) were visualized. As a control to verify NTCP-mediated entry of the virus, Myrcludex B (1 μM) was administered during the infection.

    Techniques Used: Infection, Expressing

    T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).

    Techniques Used: Infection, Blocking Assay, Southern Blot, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    5) Product Images from "T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR"

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).

    Techniques Used: Infection, Blocking Assay, Southern Blot, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    6) Product Images from "Genome-wide mapping of embedded ribonucleotides and other non-canonical nucleotides using emRiboSeq and EndoSeq"

    Article Title: Genome-wide mapping of embedded ribonucleotides and other non-canonical nucleotides using emRiboSeq and EndoSeq

    Journal: Nature protocols

    doi: 10.1038/nprot.2015.099

    Library quality control and anticipated results. ( a ) Sonicated DNA separated by agarose gel electrophoresis (Step 25) shows an average fragment size of approximately 400 bp. ( b ) Bioanalyzer result (Step 84) for an emRiboSeq library shows a typical trace (left) and gel-like image (right) with a peak for fragments between ˜180 and ˜300 bp in size (black bar). Standards (green and purple bars) of defined size and amount allow quantification. FU, arbitrary fluorescence units. ( c ) Agarose gel electrophoresis of PCR products after 15, 16 and 17 cycles of amplification (Steps 81-83) of the same library shows product between 200 and 300 bp in size. ( d ) Sequencing results for libraries generated using Nb.BtsI are highly reproducibility between different strains (POL, wildtype polymerase; pol1-L868M, increased Pol-α ribonucleotide incorporation) after normalizing read counts to sequence tags per million (TPM). The majority of bona fide Nb.BtsI sites were present at maximal frequency, although some sites were present at lower frequencies. This is the result of partial loss during size selection because of their close proximity to other cleavage sites, a highly reproducible finding between independent libraries (Spearman's rho=0.82, p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Library quality control and anticipated results. ( a ) Sonicated DNA separated by agarose gel electrophoresis (Step 25) shows an average fragment size of approximately 400 bp. ( b ) Bioanalyzer result (Step 84) for an emRiboSeq library shows a typical trace (left) and gel-like image (right) with a peak for fragments between ˜180 and ˜300 bp in size (black bar). Standards (green and purple bars) of defined size and amount allow quantification. FU, arbitrary fluorescence units. ( c ) Agarose gel electrophoresis of PCR products after 15, 16 and 17 cycles of amplification (Steps 81-83) of the same library shows product between 200 and 300 bp in size. ( d ) Sequencing results for libraries generated using Nb.BtsI are highly reproducibility between different strains (POL, wildtype polymerase; pol1-L868M, increased Pol-α ribonucleotide incorporation) after normalizing read counts to sequence tags per million (TPM). The majority of bona fide Nb.BtsI sites were present at maximal frequency, although some sites were present at lower frequencies. This is the result of partial loss during size selection because of their close proximity to other cleavage sites, a highly reproducible finding between independent libraries (Spearman's rho=0.82, p

    Techniques Used: Sonication, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Fluorescence, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Amplification, Sequencing, Generated, Selection

    7) Product Images from "Single-particle analysis of full-length human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1"

    Article Title: Single-particle analysis of full-length human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1

    Journal: Biophysics and Physicobiology

    doi: 10.2142/biophysico.16.0_59

    h-PARP1 domains and nicked-DNA ligand. (a) Scheme of h-PARP1 domain organization. NLS is the nuclear localization signal of h-PARP1 at amino acid residues 207–209 and 221–226. (b) Sequence and the nick position (indicated by arrowhead) of the designed dsDNA. The recognition sequence of Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease is underlined.
    Figure Legend Snippet: h-PARP1 domains and nicked-DNA ligand. (a) Scheme of h-PARP1 domain organization. NLS is the nuclear localization signal of h-PARP1 at amino acid residues 207–209 and 221–226. (b) Sequence and the nick position (indicated by arrowhead) of the designed dsDNA. The recognition sequence of Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease is underlined.

