A novel method for noninvasive diagnosis of monogenic diseases from circulating fetal cells.

Abstract
Objective: To establish a method for non-invasive fetal cell isolation from maternal blood and prenatal testing of monogenic diseases by a combination of direct sequencing and targeted NGS-based SNP haplotyping from single fetal cells. Method: Peripheral blood of pregnant women in two families (congenital deafness and ichthyosis) was collected. After density-based separation and immunostaining with multiple biomarkers, candidate fetal cells were identified by high-throughput imagine analysis and picked up by automation. Individual fetal cells were subjected to STR-genotyping to identify their origin. Pathogenic mutations were identified by direct Sanger sequencing, and a combination of targeted NGS and SNP haplotyping using a custom panel. All the results were compared with amniotic fluid DNA. Results: Fetal trophoblasts were successfully harvested from maternal blood. STR-genotyping confirmed the fetal origin. Direct sequencing of pathogenic genetic mutations in fetal cells showed consistent results with amniotic fluid samples. For congenital deafness family, NGS-based SNP haplotyping also correctly identified the fetal haplotype. This single cell haplotyping method can be used to diagnose various genetic diseases. Conclusion: We have established a method for non-invasive prenatal testing of monogenic diseases from circulating trophoblast cells. This cell-based NIPT can be further applied to the prenatal diagnosis of various monogenic diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Metadata
Authors
Liang Chang, Xiaohui Zhu, Rong Li, Han Wu, Weijian Chen, Jiucheng Chen, Hu Liu, Shunjie Li, Ping Liu
Journal
Prenatal diagnosis
Publisher
Date
pm32673403
PM Id
32673403
PMC Id
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