b7 h4 cdna orf clone human n myc tag  (Sino Biological)


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    Name:
    B7 H4 cDNA ORF Clone Human N Myc tag
    Description:
    Full length Clone DNA of Human V set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1 with N terminal Myc tag
    Catalog Number:
    HG10738-NM
    Price:
    195.0
    Category:
    cDNA Clone
    Applications:
    Stable or Transient mammalian expression
    Size:
    1Unit
    Product Aliases:
    B7-H4 cDNA ORF Clone Human, B7h.5 cDNA ORF Clone Human, B7H4 cDNA ORF Clone Human, B7S1 cDNA ORF Clone Human, B7X cDNA ORF Clone Human, PRO1291 cDNA ORF Clone Human, VCTN1 cDNA ORF Clone Human
    Molecule Name:
    VTCN1,BC032925,B7-H4,
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    Structured Review

    Sino Biological b7 h4 cdna orf clone human n myc tag
    B7 H4 cDNA ORF Clone Human N Myc tag
    Full length Clone DNA of Human V set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1 with N terminal Myc tag
    https://www.bioz.com/result/b7 h4 cdna orf clone human n myc tag/product/Sino Biological
    Average 93 stars, based on 1 article reviews
    Price from $9.99 to $1999.99
    b7 h4 cdna orf clone human n myc tag - by Bioz Stars, 2021-08
    93/100 stars

    Images

    1) Product Images from "Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers"

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Accumulation of B7-H4 is associated with immune-cold breast cancer and reduced PD-L1 expression. ( A ) Proteomic analysis of 59 immune-relevant proteins in TCGA samples of PAM50-defined intrinsic subtypes including 25 basal-like, 29 luminal A, 33 luminal B, and 18 HER2-enriched tumors, along with three normal breast tissue samples. The genes (rows) are sorted according to the difference between the average proteomic level in basal subtype and the average proteomic in the other cancer types. ( B ) Heatmaps depicting expression of immune-relevant genes (mRNA) in the bulk tumor in FI (fully inflamed), SR (stroma restricted), MR (margin restricted) and ID (immune desert) TNBC (n=37). ( C ) The protein expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, B7-H3 and B7-H4 in 45 breast and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines were measured by immunoblot. ( D ) Expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 in the indicated cell lines was quantified using ImageLab. Spearman correlation indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in the test cancer lines (r = −0.6128, p =1.43x10 −6 ). ( E-I ) Tissue array of 110 breast invasive ductal carcinoma (including 46 cases of ER/PR positive, 37 cases of Her2 positive and 17 cases of TNBC and 10 adjacent normal tissue specimens) were subjected to immunohistochemistry. ( E ) Representative paired immunohistochemical staining of B7-H4 and PD-L1. ( F ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemical staining indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.480, p =1.09x10 −7 ). ( G ) The B7-H4 staining in the tissue array was quantified based on the subtypes including ER+/PR+, HER2+, TNBC and normal breast tissue samples. ( H ) Representative paired immunohistochemistry of B7-H4 and CD8. ( I ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemically staining indicates that CD8 T cell number is negatively correlated with B7-H4 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.408, p =1.00x10 −5 ).
    Figure Legend Snippet: Accumulation of B7-H4 is associated with immune-cold breast cancer and reduced PD-L1 expression. ( A ) Proteomic analysis of 59 immune-relevant proteins in TCGA samples of PAM50-defined intrinsic subtypes including 25 basal-like, 29 luminal A, 33 luminal B, and 18 HER2-enriched tumors, along with three normal breast tissue samples. The genes (rows) are sorted according to the difference between the average proteomic level in basal subtype and the average proteomic in the other cancer types. ( B ) Heatmaps depicting expression of immune-relevant genes (mRNA) in the bulk tumor in FI (fully inflamed), SR (stroma restricted), MR (margin restricted) and ID (immune desert) TNBC (n=37). ( C ) The protein expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, B7-H3 and B7-H4 in 45 breast and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines were measured by immunoblot. ( D ) Expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 in the indicated cell lines was quantified using ImageLab. Spearman correlation indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in the test cancer lines (r = −0.6128, p =1.43x10 −6 ). ( E-I ) Tissue array of 110 breast invasive ductal carcinoma (including 46 cases of ER/PR positive, 37 cases of Her2 positive and 17 cases of TNBC and 10 adjacent normal tissue specimens) were subjected to immunohistochemistry. ( E ) Representative paired immunohistochemical staining of B7-H4 and PD-L1. ( F ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemical staining indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.480, p =1.09x10 −7 ). ( G ) The B7-H4 staining in the tissue array was quantified based on the subtypes including ER+/PR+, HER2+, TNBC and normal breast tissue samples. ( H ) Representative paired immunohistochemistry of B7-H4 and CD8. ( I ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemically staining indicates that CD8 T cell number is negatively correlated with B7-H4 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.408, p =1.00x10 −5 ).

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Immunohistochemistry, Staining