    Techniques Used: Sequencing

    8) Product Images from "T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR"

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.

    Techniques Used: Purification, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Infection

    T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).
    Figure Legend Snippet: T5 Exo and Exo III remove HBV replicative intermediates without affecting cccDNA. HepG2 hNTCP cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and infected at an mge/cell of 3,000. To block entry, Myrcludex B (2 μM) was used as a control. (A) On day 7 p.i., cytosolic DNA samples were extracted as described in Materials and Methods and hydrolyzed by Exo I (5 U, 60 min), Exo III (25 U, 60 min), Exo I and III (5 U plus 25 U, 60 min), T5 Exo (5 U, 60 min), PSD (10 U, 60 min), and EcoRI (10 U, 60 min) at 37°C for 1 h, and later on, all enzymes were heat denatured at 70°C. Samples were analyzed by Southern blotting (left) and PCR with pp466-541 (right). (B) HepG2 hNTCP cells were infected in a 6-well plate format for 7 days, and the DNA samples were Hirt extracted and hydrolyzed by the respective enzymes prior to Southern blotting (left) and cccDNA-specific PCR using pp1040-1996 (right).

    Techniques Used: Infection, Blocking Assay, Southern Blot, Polymerase Chain Reaction

    9) Product Images from "Rpn (YhgA-Like) Proteins of Escherichia coli K-12 and Their Contribution to RecA-Independent Horizontal Transfer"

    Article Title: Rpn (YhgA-Like) Proteins of Escherichia coli K-12 and Their Contribution to RecA-Independent Horizontal Transfer

    Journal: Journal of Bacteriology

    doi: 10.1128/JB.00787-16

    In vitro analysis of RpnA endonuclease activity. (A) WT RpnA cleaves pUC19, RpnA-D63A does not cleave pUC19, and RpnA-D165A is more active on pUC19. The pUC19 DNA (29 nM, 50 μg/ml) is initially supercoiled but can be relaxed by nicks, linearized by double-strand cleavage, or cleaved further. The supercoiled (control), relaxed (Nb.BtsI), and linear (HindIII) forms are indicated. pUC19 was treated with RpnA-inactive RpnA-D63A or hyperactive RpnA-D165A (15 μM, 45 min). (B) Time course of an RpnA (7.5 μM)-pUC19 (29 nM) digest. Band intensity was compared to determine the relative amounts of supercoiled, nicked, and linear pUC19 at each time point. Over 90% of the supercoiled pUC19 was digested within 180 min. (C) RpnA endonuclease activity depends on divalent cation and is stimulated by Ca 2+ . The reaction buffer was 50 mM NaCl and 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0; the indicated additives were at 10 mM each. RpnA at 3.8 μM was added for 18 h. (D) RpnA cleavage products provide a DNA polymerase primer. pUC19 was digested with RpnA, DNase I, or micrococcal nuclease (MNase) to produce similar smears and then incubated with fluorescein-labeled dNTPs and the Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase. DNA was visualized by ethidium bromide (EtBr; left) or fluorescein (middle), with the two signals being merged at the right. RpnA- and DNase I-digested DNAs were effectively labeled, but micrococcal nuclease-digested DNA was not.
    Figure Legend Snippet: In vitro analysis of RpnA endonuclease activity. (A) WT RpnA cleaves pUC19, RpnA-D63A does not cleave pUC19, and RpnA-D165A is more active on pUC19. The pUC19 DNA (29 nM, 50 μg/ml) is initially supercoiled but can be relaxed by nicks, linearized by double-strand cleavage, or cleaved further. The supercoiled (control), relaxed (Nb.BtsI), and linear (HindIII) forms are indicated. pUC19 was treated with RpnA-inactive RpnA-D63A or hyperactive RpnA-D165A (15 μM, 45 min). (B) Time course of an RpnA (7.5 μM)-pUC19 (29 nM) digest. Band intensity was compared to determine the relative amounts of supercoiled, nicked, and linear pUC19 at each time point. Over 90% of the supercoiled pUC19 was digested within 180 min. (C) RpnA endonuclease activity depends on divalent cation and is stimulated by Ca 2+ . The reaction buffer was 50 mM NaCl and 10 mM Tris, pH 8.0; the indicated additives were at 10 mM each. RpnA at 3.8 μM was added for 18 h. (D) RpnA cleavage products provide a DNA polymerase primer. pUC19 was digested with RpnA, DNase I, or micrococcal nuclease (MNase) to produce similar smears and then incubated with fluorescein-labeled dNTPs and the Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase. DNA was visualized by ethidium bromide (EtBr; left) or fluorescein (middle), with the two signals being merged at the right. RpnA- and DNase I-digested DNAs were effectively labeled, but micrococcal nuclease-digested DNA was not.