    Mapping of molecular domains/motifs and structure-based modeling and simulations reveal critical regions and interfacial interactions involved in the complex formation between B7-H4 and E3 ligase AMFR ( A ) Schematic diagram of human B7-H4 domains and strategy to engineer a series of B7-H4 deletion mutants. ( B ) Mapping of B7-H4 regions (sequence ranges) involved in interactions with AMFR. The interactions between Myc-AMFR and the displayed Flag-hB7-H4 fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. ( C ) Schematic diagram of human AMFR domains/motifs and strategy to engineer a series of AMFR deletion mutants. Abbreviations: TM (transmembrane domain), RING motif (E3 ligase activity), OS (Oligomerization domain), CUE domain (Couples Ubiquitin molecules to ER degradation), G2BR (Ube2G2 binding region), VIM (p97/VCP interacting motif). ( D ) Mapping of AMFR domains/motifs that interact with B7-H4. The interactions between Myc-hB7-H4 and the displayed Flag-AMFR fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. The representative structures of the top 1 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( E ). AMFR RING, B7-H4 Ig-like V type and Ig-like C2-type domains are in cyan, pale green and green . Ubiquitination sites (K138 and K146) are shown as blue sticks with alpha-carbon atoms highlighted in blue spheres . All asparagines are shown as orange sticks , and the alpha-carbon atoms of five identified asparagines N112, N140, N156, N160, N255 (not shown in the structure) are highlighted in orange spheres . The two ZN 2+ ions form coordination bonds are shown as salmon spheres . Residues in the binding interfaces from AMFR and B7-H4 are shown as cyan and green sticks , respectively. Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( E ) is shown in ( F ). The RMSD was evaluated after structurally aligning the conformers observed during MD trajectories with respect to the B7-H4 Ig-like C2-type domain. The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( G ). Regions shaded in gray refer to time intervals during which the indicated atom pairs (ordinate) made interfacial contacts. The representative structures of the top 2 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( H ). Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( H ) is shown in ( I ). The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( J ).The RMSDs profiles of the B7-H4 Ig-like ( K ) V-type and ( L ) C2-type domains are shown in blue and red curves for B7-H4 wildtype and 16NQ mutant, respectively. The corresponding RMSFs values of residues in the two domains are shown in ( M ) and ( N ), respectively. The spheres on the red curves indicate the positions of the 16NQ mutations. The RMSDs and RMSFs values for the 16NQ mutant are slightly higher than those of the wildtype in the C2-type domain, though the difference is not statistically significant. Flexibilities (RMSDs and RMSFs) of the Ig-like V-type domain of B7-H4 wildtype and16NQ mutant are quite similar.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Mapping of molecular domains/motifs and structure-based modeling and simulations reveal critical regions and interfacial interactions involved in the complex formation between B7-H4 and E3 ligase AMFR ( A ) Schematic diagram of human B7-H4 domains and strategy to engineer a series of B7-H4 deletion mutants. ( B ) Mapping of B7-H4 regions (sequence ranges) involved in interactions with AMFR. The interactions between Myc-AMFR and the displayed Flag-hB7-H4 fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. ( C ) Schematic diagram of human AMFR domains/motifs and strategy to engineer a series of AMFR deletion mutants. Abbreviations: TM (transmembrane domain), RING motif (E3 ligase activity), OS (Oligomerization domain), CUE domain (Couples Ubiquitin molecules to ER degradation), G2BR (Ube2G2 binding region), VIM (p97/VCP interacting motif). ( D ) Mapping of AMFR domains/motifs that interact with B7-H4. The interactions between Myc-hB7-H4 and the displayed Flag-AMFR fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. The representative structures of the top 1 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( E ). AMFR RING, B7-H4 Ig-like V type and Ig-like C2-type domains are in cyan, pale green and green . Ubiquitination sites (K138 and K146) are shown as blue sticks with alpha-carbon atoms highlighted in blue spheres . All asparagines are shown as orange sticks , and the alpha-carbon atoms of five identified asparagines N112, N140, N156, N160, N255 (not shown in the structure) are highlighted in orange spheres . The two ZN 2+ ions form coordination bonds are shown as salmon spheres . Residues in the binding interfaces from AMFR and B7-H4 are shown as cyan and green sticks , respectively. Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( E ) is shown in ( F ). The RMSD was evaluated after structurally aligning the conformers observed during MD trajectories with respect to the B7-H4 Ig-like C2-type domain. The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( G ). Regions shaded in gray refer to time intervals during which the indicated atom pairs (ordinate) made interfacial contacts. The representative structures of the top 2 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( H ). Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( H ) is shown in ( I ). The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( J ).The RMSDs profiles of the B7-H4 Ig-like ( K ) V-type and ( L ) C2-type domains are shown in blue and red curves for B7-H4 wildtype and 16NQ mutant, respectively. The corresponding RMSFs values of residues in the two domains are shown in ( M ) and ( N ), respectively. The spheres on the red curves indicate the positions of the 16NQ mutations. The RMSDs and RMSFs values for the 16NQ mutant are slightly higher than those of the wildtype in the C2-type domain, though the difference is not statistically significant. Flexibilities (RMSDs and RMSFs) of the Ig-like V-type domain of B7-H4 wildtype and16NQ mutant are quite similar.

    Techniques Used: Sequencing, Co-Immunoprecipitation Assay, Activity Assay, Binding Assay, Mutagenesis

    Identification of the E3 ligase and glycosyltransferases of B7-H4 that govern B7-H4 protein stability and function ( A ) Stable expression of Flag-hB7-H4 was engineered to MDA-MB-468 cells (MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4). B7-H4 complex was then purified followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Coomassie blue staining of the purified B7-H4 immunocomplex is shown. The ubiquitin E3 ligase AMFR and several glycosyltransferases including STT3A, RPN1, RPN2, and UGGG1 were identified, and the representative spectra of AMFR, STT3A and UGGG1 are shown. ( B ) Validation of biochemical interactions of B7-H4 with AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90. MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were utilized for immunoprecipitation using anti-Flag M2-beads in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. The interactions of AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90 with B7-H4 were measured by immunoblot. ( C ) Double immunofluorescence staining hB7-H4-Flag with AMFR or STT3A in MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells followed by the confocal microscope (Scale bar =10 μm). ( D ) MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were subjected to duolink in situ PLA assay with specific Flag mouse antibody and AMFR or STT3A rabbit antibody (Scale bar = 100 μm). Red dots indicate the binding of the indicated two proteins. ( E ) AMFR knockdown results in upregulation of B7-H4. Stable knockdown of AMFR in MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 were established. The expression of AMFR and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. ( F ) STT3A knockdown leads to downregulation of B7-H4. STT3A stable knockdowns in MDA-MB-468 cells were established. The expression of STT3A and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. (G) Decreased membrane B7-H4 in STT3A knockdown cells. MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells were stained with PE anti-human B7-H4 antibody followed by flow cytometry. Representative images are shown. (H) The quantification of membrane staining of B7-H4 in MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells are shown. ( I ) MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 cells were treated with 10 μM OST inhibitor NGI-1 for 24 h. The expression of B7-H4 was examined by immunoblotting. ( J ) Blockade of B7-H4 glycosylation by NGI-1 enhances B7-H4 ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of 10 μM NGI-1 for 24 h. Then Flag-hB7-H4 was immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using antibody against ubiquitin.
    Figure Legend Snippet: Identification of the E3 ligase and glycosyltransferases of B7-H4 that govern B7-H4 protein stability and function ( A ) Stable expression of Flag-hB7-H4 was engineered to MDA-MB-468 cells (MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4). B7-H4 complex was then purified followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Coomassie blue staining of the purified B7-H4 immunocomplex is shown. The ubiquitin E3 ligase AMFR and several glycosyltransferases including STT3A, RPN1, RPN2, and UGGG1 were identified, and the representative spectra of AMFR, STT3A and UGGG1 are shown. ( B ) Validation of biochemical interactions of B7-H4 with AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90. MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were utilized for immunoprecipitation using anti-Flag M2-beads in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. The interactions of AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90 with B7-H4 were measured by immunoblot. ( C ) Double immunofluorescence staining hB7-H4-Flag with AMFR or STT3A in MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells followed by the confocal microscope (Scale bar =10 μm). ( D ) MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were subjected to duolink in situ PLA assay with specific Flag mouse antibody and AMFR or STT3A rabbit antibody (Scale bar = 100 μm). Red dots indicate the binding of the indicated two proteins. ( E ) AMFR knockdown results in upregulation of B7-H4. Stable knockdown of AMFR in MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 were established. The expression of AMFR and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. ( F ) STT3A knockdown leads to downregulation of B7-H4. STT3A stable knockdowns in MDA-MB-468 cells were established. The expression of STT3A and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. (G) Decreased membrane B7-H4 in STT3A knockdown cells. MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells were stained with PE anti-human B7-H4 antibody followed by flow cytometry. Representative images are shown. (H) The quantification of membrane staining of B7-H4 in MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells are shown. ( I ) MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 cells were treated with 10 μM OST inhibitor NGI-1 for 24 h. The expression of B7-H4 was examined by immunoblotting. ( J ) Blockade of B7-H4 glycosylation by NGI-1 enhances B7-H4 ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of 10 μM NGI-1 for 24 h. Then Flag-hB7-H4 was immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using antibody against ubiquitin.

    Techniques Used: Expressing, Multiple Displacement Amplification, Purification, Mass Spectrometry, Staining, Immunoprecipitation, Double Immunofluorescence Staining, Microscopy, In Situ, Proximity Ligation Assay, Binding Assay, Flow Cytometry, Transfection

    B7-H4 is tightly regulated by both glycosylation and ubiquitination. ( A ) HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 were treated with PNGase F followed by immunoblot analysis. ( B ) Pulse-chase analysis for HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 cells. Cells were treated with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide at the indicated time point. B7-H4 levels were measured by immunoblotting. Actin was used as a loading control. ( C ) Ubiquitination assay. Flag-hB7-H4 were transfected into 293T cells in the presence or absence of proteasome inhibitor MG132. Then Flag-B7-H4 was immunoprecipitated by anti-Flag M2-beads followed by immunoblot using antibody against ubiquitin. ( D ) Deglycosylation of B7-H4 enhances its turnover. MDA-MB-468 were treated with 10 μg/ml N-glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin for 24 h followed by pulse-chase with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide. B7-H4 protein levels at the indicated time points were monitored by immunoblot analysis. ( E ) The intensity of the 50 kDa form of B7-H4 in DMSO-group vs the 25 kDa form of B7-H4 in the tunicamycin group after the treatment with cycloheximide in MDA-MB-468 cells was quantified using ImageLab. ( F ) Glycosylation of hB7-H4 antagonizes its ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. Flag-hB7-H4 was then immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibody. ( G ) The identification of glycosylation sites on hB7-H4. Flag-hB7-H4 was transfected into 293T cells followed by affinity capture purification in the absence or presence of PNGase F. The indicated glycosylation and ubiquitination sites have been identified by mass spectrometry analysis. ( H ) A series of glycosylation sites mutants were constructed and validated by sequencing followed by the transfection into 293T cells and immunoblotting. ( I ) Flag-tagged hB7-H4 wildtype and the mutants (K138R, K146R and K138/K146R (2KR)) were transfected into 293T cells. B7-H4 ubiquitination was conducted in the presence or absence of MG132.
    Figure Legend Snippet: B7-H4 is tightly regulated by both glycosylation and ubiquitination. ( A ) HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 were treated with PNGase F followed by immunoblot analysis. ( B ) Pulse-chase analysis for HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 cells. Cells were treated with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide at the indicated time point. B7-H4 levels were measured by immunoblotting. Actin was used as a loading control. ( C ) Ubiquitination assay. Flag-hB7-H4 were transfected into 293T cells in the presence or absence of proteasome inhibitor MG132. Then Flag-B7-H4 was immunoprecipitated by anti-Flag M2-beads followed by immunoblot using antibody against ubiquitin. ( D ) Deglycosylation of B7-H4 enhances its turnover. MDA-MB-468 were treated with 10 μg/ml N-glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin for 24 h followed by pulse-chase with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide. B7-H4 protein levels at the indicated time points were monitored by immunoblot analysis. ( E ) The intensity of the 50 kDa form of B7-H4 in DMSO-group vs the 25 kDa form of B7-H4 in the tunicamycin group after the treatment with cycloheximide in MDA-MB-468 cells was quantified using ImageLab. ( F ) Glycosylation of hB7-H4 antagonizes its ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. Flag-hB7-H4 was then immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibody. ( G ) The identification of glycosylation sites on hB7-H4. Flag-hB7-H4 was transfected into 293T cells followed by affinity capture purification in the absence or presence of PNGase F. The indicated glycosylation and ubiquitination sites have been identified by mass spectrometry analysis. ( H ) A series of glycosylation sites mutants were constructed and validated by sequencing followed by the transfection into 293T cells and immunoblotting. ( I ) Flag-tagged hB7-H4 wildtype and the mutants (K138R, K146R and K138/K146R (2KR)) were transfected into 293T cells. B7-H4 ubiquitination was conducted in the presence or absence of MG132.