    Techniques Used: In Vitro, Activity Assay, Incubation, Labeling

    10) Product Images from "Genome-wide mapping of embedded ribonucleotides and other non-canonical nucleotides using emRiboSeq and EndoSeq"

    Article Title: Genome-wide mapping of embedded ribonucleotides and other non-canonical nucleotides using emRiboSeq and EndoSeq

    Journal: Nature protocols

    doi: 10.1038/nprot.2015.099

    Library quality control and anticipated results. ( a ) Sonicated DNA separated by agarose gel electrophoresis (Step 25) shows an average fragment size of approximately 400 bp. ( b ) Bioanalyzer result (Step 84) for an emRiboSeq library shows a typical trace (left) and gel-like image (right) with a peak for fragments between ˜180 and ˜300 bp in size (black bar). Standards (green and purple bars) of defined size and amount allow quantification. FU, arbitrary fluorescence units. ( c ) Agarose gel electrophoresis of PCR products after 15, 16 and 17 cycles of amplification (Steps 81-83) of the same library shows product between 200 and 300 bp in size. ( d ) Sequencing results for libraries generated using Nb.BtsI are highly reproducibility between different strains (POL, wildtype polymerase; pol1-L868M, increased Pol-α ribonucleotide incorporation) after normalizing read counts to sequence tags per million (TPM). The majority of bona fide Nb.BtsI sites were present at maximal frequency, although some sites were present at lower frequencies. This is the result of partial loss during size selection because of their close proximity to other cleavage sites, a highly reproducible finding between independent libraries (Spearman's rho=0.82, p
    Figure Legend Snippet: Library quality control and anticipated results. ( a ) Sonicated DNA separated by agarose gel electrophoresis (Step 25) shows an average fragment size of approximately 400 bp. ( b ) Bioanalyzer result (Step 84) for an emRiboSeq library shows a typical trace (left) and gel-like image (right) with a peak for fragments between ˜180 and ˜300 bp in size (black bar). Standards (green and purple bars) of defined size and amount allow quantification. FU, arbitrary fluorescence units. ( c ) Agarose gel electrophoresis of PCR products after 15, 16 and 17 cycles of amplification (Steps 81-83) of the same library shows product between 200 and 300 bp in size. ( d ) Sequencing results for libraries generated using Nb.BtsI are highly reproducibility between different strains (POL, wildtype polymerase; pol1-L868M, increased Pol-α ribonucleotide incorporation) after normalizing read counts to sequence tags per million (TPM). The majority of bona fide Nb.BtsI sites were present at maximal frequency, although some sites were present at lower frequencies. This is the result of partial loss during size selection because of their close proximity to other cleavage sites, a highly reproducible finding between independent libraries (Spearman's rho=0.82, p

    Techniques Used: Sonication, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Fluorescence, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Amplification, Sequencing, Generated, Selection

    Related Articles

    Amplification:

    Article Title: Single-particle analysis of full-length human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1
    Article Snippet: .. A part of the dsDNA was digested for 4 h at 37°C with Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease (New England Biolabs), which recognized 5′-GCAGTG(nick)-3′ sequence and introduced single-strand break, to produce a 105 bp nicked-dsDNA in the middle of the amplified sequence ( ). .. Single-particle electron microscopy The purified h-PARP1 (5 μM) and 105 bp dsDNA (0.18 μM) or nicked-dsDNA (0.18 μM) were mixed and diluted 100 times with the equilibrium buffer for 3-AB-Sepharose column chromatography.