    Techniques Used: Multiple Displacement Amplification, Pulse Chase, Ubiquitin Assay, Transfection, Immunoprecipitation, Purification, Mass Spectrometry, Construct, Sequencing

    B7-H4 and its ubiquitination or glycosylation-deficient mutants profoundly alter tumor growth and doxorubincin-induced immunogenic cell death ( A-B ) In vitro phagocytosis of co-culture of mouse DCs and tumor cells. 4T1-vector and 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubicin (25 μM) or NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 hour and co-cultured with the purified CD11c positive cells for 2 hours at a ratio of 1: 1, and then subjected to flow cytometry. n=3 mice per group. ( C ) In vivo vaccination assay. 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. Then these cells (10 6 per mice) were orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group. One week later, all mice were rechallenged with live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (3 × 10 5 per mouse) of the same kind as the vaccination step in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). The tumor growth was monitored twice per week. n=8 mice per group. ( D ) Failure of nu/nu BALB/c to mount an immune response against Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells. Nude mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-V or B7-H4 cells 1-2 weeks before the injection of live 4T1-vector or B7-H4 cells into the opposite flank, the tumor growth was monitored. n=6 mice per group. ( E ) 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. These cells were then orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in non-vaccinated control group. One or two week later, all mice were challenged with injection of live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (the same kind cells as used in the vaccination step) in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). On day 28, mouse spleens of BALB/C mice were harvested and followed by ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. ( F-I ) In vivo vaccination assays were performed with 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells. BALB/c mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1-treated 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells 1-2 weeks (the vaccination step, PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group) before the injection of the live cells of the same kind (4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells) into the opposite mammary gland (the challenge step), ( F ) the tumor growth was monitored. n=10 mice per group. ( G ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by IFNγ ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated group. ( H ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by flow cytometry of staining IFNγ and CD8. Quantification of IFNγ+CD8+cells is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. ( I ) On day 28, mouse tumors in the mammary gland were harvested and digested followed by flow cytometry by detecting CD45 and CD8. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. Quantification of CD8+ infiltrating cells is shown.
    Figure Legend Snippet: B7-H4 and its ubiquitination or glycosylation-deficient mutants profoundly alter tumor growth and doxorubincin-induced immunogenic cell death ( A-B ) In vitro phagocytosis of co-culture of mouse DCs and tumor cells. 4T1-vector and 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubicin (25 μM) or NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 hour and co-cultured with the purified CD11c positive cells for 2 hours at a ratio of 1: 1, and then subjected to flow cytometry. n=3 mice per group. ( C ) In vivo vaccination assay. 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. Then these cells (10 6 per mice) were orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group. One week later, all mice were rechallenged with live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (3 × 10 5 per mouse) of the same kind as the vaccination step in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). The tumor growth was monitored twice per week. n=8 mice per group. ( D ) Failure of nu/nu BALB/c to mount an immune response against Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells. Nude mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-V or B7-H4 cells 1-2 weeks before the injection of live 4T1-vector or B7-H4 cells into the opposite flank, the tumor growth was monitored. n=6 mice per group. ( E ) 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. These cells were then orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in non-vaccinated control group. One or two week later, all mice were challenged with injection of live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (the same kind cells as used in the vaccination step) in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). On day 28, mouse spleens of BALB/C mice were harvested and followed by ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. ( F-I ) In vivo vaccination assays were performed with 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells. BALB/c mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1-treated 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells 1-2 weeks (the vaccination step, PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group) before the injection of the live cells of the same kind (4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells) into the opposite mammary gland (the challenge step), ( F ) the tumor growth was monitored. n=10 mice per group. ( G ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by IFNγ ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated group. ( H ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by flow cytometry of staining IFNγ and CD8. Quantification of IFNγ+CD8+cells is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. ( I ) On day 28, mouse tumors in the mammary gland were harvested and digested followed by flow cytometry by detecting CD45 and CD8. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. Quantification of CD8+ infiltrating cells is shown.

    Techniques Used: In Vitro, Co-Culture Assay, Plasmid Preparation, Cell Culture, Purification, Flow Cytometry, Mouse Assay, In Vivo, Injection, Enzyme-linked Immunospot, Staining

    Related Articles

    Plasmid Preparation:

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers
    Article Snippet: .. The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene. ..

    Mutagenesis:

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers
    Article Snippet: .. The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene. ..

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    Sino Biological b7 h4 cdna orf clone human n myc tag
    Accumulation of <t>B7-H4</t> is associated with immune-cold breast cancer and reduced PD-L1 expression. ( A ) Proteomic analysis of 59 immune-relevant proteins in TCGA samples of PAM50-defined intrinsic subtypes including 25 basal-like, 29 luminal A, 33 luminal B, and 18 HER2-enriched tumors, along with three normal breast tissue samples. The genes (rows) are sorted according to the difference between the average proteomic level in basal subtype and the average proteomic in the other cancer types. ( B ) Heatmaps depicting expression of immune-relevant genes (mRNA) in the bulk tumor in FI (fully inflamed), SR (stroma restricted), MR (margin restricted) and ID (immune desert) TNBC (n=37). ( C ) The protein expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, B7-H3 and B7-H4 in 45 breast and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines were measured by immunoblot. ( D ) Expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 in the indicated cell lines was quantified using ImageLab. Spearman correlation indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in the test cancer lines (r = −0.6128, p =1.43x10 −6 ). ( E-I ) Tissue array of 110 breast invasive ductal carcinoma (including 46 cases of ER/PR positive, 37 cases of Her2 positive and 17 cases of TNBC and 10 adjacent normal tissue specimens) were subjected to immunohistochemistry. ( E ) Representative paired immunohistochemical staining of B7-H4 and PD-L1. ( F ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemical staining indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.480, p =1.09x10 −7 ). ( G ) The B7-H4 staining in the tissue array was quantified based on the subtypes including ER+/PR+, HER2+, TNBC and normal breast tissue samples. ( H ) Representative paired immunohistochemistry of B7-H4 and CD8. ( I ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemically staining indicates that CD8 T cell number is negatively correlated with B7-H4 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.408, p =1.00x10 −5 ).
    B7 H4 Cdna Orf Clone Human N Myc Tag, supplied by Sino Biological, used in various techniques. Bioz Stars score: 93/100, based on 1 PubMed citations. ZERO BIAS - scores, article reviews, protocol conditions and more
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    Accumulation of B7-H4 is associated with immune-cold breast cancer and reduced PD-L1 expression. ( A ) Proteomic analysis of 59 immune-relevant proteins in TCGA samples of PAM50-defined intrinsic subtypes including 25 basal-like, 29 luminal A, 33 luminal B, and 18 HER2-enriched tumors, along with three normal breast tissue samples. The genes (rows) are sorted according to the difference between the average proteomic level in basal subtype and the average proteomic in the other cancer types. ( B ) Heatmaps depicting expression of immune-relevant genes (mRNA) in the bulk tumor in FI (fully inflamed), SR (stroma restricted), MR (margin restricted) and ID (immune desert) TNBC (n=37). ( C ) The protein expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, B7-H3 and B7-H4 in 45 breast and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines were measured by immunoblot. ( D ) Expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 in the indicated cell lines was quantified using ImageLab. Spearman correlation indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in the test cancer lines (r = −0.6128, p =1.43x10 −6 ). ( E-I ) Tissue array of 110 breast invasive ductal carcinoma (including 46 cases of ER/PR positive, 37 cases of Her2 positive and 17 cases of TNBC and 10 adjacent normal tissue specimens) were subjected to immunohistochemistry. ( E ) Representative paired immunohistochemical staining of B7-H4 and PD-L1. ( F ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemical staining indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.480, p =1.09x10 −7 ). ( G ) The B7-H4 staining in the tissue array was quantified based on the subtypes including ER+/PR+, HER2+, TNBC and normal breast tissue samples. ( H ) Representative paired immunohistochemistry of B7-H4 and CD8. ( I ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemically staining indicates that CD8 T cell number is negatively correlated with B7-H4 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.408, p =1.00x10 −5 ).

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Accumulation of B7-H4 is associated with immune-cold breast cancer and reduced PD-L1 expression. ( A ) Proteomic analysis of 59 immune-relevant proteins in TCGA samples of PAM50-defined intrinsic subtypes including 25 basal-like, 29 luminal A, 33 luminal B, and 18 HER2-enriched tumors, along with three normal breast tissue samples. The genes (rows) are sorted according to the difference between the average proteomic level in basal subtype and the average proteomic in the other cancer types. ( B ) Heatmaps depicting expression of immune-relevant genes (mRNA) in the bulk tumor in FI (fully inflamed), SR (stroma restricted), MR (margin restricted) and ID (immune desert) TNBC (n=37). ( C ) The protein expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, B7-H3 and B7-H4 in 45 breast and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines were measured by immunoblot. ( D ) Expression of PD-L1 and B7-H4 in the indicated cell lines was quantified using ImageLab. Spearman correlation indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in the test cancer lines (r = −0.6128, p =1.43x10 −6 ). ( E-I ) Tissue array of 110 breast invasive ductal carcinoma (including 46 cases of ER/PR positive, 37 cases of Her2 positive and 17 cases of TNBC and 10 adjacent normal tissue specimens) were subjected to immunohistochemistry. ( E ) Representative paired immunohistochemical staining of B7-H4 and PD-L1. ( F ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemical staining indicates B7-H4 expression is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.480, p =1.09x10 −7 ). ( G ) The B7-H4 staining in the tissue array was quantified based on the subtypes including ER+/PR+, HER2+, TNBC and normal breast tissue samples. ( H ) Representative paired immunohistochemistry of B7-H4 and CD8. ( I ) Statistical analysis of immunohistochemically staining indicates that CD8 T cell number is negatively correlated with B7-H4 expression in breast cancer tissues (r = −0.408, p =1.00x10 −5 ).

    Article Snippet: The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene.

    Techniques: Expressing, Immunohistochemistry, Staining

    Mapping of molecular domains/motifs and structure-based modeling and simulations reveal critical regions and interfacial interactions involved in the complex formation between B7-H4 and E3 ligase AMFR ( A ) Schematic diagram of human B7-H4 domains and strategy to engineer a series of B7-H4 deletion mutants. ( B ) Mapping of B7-H4 regions (sequence ranges) involved in interactions with AMFR. The interactions between Myc-AMFR and the displayed Flag-hB7-H4 fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. ( C ) Schematic diagram of human AMFR domains/motifs and strategy to engineer a series of AMFR deletion mutants. Abbreviations: TM (transmembrane domain), RING motif (E3 ligase activity), OS (Oligomerization domain), CUE domain (Couples Ubiquitin molecules to ER degradation), G2BR (Ube2G2 binding region), VIM (p97/VCP interacting motif). ( D ) Mapping of AMFR domains/motifs that interact with B7-H4. The interactions between Myc-hB7-H4 and the displayed Flag-AMFR fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. The representative structures of the top 1 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( E ). AMFR RING, B7-H4 Ig-like V type and Ig-like C2-type domains are in cyan, pale green and green . Ubiquitination sites (K138 and K146) are shown as blue sticks with alpha-carbon atoms highlighted in blue spheres . All asparagines are shown as orange sticks , and the alpha-carbon atoms of five identified asparagines N112, N140, N156, N160, N255 (not shown in the structure) are highlighted in orange spheres . The two ZN 2+ ions form coordination bonds are shown as salmon spheres . Residues in the binding interfaces from AMFR and B7-H4 are shown as cyan and green sticks , respectively. Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( E ) is shown in ( F ). The RMSD was evaluated after structurally aligning the conformers observed during MD trajectories with respect to the B7-H4 Ig-like C2-type domain. The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( G ). Regions shaded in gray refer to time intervals during which the indicated atom pairs (ordinate) made interfacial contacts. The representative structures of the top 2 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( H ). Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( H ) is shown in ( I ). The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( J ).The RMSDs profiles of the B7-H4 Ig-like ( K ) V-type and ( L ) C2-type domains are shown in blue and red curves for B7-H4 wildtype and 16NQ mutant, respectively. The corresponding RMSFs values of residues in the two domains are shown in ( M ) and ( N ), respectively. The spheres on the red curves indicate the positions of the 16NQ mutations. The RMSDs and RMSFs values for the 16NQ mutant are slightly higher than those of the wildtype in the C2-type domain, though the difference is not statistically significant. Flexibilities (RMSDs and RMSFs) of the Ig-like V-type domain of B7-H4 wildtype and16NQ mutant are quite similar.