    Ligation:

    Article Title: Dual daughter strand incision is processive and increases the efficiency of DNA mismatch repair
    Article Snippet: .. After primer extension, ligation and isolation of the desired supercoiled heteroduplex substrates on CsCl gradients, substrates were nicked with Nt.BstNBI and Nb.BtsI (New England Biolabs) as indicated by the manufacturer. .. The products were then loaded on a 1% agarose gel and visualized with GelRed.

    Isolation:

    Article Title: Dual daughter strand incision is processive and increases the efficiency of DNA mismatch repair
    Article Snippet: .. After primer extension, ligation and isolation of the desired supercoiled heteroduplex substrates on CsCl gradients, substrates were nicked with Nt.BstNBI and Nb.BtsI (New England Biolabs) as indicated by the manufacturer. .. The products were then loaded on a 1% agarose gel and visualized with GelRed.

    Magnetic Beads:

    Article Title: Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries
    Article Snippet: .. Sequential removal of PCR primer ends with on-bead BspQI digestion Post hybridization, the 3′-end PCR primer containing BtsI recognition site is digested with 50 U Nb.BtsI at 37°C for 2 h (total reaction volume 100 µl; 1x NEB, 1x BSA) followed by capture of cDNA on streptavidin coated magnetic beads. .. 50 µl of beads (250 pmol binding capacity) is used to immobilize 5′-biotinylated cDNA.

    Polymerase Chain Reaction:

    Article Title: Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries
    Article Snippet: .. Sequential removal of PCR primer ends with on-bead BspQI digestion Post hybridization, the 3′-end PCR primer containing BtsI recognition site is digested with 50 U Nb.BtsI at 37°C for 2 h (total reaction volume 100 µl; 1x NEB, 1x BSA) followed by capture of cDNA on streptavidin coated magnetic beads. .. 50 µl of beads (250 pmol binding capacity) is used to immobilize 5′-biotinylated cDNA.

    Generated:

    Article Title: Alkyladenine DNA glycosylase associates with transcription elongation to coordinate DNA repair with gene expression
    Article Snippet: .. The repair mPlum plasmid (mPlum.Hx) was engineered by placing the AAG-specific base lesion hypoxanthine (Hx) lesion into the open reading frame of mPlum . mPlum.Hx Substrate Containing a Site-Specific Hypoxanthine (Hx) was generated as follows; single-stranded DNA was obtained by nicking the plasmid pmax:mPlum with Nb.BtsI (NEB R0707S) for 4 h at 37 °C in NEB Buffer 4 (NEB B7004). .. After phenol chloroform extraction the DNA was incubated with 5 U of ExoIII (NEB M0206S) per µg of DNA at 37 °C for 1 h in NEB buffer 1 (NEB B7001) to digest the nicked strand.

    Sequencing:

    Article Title: Single-particle analysis of full-length human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1
    Article Snippet: .. A part of the dsDNA was digested for 4 h at 37°C with Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease (New England Biolabs), which recognized 5′-GCAGTG(nick)-3′ sequence and introduced single-strand break, to produce a 105 bp nicked-dsDNA in the middle of the amplified sequence ( ). .. Single-particle electron microscopy The purified h-PARP1 (5 μM) and 105 bp dsDNA (0.18 μM) or nicked-dsDNA (0.18 μM) were mixed and diluted 100 times with the equilibrium buffer for 3-AB-Sepharose column chromatography.