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Mapping of molecular domains/motifs and structure-based modeling and simulations reveal critical regions and interfacial interactions involved in the complex formation between B7-H4 and E3 ligase AMFR ( A ) Schematic diagram of human B7-H4 domains and strategy to engineer a series of B7-H4 deletion mutants. ( B ) Mapping of B7-H4 regions (sequence ranges) involved in interactions with AMFR. The interactions between Myc-AMFR and the displayed Flag-hB7-H4 fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. ( C ) Schematic diagram of human AMFR domains/motifs and strategy to engineer a series of AMFR deletion mutants. Abbreviations: TM (transmembrane domain), RING motif (E3 ligase activity), OS (Oligomerization domain), CUE domain (Couples Ubiquitin molecules to ER degradation), G2BR (Ube2G2 binding region), VIM (p97/VCP interacting motif). ( D ) Mapping of AMFR domains/motifs that interact with B7-H4. The interactions between Myc-hB7-H4 and the displayed Flag-AMFR fragments were examined by co-IP experiments in 293T cells. The representative structures of the top 1 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( E ). AMFR RING, B7-H4 Ig-like V type and Ig-like C2-type domains are in cyan, pale green and green . Ubiquitination sites (K138 and K146) are shown as blue sticks with alpha-carbon atoms highlighted in blue spheres . All asparagines are shown as orange sticks , and the alpha-carbon atoms of five identified asparagines N112, N140, N156, N160, N255 (not shown in the structure) are highlighted in orange spheres . The two ZN 2+ ions form coordination bonds are shown as salmon spheres . Residues in the binding interfaces from AMFR and B7-H4 are shown as cyan and green sticks , respectively. Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( E ) is shown in ( F ). The RMSD was evaluated after structurally aligning the conformers observed during MD trajectories with respect to the B7-H4 Ig-like C2-type domain. The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( G ). Regions shaded in gray refer to time intervals during which the indicated atom pairs (ordinate) made interfacial contacts. The representative structures of the top 2 cluster of the ZDOCK docking poses between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain are shown in ( H ). Time evolution of the RMSDs of AMFR RING domain in the 120 ns MD simulations of the complex formed with B7-H4 using the start points in ( H ) is shown in ( I ). The corresponding time evolution of residue-residue interactions between B7-H4 and AMFR RING domain residues are shown in ( J ).The RMSDs profiles of the B7-H4 Ig-like ( K ) V-type and ( L ) C2-type domains are shown in blue and red curves for B7-H4 wildtype and 16NQ mutant, respectively. The corresponding RMSFs values of residues in the two domains are shown in ( M ) and ( N ), respectively. The spheres on the red curves indicate the positions of the 16NQ mutations. The RMSDs and RMSFs values for the 16NQ mutant are slightly higher than those of the wildtype in the C2-type domain, though the difference is not statistically significant. Flexibilities (RMSDs and RMSFs) of the Ig-like V-type domain of B7-H4 wildtype and16NQ mutant are quite similar.

    Article Snippet: The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene.

    Techniques: Sequencing, Co-Immunoprecipitation Assay, Activity Assay, Binding Assay, Mutagenesis

    Identification of the E3 ligase and glycosyltransferases of B7-H4 that govern B7-H4 protein stability and function ( A ) Stable expression of Flag-hB7-H4 was engineered to MDA-MB-468 cells (MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4). B7-H4 complex was then purified followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Coomassie blue staining of the purified B7-H4 immunocomplex is shown. The ubiquitin E3 ligase AMFR and several glycosyltransferases including STT3A, RPN1, RPN2, and UGGG1 were identified, and the representative spectra of AMFR, STT3A and UGGG1 are shown. ( B ) Validation of biochemical interactions of B7-H4 with AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90. MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were utilized for immunoprecipitation using anti-Flag M2-beads in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. The interactions of AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90 with B7-H4 were measured by immunoblot. ( C ) Double immunofluorescence staining hB7-H4-Flag with AMFR or STT3A in MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells followed by the confocal microscope (Scale bar =10 μm). ( D ) MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were subjected to duolink in situ PLA assay with specific Flag mouse antibody and AMFR or STT3A rabbit antibody (Scale bar = 100 μm). Red dots indicate the binding of the indicated two proteins. ( E ) AMFR knockdown results in upregulation of B7-H4. Stable knockdown of AMFR in MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 were established. The expression of AMFR and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. ( F ) STT3A knockdown leads to downregulation of B7-H4. STT3A stable knockdowns in MDA-MB-468 cells were established. The expression of STT3A and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. (G) Decreased membrane B7-H4 in STT3A knockdown cells. MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells were stained with PE anti-human B7-H4 antibody followed by flow cytometry. Representative images are shown. (H) The quantification of membrane staining of B7-H4 in MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells are shown. ( I ) MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 cells were treated with 10 μM OST inhibitor NGI-1 for 24 h. The expression of B7-H4 was examined by immunoblotting. ( J ) Blockade of B7-H4 glycosylation by NGI-1 enhances B7-H4 ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of 10 μM NGI-1 for 24 h. Then Flag-hB7-H4 was immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using antibody against ubiquitin.

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Figure Lengend Snippet: Identification of the E3 ligase and glycosyltransferases of B7-H4 that govern B7-H4 protein stability and function ( A ) Stable expression of Flag-hB7-H4 was engineered to MDA-MB-468 cells (MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4). B7-H4 complex was then purified followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Coomassie blue staining of the purified B7-H4 immunocomplex is shown. The ubiquitin E3 ligase AMFR and several glycosyltransferases including STT3A, RPN1, RPN2, and UGGG1 were identified, and the representative spectra of AMFR, STT3A and UGGG1 are shown. ( B ) Validation of biochemical interactions of B7-H4 with AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90. MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were utilized for immunoprecipitation using anti-Flag M2-beads in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. The interactions of AMFR, STT3A, UGGG1 as well as HSP90 with B7-H4 were measured by immunoblot. ( C ) Double immunofluorescence staining hB7-H4-Flag with AMFR or STT3A in MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells followed by the confocal microscope (Scale bar =10 μm). ( D ) MDA-MB-468-Flag-hB7-H4 cells were subjected to duolink in situ PLA assay with specific Flag mouse antibody and AMFR or STT3A rabbit antibody (Scale bar = 100 μm). Red dots indicate the binding of the indicated two proteins. ( E ) AMFR knockdown results in upregulation of B7-H4. Stable knockdown of AMFR in MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 were established. The expression of AMFR and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. ( F ) STT3A knockdown leads to downregulation of B7-H4. STT3A stable knockdowns in MDA-MB-468 cells were established. The expression of STT3A and B7-H4 were examined by immunoblotting. (G) Decreased membrane B7-H4 in STT3A knockdown cells. MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells were stained with PE anti-human B7-H4 antibody followed by flow cytometry. Representative images are shown. (H) The quantification of membrane staining of B7-H4 in MDA-MB-468-shVector, MDA-MB-468-shSTT3A, SKBR3-shVector, and SKBR3-shSTT3A cells are shown. ( I ) MDA-MB-468 and SKBR3 cells were treated with 10 μM OST inhibitor NGI-1 for 24 h. The expression of B7-H4 was examined by immunoblotting. ( J ) Blockade of B7-H4 glycosylation by NGI-1 enhances B7-H4 ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of 10 μM NGI-1 for 24 h. Then Flag-hB7-H4 was immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using antibody against ubiquitin.

    Article Snippet: The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene.

    Techniques: Expressing, Multiple Displacement Amplification, Purification, Mass Spectrometry, Staining, Immunoprecipitation, Double Immunofluorescence Staining, Microscopy, In Situ, Proximity Ligation Assay, Binding Assay, Flow Cytometry, Transfection

    B7-H4 is tightly regulated by both glycosylation and ubiquitination. ( A ) HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 were treated with PNGase F followed by immunoblot analysis. ( B ) Pulse-chase analysis for HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 cells. Cells were treated with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide at the indicated time point. B7-H4 levels were measured by immunoblotting. Actin was used as a loading control. ( C ) Ubiquitination assay. Flag-hB7-H4 were transfected into 293T cells in the presence or absence of proteasome inhibitor MG132. Then Flag-B7-H4 was immunoprecipitated by anti-Flag M2-beads followed by immunoblot using antibody against ubiquitin. ( D ) Deglycosylation of B7-H4 enhances its turnover. MDA-MB-468 were treated with 10 μg/ml N-glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin for 24 h followed by pulse-chase with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide. B7-H4 protein levels at the indicated time points were monitored by immunoblot analysis. ( E ) The intensity of the 50 kDa form of B7-H4 in DMSO-group vs the 25 kDa form of B7-H4 in the tunicamycin group after the treatment with cycloheximide in MDA-MB-468 cells was quantified using ImageLab. ( F ) Glycosylation of hB7-H4 antagonizes its ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. Flag-hB7-H4 was then immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibody. ( G ) The identification of glycosylation sites on hB7-H4. Flag-hB7-H4 was transfected into 293T cells followed by affinity capture purification in the absence or presence of PNGase F. The indicated glycosylation and ubiquitination sites have been identified by mass spectrometry analysis. ( H ) A series of glycosylation sites mutants were constructed and validated by sequencing followed by the transfection into 293T cells and immunoblotting. ( I ) Flag-tagged hB7-H4 wildtype and the mutants (K138R, K146R and K138/K146R (2KR)) were transfected into 293T cells. B7-H4 ubiquitination was conducted in the presence or absence of MG132.

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Figure Lengend Snippet: B7-H4 is tightly regulated by both glycosylation and ubiquitination. ( A ) HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 were treated with PNGase F followed by immunoblot analysis. ( B ) Pulse-chase analysis for HCC1954, SKBR3 and MDA-MB-468 cells. Cells were treated with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide at the indicated time point. B7-H4 levels were measured by immunoblotting. Actin was used as a loading control. ( C ) Ubiquitination assay. Flag-hB7-H4 were transfected into 293T cells in the presence or absence of proteasome inhibitor MG132. Then Flag-B7-H4 was immunoprecipitated by anti-Flag M2-beads followed by immunoblot using antibody against ubiquitin. ( D ) Deglycosylation of B7-H4 enhances its turnover. MDA-MB-468 were treated with 10 μg/ml N-glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin for 24 h followed by pulse-chase with 100 μg/ml cycloheximide. B7-H4 protein levels at the indicated time points were monitored by immunoblot analysis. ( E ) The intensity of the 50 kDa form of B7-H4 in DMSO-group vs the 25 kDa form of B7-H4 in the tunicamycin group after the treatment with cycloheximide in MDA-MB-468 cells was quantified using ImageLab. ( F ) Glycosylation of hB7-H4 antagonizes its ubiquitination. 293T cells were transfected with Flag-hB7-H4 in the presence or absence of MG132 and/or tunicamycin. Flag-hB7-H4 was then immunoprecipitated followed by immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibody. ( G ) The identification of glycosylation sites on hB7-H4. Flag-hB7-H4 was transfected into 293T cells followed by affinity capture purification in the absence or presence of PNGase F. The indicated glycosylation and ubiquitination sites have been identified by mass spectrometry analysis. ( H ) A series of glycosylation sites mutants were constructed and validated by sequencing followed by the transfection into 293T cells and immunoblotting. ( I ) Flag-tagged hB7-H4 wildtype and the mutants (K138R, K146R and K138/K146R (2KR)) were transfected into 293T cells. B7-H4 ubiquitination was conducted in the presence or absence of MG132.