    Recombinant:

    Article Title: Genome-wide mapping of embedded ribonucleotides and other non-canonical nucleotides using emRiboSeq and EndoSeq
    Article Snippet: .. CRITICAL: alternative sources of recombinant type 2 RNase H enzymes may be used 10% (wt/vol) Bovine Serum Albumin Fraction V (BSA, Roche, cat. no. 10 735 086 001) Magnesium chloride (MgCl2 , Sigma, cat. no. M2670) Nb.BtsI, Supplied with 10x CutSmart® buffer (New England Biolabs, cat. no. R0707) BciVI, Supplied with 10x CutSmart® buffer (New England Biolabs, cat. no. R0596) Shrimp Alkaline Phosphatase (SAP), supplied with 10x reaction buffer (Affymetrix USB® , cat. no. 70092Z) Dynabeads® M-280 Streptavidin (Life Technologies, cat. no. 11205D) Tri-sodium citrate (Sigma, cat. no. C8532) Glycogen (Roche, cat. no. 10 901 393 001) Sodium acetate (NaOAc, Sigma, cat. no. S2889) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH, Sigma, cat. no. 38215) CAUTION Sodium hydroxide is corrosive. ..

    Plasmid Preparation:

    Article Title: Alkyladenine DNA glycosylase associates with transcription elongation to coordinate DNA repair with gene expression
    Article Snippet: .. The repair mPlum plasmid (mPlum.Hx) was engineered by placing the AAG-specific base lesion hypoxanthine (Hx) lesion into the open reading frame of mPlum . mPlum.Hx Substrate Containing a Site-Specific Hypoxanthine (Hx) was generated as follows; single-stranded DNA was obtained by nicking the plasmid pmax:mPlum with Nb.BtsI (NEB R0707S) for 4 h at 37 °C in NEB Buffer 4 (NEB B7004). .. After phenol chloroform extraction the DNA was incubated with 5 U of ExoIII (NEB M0206S) per µg of DNA at 37 °C for 1 h in NEB buffer 1 (NEB B7001) to digest the nicked strand.

    Hybridization:

    Article Title: Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries
    Article Snippet: .. Sequential removal of PCR primer ends with on-bead BspQI digestion Post hybridization, the 3′-end PCR primer containing BtsI recognition site is digested with 50 U Nb.BtsI at 37°C for 2 h (total reaction volume 100 µl; 1x NEB, 1x BSA) followed by capture of cDNA on streptavidin coated magnetic beads. .. 50 µl of beads (250 pmol binding capacity) is used to immobilize 5′-biotinylated cDNA.

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    New England Biolabs nb btsi
    T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), <t>EcoRI</t> (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by <t>Nb.BtsI</t> endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.
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    T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.

    Journal: Journal of Virology

    Article Title: T5 Exonuclease Hydrolysis of Hepatitis B Virus Replicative Intermediates Allows Reliable Quantification and Fast Drug Efficacy Testing of Covalently Closed Circular DNA by PCR

    doi: 10.1128/JVI.01117-18

    Figure Lengend Snippet: T5 Exo efficiently removes rcDNA and genomic DNA from DNA preparation. (A) Copies (3 × 10 8 ) of virion DNA from purified HBV virions were incubated with PSD (5 U), T5 Exo (5 U), EcoRI (5 U), or DNase I (5 U) at 37°C for 1 h and further subjected to Southern blotting. pUCX3.2 plasmid (3.2 kb) was loaded as well to indicate the positions of rcDNA and cccDNA. (B) (Top) Two micrograms of purified 3.2-kb linear HBV monomer released from the pSHH2.1 plasmid by EcoRI digestion was incubated with indicated units of T5 Exo or PSD at 37°C for 1 h. (Middle) A mixture of 3.2-kb open circular DNA (2 μg) that was artificially nicked by Nb.BtsI endonuclease and 3.2-kb supercoiled pUCX3.2 plasmid (2 μg) was subjected to T5 Exo or PSD digestion at 37°C for 1 h. (Bottom) Two micrograms of genomic DNA from uninfected HepG2 hNTCP cells was similarly treated with T5 Exo or PSD. All digestion products are shown on agarose gels, and for relative quantification, band density of untreated samples is set as 100%. (C) Copies (10 8 ) of virion DNA or pUCX3.2 plasmid were digested with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (5 U) in the absence (0 μg) or presence (2 μg) of genomic DNA (as shown above; 1% agarose gel) at 37°C for 1 h, and the products were loaded for Southern blotting (bottom). (D) Virion DNA (rcV) or pSHH2.1 plasmid was incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) at 37°C for 1 h, and products were further analyzed by pp466-541 (left) or pp1040-1996 (right), respectively. ns, no significance. (E) Total DNA samples from HBV-infected HepG2 hNTCP cells (days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 p.i. and day 0 without inocula) were incubated with T5 Exo (5 U) or PSD (10 U) as described above, and cccDNA (left) and total DNA (right) copies were quantified by respective primers.

    Article Snippet: T5 Exo (M0363), BAL-31 nuclease (M0213), exonuclease I (M0293), exonuclease III (M0206), exonuclease V (RecBCD, M0345), mung bean nuclease (M0250), EcoRI (R0101), and Nb.BtsI (R0707) were purchased from New England Biolabs.

    Techniques: Purification, Incubation, Southern Blot, Plasmid Preparation, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Infection

    Alkaline denaturation method. (A) Experimental design. (B) lane A – emulsion PCR product (step2), lane B – Nb.BtsI nicked ssDNA (step 3), lane C – nicked DNA (step 4), lane D alkali-melting of nicked ssDNA (step 6), lane E – one of negative selection (step 7), lane F – exonuclease I hydrolysis step 7 products.

    Journal: PLoS ONE

    Article Title: Methods for the Preparation of Large Quantities of Complex Single-Stranded Oligonucleotide Libraries

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094752

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Alkaline denaturation method. (A) Experimental design. (B) lane A – emulsion PCR product (step2), lane B – Nb.BtsI nicked ssDNA (step 3), lane C – nicked DNA (step 4), lane D alkali-melting of nicked ssDNA (step 6), lane E – one of negative selection (step 7), lane F – exonuclease I hydrolysis step 7 products.

    Article Snippet: Sequential removal of PCR primer ends with on-bead BspQI digestion Post hybridization, the 3′-end PCR primer containing BtsI recognition site is digested with 50 U Nb.BtsI at 37°C for 2 h (total reaction volume 100 µl; 1x NEB, 1x BSA) followed by capture of cDNA on streptavidin coated magnetic beads.

    Techniques: Polymerase Chain Reaction, Selection

    h-PARP1 domains and nicked-DNA ligand. (a) Scheme of h-PARP1 domain organization. NLS is the nuclear localization signal of h-PARP1 at amino acid residues 207–209 and 221–226. (b) Sequence and the nick position (indicated by arrowhead) of the designed dsDNA. The recognition sequence of Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease is underlined.

    Journal: Biophysics and Physicobiology

    Article Title: Single-particle analysis of full-length human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1

    doi: 10.2142/biophysico.16.0_59

    Figure Lengend Snippet: h-PARP1 domains and nicked-DNA ligand. (a) Scheme of h-PARP1 domain organization. NLS is the nuclear localization signal of h-PARP1 at amino acid residues 207–209 and 221–226. (b) Sequence and the nick position (indicated by arrowhead) of the designed dsDNA. The recognition sequence of Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease is underlined.

    Article Snippet: A part of the dsDNA was digested for 4 h at 37°C with Nb.BtsI nicking endonuclease (New England Biolabs), which recognized 5′-GCAGTG(nick)-3′ sequence and introduced single-strand break, to produce a 105 bp nicked-dsDNA in the middle of the amplified sequence ( ).

    Techniques: Sequencing