    Article Snippet: The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene.

    Techniques: Multiple Displacement Amplification, Pulse Chase, Ubiquitin Assay, Transfection, Immunoprecipitation, Purification, Mass Spectrometry, Construct, Sequencing

    B7-H4 and its ubiquitination or glycosylation-deficient mutants profoundly alter tumor growth and doxorubincin-induced immunogenic cell death ( A-B ) In vitro phagocytosis of co-culture of mouse DCs and tumor cells. 4T1-vector and 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubicin (25 μM) or NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 hour and co-cultured with the purified CD11c positive cells for 2 hours at a ratio of 1: 1, and then subjected to flow cytometry. n=3 mice per group. ( C ) In vivo vaccination assay. 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. Then these cells (10 6 per mice) were orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group. One week later, all mice were rechallenged with live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (3 × 10 5 per mouse) of the same kind as the vaccination step in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). The tumor growth was monitored twice per week. n=8 mice per group. ( D ) Failure of nu/nu BALB/c to mount an immune response against Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells. Nude mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-V or B7-H4 cells 1-2 weeks before the injection of live 4T1-vector or B7-H4 cells into the opposite flank, the tumor growth was monitored. n=6 mice per group. ( E ) 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. These cells were then orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in non-vaccinated control group. One or two week later, all mice were challenged with injection of live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (the same kind cells as used in the vaccination step) in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). On day 28, mouse spleens of BALB/C mice were harvested and followed by ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. ( F-I ) In vivo vaccination assays were performed with 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells. BALB/c mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1-treated 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells 1-2 weeks (the vaccination step, PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group) before the injection of the live cells of the same kind (4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells) into the opposite mammary gland (the challenge step), ( F ) the tumor growth was monitored. n=10 mice per group. ( G ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by IFNγ ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated group. ( H ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by flow cytometry of staining IFNγ and CD8. Quantification of IFNγ+CD8+cells is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. ( I ) On day 28, mouse tumors in the mammary gland were harvested and digested followed by flow cytometry by detecting CD45 and CD8. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. Quantification of CD8+ infiltrating cells is shown.

    Journal: Cancer discovery

    Article Title: Pharmacological suppression of B7-H4 glycosylation restores antitumor immunity in immune-cold breast cancers

    doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0402

    Figure Lengend Snippet: B7-H4 and its ubiquitination or glycosylation-deficient mutants profoundly alter tumor growth and doxorubincin-induced immunogenic cell death ( A-B ) In vitro phagocytosis of co-culture of mouse DCs and tumor cells. 4T1-vector and 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubicin (25 μM) or NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 hour and co-cultured with the purified CD11c positive cells for 2 hours at a ratio of 1: 1, and then subjected to flow cytometry. n=3 mice per group. ( C ) In vivo vaccination assay. 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. Then these cells (10 6 per mice) were orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group. One week later, all mice were rechallenged with live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (3 × 10 5 per mouse) of the same kind as the vaccination step in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). The tumor growth was monitored twice per week. n=8 mice per group. ( D ) Failure of nu/nu BALB/c to mount an immune response against Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells. Nude mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1 treated 4T1-V or B7-H4 cells 1-2 weeks before the injection of live 4T1-vector or B7-H4 cells into the opposite flank, the tumor growth was monitored. n=6 mice per group. ( E ) 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells were treated with doxorubincin (Dox, 25 μM) alone or in combination with NGI-1 (10 μM) for 24 h. These cells were then orthotopically injected into the right fourth mammary gland of the BALB/c mice (the vaccination step). PBS was used in non-vaccinated control group. One or two week later, all mice were challenged with injection of live 4T1-vector or 4T1-B7-H4 cells (the same kind cells as used in the vaccination step) in the left fourth mammary gland (the challenge step). On day 28, mouse spleens of BALB/C mice were harvested and followed by ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. ( F-I ) In vivo vaccination assays were performed with 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells. BALB/c mice were inoculated with Dox/NGI-1-treated 4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR, and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells 1-2 weeks (the vaccination step, PBS was used in the non-vaccinated group) before the injection of the live cells of the same kind (4T1-hB7-H4, 4T1-hB7-H4-2KR and 4T1-hB7-H4-16NQ cells) into the opposite mammary gland (the challenge step), ( F ) the tumor growth was monitored. n=10 mice per group. ( G ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by IFNγ ELISPOT. Quantification of IFNγ ELISPOT is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated group. ( H ) On day 28, mouse spleens were harvested and followed by flow cytometry of staining IFNγ and CD8. Quantification of IFNγ+CD8+cells is shown. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. ( I ) On day 28, mouse tumors in the mammary gland were harvested and digested followed by flow cytometry by detecting CD45 and CD8. n=3 mice per group. PBS is used in non-vaccinated control group. Quantification of CD8+ infiltrating cells is shown.

    Article Snippet: The N-Flag tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NF), N-Myc tag human B7-H4 (HG10738-NM), mouse-B7-H4-C-Flag tag (MG50017-CF), and AMFR-C-Myc tag (MG59687-CM) plasmids were ordered from Sino Biological Inc. pcDNA-AMFR-C-Flag (Plasmid #62370) and pCDNA-AMFR-Flag RING mutant C356G H361A C-Flag (#61751) ( ) were purchased from Addgene.

    Techniques: In Vitro, Co-Culture Assay, Plasmid Preparation, Cell Culture, Purification, Flow Cytometry, Mouse Assay, In Vivo, Injection, Enzyme-linked Immunospot, Staining